HISTORY OF NEW LONDON COUNTY, CONNECTICUT,
WITH BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF MANY OF ITS PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN.
COMPILED UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF D. HAMILTON HURD
J. W. LEWIS & CO., PHILADELPHIA, 1882
PRESS OF J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO., PHILADELPHIA

[transcribed by Janece Streig]



CHAPTER XI. 1
[1. Condensed from Miss F. M. CAULKINS' excellent "History of New London."]

NEW LONDON - (Continued).
Pages 148 - 168

Early Settlers-Incidents, etc.

During the year 1650 grant were made to Robert PARKE and his son Thomas, Robert BURROWS, Richard BELDEN, Philip KERWITHY (Carwithy), Samuel MARTIN, William TAYLOR, Mr. BLYNMAN, Obadiah BUREN, Hughe CANKIN, Hugh ROBERTS, John COITE, Andrew LESTER, James AVERYE, and Robert ISBELL. The following received grants soon after: William KENNEY, Ralph PARKER, William WELLMAN, Robert BROOKES, Thomas STANTON, and John ELDERKIN. Previous to the year 1652 the following had applied for house-lots: George CHAPPELL, William COMSTOCK, Thomas DOXEY, John GALLUP, Thomas HUNGERFORD, Mrs. LAKE, Ceystan SYBADA, Edward SCOTT, Edward STALLION, Thomas STEDMAN, and Matthew WALLER.

Inhabitants, 1651: Kary LATHAM, John GALLOPE, John GAGER, Thomas PARKE, John STUBBIN, LONGDON, URQUAR, CHAPPELL, Thomas WELLES, LEWIS, BEMAS, MUDG, KENNY, PARKER, WELLMAN, BREWSTER, BARTLET, MORTON, WATERHOUSE, HEMPSTEAD, FOSSIKER, STANTON, HUNGERFORD, Stallion WALLER, HARWOOD, BURROWS, PACKER, DOXE, BURDEN, AND MARSHALL. The above list was recorded by Obadiah BRUEN, the first "Recorder of the town of Pequot." Richard AERIE, Goodman BARKER (of Charlestowne), Lieut. BUD, Joan COALE, Edward CODNER, John DAVIES, Capt. DENASON, Goodman GARLICK, John GESBIE, John INGASON, Edward MESSENGER, John PICKWORTH, John READ, Thomas ROACH, William VINCENT, Thomas ROACH.

The following here previous to 1661:

ADDIS, William.-Came from Boston 1658 or '59.

BARTLET, Robert.-Brother of William, first mentioned 1657.

BLOOMFIELD, William, from Hartford, 1659.-Removed in 1663 to Newtown, L. I.

BOWEN, Thomas 1657.-Removed to Rehoboth, and there died in 1663.

BROOKS, Thomas, 1659 and '60.-Afterwards removed.

CHAPMAN, William, 1657.-Bought the house and lot that have been Capt. DENISON's of Mr. BLINMAN, agent of John CHYNNERY.

COWDALL, John.-A trader who became bankrupt in 1659, and left the place.

CROCKER, Thomas.-Bought house in New Street, 1660.

DOUGLAS, William.-From BOSTON, 1659.

LENARD, Thomas, 1657.-House-lot at Foxen's; removed in 1663.

LOVELAND, Robert.-Mariner and trader from Boston, 1658.

MOORE, Miles, from Milford, 1657.-Purchased the homestead and other allotments of John GAGER.

RAYMOND, Joshua, 1658.

ROGERS, James.

RICHARDS, John.-The first notice of him is in 1660, but he may have been in the plantation two or three years. He purchased on what is now State Street-the south side-two house-lots originally given to WATERHOUSE and BRUEN. He built his house at the corner of the present Huntington Street, and this remained for more than a century the homestead of the family.

ROYCE, Robert, 1657.

SHAW, Thomas, 1656.-Was afterwards of Pawcatuck.

SMITH, Edward, 1660,--Nephew of Nehemiah and John SMITH TINKER, John.-A grave and able man from the Massachusetts colony.

WETHERELL, Daniel.-From Scituate, 1659.

WOOD, John, 1660.

1652.-Thomas GRIFFIN, Afterwards of Pawcatuck; William ROGERS, from BOSTON; Nehemiah SMITH, sometimes of New Haven; Richard SMITH, from Martin's Vineyard (he bought the MUDGE house-lot, but after a few years removed to Wethersfield); Nathaniel TAPPIN, grants forfeited.

The new inhabitants of 1654 were John LOCKWOOD, William ROBERTS, William COLLINS, Sergt, Richard HARTLEY, and Peter BRADLEY. HARTLEY appears to have come from England with a stock of English goods, which he opened in a shop on Mill Cove. Peter BRADLEY was a seaman, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan BREWSTER, and bought the house-lot of John GALLOP. John CHYNNERY, of Watertown, at the same period bought Capt. DENISON's homestead, the latter having previously removed to Mystic.

The following appear as settlers between the years 1661 and 1671: Robert LATIMER, William COTTER, Goodman HANSELL, John BORDEN, John ELLS, Abraham DAY, William PEAKE (of Pike), Edward FANNING (Groton), Josiah REED, Thomas STAFFORD, John TERRILL, John DANIEL, Samuel CHESTER, William CONDY, Abraham DAYNES, William CHAPPELL, William COLLINS, George CODNER, William COOLEY, John ELCE (Ellis), Charles HAYNES, Thomas MARSHALL, William MEASURE, John SULLAVEN, William TERRALL, Samuel TUBBS, Richard DART, Benjamin GRANT, afterwards of Lyme, Oliver MANWARING, son-in-law of Joshua RAYMOND, Thomas MARTIN, Samuel STARR, son-in-law of Jonathan BREWSTER, William WILLIAMS, a grantee on the east side of the river, and Capt. John and Wait WINTHROP, the sons of the Governor.

In 1665, Charles HILL and Christopher CHRISTOPHERS appear on the roll of inhabitants. They were traders in partnership, and made their first purchases on Mill Cove, of warehouses and wharfage, where Richard HARTLEY and John TINKER had previously traded. The firm of HILL & CHRISTOPHERS was probably the first regular copartnership in the town. Mr. CHRISTOPHERS was a mariner, and engaged in trade with Barbadoes. He had an older brother, Jeffrey CHRISTOPHERS, also a mariner, who probably settled in the place at the same time, though his name does not occur so early. They both brought families with them.

In 1666 persons who are mentioned as inhabitants, but without any reference to date of arrival or settlement, are Benjamin ATWELL, Thomas FORSTER, commanding a vessel in the Barbadoes trade, George SHARSWOOD, Thomas ROBINSON, Peter SPICER (living east of the river), and Gabriel WOODMANCY.

In 1667 appear John BALDWIN, Peter TREBY, Joseph TRUMAN, and John WHEELER. About 1668, Philip BILL settled east of the river, near Robert ALLYN and George GEER. Thomas BOLLES, supposed to have come from Wells, in Maine, settled in the town plot. In 1670, Thomas DYMOND and Benjamin SHAPLEY, both mariners.

John GARD, George GARMAND, Joseph ELLIOT, Henry PHILIPS, and Nicholas TOWSON.

The following new inhabitants appear between 1670 and 1700:

AMES, John and David, probably brothers, and it is conjectured from Andover, Mass., settled east of the river about 1696. The name is often written EAMS and EMMS.
ASHBY, Anthony; at Mystic 1688, and perhaps earlier.
BAKER, Joshua; from Boston, not long after 1670.
BLAKE, Jeremiah; bought land in July, 1681; on the list of 1688, etc.
BODINGTON, or BUDDINGTON, Walter; east of the river in 1679.
BROOKES, Henry; living at Nahantick in 1699.
BUCKNALL, or BUCKLAND, Samuel; cattle-mark recorded in 1674. He married (1) the widow of Mathew BECKWITH, Sr.; (2) the widow of Philip BILL, Sr.
BULKLEY, Dr. Charles; son of Rev. Gershom; licensed by the County Court to practice physic, and settled in the town, 1687.
BUTLER, Thomas and John; before 1690, and perhaps much earlier.
BUTTON, Peter; in the North Parish, probably before 1700.
CAMP, William; in the Jordan District before 1690.
CANNON, Robert; accepted as an inhabitant in town-meeting, 1678.
CARDER, Richard; east of the river, about 1700.
CARPENTER, David; at Nahantick Ferry, 1680.
CHANDLER, John; licensed to keep a house of entertainment, 1698.
CHERRY, John, a transient inhabitant about 1680.
CRARY, Peter; east of the river; cattle-mark is recorded in 1680.
DARROW, George, between 1675 and 1680.
DAVIS, Andrew; east of river, about 1680.
DENISON, George; son of John, of Stonington; of New London, 1694.
DENNIS, George; from Long Island, about 1680.
DODGE, Israel; on a farm in North Parish, 1694.
ELLIS, Christopher; admitted inhabitant, 1682.
EDGECOMBE, John; about 1673.
FARGO, Moses; house-lot granted 1680.
FOUNTAIN, Aaron; son-in-law of Samuel BEEBY. His house on the Great Neck is mentioned in 1683
FOOTE, Pasco; 1678; son-in-law of Edward STALLION.
FOSDICK, Samuel; from Charlestown, Mass., 1680.
FOX, two brothers, Samuel and John, about 1675.
GIBSON, Roger, and his son William; living on the Great Neck in 1680.
GILBERT, Samuel; in North Parish; on a list subscribing for the ministry of New London in 1688.
GREEN, Jonas; probably of the Cambridge family of GREENS; commanded a coasting vessel, and fixed his residence in New London; in 1694 lived on Mill Cove, in a house sold by his descendants to John COLFAX.
HACKLEY, Peter; erected a fulling-mill at Jordan, 1694.
HALL, Jonathan; in 1676 or 1677 he exchanged his accommodations in New Haven for those of John STEVENS, in New London.
HALSEY, William; 1689.
HARVEY, John; at Nahantick, 1682.
HATCH, William; about 1690.
HAWKE, or HAWKES, John; a serge-maker, 1698.
HAYNES, Josiah; at Pequonuck (Groton), 1696.
HALLOWAY, Jacob; about 1700.
HOLMES, Thomas; he had wife, Lucretia. Their son John was born March 11, 1686.
HOLT, Nathaniel; 1673.
HUBBARD, Hugh; about 1670; from Derbyshire, England.
HURLBUT, Stephen; about 1695, probably from Windsor.
HUTCHINSON, George; about 1680. His wife, Margaret, obtained a divorce from him in 1686, on the plea of three years' absence and desertion.
JENNINGS, Richard; from Barbadoes, 1677.
JOHNSON, Thomas and Charles; before 1690.
JONES, Thomas; 1677, probably from Gloucester, Mass.
LEACH, or LEECH, Thomas; about 1680.
LEEDS, John; from Kent Co., England, 1674.
LOOMER, Stephen; 1687.
MAYHEW, John; from Devonshire, England, 1676.
MAYNARD, Zachariah; "formerly living at Marlborough;" settled east of the river, beyond Robert ALLYN, 1697.
MCCARTY, Owen; 1693.
MINTER, Tobias; son of Ezer, of Newfoundland; married 1672, died 1673.
MITCHEL, or MIGHILL, Thomas; a shipwright, had his building-yard in 1696 near the Fort land.
MORTIMER, Thomas; often MALTIMORE; a constable in 1680.
MUNSELL, or MUNSON, Thomas; on the Great Neck, 1683.
MYNARD, or MAYNARD, William; about 1690, from Hampshire, England.
NEST, Joseph; 1678.
PEMBER, Thomas, 1686.
PEMBERTON, Joseph; from WESTERLY, after 1680.
PENDALL, William; mariner and shipwright, 1676.
PERSEY, Robert; a transient inhabitant; bought a house in 1678, sold it 1679.
PLIMPTON, Robert; 1681.
PLUMBE, John; before 1680.
POTTS, William; from Newcastle, England, 1678; married a daughter of James AVERY; was constable east of the river, 1684.
RICE, Gershom; east of the river, before 1700.
ROSE-MORGAN, Richard; 1683.
RUSSELL, Daniel; 1675.
SATTERLY, Benedict; after 1680.
SEABURY, John; east of the river, before 1700.
SCARRITT, Richard; 1695.
SINGLETON, Richard; east of the river; cattle-mark recorded 1686.
SPRINGER, Dennis; land granted him east of the river in 1696.
STEER, Richard; 1690.
STRICKLAND, Peter; probably 1670.
SWADDEL, William; east of the river; cattle-mark 1689.
Thorne, William; from Dorsetshire, England. He married, in 1676, Lydia, relict of Thomas BAYLEY. East of the River.
TURNER, Ezekiel; son of John, of Scituate, 1678.
WALKER, Richard; 1695.
WALWORTH, William; east of the river, about 1690.
WAY, Thomas; about 1687.
WEEKS, John; east of the river, before 1700; probably from Portsmouth, N. H.
WICKWIRE, John; 1676.
WILLETT, James; accepted inhabitant, 1681. He was from Swanzea, and bought the farm of William MEADES, east of the river.
WILLETT John; 1682.
WILLIAMS, Thomas, 1670.
WILLIAMS, John; east of the river; his name is on the ministry subscription list of 1688.
WILLOUGHBY, William; about 1697.
YOUNG, Thomas; from Southold, 1693; married Mary, relict of Peter BRADLEY, 2d.
Of the first comers, 1650, or before, John STEBBINS, George CHAPPEL, Thomas PARKE, Thomas ROACH, and three of the BEEBY brothers lived into the eighteenth century; Thomas BEEBY, the other brother, died but a short time previous. John GAGER was living, but in another settlement. Alexander PYGAN, Oliver MANWARING, and some others who had settled in the town before 1660 were yet upon the state of life. The deaths that strew the way are thinly scattered, showing that life and health were here as secure from disease, excepting only one or two seasons of epidemic sickness, as in the most favored portions of New England.

Jarvis MUDGE and Thomas DOXEY. Mention has already been made of the decease of these two persons in the year 1652, the first deaths in the plantation. Jarvis MUDGE had married at Wethersfield, in 1649, the relict of Abraham ELSING.

Walter HARRIS died Nov. 6, 1653. A vessel called the "William and Francis" came to America in 1632, bringing among its passengers Walter Harris, 1 [1. Savage (MS).] who settled in Weymouth, where he remained about twenty years, and then came to Pequot Harbor. On his first application for a house-lot he is styled of Dorchester, which makes it probable that his last temporary abiding-place had been in that town. He had two sons, Gabriel and Thomas. His wife, whose maiden name was Mary Fry, 2 [2. See will of William FRY, in Hist. And Gen. Reg., vol. Ii, p. 385.] survived him less than three months; one inventory and settlement of estate sufficed for both.

The nuncupative will of Mrs. HARRIS will be given at large, omitting only the customary formula at the commencement. It is one of the oldest wills extant in the county, and is rich in allusions to costume and furniture. From a clause in this will it may be inferred that Thomas Harris had been betrothed to Rebecca, daughter of Obadiah BUREN. This young man, according to tradition, had been sent to England to recover some property that had fallen to the family, and was supposed to have been lost at sea, as he was never heard of afterwards:

"The last Will and Testament of Mary HARRIES, taken from her owne mouth this 19th of Jan., 1655.

"I give to my eldest daughter, Sarah LANE, the biggest brass pan, and to her daughter Mary, a silver spoone. And to her daughter Sarah, the biggest pewter dish and one silken riben. Likewise I give to her daughter Mary, a pewter candlesticke.

"I give to my daughter, Mary LAWRENCE, my blew mohere peticote and straw hatt and a fether boulster. And to her eldest sonne I give a silver spoone. To her second sonne a silver shissle. I give more to my daughter Mary, my next brasst pann and a thrum cushion. And to her youngest sonne I give a pewter bassen.

"I give to my youngest daughter, Elizabeth WEEKES, a peece of red broad cloth, being about two yards, alsoe a damask livery cloth, a gold ring, a silver spoone, a fether bed and a boulster. Alsoe, I give to my daughter, Elizabeth, my best hatt, my gowne, a brass kettle, and a woolen jacket for her husband. Alsoe, I give to my daughter Elizabeth, thirty shillings, alsoe a red whittle, 3 {3. A kind of short cloak.], a white apron, and a new white neck-cloth. Alsoe, I give to my three daughters aforesaid, a quarter part to each of them, the diaper table-cloth and tenn shillings apiece.

"I give to my sister Migges, a red petticoat, a cloth jacket, a silke hud, a quoife, 4 [4. A cap.] a cross-cloth, and a neck-cloth.

"I give to my cosen Calib RAWLYNS ten shillings.

"I give to my two cozens, Mary and Elizabeth FFRY, each of them five shillings.

"I give to Mary BARNET a red stuff wascote.

"I give to my daughter, Elizabeth, my great chest. To my daughter, Mary, a ciffer 5 {5. Some kind of cap or head-dress. Quoif and ciffer are from the French coiffe and coiffure.] and a white neck-cloth. To my sister, Hannah RAWLIN, my best cross-cloth. To by brother, Rawlin, a lased band. To my two kinswomen, Elizabeth HUBBARD and Mary STEEVENS, five shillings apiece.

"I give to my brother, Migges, his three youngest children, two shillings sixe pence apiece.

"I give to my sonne Thomas, ten shillings, if he doe come home or be alive.

"I give to Rebekah BRUEN, a pynt pott of pewter, a new petticoate, and wascote wch she is to spin herselfe; alsoe an old byble, and a hatt wch was my sonn Thomas his hatt.

"I give to my sonne Gabriell, my house, land, cattle, and swine, with all the other goodes reall and psonall in Pequet or any other place, and doe make him my sole executor to this my will. Witness my hand,

The mark X Mary HARRIES>

"Witness hereunto, "John WINTHROP, "Obadiah BRUEN, "Will'm NYCCOLLS." 6 [6. New London Records, lib. 3.]

The HARRIS family ranked in point of comfort and accommodations with the well-to-do portion of the community. They had a better supply of pewter than is found in many early inventories, and such articles of convenience as a gridiron, chopping-knife, brewing tub, smoothing-iron, "four silver spoons, and two Cushions." The house consisted of a front room, lean-to, shop-room and two chambers.

Gabriel HARRIS died in 1684; Elizabeth, his relict, Aug. 17, 1702.

The inventory of Gabriel HARRIS, compared with that of his father, illustrates the rapid march of improvement in the plantation. The homestead, consisting of a new house, orchard, cider-mill, and smith's shop, valued together at 200, was assigned to Thomas, the eldest son, for his double portion. The inheritance of the other children, six in number, was 100 each. Among the wearing apparel are:

"" broad-cloth coat with red ling.
"Two Castors [beaver hats].
"A white serge coat; a Kersey coat.
"Two red westcotes-a stuff coat and breeches.
"Four looms and tackling; a silk loom.
"An Indian maid-servant, valued at 15.
"Three Canoes, et.

Thomas HARRIS, oldest son of Gabriel, died in Barbadoes, June 9, 1691, leaving an estate estimated at 927. His relict, Mary (a daughter of Daniel WETHERELL), married George DENISON, grandson of George the first, of Stonington. His only child, Mary, born Nov. 4, 1690, was regarded as the richest heiress in the settlement. About 1712 she became the wife of Walter BUTLER.

Peter COLLINS died in May or June, 1655. He is generally styled Mr. COLLINS. His will and inventory are almost all that is known of him. Apparently he had no family and lived alone. He distributes his effects, appraised at 57, among his neighbors and friends, the house and land to Richard POOLE.

Robert ISBELL died about 1655. He may have been the Robert ISBELL who had land granted him in Salem in 1637. He left relict Ann (who married William NICHOLLS) and two children, Eleazar and Hannah. Eleazar married, Nov. 1, 1668, Elizabeth FRENCH, and removed to Killingworth, where he died in 1677.

Hannah ISBELL married, first, Thomas STEDMAN, Aug. 6, 1668, and, second, John FOX, both of New London.

Robert HEMPSTEAD died in June, 1655. The following memorandum is appended to his will:

"The ages of my three children: "Mary HEMPSTED was borne March 26, 1647.
"Joshua HEMPSTED my sonne was borne June 16, 1649.
"Hannah HEMPSTED was borne April 11, 1652.
"This I Robert HEMPSTED testifie under my hand."

The name of Robert HEMPSTEAD has not been traced in New England previous to its appearance on our records. It is probable that when he came to Pequot with WINTHROP, in 1645, he had recently arrived in the country, and was a young, unmarried man. A report has obtained currency that he was a knight, and entitled to the address of "Sir." This idea is not countenanced by anything that appears on record. It originated probably from the rude handwriting of the recorder, in which an unskillful reader might easily mistake the title of "Mr." for that of "Sir."

In regard to Mary HEMPSTEAD, the first-born of New London, we may allow fancy, so long as she doe not falsify history, to fill up the brief outline that we find on record with warm and vivid pictures. We may call her the first fair flower that sprang of the dreary wilderness, the blessed token that families would be multiplied on these desolate shores and homes made cheerful and happy with the presence of children; the lily, fresh and blooming like the rose; yet not a creature of romance, to ethereal for earthly fellowship, floating a few years through bower and hall, much-enduring woman, prudent, cheerful, and religious, working diligently with her hands, living to a goodly age, and rearing to maturity a family of then children, two sons and eight daughters,--an apt and beautiful symbol for the young country.

Mary HEMPSTEAD was united in marriage with Robert DOUGLAS, Sept. 28, 1665. He had eleven children, one of whom died in infancy. Having lived to see the other ten all settled in families of their own, she fell asleep Dec. 26, 1711. Her husband was gathered by her side Jan. 15, 1815-16.

Hannah HEMPSTEAD married, first, Abel MOORE, and second, Samuel WALLER. Joanna, the relict of Robert HEMPSTEAD, married Andrew LESTER. Joshua, the only son of Robert HEMPSTEAD, married Elizabeth, the daughter of Greenfield LARRABEE. This couple had a family of eight daughters and an only son, Joshua, who was born Sept. 1, 1678, and with him the male line of the family again commences. This person-Joshua HEMPSTEAD (2)-took an active part in the affairs of the town for a period of fifty years, reckoning from 1708. The "HEMPSTEAD Diary," repeatedly quoted in this history, was a private journal kept by him from the year 1711 to his death in 1758. A portion of the manuscript has been lost, but the larger part is still preserved. Its contents are chiefly of a personal and domestic character, but it contains brief notices of town affairs and references to the public transactions of the country.

Its author was a remarkable man, one that might serve to represent, or at least illustrate, the age, country, and society in which he lived. The diversity of his occupations marks a custom of the day; he was at once farmer, surveyor, house and ship-carpenter, attorney, stone-cutter, sailor, and trader. He generally held three or four town offices; was justice of the peace, judge of probate, executor of various wills, overseer to widows, guardian to orphans, member of all committees, everybody's helper and advisor, and cousin to half of the community. Of the WINTHROP family he was a friend and confidential agent, managing their business concerns whenever the head of the family was absent.

The house now standing on the original homestead of Robert HEMPSTEAD is undoubtedly the most ancient building in New London. It is nevertheless a house of the second generation from the settlement. The first houses, rude and hastily built, passed away with the first generation. The age of the HEMPSTEAD house is determined by the "HEMPSTEAD Diary." The writer occupied the dwelling, and, writing in 1743, says it had been built sixty-five years.

Other items from the dairy that may be interesting in this connection are the following:

"April 26, 1729, my aunt WALLER died, aged 77, youngest daughter of my grandfather HEMPSTEAD, and born near this house, in the old one built by my grandfather."

"Mary, wife of Robert DOUGLAS, was my father's eldest sister, and born in New London in Jan: 1646-7,--the first child of English parents born in this town." (Mistake in the month, compared with the date in her father's will.)

"21 Jan: 1738-9-Cut down one-half of the great yellow apple-tree east from the house, which was planted by my grandfather 90 years agone."

William ROBERTS died in April or May, 1657. Little is known of him. He had been in the service of Mr. STANTON, and had settled but recently in Pequot. He lived alone, him half a house owned in partnership with George HARWOOD, to whose wife and son he left his whole property, which was valued at only 26. A bear-skin and chest are mentioned in the inventory, but no bed, table, or chair. He had two cows and some other stock, plenty of land, decent apparel, a razor, a pewter porringer, three spoons, and a glass bottle; but nothing else except tubs, trays, bags, and Indian baskets. This may be regarded as the inventory of a hermit of the woods, a settler of the simplest class, who had built a lodge in the thicket, on the outskirts of the plantation.

William BARTLETT died in 1658. This person is sometimes called a shipwright, and again a seaman. He was a lame man, engaged in the boating trade along the coast of the Sound. A deed is recorded, executed by him in March, 1658, but he is soon after appears to us for the last time at Southold, L. I., in company with George TONGUE, William COOLEY, and his brother, Robert BARTLETT. He there traded with a Dutchman named Sanders LENNISON, of whom he purchased a quantity of run, in value 7 10s., and paid for it in "wompum and inions."

John COIT died Aug. 29, 1659. Mrs. Mary COIT died Jan. 2, 1676, aged eighty. This may be regarded as almost a solitary instance of protracted widowhood for that day, our ancestors, at whatever age bereaved, having been much addicted to second, and even third and fourth marriages. If the age of Mr. COIT equaled that of his wife, they were more advanced in years than most of the early settlers of the town,--a couple to be ranked with Jonathan BREWSTER and wife and Walter HARRIS and wife, for whose birth we look back into the shadow of the sixteenth century. The will of John COIT (Aug. 1, 1659) provides for his son Joseph and two daughters, Mary and Martha; but he refers to four other children, two sons and two daughters, absent from him, and leaved them a trifling legacy "in case they be living."

Jonathan BREWSTER died in 1662. No probate papers relating to his estate have been found, but bills of sale are recorded, dated in 1658, conveying all his property in the town plot, and his house and land at Poquetannuck, with his movables, cattle, and swine, "to wit, 4 oxen, 12 cows, 8 yearlings, and 20 swine," to his son, Benjamin BREWSTER, and his son-in-law, John PICKET. Feb. 14, 1661-62, Mr. PICKET relinquishes his interest in the assignment to his brother-in-law, stipulating only

"that my mother-in-law, Mrs. BREWSTER, the late wife of my father, Mr. Jonathan BREWSTER, shall have a full and competent means out of his estate during her life from the said B. B., at her own dispose freely and fully to command at her own pleasure."

Richard POOLE died April 26, 1662. No grant to this person is on record, nor does he appear on any list of inhabitants, but his name is often mentioned. He is sometimes called Mr. POOLE, and after his death is referred to as Old POOLE.

Peter BRADLEY died in June, 1662. Te wife of BRADLEY was Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan BREWSTER, but of the marriage no record has been found. He was a mariner, and after his settlement in New London plied a sloop or sail-boat through the Sound.

William REDFIELD die din 1662. The earliest notice of him is in a deed of gift from Jonathan BREWSTER, of "ten acres of arable land at Mohegan, whereon the said REDFYNE hath built a house."

Sergt. Richard HARTLEY died Aug. 7, 1662. The title of "Sergeant" is derived from the office held before he came to New London. He was an Englishman, and acted as agent to merchants in England, who consigned goods to him to sell.

Isaac WILLEY, Jr., died in August, 1662. He was a young man, probably not long married. His inventory, though slender, contains a few articles not very common, viz.: "tynen pans, a tynen quart pot, cotton yarn," etc., together with one so common as to be almost universal, a "dram cup," which appears in nearly every inventory for a century or more after the settlement.

John TINKER died at Hartford, in October, 1662. The general Court ordered that the expenses of his sickness and funeral, amounting to 8 6s. 4d., should be paid out of the public treasury.

Thomas HUNGERFORD died 1663. Ester, 100. Children, three,--"Thomas, aged about fifteen; Sarah, nine; Hannah, four years old this 1st of May 1663." The relict of Thomas HUNGERFORD married Samuel SPENCER of East Haddam; one of the daughters married Lewis HUGHES of Lyme.

Robert PARKE died 1665. Mr. PARKE was called an aged man in 1662. His will is on the town book, dated May 14, 1660; proved in March 1664-65. He names only three children,--William Samuel, and Thomas. Of the second son, Samuel, we have no information, except what may be inferred from the clause relating to him in the will. The oldest son, Deacon William PARKE, of Roxbury, executor of the will, is directed to pay to Samuel 50,--

"provided my said son Samuel shall first come and demand the same in Roxbury within the time and space of seven years next and immediately after the date thereof."

James BEMAS died in July, 1665. This date is obtained by inference. James BEMAS had been chosen constable for the year 1665, but on the 24th of July, Joseph COIT was appointed in his place, and his wife was soon after mentioned as the Widow BEMAS. She married, in 1672, or 1673, Edward GRISWOLD, of Killingworth.

Andrew LONGDON. This person was an early settler in Wethersfield. He was on the jury of the Particular Court, at Hartford, in September, 1643. In 1649 came to Pequot Harbor. In 1660 was appointed prison-keeper, and his house to be used as the town prison.

William CHESEBROUGH died June 9, 1667. Though living at Pawcatuck, Mr. CHESEBROUGH was chosen deputy from New London to the General Court five times between 1653 and 1657. No fact shows more clearly the identify of the two settlements.

John PICKET died Aug. 16, 1667. It is much to be regretted that a full record of the early marriages, which were undoubtedly by Mr. WINTHROP, was not preserved. The marriage of John PICKET and Ruth BREWSTER belongs to the unrecorded list. Their children were: 1. Mary, who married Benjamin SHAPLEY; 2, Ruth, who married Mr. Moses NOYES, first minister of Lyme; 3. William, who died about 1690; 4. John, born July 25, 1656; 5. Adam, born Nov. 15, 1658; 6. Mercy, born Jan. 16, 1660-61, married Samuel FOSDICK.

Andrew LESTER died June 7, 1669. Andrew LESTER was licensed to keep a house of entertainment at Gloucester by the County court, 26th of Second Month, 1648. He removed to Pequot in 1651; was constable and collector in 1668.

William MORTON died 1669. A native of London, and proud of his birthplace, it is probable that the influence of William MORTON had something to do with the persevering determination of the inhabitants to call their plantation New London. He was the first proprietor of that sandy point over which Howard Street now runs to meet the new bridge to Mamacock. This was at first called Morton's Point, then Hog Neck, from the droves of wine that resorted thither to root up the clams at low tide, and afterwards Windmill Point, from the structure erected upon it. It has also at various times borne the names of its owners, FOSDICK, HOWARD, etc., and is now a part of the larger point known as Shaw's Neck.

Robert Latimer died about 1671. This is ascertained from the proceedings on the settlement of the estate in 1693, when his relict Ann presented the inventory, and requested a legal distribution of the property of her husband, "who deceased twenty-two years since." Mrs. Ann LATIMER had two children by her first husband, Matthew JONES, of Boston. These were Matthew and Sarah. The children of Robert and Ann LATIMER were also two.

Edward CODNER died 1671. He appears to have been a mariner and trader; was of New London, 1651, with wife Priscilla; came from Saybrook; returned thither again, an there died, leaving a widow, Alice. His possessions in New London accrued to his son, Laurence, or Laurent, who was administrator of the estate. He left also a daughter.

Laurence CODNER was an inhabitant before 1664.

George CODNER, of New London, 1662 and 1664, has not been further traced.

William NICHOLLS died Sept. 4, 1673. A person of this name, and probably the same man, had land given him in Salem, 1638. He was an early and substantial settler at Pequot, often on committees, and sustaining both town and church offices.

George TONGE died in 1674. The early records have his name written TONGUE, but the orthography used by himself is given above. In the will of Peter COLLINS, in 1655, Capt. James TONG is mentioned as a debtor to the estate. This person was not of New London, but he may have been brother of George, of whom nothing is known until he appears in New London, about 1652.

Thomas BAYLEY died about 1675. Thomas BAYLEY married, Jan. 10, 1655-56, Lydia, daughter of James REDFIELD. The same month a grant was made to him by the townsmen, "with the advice and consent of Mr. WINTHROP," of a lot lying north of Mr. WINTHROP's land, upon the east side of the river. Relinquishing his house in the town plot, he settled on this grant, which by subsequent additions expanded into a farm.

William KEENY died 1675. HE was aged sixty-one in 1662, and his wife Agnes (or Annis), sixty-three; his daughter Susannah, who married Ralph PARKER, thirty-four; Mary, who married Samuel BEEBY, twenty-two; and his son John, twenty-one. No other children are mentioned.

John GALLOP. He was the son of John GALLOP, of Massachusetts, and both father and son were renowned as Indian-fighters. Capt. John GALLOP, of Stonington, was one of the six captains slain in the Narragansett fort fight, Dec. 19, 1675. His wife was Hannah, daughter of Mrs. Margaret LAKE.

The RAYMONDS were also early settlers. Daniel married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Gabriel HARRIS, and had two daughters, Elizabeth and Sarah; second, Rebecca, daughter of John LAY, by whom he had sons, Richard, Samuel, and perhaps others. He lived in Lyme; died 1696, and his widow married Samuel GAGER, of Norwich.

Samuel married, Mary, daughter of Nehemiah SMITH, and settled in New London, where they both died after 1700, leaving a considerable estate, but no children.

Joshua married Elizabeth, daughter of Nehemiah SMITH, Dec. 10, 1659. He purchased the PRENTIS home-lot, in New London, and left it to his children, together with a valuable farm in Mohegan.

Joshua RAYMOND (2) married Mercy, daughter of James SANDS, of Block Island, April 29, 1683.

It is this Mercy RAYMOND whose name has been connected, by a mixture of truth and fable with the story of the noted pirate, Capt. KIDD.1 [1. He is called Robert KIDD in the ballad, but William in history.] Mr. RAYMOND died in 1704, "at the home-seat of the SANDS family," which he had bought of his brother-in-law, Niles, on Block Island. It was a lonely and exposed situation by the sea-shore, with a landing-place near, where strange sea-craft, as well as neighboring coasters, often touched. Here the family dwelt, and Mr. RAYMOND being much of the time absent in New London, the care and management of the homestead devolved upon his wife, who is represented as a woman of great thrift and energy.

The legendary tale is that Capt. KIDD made her little harbor his anchorage-ground alternately with Gardiner's Bay; that she feasted him, supplied him with provisions, and boarded a strange lady whom he called his wife a considerable time; and that when he was ready to depart he bade her hold out her apron, which she did, and he threw in handfuls of gold, jewels, and other precious commodities until it was full, as the wages of her hospitality.

This fanciful story was doubtless the development of a simple fact that KIDD landed upon her farm, and she being solitary and unprotected, took part of prudence, supplied him freely with what he would otherwise have taken by force, and received his money in payment for her accommodations. The KIDD story, however, became a source of pleasantry and gossip among the acquaintances of the family, and they were popularly said to have been enriched by the apron.

Robert ROYCE died in 1676. The name is identical with RICE. The Robert ROYCE of New London is presumed to be the Robert RICE who was entered freeman in Massachusetts, in 1634, and one of those disarmed in Boston, 1637, for adherence to the opinions left Boston is know known, but he is found at Stratin in 1656. In 1657 he came to New London, and the town granted him the original POST lot, on Post Hill. He was by trade a shoemaker, was constable in 1660, one of the townsmen in 1663, in 1667 appointed to keep an ordinary, and the same year "freed from training," probably on account of age. He was again townsman in 1668.

Jacob WATERHOUSE died in 1676. The date is obtained from the probate of his will, which was in September of this year. He was probably an old man, as all his children were of age, and he was released from militia duty in 1665.

The name WATERHOUSE was very soon abbreviated in WATROUS, which is the orthography now generally used.

John LEWIS died Dec. 8, 1676. The name John LEWIS is found several times repeated among the early emigrants to New England. One came over in the "Hercules" from Sandwich in 1635, with wife, Sarah, and one child, and was enrolled as from Tenterden, in Kent.2 [2. Savage. Gleaning in Mass. Hist. Coll., 3d series, vol. Viii, p. 275.] This is probably the same that appears on the list of freemen in Scituate, Mass., 1637.3 [3. Deane's Hist. Scituate, p. 304.] He afterwards disappears from the records of that town, and we suppose him to be the John LEWIS who came to New London, 1648.

Another John LEWIS, who was probably an original emigrant, settled in Saybrook or Lyme; his inventory was presented at the County Court in 1670.

Still another John LEWIS was living at "Sqummacutt" (Westerly) in 1673.

John LEWIS, of New London, had a son John, who was a young man in 1670, constable in 1681, and after 1700 sergeant of the train-bands. He married Elizabeth HUNTLEY, of Lyme, where his oldest son, John (3), settled. Sergt. John LEWIS was himself instantly killed, as he sat on horseback, by the sudden fall of the limb of a tree which men were cutting, May 9, 1717.

Nathaniel and Joseph LEWIS are names that appear on the rate-list of 1667 as partners in estate. They were transient residents, and probably sons of George LEWIS, of Scituate, 4 [4. Ibid., p. 303.] brother of John, the freeman of 1637. If the latter, as we have supposed, was identical with John LEWIS, of New London, these young men were his nephews.

Matthew WALLER die din 1680. Of this person little is known. He was perhaps the Matthew WALLER of Salem, 1637, and the Sarah WALLER member of Salem Church in 1648 may have been his wife. He had two daughters, Rebecca and Sarah, who owned the covenant and were baptized in 1671. Rebecca married Thomas BOLLES, and died in 1712, leaving no issue. Sarah was unmarried in 1699.

Ensign William WALLER, of Lyme, was brother of Matthew. One of his sons, Samuel WALLER, lived on a farm at Niantick, within the bounds of New London, where he died in 1742, very aged.

Matthew BECKWITH died Dec. 13, 1681. His death being sudden and the result of accident, a jury was summoned, who gave their verdict that "he came to his death my mistaking his way in a dark night and falling from a clift of rocks." Estate 3893. He left wife, Elizabeth, and children,--Matthew, John, Joseph, Benjamin, and two daughters, widows, the relicts of Robert GERARD and Benjamin GRANT, both of whom were mariners and had probably perished at sea. No other children are mentioned in the brief record of the settlement of the estate, but Nathaniel BECKWITH, of Lyme, may upon supposition be included among his sons.

Mathew BECKWITH, Jr., like his father and most of the family, was a seaman. The births of his two oldest children, Matthew and John, are registered in Guilford, where he probably married and resided for a time. The next three, James, Jonah, and Prudence, are on record in New London, and three more, Elizabeth, Ruth, and Sarah, in Lyme, where he fixed his abode in 1677. These were by his first wife. His second wife was Elizabeth, relict of Peter PRATT, by whom he had one daughter, named GRISWOLD. All these children are named in his will except Sarah. He died June 4, 1727.

Joseph and Nathaniel BECKWITH, sons of Matthew, Sr., settled in Lyme; John and Benjamin in New London. John BECKWITH, in a deposition presented in County Court in 1740, stated that he had lived for seventy years near Niantick Ferry. He is the ancestor of the Waterford family of BECKWITHs.

Richard HAUGHTON died in 1682. This even took place at Wethersfield, while Mr. HAUGHTON was engaged at work as a shipwright on a vessel there. Of his children no regular list has been obtained. Massapeag Neck, a fine tract of land on the river, within the bounds of Mohegan proper, was granted to HAUGHTON by deed of the sachem UNCAS, Aug. 19, 1658. The laws of the colony prohibited individuals from contracting with the Indians for land; nevertheless the General Court confirmed this grant upon certain conditions, assigning as one reason for their indulgence to Mr. HAUGHTON "his charge of children." We infer from this that he had a young and numerous family. Eight children can be traced, of whom three sons, Robert, Joseph, and John, are supposed to belong to a first unknown wife, dating their birth anterior to the settlement of the family at New London. 1 [1. The name of Richard HAUGHTON is found in 1646, among the settlers in Milford. Lambert's New Haven Colony, p. 91.] Robert's name occurs as a witness in 1655. In 1675 he was a resident in Boston, a mariner, and in command of a vessel. He was afterwards at Milford, where he died about the year 1678, leaving three children, Robert, Sarah, and Hannah. 2 {2. Judd, of Northampton (MS.).] His relict married Benjamin SMITH of Milford. The daughter Sarah married Daniel NORTHROP, and in 1735 was apparently the only surviving heir to certain divisions of land accruing to her father from the family rights in New London.

Joseph HAUGHTON was twenty-three years of age in 1662. He died in 1697, and apparently left no family.

John HAUGHTON, shipwright, died in 1704, leaving wife and children.

The wife that Richard HAUGHTON brought with him to New London was Katherine, formerly wife to Nicholas CHARLET (or CHELET), whom he had recently married. She had two daughters by her former husband, Elizabeth (born July 15, 1645) and Mary, whose joint portion was 100. 3 [3. They had the note and surety of their father-in-law for this sum, which in 1663 was indorsed by Elizabeth CHARLET "satisfied." This was probably the period of her marriage.] The remainder of Richard HAUGHTON's children may be assigned to his wife, viz., sons Sampson and James, and three daughters,--Abigail, married Thomas LEACH; Katherine, married John BUTLER; and Mercy, married Samuel BILL, Katherine, wife of Richard HAUGHTON, died Aug. 9, 1670. He afterwards married Alice ---, who survived him and became the wife of Daniel CROMBE, of Westerly.

Massapeag Neck was sold by the HAUGHTON heirs to Fitz-John WINTHROP. Sampson HAUGHTON, the ancestor of the Montville branch of the family, in 1746 settled in the neighborhood of Massapeag, on a farm which he purchased of Godfrey MALBONE, of Newport, lying on both sides of the country road between New London and Norwich. HAUGHTON's farm became a noted half-way station between the two places.

William DOUGLAS died July 26, 1682, was made freeman of Massachusetts; of New London, December, 1659. From various depositions it appears that he was born in 1610. Mr. DOUGLAS was one of the townsmen in 1663, 1666, and 1667; recorder and moderator in 1668; sealer and packer in 1673; and on various important committees, civil and ecclesiastical, from year to year. He had a farm granted him in 1660, "three miles or more west of the town plot, with a brook running through it;" and another in 1667, "towards the head of the brook called Jordan, about four miles from town, on each side of the Indian path to Nahantick."

William HOUGH, died Aug. 10, 1663, married Sarah, daughter of Hugh CALKIN, Oct. 28, 1635.

John BALDWIN, of Stonington, died Aug. 19, 1683. Among the original emigrants from Great Britain to the shores of New England were several John BALDWINS.

John BALDWIN's name appeared on the rate-list of 1667, and on the roll of freemen in 1668. He purchased two houses in the town plot, and had several grants of land.

His first wife died at Milford in 1658, leaving a son, John, born in 1657. This son came to New London with him, received adult baptism in 1674, and after that event is lost to our records. From some probate testimony given at a much later period, we learn that soon after arriving at maturity he sailed for England and never returned.

Benjamin ATWELL died 1683. He settled in New London in 1666. He was constable of the town in 1675.

Daniel COMSTOCK died 1683. William COMSTOCK, the father of Daniel, came from Hartford in 1649, and lived to old age in his house upon Post Hill (near north corner of Williams and Vauxhall Streets).

John LOCKWOOD died in 1683. We suppose this person to have been the son of Elizabeth, wife of Cary LATHAM, by a former husband, Edward LOCKWOOD, and the same whose birth stands on record in Boston, Ninth Month, 1632. 1 [1. Hist. And Gen. Reg., vol. Ii. P. 181, and vol. Iv. P. 181.] He dwelt on Foxen's Hill, at a place since known as a WHEELER homestead. In the settlement of the estate no heir appears but Edmund LOCKWOOD, of Stamford, who is called his brother.

Ralph PARKER died in 1683. He had a house in Gloucester in 1647. Sold out there "24th of 8 m. 1651." And was the same year a grantee at New London. He appears to have been wholly engaged in marine affairs, sending out vessels and sometimes going himself to sea.

Edmund FANNING died in December, 1683. It has been transmitted from one generation to another in the FANNING family that their ancestor, "Edmund FANNING, escaped from Dublin in 1641, in the time of the great rebellion, in which 100,000 Protestants fell victims to the fury of the Roman Catholics," 2 [2. MS. Information from the late Capt. John FANNING, of Norwich.] and after eleven years of wandering and uncertainty he found a resting-place in that part of New London now called Groton, in the year 1652. On the town records the name is not mentioned till ten years later, but it is then in a way that denotes previous residence. In the inventory of goods of Richard POOLE, April 25, 1662, one article is "two cowes and one steer now with Edmon FFANNING." Charles HILL died in October, 1684. The first copartnership in trading at New London of which we have any knowledge is that of HILL & CHRISTOPHERS, "Charles HILL, of London, guirdler, and Christopher CHRISTOPHERS, mariner." The earliest date respecting them is June 26, 1665, when they purchased a ware house that had been John TINKER's, on Mill Cove. HILL, though styled of London, had previously been at the South, for in 1668 he assigned to Robert PROWSE, merchant, all right to a plantation in Maryland, with milch cows and small cattle, etc., which had been four years jointly owned and cultivated by them.

Mr. HILL was chosen recorder of the town Feb. 25, 1669-70, and held the office till his death.

Pasco FOOTE died probably n 1684. We can scarcely err in assuming that he was a son of Pasco FOOTE, of Salem, and that he was the Pasco FOOTE, Jr., of the Salem records who married, 2d tenth month, 1668, Martha WOOD, and of whose marriage three sons are the recorded issue,--Malachi, Martha, and Pasco. He appears in New London as a mariner, engaged in the Newfoundland trade, and married, Nov. 30, 1678, Margaret, daughter of Edward STALLION.

Charles HAYNES. His inventory was presented in 1685. This is all the information obtained respecting the period of his decease. His marriage is not recorded.

James and Jonathan HAYNES settled in New London, and left descendants.

Edward CULVER died in 1685. He had lived at Dedham, where the births of three children are recorded,--John, April 15, 1640; Joshua, Jan. 12, 1642-43; Samuel, Jan. 9, 1644-45; and at Roxbury, where the record of baptisms adds two more to the list of children,--Gershom, Dec. 6, 1648; Hannah, April 11, 1651. His arrival at Pequot is announced by a land grant in 1653. He purchased the house-lot of Robert BURROWS, given to the latter by the town, and established himself as a baker and brewer.

Isaac WILLEY died about 1685. WILLEY's house-lot was on Mill Brook, at the base of Post Hill. He was an agriculturist, and soon removed to a farm at the head of Nahantic River, which was confirmed to "old Goodman WILLIE" in 1664. It is probable that both he and his wife Joanna had passed the bounds of middle age, and that all their children were born before they came to the banks of the Pequot.

James MORGAN died about 1685. He was about seventy-eight years of age. The earliest notice of him is from the records of Boston, where the birth of his daughter Hannah is registered, eighteenth day, fifth month, 1642. He was afterwards of Gloucester, and came with the Cape Ann company to Pequot, where he acted as one of the townsmen from 1653 to 1656, inclusive. His homestead, "on the path to New Street," was sold Dec. 25, 1657. He then removed east of the river, where he had large grants of land. The following additional grant alludes to his dwelling: "James MORGAN hath given him about six acres of upland where the wigwams were in the path that goes from his house towards CULVER's among the rocky hills." He was often employed by the public in land surveys, stating highways, and determining boundaries, and was nine times deputy to the General Court. His estate was settled in 1685 by division among four children,--James, John, Joseph, and Hannah, wife of Nehemiah ROYCE.

Cary LATHAM died in 1685. Elizabeth, wife of Cary LATHAM, was daughter of John MASTERS, and relict of Edward LOCKWOOD. Two children are recorded in Boston,--Thomas, born ninth month, 1639; Joseph, 2d of tenth month, probably 1642. 3 [3. Hist. and Gen Reg., vol. Iv. P. 181.] John LATHAM, who died at New London about 1684, is supposed to have been a third son. The daughters were four in number,--Elizabeth, wife of John LEEDS; Jane, of Hugh HUBBARD; Lydia, of John PACKER; and Hannah, unmarried at the time of her father's decease. Mr. LATHAM served in various town offices; he was one of the townsmen or selectmen for sixteen years, and was six times deputy to the General Court from May, 1664, to 1670. His large grants of land enriched his descendants.

Thomas LATHAM, oldest son of Cary, married, Oct. 15, 1673, Rebecca, daughter of Hugh WELLS, of Wethersfield. He died before his father, Dec. 14, 1677, leaving an only son, Samuel. His relict married John PACKER.

Joseph, the second son, had a numerous family. His marriage is not recorded at New London. His first child, Cary, was born at Newfoundland, July 14, 1668. He died in 1706, leaving seven sons and a daughter, Lydia, the wife of Benjamin STARR.

Thomas FORSTER died in 1685. Of this sea captain nearly all that is presented to our view is the registry of his marriage and birth of his children.

"Thomas, son of John FORSTER, of Kingsware, was married to Susannah, daughter of Ralph PARKER, 27th of March, 1665-66." Hugh HUBBARD died in 1685. "Hugh HUBBARD, of Derbyshire, Old England, was married to Jane, daughter of Cary LATHAM, in March, 1672-73." Gabriel WOODMANCY died in 1685. He is first introduced to our notice by the purchase of a home-stead on what is now Shaw's Neck and Truman Street, in November, 1665.

Aaron STARKE died in 1685. This name is found at Mystic as early as 1653. In May, 1666, Aaron STARKE was among those who were to take the freeman's oath in Stonington, and in October, 1669, was accepted as freeman of New London. In the interim he had purchased the farm of William THOMSON, the Pequot missionary, near the head of Mystic, which brought him within the bounds of New London.

John STEBBINS died probably in 1685. In one deposition on record his age is said to be sixty in 1661, and in another seventy in 1675. Where the mistake lies cannot be decided. It is probable that he was the John STEBBINS that had a son John born at Watertown in 1640. 1 [1. Farmers' Register.] The name is almost invariably written in the earlier records STUBBIN or STUBBING.

No clue has been obtained to the period of decease of Thomas MARRITT, Nathaniel HOLT, John FISH, and William PEAKE. Their names, however, disappear from the rolls of living men about 1685.

Thomas MARRITT. The name is given in his own orthography, but it is commonly recorded MERRIT. He was probably the Thomas MARYOT made freeman of the Bay colony in 1636, 2 [2. Savage's WINTHROP, vol. Ii. P. 366.] and the Thomas MERRIT, of Cambridge, mentioned in the will of John BENJAMIN in 1645. 3 [3. Hist. And Gen. Reg., vol. Iii. P. 177. In Mass. Hist. Coll., 3d series, vol. X. p. 118, Mr. MYRIOR is probably a mistake for MYRIOT.] At New London his first appearance is in 1664; he was chosen custom-master of the port, and county marshal Dec. 15, 1668, and was for several years the most conspicuous attorney in the place.

Nathaniel HOLT. William HOLT, of New Haven, had a son, Nathaniel, born in 1647, who settled in New London in 1673, and married, April 5, 1680, Rebecca, daughter of Thomas BEEBY (2). Only two children of this marriage are recorded,--William, born July 15, 1681; Nathaniel, July 18, 1682. From Thomas BEEBY the HOLT family inherited the original homestead granted by the town to Thomas PARKE, lying southwest of Robert HEMPSTEAD's lot, with a highway (Hempstead Street) between them. Sergt. Thomas BEEBY purchased this lot of five acres, and left it to his descendants. IN the original grant it is said "to run up the hill among the rocks." This description remained characteristic of the surface for nearly two hundred years, but its aptness is now fast melting away before an advancing line of neat dwelling-houses, from whose windows the occupants look out over the roofs of their neighbors upon a goodly prospect. 4 [4. About the year 1846, Mr. David BISHOP with great labor succeeded in cutting a chamber out of the solid rock for a foundation, upon which he erected a handsome house. A street has since been opened over the hill, a number of neat houses built, and the name of Mountain Avenue given to it.] John FISH. Probably identical with the John FISH who was of Lynn, 1637. In New London he appears early in 1655, with wife and children. 5 [5. Farmers' Register.] William PEAKE, or PIKE. His residence was west of the town plot, on the path leading to Fog Plain. Only three children are mentioned.

Christopher CHRISTOPHERS died July 23, 1687. Two brothers of the name of CHRISTOPHERS, both mariners, and engaged in the exchange trade with Barbadoes, settled n New London about 1665.

Jeffrey was aged fifty-five in 1676; of course born about 1621. Christopher was at his death aged fifty-six; born about 1631. That they were brothers conclusive evidence remains in documents upon record, wherein the relationship is expressed.

John RICHARDS died in 1687. Of this person no account previous to his appearance in New London has been found. His marriage is not recorded, and it is probable that it took place elsewhere. He had seven children baptized March 26, 1671,--John, Israel, Mary, Penelope, Lydia, Elizabeth, and Hannah. David was baptized July 27, 1673. It is presumed that these eight form a compete list of his children.

Continued to Part B

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