The History of Middlesex County 1635-1885
J. H. Beers & Co., 36 Vesey Street, New York
Pages 282-320

BY E. Emory JOHNSON & Hosford B. NILES.
[transcribed by Janece Streig]


          East Haddam is one of the oldest and largest towns in the State. Its diversified scenery, its bracing atmosphere, and its early historic associations, have made the town an object of admiration to travelers, and of love to her sons and daughters; and she has reared many worthy sons who have graced the higher pursuits of life.

          The town is beautifully situated on the Connecticut River, about 16 miles north from Long Island Sound, or Saybrook Point, about 32 miles south from Hartford, and fourteen below Middletown. It is bounded on the north by Chatham and Colchester, on the east by Colchester and Salem, on the south by Lyme, and on the west by the Connecticut and Salmon Rivers; the last named divides the town from Haddam Neck, which is a part of Haddam, lying west of the Connecticut River. The original name for the town in the Indian tongue was Match-it-moo-dus, which, being interpreted, means "the place of noises," and it has generally been supposed that from Mount Tom, a sightly eminence at the head of Salmon cove, these mysterious sounds emanated.


          A tract of land, of which East Haddam is a part, extending from Chatham line to Chester Cove, reaching six miles easterly and westerly from the river, was purchased from four Indian kings, in 1662, for 30 coats, of a value not exceeding $100. The tract thus purchased was taken up by 28 persons, mostly young men from the vicinity of Hartford, who settled on the northern part of this land on the west side of the river. Barber says their names were ACKLEY, ARNOLD, BAILEY, BRAINERD, BROOKS, CLARKE, CONE, GATES, SHAYLER, two SPENCERS, two SMITHS, VENTRES, WELLS, BATES, BUTLER, CORBE, DIBBLE, GANES, HANNISON, JONES, LUXFORD, PARENTS, PIPER, STANNARD, WEBB, AND WIAT.

          About six years afterward, the privileges of a town were granted this colony, and the tract was called Haddam, from Haddam in England. This was about the 20th town founded in the State. No settlement was made on the east side of the river till some two years later, or about 1670. All the inhabitants on both sides of the river formed one society until 1700, when they formed two societies, but it was not till 1734 that the town was divided agreeably to the divisions of the societies; the west society retaining the name of Haddam, while the east took the name of East Haddam. The first settlement of East Haddam was begun at Creek Row, about the year 1670, more than 200 years ago. The first house, it is said, stood a few rods northeast of the site where Mason GATES' house now stands. Quite a number of houses were erected in this vicinity, and were occupied by the GATES, the BRAINERDS, and the CONES, and the same family names are peculiar to this neighborhood. FIELD, in his history, claims that the settlement at the Creek Row commenced in 1685; which appears to be an error, as from a document found in the colony records, it is certain the "Robert CHAPMAN had a dwelling-house in East Haddam, north of the Creek Row, in 1674." It seems to be conceded on all sides that the settlement at Creek Row was first; then it must have commenced as early as 1670. Besides, as the land was purchased, and the settlement commenced in Haddam in 1662, it is hardly supposable that 23 years would pass by before any attempt was made to settle the east side of the river.


          Very little is known of the Indians who inhabited this locality. It is probable that they were few in number, and belonged to the tribe of Wangunks. Of these Indians DEFOREST remarks:

          "None of the other aborigines of Connecticut were so given to powwowings, to sacrifices, and to religious ceremonies. The cause of this peculiarity was remarkable. In the township of East Haddam, at the junction of Moodus and Salmon Rivers, and within plain sight of the Connecticut, stands a considerable eminence, know known as Mount Tom. Strange noises and rumblings are said to have been heard at times in the bowels of this mountain. * * * * It is natural to suppose that at no time were these phenomena more common, or more extraordinary, than when the winds sighed heavily through unbroken forests, when ancient trees sometimes fell by their own weight in the lonely woodlands, and when the place was only inhabited by an ignorant and superstitious people, whose senses were easily led astray by their imaginations. Machemoodus, there, was believed to be the peculiar residence of Hobbamock, and here the Indians held their greatest powwows.


          The following extracts from the colonial records, relating to East Haddam, are given in chronological order:

          October 1709.-"This Assembly do establish and confirm Mr. Thomas GATES to be Captain of the company or trainband, on the east side of Connecticut River in the town of Haddam.

          June 1720.-"They spake of some land they had on the east side of New London River, and some in Haddam about which they thought themselves wrong'd; and they were directed to take opportunity, at the council to be called, to lay the matter fully before the same, where they should be heard.

          October 1720.-"As to the land in Haddam, it was shewn to this board that the land so reserved, vizt. Three hundred acres to the Indians, is not recovered from their vendees, but remained as it was when they first sold it.

          October 1723.-"Upon the petition of the people living at the north end of Lyme, on the north side of the Eight Mile river, and those living at the south end of Haddam east society, particularly those that live within a mile and three-quarters of the north bounds of said society, desiring a committee may be appointed to go and view their circumstances: This Court appoint that John HALL Esq., Messrs. Stephen WHITTELSEY, and Hawking HART, or any two of them, be a committee at the cost of said petitioners to go to the places aforesaid, look into their circumstances respecting their being set off from the societies they now respectively belong to for the publick worship and their being allowed to set up the publick worship of God among themselves distinct from the aforesaid societies; and that said committee make report of their opinion on the premises to the General Assembly in May next; the societies aforesaid to have notice of the time of the committee's meeting on said service.

          May 1725.-"Upon consideration of the petition of the south inhabitants of Haddam East Society, as also a prayer made by the society of Haddam East side: This Assembly appoint Messrs. John HALL, Esq., Mr. Hawkins HART, and Mr. Stephen WHITTLESEY, to repair to the place, view their state and circumstances, and if they judge it reasonable and best that there should be a new society, as desired by the aforesaid petition, then they make report thereof to this Assembly in October next at New Haven, with the best line of their petition; but if they judge it best and most convenient that they continue as one society, as is desired by said prayer, that then the said committee do resole and determine the place of erecting a meeting house that shall be most accommodable for the whole present society; and this to be done at the charge of the said whole society.

          October 1725.-"We the subscribers being appointed by the General Assembly held at Hartford, May the 13th 1725, a committee on consideration of a petition of the south inhabitants of Haddam East, as also a prayer made by the society of Haddam East, to repair to the place and view their state and circumstances, and give our judgment if we thought it best and reasonable that there should be a new society according to said petition; or otherwise, if we think it best that they continue in one society, then to resolve and determine the place for the erecting a meeting house for the whole, according to said prayer; accordingly we met a the said Haddam East, October the 5th 1725, and on the 6th day of October instant the committees of the parties met, and we heard their pleas and reasons on the premises of said petition and prayer, and on the 7th instant we viewed the State and parts of said Haddam East, and have carefully, in obedience to the trust reposed in us by the Hon'ble Assembly, according to our measure, considered the pleas and reasonings of the parties, and upon the whole are of opinion that it is best and may most conduce to the weal and tranquility of the people of said Haddam East in general, that they continue in one entire society; and therefore do determine and resolve, that the place for erecting and building a new meeting house be on the hill in the broad highway or street that lyeth north and south, at the east end of the present meeting house lane in said Haddam East; which hill is called or known by the name of CONE's Hill, a little northward of said lane.

          "John HALL,
          "Hawkins HART,
          "Stephen WHITTLESY.

          "At a Meeting of the Governour and Council in Hartford, March 30th 1727.
          "Present-The Honourable
          "Joseph TALCOTT Esq., Governour.
          "Capt. Hez. WYLLYS.
          "Capt. John SHELDING,
          "Mr. John AUSTIN.
          "Roger WOLCOTT,
          "Nath'l STANLY, Esq'rs, Assistants.

          "Capt. Samuel OLMSTEAD, Capt. BRAINERD, Daniel BRAINERD, and John CHURCH, of East Haddam, laid a memorial before this board, shewing that the finishing their meeting house is hindered thro contention in the society, and that the inhabitants at some of their last meetings have been confused for want of a moderator, and the selectmen refuse to warn another meeting: Upon hearing the parties, it is the opinion of his Honour and the Council that it is needful that the inhabitants of East Haddam should beet and fairly vote in the affair of their meeting house as they, or the major part of them, may think it most for their benefit.

          "Whereupon it is resolved, That Capt. Samuel OLMSTEAD warn the inhabitants of said society to meet at their old meeting house on the first Thursday of April next ensuing, at ten of the clock afternoon to consider and vote what they shall judge is most beneficial for the finishing their new meeting house; Warning to be given three days inclusive before the meeting; and Mr. Justice WEST of Lebanon is desired and impowered to preside moderator in said meeting, to keep order and lead the inhabitants in their voting; and if Mr. Justice WEST of Lebanon doth not attend it, Mr. Justice WOODWARD is appointed moderator, and desired to attend.

          October 1733.-"Upon the memorial of Jonathan BEEBE, Samuel OLMSTED jun, and Thomas CLARK, in behalf of themselves and the rest of the inhabitants of the easterly part of East Haddam, praying to be a society distinct by themselves and to have the privileges allowed to them that are usually granted to other societies; Granted by this Assembly to the memorialists, to be a society and to have the privileges as prayed for, and that the bounds of said parish shall be as follow, (viz) on the west, a line running from the mouth of the brook that runs into the southern end of the pond near to John BATE's, and from thence extending southerly till said line strike the middle of the line tat divides between the town of Lyme and said East Haddam, then with a line beginning at the place where the brook runs out of said pond, thence running by said brook to the bridge called Moodus bridge, and from said bridge a north line to Colchester bounds; bounded easterly, partly on Colchester and partly on Lyme; and that said parish shall be called by the name of Millington.

          May 1734.-"An Act Dividing the Town of Haddam in the County of Hartford, and Making the Same into Two distinct Towns.

          "Be it enacted by the Governour, Council and Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same,

          "That what part of said town of Haddam lyeth on the west side of Connecticutt river, and the island in said river, with all those lands on the east side of said river bounded westerly by the said river, southerly by the cove and Salmon river into Middletown line, and northerly by Middletown line unto said Connecticutt river, shall be and remain to be a distinct town, with all powers and privileges proper to other towns in this Colony, and be known by the name of Haddam. Always provided, that the said town of Haddam do not send more than one Deputy to this Assembly at any time for the future on the publick charge of this Colony.

          "And it is hereby further enacted, That all that pat of said town of Haddam which lyeth east of a line drawn from Middletown line on the north by Salmon river to the cove into which said Salmon river emptieth itself ad by said cover until it come to the great river of Connecticut, and so by Connecticutt river to the south bounds of Haddam, shall forever be and remain one distinct town, with all powers and privileges proper to other towns in this Colony, and shall be called and known by the name of East Haddam. Always provided, that the said town of East Haddam do not send more than one Deputy for the future upon the publick charge of this Colony.

          May 1736,.-"On the memorial of James CONE, agent for the parish of Millington, in the township of East Haddam, praying this Assembly to appoint such method as this Court shall think best for prefixing a place to erect a meeting house upon in said society; Granted, that Giles HALL, Richard LORD, and Samuel WILLARD, Esq'rs, be a committee to repair to said parish of Millington and ascertain a place they shall think most proper and convenient for erecting a meeting house in said parish, and repot their opinion to this Assembly in October next.

          October 1736.-"Upon the report of the committee appointed by this Assembly in May last to ascertain a place in the parish of Millington to erect a meeting house upon; Resolved by this Assembly, that the place described in said report (viz) upon the eastern side of a hill, about a mile or mile and quarter southeastwardly of the house of Mr. Jonathan CHAPMAN, and about three quarters of a mile east of the house of Samuel FULLER, where said committee have marked two white oak staddles and laid stones about them, shall be, and is hereby appointed to be, the place for said parish to build a meeting house upon.

          October 1739.-"Upon the memorial of Jabez CHAPMAN of East Haddam, praying this assembly that a certain island, commonly called by the name of Twenty Mile Island, lying between the towns of Haddam and East Haddam, may be annexed to the town of East Haddam; Resolved by this Assembly, that the said island be annexed, and the same is hereby annexed, to the town of East Haddam accordingly.

          October 1741.-"An Act appointing a Court of Probate in the County of Hartford, and for limiting the District thereof. "Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That the towns of East Haddam, Haddam, Colchester, and Hebron, including the parish of Middle-Haddam, all in the County of Hartford, be one entire district for holding a Court of Probate, and shall be known by the name of the District of East Haddam; and said court shall be held by one judge and a clerk, with powers and privileges as the other Courts of Probate in this Colony here. And in all cases where the law allows of appeals, they shall be made to the Superior Court to be holden at Hartford.

          May 1742.-"An Act to enlarge the Bounds of the District for holding a Court of Probate, called the District of East Haddam.

          "Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That all the lands in the town of Middletown that lye on the south side of the river called Salmon River shall be, ad they are hereby, annexed to the aforesaid district of East Haddam.

          October 1749.-"Upon the memorial of Colo. John BALKLEY, etc., praying a ferry to be stated at the warehouses in East Haddam, across Connecticut River, and that Joseph BATE and Richard MATHER should be allowed to attend the ferry there: Resolved by this Assembly, that the said Joseph BATE and Richard MATHER have liberty to keep a ferry across said river at said place, until this Assembly order otherwise; and that the fare for man and hose be three pence proclamation money; one penny half-penny for a single person; for a single horse one penny half-penny; and two pence for an ox or cow; and for a score of sheep or swine, six pence, and so pro rata for a greater or less number.


          Few if any towns in Connecticut have a brighter Revolutionary record. Nothing in the history of the town is more worthy of mention; nothing, probably, will be more highly appreciated than the following extracts from the records of the town, which illustrate the sublime patriotism of its early settlers:

          "At a Town Meeting Legally Warned and held in East Haddam March 26, 1770.

          "At the same meeting Mr. Ebenezer CONE, jr. was chosen Moderator for said Meeting. East Haddam, 26 March A. D. 1770. The Inhabitants of the Town of East Haddam in Town meeting Legally Assembled taking into consideration the Weighty Dangerous Controversy Subsisting between Great Britain and these Colonies in Point of Right a Controversy big With Consequences of the Utmost Importance to the Welfare of Both Countries & may Prove the Ruin of Both unless Some happy Means are Devised to prevent it, and amongst the Various Plans proposed & Means Devised None appear More likely to bring the affair to a happy Issue than the Late Vertuous Agreement of the Merchants on the Continent in Regard to the Non Importation of English Goods, almost Universally entered into (except by a growling few Who Justly Deserve the Contempt of Every Honest Man) Which agreement We Heartily approve of and Do greatfully Thank each Vertuous Merchant who has Subscribed the same and Indeed we look upon it as our Sheet Anchor in the present Storm Which seems to hover over us, and therefore are Jealous of every thing that has the least appearance of prostrating said agreement and Lately Some reports have been spread of Some of the Merchants in this Town to their on that score Whether true or False we now not and in order to Set that affair in its true Light we think it best to appoint a Com'tt Carefully to Inspect into the Conduct of all Sellers and Buyers of English goods and More especially Critically to Examine those Merchants Suspected as aforesaid (if they see cause to Submit to an Examination; and that the Same bee a Standing Com'tt for said purpose and that they Make Report to this Meeting-Voted that Doctor Thomas MOSELY, Jabez CHAPMAN 2nd, and Dan'l BRAINARD be a Com'tt for said purpose.

          "And Whereas there has been a late Meeting of Many Principle Merchants of this Colony at Middletown in Which a Plan Was begun Which we Most Heartily approve, and apprehend may be of the Happiest Consequence and in Order to promote & further said Plan We are Unanimously agreed and Do heartily recommend it to two or three form amongst the Merchants and Farmers in this town to attend their Next meeting at Hartford.

          "Unanimously recommended that Saml WORTHINGTON Esq and Mr. Humphrey LYON of Said town be Desired to attend on Said Meeting, &, also be a Com'tt to take in Subscriptions for the Purpose proposed by said company." It appears from the record that the above named meeting was adjourned till the "9th day of April at 4 of the Clock afternoon," when "Gibbon JEWET was Chosen a Com'tt with Doctor Thomas MOSELY, Dan'l BRAINERD, and Jabez CHAPMAN to Examine the Traders and take Care to Inquire if there be any Goods Come into this Town Contrary to the agreement of the Merchants."

          On the same page it is recorded:

          "The inhabitants of the Town of East Haddam Legally and in full meeting convened having a Long Time and with the greatest Concern and Attention Observed the Unhappy Dispute Subsisting Between G't Britain and the Colonies relative to the Right of Taxation and with Carefulness and Impartiality harkened to the many Arguments and Reasons offered the Public on the Subject by the most able & Eminent Men in Great Britain and America which Reasons and Arguments on both sides being Duly Weighed the argument against Taxation appearing so greatly to preponderate That we had not the last Doubt in our Mind but that the Oppressive Taxation Would be Countermanded Especially after Several Petitions & Remonstrances from the Different Colonies in America should have been heard. But to our Great Surprise we find the Authority not only Determined to Continue those Taxes but to treat humble Remonstrances and Petitions Coming from the most faithful and Loyall Subjects as Seditious Mutinous and Enemitous to Good Government therefore think it needless for us to enter on a further discussion of the Rights and privileges of those Colonies Since they have been so Judicially Canvassed by the Most Wise and Sensible Men in the Nation Shall Content Our Selves by saying No more than that we find our Rights Privileges and Money Wrested from us & we unjustly oppressed by those Whom the Ties of Nature & Trade urge to be one United and Happy People.

          "Viewing ourselves under these Disfavorable Circumstances our Petitions and Complaint treated with Contempt Insulted by petty officers appointed to Extort what little Cash we have Circulating among us under a pretext of Defraying American Charges (which no Doubt if Kate are Greatly Increased) by Which Means we are disenabled to Carry on a foreign Trade to any Advantage. In this Miserable Condition we are led to put in Practice that first Law of Nature, Self Preservation, which can be effected in a Constitutional way only by a Disuse of British and Encouragement of American Manufactories. It is with Pleasure we hear the Laudable Attempts and Resolutions of Several principal Towns in the Several Colonies on the Continent & some in this Colony for the Encouraging American Manufactories more of which we hoped to have Seen that we might have appeared in a more proper Succession but having Earnestly engaged in this affair could not any longer conceal our intentions & Desires for the accomplishing Projections so Beneficial. The Conduct of the Reputable Merchants lately convened at Middletown is Very agreeable to us and have Desired Saml HUNTINGTON Esqr. And Mr. Humphrey LYON to joyn the Merchants at their adjourned meeting and to obtain What Subscriptions they can in the Interium for the Purposes Mentioned at this last meeting also Voted Daniel BRAINERD Esqr., Doctor Thos. MOSELY, Mr. Jabez CHAPMAN 2d, and Doct'r Gibbon JEWET, to be a Com'tt of Inspection to see that no Importation is made contrary to the Spirit and Meaning of the non Importation agreement.

          "Voted and Resolved that we will have no Commercial Connections or Friendly Communications With Such as shall act Contrary to the Non Importation Agreement and that the Inspectors do give Due Notice of any that shall be guilty of S'd Breach Directly or Indirectly in the most public Places in the Town and in the New London Gazette Voted in the affirmative Test.

          "Dan'l BRAINARD, Town Clerk." "At a Town Meeting Legally Warned and held in East Haddam July the 9th 1770; at the Same Meeting Mr. William SELBY Was Chosen Moderator for Said Meeting; at the Same Meeting it Was Voted that the present Selectmen should erect & Build Some Suitable House in Some Suitable place in order to store the Town Stock of Powder Lead &c. in at the expense of the Town."

          At the Meeting held September 6th 1770.

          "Daniel BRAINARD, Land Holder, and Mr. Humphrey LYON Merchant Was Chosen to Represent Said Town at New Haven on the Next Day after Commencement of a meeting of the Merchants & Land Holders of this Colony Relating to the Non Importation agreement and make Report of this meeting.

          "At the Same Meeting it was Voted to colour the Powder House Lately Built White upon the cost of the Town."

          The meeting at which the above vote was passed was adjourned to the "18th day of Instant September," when the above named committee made their report, and it was voted: "That the Selectmen Should pay the Expenses of Sam'l HUNTINGTON Esqr. Mr. Humphrey LYON to Hartford at the Meeting there in May Last & also pay the expenses of Mr. Humphrey Lyon and Dan BRAINARD to New Haven on the Day after Commencement according to the above Vote."

          "At a Town Meeting Legally Warned and held in East Haddam January 5th 1775 for Which Meeting Mr. Israel CHAMPION was Chosen Moderator at Which Meeting the Committee of Inspection Chosen November 17, 1774 Made Report Relating to a Complaint that Had been Exhibitted to them by Sundry Inhabitants of Said town against Doctr Abner BEEBEE of Said town for being Inimical to the Liberty of these American Colonies Which Report Being Read-Voted at the Same Meeting that We accept & approve of the Report of the Com'tt Respecting Doctr Abner BEEBEE and that we shall hold him to be enimical to these Colonies & will Break of all Connections by way of Trade &c. With said BEEBEE & all those that Shall have any Connection With him as aforesaid until Said BEEBEE Shall Comply & sign the Confession S'd Com'tt Drew for him to sign & then we Will Restore him to his former favor and We Desire S'd Comm'tt to Advertise What is Done in the New London Gazette.

          "and also Voted that Said Com'tt Shall Judge & Determine every Matter referred to them Without making Report to the Town and When Said Com'tt Shall any Ways Publish that they find any Person enemical as afore Said or hath any Dealings With any Body that is Judged to be enemical that then We Will Break of all Connection and Dealings with every such Person or Persons."

          At a Town Meeting Legally Warned and Held in East Haddam November the 17th A. D. 1774, Mr. Israel CHAMPION was Chosen Moderator for said Meeting This Meeting Taking into Consideration the Association of the General Congress held at Philadelphia on September Past Which is Recommended by the Honorable Representatives of this Colony Do fully Approve of said Association and Voted and Agreed Unanimously that we will Comport therewith and that Col Joseph SPENCER, Daniel BRAINERD, Jabez CHAPMAN, and Samuel HUNTINGTON Esqrs Doct'r Thomas MOSELEY, Mr. Israel CHAMPION, Capt. Ichabod OLMSTEAD, Mr. Daniel OLMSTEAD, Capt. William CONE, Doct'r Gibbon JEWETT, Capt. Christopher HOLMES, Capt. Ebenezer SPENCER, and Mr. James SHAW be a Committee to Inspect Agreeable to the 11th Article in Said Association And also Voted that said Committee Examine & Hear all Complaints Against Any Person or persons that are enemical to the English Constitution and Desire to introduce a more Arbitrary & Tyrannical form of Government Different from What Hath Been Generally Enjoyed since the Revolution Brought about under God by King William and Queen Mary A. D. 1688 Until the Present Reign and have or shall try to Undermine the Privileges of this Colony; And that said Committee publish to said Town What they Shall find.

          "At a Town Meeting held in East Haddam on the 24th day of March 1777 it was Voted that Samuel HUNTINGTON Esqr., Timothy GATES, Israel SPENCER, Mathias FULLER, Capt. Jonah CONE Be a Committee to Provide Such Necessaries as the Families of any Such Soldier Belonging to the Town of East Haddam as have or shall Inlist in the Continental Service Shall want During the absence of Such Soldier in the Publick Service S'd Necessaries to be Delivered to S'd Soldiers' Families at the prices Stated by Law Provided Said Soldiers Do or Shall from time to time Lodge with S'd Committee Money Sufficient for S'd Purpose and the Necessary Cost of S'd Committee In Procuring Such Necessaries Shall Be paid By this Town and the Select Men are Directed and Ordered from Time to Time to Give Orders on the Treasurer for Such Necessary Cost.

          At the Same Meeting it was Resolved and agreed and we Do Mutually Pledge our Faith Each to the Other Strictly to adhere to the Law of this State Regarding Prices and that we will Use our joint and Several Influences to Support and Maintain the Same; in our General Spheres and Capacities. We are Sensable we Cannot Vote out a Law of this State But all we Mean is to Shew our Actual Hearty Compliance with the Before one mentioned act, and pledge our Faith Each to the other to see the same faithfully executed."

          On the 7th of April 1777, it was "Voted to give to Every Soldier Belonging to this Town That have or Shall Voluntarily Inlist himself into any of the Eight Battalions to be raised By this State the Sum of Six Shillings pr. Calender month During the time he Shall Continue in S'd Service; Said Sum to be paid to S'd Soldier or his attorney annually." "At a Town Meeting Legally warned and held in East Haddam, the 16th of September: 1777

          "For which meeting Coll. Dyer THROOP was Chosen moderator. At the Same meeting Voted that Capt. Samuel GATES; Mr. Silvanus TINKER; Samuel HUNTINGTON Esq. Doct. Gibbon JEWETT; Capt. Christopher HOLMES; Capt. William CONE; Mr. Job SPENCER; Capt. Matthew SMITH; Lieut. David B. SPENCER; Dea'n Thomas FULLER; Capt. Ebenezer SPENCER; Mr. George CONE Jr.; Capt. Ichabod OLMSTEAD; Ens. Increase CROSBY; Capt. John WILLEY; Mr. Nathan GATES; Mr. Levi PALMER; and Lieut. Nathan JEWETT; Be a Committee to provide the following Articles for every non Commissioned Officer and Soldier in the Continental army Belonging to this Town: (viz.) one Shirt or more either Linnen or flannel one hunting Shirt or frock, one pair of wollen over-halls one or two pair of stockings, and one pair of shoes to be transmitted to Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES, as soon as may be, taking his receipt therefore, which Said Holmes is Desired to Dispose of Said articles, to his Said Soldiers at the prices following (viz.) Shoes at 8s. 6d. pr. pair; Stockings at 6s. pr. pair; Shirts Hunting frock and over-halls according to their quality and in proportion To Good yard wide tow Cloth at 2s. 9d. pr. yard and good yard Checked or Striped flannel at 3s. 6d. pr. yard; and that Capt. HOLMES be Desired To transmit the money arising on the Sale of Said articles to Samuel HUNTINGTON Esq. One of S'd Committee; and that this Town Pay the Cost of Said articles and Transportation."

          "At a Town Meeting held in East Haddam January the 6th A. D. 1778 For which meeting Israel CHAMPION was Chosen Moderator-

          "At the Same Meeting The Article Proposed by Congress of Confederation and Perpetual Union between The States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhod Island and providence Plantation: Connecticut: New York: New Jersey: Pennsylvania: Delaware: Maryland: Virginia: North Carolina: South Carolina and Georgia: Being Repeatedly read and Explained to This Meeting and After due and Mature Consideration-Voted Unanimously That this Meeting does highly approve: of: and Consent To Said Articles: and that this Vote be recorded: and a True Copy thereof; Properly Attested; be Delivered by the Town Clerk to the Representatives of this Town.

          "At the Same meeting: Capt. Samuel GATES, Mr. Silvanus TINKER; Samuel HUNTINGTON Esqr.: Doct. Gibbon JEWETT; Capt. Mathew SMITH; Lieut. David B. SPENCER; Deac'n Thomas FULLER; Capt. Ebenezer SPENCER; Mr. George CONE 2d; Capt. Ichabod OLMSTEAD; Ens. Increase CROSBY; Capt. John WILLEY; Mr. Nathan GATES; Mr. Levi PALMER: and Lieut. Nathan JEWETT Were Chosen A Committee to Provide Blankets; Shoes and Other Articles as Pointed out By an Act of Assembly at Their Late Session for the Benefit of the Soldiers in the Continental Army.

          "At the Same Meeting Voted the above S'd Com'tt Should Purchase and Send to the Soldiers in the Continental Army That went from this Town Sole Leather for eight Pair of Taps for Shoes with Shoe thread answerable."

          "At a Town Meeting held the 7th day of December 1778 Mr. James OLMSTEAD, Messrs. Lemuel GRIFFIN jun'r, Mathias FULLER; and Abraham WILLEY: were chosen a Com'tt to Provide for the Soldiers' families for the year ensuing.

          "At the Same Meeting Mr. Thomas FULLER: Mr. Timothy CHAPMAN; Capt. Jonathan OLMSTEAD: Mr. Bazaleel GATES; Mr. William SELBY: Mr. Mathew SEARS; Mr. Samuel P. LORD: Mr. Abner HALL: Mr. Samuel EMONS: Mr. Amasa DUTTON; Capt. Ebenezer DUTTON: Mr. Silvanus CONE, Mr. Asa HARVY: Mr. George GRIFFIN: Deac'n Benjamin FULLER, Capt. Zachariah HUNGERFORD: Mr. Elijah CONE and Mr. James DICKSON, were Chosen a Committee to provide Such Clothing for the Soldiers in Continental Service as they are or shall be enabled to: by Resolve of the Assembly or of this Town."

          "At an adjourned session of the same meeting it was Voted that the Select men Shall have the Liberty to Draw out of the Town Treasury: five Hundred pound: Money to Purchase Gain with: for the Support of the Poor of the Town that need: and also for the Soldiers' Families which are to be provided for: agreeably to an Act of Assembly.

          "At the Same meeting: Mr. James OLMSTEAD was Chosen a Com'tt man to Lay out Said Money: for S'd Purpose Taking the Advice and Direction of the Select Men therein.

          "At the Same Meeting Mr. Johiel FULLER was Chosen a Com'tt man To Provide for the Soldiers Families according to Act of Assembly in yt. Case."

          January 11th A. D. 1779, it was "Voted to Raise by Rate or Tax The Sum of three Hundred pounds Money, to purchase Cheese and Butter for the Soldiers in the Continental Army that Belong to this Town, and for the Transportation of the Same to Said Soldiers."

          "Also that Samuel GATES Mr. Thomas FULLER Capt. Daniel CONE: Capt. Ebenezer DUTTON: Capt Israel SPENCER: Capt. John WILLEY: Mr. Nathaniel SPARROW and Capt Zachariah HUNGERFORD: were chosen a Committee to Lay out the Said three Hundred pounds in Cheese and Butter for Sd Soldiers us and to Transport the Same to them as soon as may be.

          "At the same meeting: Voted that the Select men Shall have Liberty to hire 800 pounds money for a Short time to purchase S'd Butter and Cheese with and a Quantity of Grain for S'd Towns poor &c."

          At a town meeting held July 26th A. D. 1779, it was "Voted: that if any two able Bodied men Belonging to the Town of East Haddam that Shall Inlist into the Continental army with twelve Days to Serve During the war Shall receive as a bounty the Sum of Two hundred pounds money Each out of the Treasury of the S'd Town: the one haft to be paid at the end of three months: and the other half at the end of Six months. At the Same meting voted that if any o the present Cloathing Committee Shall apply to the Select men for money to purchase Cloathing for the Continental Soldiers they Shall Give orders on the Town Treasurer for Such Sums as they Shall Judge necessary for that purpose.

          "At the Same meeting voted: that the committee that was appointed to purchase Butter and Cheese for the Soldiers in the Continental army Last Winter Shall have Six pounds Eight Shillings money paid them out of the Town Treasury for the Like Sum Sent to S'd Soldiers.

          "At a town Meeting held Dec. 6, 1779 Messrs. Thomas HALL 2nd. Thomas SMITH 2nd Joseph EMONS: Simeon ACKLEY 2nd; and Ashael ANDREWS; were chosen a Committee to Provide for the Soldiers Families for the year Ensuing." At a town meeting held the 26th of June A. D. 1780, it was

          "Voted to give (in addition to the Wages and bounty already given By this State) the sum of forty Shillings pr month Lawfull Silver money or the new emitted Bills of this State which Shall be kept equivalent to Silver money: to any able Bodied Effective Man that Shall and does Enlist at or before the first day of July next to serve as a Soldier in the Continental Line of Continental Troops; to fill up the quota of this Town for and during time Such Soldier Shall serve as aforesaid which Tour of Service shall be Either until the Last of December next; for three year: or during the war: which Said Sums of money Shall be paid to Said Soldier or Soldiers or their order or orders by the Treasurer of this Town or an order drawn by the Select Men of this Town on said Treasurer for Said Purpose in the following manner first of those that Shall inlist and Serve until the Last of December next at the expiration of Said Term: and to those that Shall inlist for three years, or during the war to be Paid Annually: and if not Punctually paid: with Lawfull Interest until Paid: And it is to be understood that the Troop of Horse is not to hire any person out of the foot Companies; nor the foot Companies out of the Troop of Horse.

          "At the Same meeting: Voted that the Several Commission Officers of the Several Military Companies in Said Town Be a Committee to procure By enlistment the said quota of men for Said Town for the Continental Service agreeable to the above Vote."

          At a town meeting held the 16th day of November 1780:

          "It was Voted that Col. Jabez CHAPMAN: Capt. Samuel GATES: Doct. Gibbons JEWETT: Capt. Enoch BRAINARD: Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES: Capt. Israel SPENCER and Capt. Jonathan KILBORN Be a Committee for the Purpose of Dividing and classing all the Inhabitants of this Town who either give in Lists or are included in any Militia Rolls: either of the Trainband alarm List or Companies of Horse-Into as many Classes as this Town Shall be found deficient in number of men Required to compleat their quota of the Continental Army (and make Return to the Town Clerk) agreeable to a Late Act of the General Assembly of this State.

          "At the Same Meeting voted that a Rate or Tax of one Shilling on the pound (State Money) on the List given in the year 1779 Be laid on the Polls and salable estate of the Inhabitants of this town to be Collected and paid to the Treasurer of this Town By the first Day of February next-always provided and it is to be understood that all Such Inhabitants of this Town who Shall and do pay their Ratable proportion of Provisions to the Committee appointed by this town to Receive the Same: all agreeable to the Late Act of the Assembly: Shall be Discharged from his or their proportion of Said Tax."

          The Same Meeting Voted: "That Mr. Samuel P. LORD: Capt. Ebenezer DUTTON; and Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES: Be a Committee To Receive the Governments Salt: To Procure Barrels: faithfully To Receive: Inspect: and put up: all Such Provisions as Shall Be raised Collected and Delivered to them by a rate or tax on the List of the Inhabitants of this Town for the year 1779 and a true account thereof to Keep: and that they be Sworn faithfully to Discharge Said Trust: all agreeable to a Late Act of the Assembly."

          December 4th 1780.-"Messrs. Thomas FULLER: George GRIFFIN and Phineas PARMELEY were Chosen a Clothing Committee to provide Clothing for the Soldiers in the Continental Army for the year ensuing."

          "At the same Meeting Messrs David WEST, Nathan GOODSPEED, Increase CROSBY and Stephen SCOVEL, were chosen a Com'tt of Supply for the Soldiers Families for year ensuing.

          "The Same Meeting Voted to give the Second Division of Soldiers: that was called for and that went into the Continental Service for Said Town Last July The Same addition Bounty and wages: as those that Inlisted by the first of July as by their Vote at a Town Meeting held on the 26th Day of June Last. The Same Meeting held on the 26th Day of June Last. The Same Meeting Voted that Joseph WILLEY 2d a Detached Soldier for the Continental Service: Should have the same additional Bounty as the above Soldiers are Intitled to by s'd Vote."

          At an adjourned session of the same meeting, December 19th 1780, it was

          "Voted that the Report and doings of the Committee: appointed by S'd Town for classing the Inhabitants of Said Town (in order to Raise S'd Town's quota of Continental Soldiers Agreeable to a Late Act of Assembly) Be approved and excepted of And that Said Report and doings be Lodged on file with the Clerk of said Town."

          At an adjourned session of the same meeting, December 26th 1780, it was

          "Voted that the Inhabitants of S'd Town Shall be classed in order to Raise Said Town's quota of State Soldiers (Being 8 in number) Agreeably to a Late Act of Assembly."

          The same meeting

          "Voted that the Same Committee That was appointed to Divide and Class the Inhabitants of Said Town (in order to Raise S'd Town's quota of Continental Soldiers) Shall be a Com'tt to Class the Inhabitants of S'd Town In order to Raise S'd Town's quota of State Soldiers."

          At an adjourned session of the same Meeting held January 9th 1781, it was "Voted that the former Com'tt appointed at a Town Meeting held Nov. 16, 1780 (To Receive the Government Salt &c. Shall be a Com'tt with the addition of Mr. Noadiah GATES to receive in and put up Said town's quota of flour and grain for the State agreeable to a Late Act of Assembly."

          At the same

          "Voted that a Rate or tax of four pence on the pound (to be made on the List of 1779) Be Laid on the Inhabitants of S'd Town And be Collected and paid into the Town Treasury by the first of March next. Provided and it is to be understood that Those persons that do pay one penny half penny on the pound on S'd List in Wheat flour or rie Do. Or Indian Corn and Deliver it to the above S'd Com'tt (Agreeable to a Late Act of Assembly) Shall be exempted from said four penny tax.

          "At the same meeting Voted that the doings of the Classing Com'tt for raising the eight Soldiers for Defence of this State be accepted and approved of and that it be lodged on file with ye Town Clerk."

          At a meeting held on the 16th day of April, A. D., 1871 {should be 1781}, it was

          "Voted that the Report and doings of the Late Classing Com'tt (for raising the Six State Soldiers) Be excepted and lodged on file with the Town Clerk."

          At the Same "Voted that the class No. 1 should have Liberty to Draw out of the Town Treasury the Extra Sum that it shall cost to procure the Light Horse man over and above what it costs to procure a footman Provided S'd Class does procure S'd Horseman for the State Service agreeable to a Late Act of Assembly."

          At a meeting held June 25th 1781

          "Messrs. Silvanus TINKER, Noadiah GATES, Capt. Ebenezer DUTTON and Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES was Chosen a Committee to Receive and put up for S'd Town their quota of Beef Pork Flour & c.: for the use of the army. (Agreeable to a Late Act of Assembly.)"

          At the Same "Mr. Jedediah HIGGINS was chosen a Surveyor of Highways for the present year in the room of Mr. Edward CHAPMAN going into Continental Service.

          "At the Same Meeting Voted that the Town will make good to the Supplyers and Purchasers of Cloathing now procured and to Be Sent to the Continental Army the full Sum which S'd Town Has Directed Said Purchasers to Buy at: So far as the State shall not make payment: and S'd Town will make Good any Discount in the Money which may happen Before the Said Purchasing Committee Can Receive the pay of the Publick: and allow the Interest if not paid within one month after the Delivery of the Clothing."

          At a meeting held on the 13th day of November 1781:

          "Whereas the General Assembly at their Session in October 1780 Resolved or Enacted that the Several Towns in this State Should collect and put up (for the use of the Continental Army) as much Beef, Pork and wheat flour as will amount to six pence on the pound on the Lists for the year 1779 Stated at certain prices as P act. In Compliance with Said Act This Town at a meeting held on the 16th Day of November 1780 Voted that a Rate or Tax of one Shilling on the pound (State money) on the Lists given in the year 1779 Be Laid on the polls and retable estate of the Inhabitants of This Town to be Collected and Paid to the Treasurer of S'd Town by the first Day of February next for the Purpose of Collecting Said provision also at a Town meeting held by adjournment on Tuesday the 9th Day of January 1781 Voted that a Rate or Tax of four pence on the pound on the List of 1779 Be Laid on the Inhabitants of Said Town and be collected and paid to the Treasurer of Said Town by the first of March next for the Purpose of Collecting a quantity of wheat flour and rie Do. And Indian Corn for the use of the Army (Agreeable to a Late Act of Assembly) which Said Taxes proved to be Ineffectual for the Purpose above s'd-Therefore upon Reconsidering said Votes for Taxing in State Money-Voted that a Rate or Tax of Six pence on the pound Lawful Money Be Laid on the polls and Ratable estate of the Inhabitants of Said Town to be made on the Lists in the year 1779 and to be collected and paid to the Treasurer of Said Town by the 24th Day of November Instant: for the Purpose of Collecting S'd Town's quota of provision in Beef, Pork &c. for the army-and one penny penny on the pound for this Town's quota of wheat and rie &c.: to be paid by the 24th of November Instant-Provided and it is to be understood that all such Inhabitants of this Town that have or Shall pay their Ratable Proportion of provisions (Agreeably to S'd Acts of Assembly) to the Committee appointed by this Town to receive the Same By the 22d Day of Instant November: Shall be Discharged from his or their Proportion of Said 6 penny and penny half penny taxes.

          "At the Same Meeting Mr. Joseph EMONS and Capt Eliphalet HOLMES were chosen Purchasers & Receivers of Beef and flour: and Capt. Ebenezer DUTTON was Chosen a Purchaser and Receiver of Beef: and Messrs. Noadiah GATES and Daniel LORD jr. were Chosen Receivers of flour all for said Town's quota of provision for the army.

          "At the same meeting Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES was Chosen a Committee to procure Salt for S'd Town to put up S'd Beef &c.

          "At the same meeting: Voted that the Com'tt appointed to procure Barrels to put up the Town's quota of Beef: Shall have Liberty to Draw the Extra Cost of Barrels (if any there be of what is not allowed by the Com'tt of pay Table) out of the Town Treasury."

          December 3d 1781.-Mr. Thomas FULLER "was chosen a Com'tt to provide Cloathing for the Soldiers in the Continental Army (if called for by the State) for the year ensuing."

          At a meeting held February 8th 1782.-"Voted to Divide or class the Inhabitants of said Town into as many Classes as there are Soldiers Required for said Town's quota of men for the part of Horse neck or western frontiers.

          Capt. James GREEN Major Daniel CONE; Capt. Ichabod OLMSTEAD, Capt. William CONE and Capt. Ithamer HARVEY were Chosen a Com'tt for the Purpose of Classing the Inhabitants of S'd Town as aforesaid and make Report of their Doings.

          "At the same voted that the Inhabitants of S'd Town shall be Divided or classed upon the Lists given in the year 1781.

          "At the Same Meeting Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES and Isreal SPENCER Esqs. Were Chosen Agents to Represent S'd Town at Hartford Before the Committee appointed by the General Assembly to ascertain the Deficiency of Continental and State Soldiers in the Several Towns in the County of Hartford.

          At the Same Meeting "Messrs. Thomas FULLER and Silvanus CONE 2d, were Chosen a Committee to supply the Soldiers families for the present year.

          "At the same Doct. Zachariah CHAPMAN, Doct. Daniel SOUTHMAYD, and Mr. Robert HUNGERFORD 2d were chosen a Com'tt to class the Inhabitants of S'd Town into as many Classes as said Town shall be found Deficient of their quote of Soldiers to fill up the Continental army (said Classing to be made on the Lists 1781 and to make Report to this meeting.") At an adjourned meeting held on the 26th day of March 1782, it was:

          "Voted that Doct. Gibbon JEWETT, and Capt Eliphalet HOLMES be a Com'tt to examine into the affair and the Class No. 1 that Neglected Raising their State Soldiers for the last year; and also to examine into the affair of that Class that hired a Horseman for the State Service the year past and neglected Sending said Horseman into service, and to See if they Judge proper To Recover Such Sum of money as shall average with other classes that hired State Soldiers the same year. "Together with a reasonable part of S'd Horseman's Bounty to be by him returned S'd Sums to be paid into the Town Treasury for the use of said Town.

          "At the same Mr. George CONE 2nd and Mr. Amos RANDAL were chosen Committee of Supplys for Soldiers' Families for the present year.

          "At the Same meeting Voted that Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES Be a Committee (or Superintendent) To Inspect Take Care and See that Soldiers in the army Belonging to this Town That come home on furlough or otherwise) Be Sent on to camp at a proper time to return as he shall Judge most fit and also to take up Deserted Soldiers that Belong To this Town and Send such Deserters on to Camp when ever they may be found."

          "At the Same meeting Voted that the Inhabitants of Said Town Be Divided into five classes in order to Raise five Recruits or Soldiers for the Continental army to fill up Said towns Quota of men as pr Act of Assembly. "At the Same-Voted that Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES s'd Towns Com'tt man for to Look up Deserted Soldiers &c. to send them on to the army, Shall have Liberty By prompt orders from the Selectmen to Draw his first Cost of the Town Treasury for Said Service."

          "At the Same meeting Voted that the first and 2d Classes for Raising the State Soldiers the present year Be included in one Class for Raising a Continental Recruit; and the 3d and 4th Included in one for Raising the second Continental Soldiers and the 5th and 6th in one for raising a third; and the 7th and the 8th for raising a 4th Continental Recruit and that the 9th class Raise the 5th Continental Recruit."

          "Dec 2d, 1782, Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES, Messrs. Noadiah GATES and Joseph FOWLER were empowered to inspect the accounts of the several Clothing Committees and Committees of Supplies 'with full power to sue for and Recover all Balances they Shall find Due Said Town.'"


          The following extracts from the town records show the action of the town during the great civil war: On the 31st day of July 1862, it was:

          "Voted: That a bounty of One Hundred Dollars be paid by the Town of East Haddam to each and every person of the number constituting the quota of such Town, who has or may hereafter before the 20th day of August 1862 volunteer (and be accepted) under the late call of the President of the United States for 300,000 men and that the town treasurer be empowered to raise a sum sufficient for said purpose by loan or otherwise."

          At the meeting held in pursuance of notice, August 14th 1862, it was:

          "Voted: That the vote passed July 31st 1862, granting bounties to volunteers be so extended as that the treasurer be empowered and directed to pay each volunteer from the town of East Haddam under the call of the President of the United States for 300,000 men in the July last and for an additional 300,000 men on the fourth day of August 1862, the sum of one hundred dollars as bounty to the number of sixty in the aggregate or whatever number may be the quota for this town, on presenting of their certificates on the Adjutant showing that they have been mustered into the service of the United States."

          September 6th 1862.-"Voted that the sum of seventy-five dollars additional bounty be paid by the town of East Haddam upon the conditions of the vote passed at the last town meeting to a sufficient number of volunteers to fill its quota of nine months' men, who shall enlist after this date.

          Also "Voted that a committee of three be appointed to ascertain the number of volunteers that have gone from this town since the commencement of the war, and present the same to the proper authorities, and make use of their best efforts to have the quota to be furnished from East Haddam so reduced as to be right and just under the circumstances."

          The following persons were then appointed to act as the said committee, viz., Richard S. PRATT, Charles C. BROWNELL, Silas R. HOLMES.

          "Voted that the Committee be empowered to employ whatever assistance they may deem necessary at the expense of the town."

          "Voted that the selectmen be requested to investigate the cases of those who have received bounties from this town and soon after procured their discharge from the service thereby defrauding the town out of said bounty and if they find that fraudulent measurers have been resorted to, to procure said bounty, to prosecute those guilty of said fraud."

          At a meeting held on Saturday, October 25th 1862, it was

          "Voted that the selectmen be and are hereby instructed to draw an order on the treasurer of the town for the sum of $75.00 in favor of any person who shall show to them conclusive evidence that he inlisted in the service of the State and United States between the time of the adjournment of the Town Meeting, Sept. 1, 1862, and the hour of one o'clock A. M. on the 10th of Sept., and that he had been mustered into the service of the State and had been accepted and ordered into the service and that his name is placed to the credit of this town which order to be in lieu of the $75.00 to be paid on the 6th of Sept. 1862.

          "Voted That the sum of two hundred dollars be and is appropriated by the Town of East Haddam to each of a sufficient number of men who shall volunteer to fill the deficiency in the quota of soldiers of said Town under the late order of the Adjutant-general of Conn. And that the Selectmen of said town are hereby authorized to draw orders on the Treasurer of said town in favor of such men who shall so volunteer to fill such deficiency when the said volunteers shall furnish to the Selectmen sufficient evidence that they have been accepted and mustered into the service of the State and of the United States and that their names are properly accredited to the town of East Haddam."

          July 18th 1863.-"Voted That the Town of East Haddam pay to each able-bodied man that may be drafted from said Town the sum of $300.00."

          At a meeting held on July 27th 1863, it was "Voted That the following resolutions be adopted, viz. Whereas many of the citizens of this Town liable to do military duty and who may hereafter be drafted into the service of the United States under the recent act of Congress enrolling the military forces and the families or dependents of such drafted men or such men as may hereafter be drafted, may become a public charge to this town in case such men should be compelled into the military service of the United States under the requirement of said act. Therefore voted That a sum not exceeding $12,000.00 be and the same is duly appropriated by the town of East Haddam for the purpose of defraying all the necessary expenses that may be incurred by said Town under the provisions of this series of votes.

          "Voted That Richard S. PRATT, Edward P. BROWNELL and Ebenezer FOX be a committee to draw orders on the Treasurer of the Town in sums not exceeding $300.00 in favor of such persons, married or single, as may be drafted from this Town and liable to serve under the aforementioned act, who in the opinion of said committee require this pecuniary assistance for the support of their families and those dependent upon them.

          "Voted That the Town Treasurer be and is hereby directed to pay such orders as may be drawn as aforesaid by said committee.

          "That the Town Treasurer be and he is hereby authorized to borrow such portion of said sum of Twelve Thousand Dollars as may be necessary to carry out the foregoing vote."

          At a meeting held on Saturday, August 15th 1813

          "Voted To rescind the votes passed at the last two Special Town Meetings.

          "The following Resolutions were adopted, viz.:

          "Whereas The President of the United States as authorized by a late act of Congress has ordered a draft of Three Hundred Thousand men from the enrolled military service for the term of three years or during the war, the quota of this town being 54, and whereas said draft may fall with great severity upon such portion of the enrolled military force of the Town of East Haddam and those families as are pecuniarily unable to respond to the requirements of said draft it is Voted That a sum not exceeding Three Hundred dollars be and the same is hereby appropriated for the relief of each person drafted from this town, who after due examination by the proper board shall be held to service under said draft and who in the opinion of a committee to be appointed by this meeting may require pecuniary assistance for the relief of himself, his family or those depending upon him, or for the procuration of a substitute or for the payment of such exemption fee as may be required by law.

          "That D. B. WARNER, Daniel BULKLEY, and Francis M. PALMER be a special committee under the foregoing vote and it should be their duty to attend the conscript at the time and place for examination with the necessary funds and render them such assistance as may be in their power under those votes; it shall also be the duty of one of this number to attend at the time and place of drafting and see that fairness and impartiality be rendered to the entire quote required from this Town, said committee to make report of their doings at a subsequent or the next annual Town Meeting.

          "That the selectmen be and they are hereby authorized to borrow the sum of Eight Thousand Dollars for the purposes aforesaid and to draw their orders on the Treasury in favor of the special committee for such sums as may be them be required to carry into effect the full intent and purposes of this and the preceding vote."

          At a meeting held September 5th,

          "The following Resolutions were Votes viz. Resolved-That the Town Treasurer be and he is hereby authorized to borrow on the credit of the Town such sum not to exceed $11,000 as shall be necessary to pay to each man drafted from this Town at the approaching draft, who shall be examined and held to service, or who shall furnish an accepted Substitute the sum of Three Hundred ($300) Dollars.

          "Resolved: That Amasa DAY, Silas R. HOLMES and Daniel B. WARNER be a committee to supervise the draft and in behalf of the Town to see that fairness and impartiality are used and to ascertain who may be entitled to receive the bounty from this Town and to pay the same and that said committee be requested to assist all in their power those persons drafted and accepted to procure substitutes in full at the next annual Town Meeting."

          December 3d 1863.-"Voted that Silas HOLMES be appointed a Special Agent to procure a sufficient number of volunteers to fill the quota of this Town.

          "That the sum of Thirty Five Hundred Dollars be appropriated from the Treasury of this Town to defray the expenses of said Agent and any expenses incurred by him necessarily for such volunteers."

          June 13th 1864.-"It was voted that Silas R. HOLMES Esq. be appointed Agent for procuring Substitutes, and that we hereby appropriate Five Hundred Dollars to defray expenses of procuring said substitutes and that it be left to his discretion as to the number he shall procure provided the $500 appropriated shall cover all expenses.

          "That Luther BOARDMAN, Elijah DAY, Harper BOIES and Thos. GROSS Jr. be appointed a committee with whom Mr. HOLMES shall consult regarding the expenditure of the above appropriation."

          August 6th 1864.-"Voted that the town of East Haddam pay to each individual who shall volunteer under the recent call of the President of the United States for 500,000 men to enter the army or navy of the United States in pursuance of the Act of Congress authorizing the same and to each person who has or shall furnish an acceptable substitute under said call, the sum of Three Hundred Dollars if said volunteer or substitute is accepted for three years. And for each person who shall volunteer, furnish a substitute, or be drafted into the army or navy of the United States for one year the sum of One Hundred Dollars.

          "Provided said Volunteer, Substitute or drafted man shall appear upon the quota of said town of East Haddam under said call.

          "Voted that Silas R. HOLMES, O. H. PARKER and Harper BOIES be a committee to borrow the necessary amount of money on the credit of the Town to carry out to procure the necessary number of substitutes to fill the quota of East Haddam, and it should be the duty of said Committee also to receive of such persons as are subject to the draft, a sufficient additional amount to what is appropriated by the town and State to procure a Substitute for them and have such substitute placed to their respective names."

          August 27th 1865.-"Voted That there be hereby appropriated from the Treasury of this Town in addition to the sum appropriated by said Town on the 6th inst, for the purpose of encouraging volunteering from said town, or procuring Substitutes to fill the quota of the same, under the late call of the President of the United States for 500,000 men, the sum of $200 to each person who shall volunteer into the army or navy of the United States for one year and for each Substitute such sum as shall be within $200 of the amount said substitute shall have or may cost the individuals procuring the same.

          "Also that the committee appointed at the last meeting be and are hereby empowered and authorized to carry the aforesaid Resolution into effect.

          "Voted that the vote passed by a town meeting on the 6th inst. allowing for the town Treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars to each person drafted in this Town under the late call of the President of the United States for 500,000 men shall be so charged as to allow from said Town Treasury to each and every person so drafted the sum of Three Hundred Dollars instead of One Hundred Dollars as is now provided and allowed by said vote.

          "That the selectmen of the Town be and they are hereby instructed to draw town orders payment conditional on the future action of the Legislature legalizing the action of this and previous meetings appropriating pecuniary aid for the purpose of filling the quota of the town under the late call for 500,000 men in favor of those persons who are entitled to receive a balance voted by resolutions passed at this meeting."

          December 7th 1864.-"Voted the sum of $300 be and the same hereby is appropriated to each and every person who shall volunteer or procure a substitute for the the term of three years for the army and navy with interest from the date of their acceptance in the service and payable from the Treasury of this town upon the legalization of said appropriation by the legislature of Connecticut provided such volunteers or substitutes be applied on the quota of this town.

          "That the number of men to whom the town will pay the $400 as before specified shall not exceed fifty-five.

          "That the selectmen of this town be instructed to draw town orders to the amount of $300 and in favor of each person who shall volunteer or furnish a substitute in accordance with the preceding resolutions payment conditional upon the future action of the State Legislature legalizing the action of this meeting."


          Representatives.-The Representatives from East Haddam from 1713 to the present time have been:

          Thomas GATES, 1713 M., 1714 M., 1714 O., 1716 M., 1719 O., 1720 O., 1723M.-1725 M., 1726 O., 1728 O., 1730 M., 1733 O., 1750 O., 1751 O; William SPENCER, 1717 M.-1719 M., 1720 M; Daniel BRAINERD, 1721 O.-1722 O., 1726 M., 1727 O., 1728 M., 1729 M., 1729 O., 1730 O., 1734 M., 1757 O., 1759 M; Jabez CHAPMAN, 1731 O., 1746 O., 1747 M., 1773 O.-1776 M., 1777 M.-1779 O., 1784 M.-1786 M., 1787 M., 1789 M.-1790 O., 1791 O., 1792 M; Samuel OLMSTEAD, 1733 M., 1736 O; Isaac SPENCER, 1734 O., 1735 O., 1736 M., 1737 M.,-1741 M., 1743 M; James BRAINERD, 1735 M; Stephen HORSMER, 1741 O., 1742 M., 1744 M., 1745 O; Noadiah BRAINERD, 1742 O.-1743 O., 1745 M., 1746 M; Daniel GATES, 1744 O; James CONE, 1747 O.-1749 O; Joseph SPENCER, 1750 O., 1751 M., 1752 O.-1753 O., 1755 M., 1755 O., 1756 O., 1761 M.-1763 M., 1764 O; Thomas ADAMS, 1752 M; Daniel CONE, 1754 M., 1754 O; Christopher HOLMES, 1756 M., 1758 M., 1758 O., 1759 O., 1763 O., 1768 M.-1770 M; David BRAINERD, 1767 M; Daniel BRAINERD jr., 1760 M., 1760 O., 1765 M., 1765 O., 1766 O., 1767 M., 1767 O., 1769 M.-1776 O; Joseph FOWLER, 1764 M; Dyer THROOP, 1766 M., 1770 O.-1773 M., 1777 O., 1779 M., 1780 M., 1780 O., 1782 M., 1782 O., 1783 O.-1787 M., 1788 O; Samuel HUNTINGTON, 1776 O., 1777 M., 1800 M., 1780 O., 1781 M., 1783 M; Israel SPENCER, 1778 M., 1779 O., 1781 M.-1783 O., 1787 O., 1788 M; Eliphalet HOLMES, 1786 O., 1787 O.-1892 M., 1793 O.-1794 O., 1796 O.-1809 O., 1810 O.-1811 O., 1813 M., 1813 O., 1814 O., 1815 M., 1816 O., 1817 M; Epaphroditus CHAPMAN, 1791 M., 1792 O., 1793 M., 1795 M; Barzillai BECKWITH, 1792 O; Epaphroditus CHAMPION, 1793 O., 1795 O., 1796 M., 1805 M.-1806 O; John MOSLEY, 1794 M., 1794 O., 1895 O., 1796 M., 1798 O.-1804 O; Isaac SPENCER jr., 1795 M., 1796 O.-1798 M., 1817 O., 1818 M; John BRAINERD, 1807 M., 1807 O; Josiah GRIFFING, 1808 M.-1810 M; Joshua CONE, 1810 M; Josiah GRIFFIN, 1812 M., 1812 O., 1814 M., 1814 O., 1815 O., 1817 M., 1828, 1832; Sylvester CHAPMAN, 1810 O.-1814 M., 1815 M., 1815 O., 1816 O; Josiah BARBER, 1816 M., 1817 O; Chevers BRAINERD, 1816 M., 1818 O., 1819 M; Richard LORD, 1818 M., 1821-24; William HUNGERFORD, 1818 O., 1819 M., 1820, 1824, 1825; William PALMER, 1820-22, 1831, 1835; Aaron C. PALMER, 1823, 1825, 1834; Gideon HIGGINS, 1826, 1827, 1833, 1838, 1839; Ozias HOLMES, 1826, 1830 1840; Joseph BRAINERD, 1727; Timothy GREEN, 1828, 1830, 1832, 1833; Stephen CONE, 1831; Eliphalet A. BULKLEY, 1834, 1841; William MARSH, 1835, 1836; John C. PALMER, 1836, 1837, 1848; Edward P. BROWNELL, 1840, 1841, 1855; Nathan JEWETT jr., 1842, 1843; James E. SWAN, 1844, 1846; William PALMER jr., 1846, 1847; Lemuel DICKINSON, 1847, 1849; William SILLIMAN, 1848; Daniel B. WARNER, 1849, 1850; Thomas SWAN, 1850, 1851; Oziah H. PARKER, 1851, 1857, 1877; Jonathan O. CONE, 1852; Lewis M. HILLIARD, 1852, 1853; William D. SHIPMAN, 1853; Moses CULVER, 1854; Erastus F. PECK, 1854; O. O. CLARK, 1855, Jared B. SILLIMAN, 1856; Ebenezer FOX, 1856; R. W. MILLER, 1857, 1858; Alfred GATES, 1858, 1860; Loren COWDREY, 1859; Ozias E. PALMER, 1859; Nathan JEWETT, 1860; Emory JOHNSON, 1861, Silas R. HOLMES, 1861; W. E. CONE, 1862, 1863; Francis GRIFFIN, 1862, 1863; Luther BOARDMAN, 1864, 1865; Richard E. HUNGERFORD, 1864; John B. HUNGERFORD, 1865, 1866; Jacob R. GREENFIELD, 1866, 1867; Timothy HOLMES, 1867; Elisha BINGHAM, 1868, Lord W. CONE, 1868; Charles E. BROWNELL, 1869; Edwin A. EMONS, 1869, 1870, 1874, 1876; Almond DAY, 1870, 1873; D. S. PURPLE, 1871, 1872; L. B. CARVER, 1871, 1872; Julius ATTWOOD, 1873, 1874; Albert E. PURPLE, 1875; David WATROUS, 1875; Salmon MCCALL, 1876; Hiram WILLEY, 1877; E. Emory JOHNSON, 1878, 1879; Francis H. PARKER, 1878, 1880; Daniel B. WARNER, 1879; Thomas GROSS jr., 1880, 1881; Lauriston M. STARK, 1881; Richard H. GLADWIN, 1882, 1883; Joseph W. HUNGERFORD, 1882; William M. SISSON, 1883; Albert E. OLMSTEAD, 1884; Joseph E. WARNER, 1884.

          Town Clerks.-"At a publick meeting of the Inhabitants of East Haddam, December ye 23d 1703 being legally warned, William SPENCER Junr was chosen Clarke for ye East Side." He served until 1706, and was succeeded by: Thomas GATES, 1706-34; Daniel CONE, 1734-66; James GATES, 1766-69; Daniel BRAINERD, 1769-77; Timothy GATES 3d, 1797-1802; Timothy GATES jr., 1802-1814; Timothy GATES, for a part of 1814; Christopher C. GATES, 1814, 1815, 1818-1823; Nathan L. FOSTER, 1815-18, 1823-38, 1839, 1840; Sylvester GATES, December 29th 1838 to January 7th 1839; Alfred GATES, a short time in 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1851, 1852; Daniel B. WARNER, 1841, 1842, 1843-51; George W. LESTER, 1852, 1853; Charles BABCOCK, 1853, resigned January 2d 1854. Alfred GATES was appointed by the selectmen in 1854 to fill vacancy. He was elected in the fall of 1854 and served till his resignation, January 6th 1862. N. Olmstead CHAPMAN was then appointed by the selectmen and afterward elected. He resigned, January 17th 1866, since that time Julius ATWOOD has been clerk.


          The Probate District of East Haddam was formed n October 1741, and embraced the towns of Haddam, East Haddam, Colchester, Hebron, and that part of Middletown (now Chatham) lying south of the Salmon River. Haddam was taken from this and united to a new district in 1752, and Hebron in 1789. Colchester has remained a part of this district till within a few years. The first judge of this court was Hon. John BULKLEY, of Colchester, from 1741 to 1753; Hon. James SPENCER, of East Haddam, from 1753 to 1789. In 1776, while the latter was out of the State, Daniel BRAINERD Esq., of East Haddam, was appointed to act as judge, while Judge SPENCER was connected with the armies of the United States. Isaac SPENCER, Esq., of East Haddam, succeeded James SPENCER, and held the office for 29 years. In 1832, the district was so modified as to include only the town of East Haddam.

          The following is a list of the judges since that date: E. A. BULKLEY, 1832, 1833; Stephen CONE, 1833, 1834; E. A. BULKLEY, 1834, 1835; Stephen CONE, 1835, 1836; John C. PALMER, 1836-38; E. A. BULKLEY, 1838-42; Stephen CONE, 1842-44; Gideon HIGGINS, 1844-46; William MARSH, 1846, 1847; Moses CULVER, 1847-50; J. O. CONE, 1850, 1851; Moses CULVER, 1851, 1852; William D. SHIPMAN, 1852, 1853; Roswell DAVISON, 1853-55; Edmond SMITH, 1855-57; Alfred GATES, 1857, 1858; Charles ATWOOD, 1858, 1859; Julius ATTWOOD, 1859 to the present time.


          The circumstances under which the early settlers were placed rendered it necessary that they should be trained in the use of firearms, and local military organizations were found in all parts of the country. In the earlier history of the town the companies of East Haddam belonged to the 12th Regiment. In 1776, East Haddam and Colchester were formed into the 24th Regiment. A company form Hadlyme belonged to the 33d Regiment.

          The different commanders of the 24th Regiment from East Haddam were General Dyer THROOP, Jabez CHAPMAN, David B. SPENCER, General Epaphroditus CHAMPION, John O. MOSELY, Josiah GRIFFIN and Jonah GATES.

          In 1816, there was a general re-organization of the militia throughout the State, which was preserved till within a few years. It is within the memory of our young men that "Training Days" were great events in the history of the town, from which all other events were dated. Soldiers with their tall hats and taller plumes, dressed in showy uniforms, met in companies in the different societies in town, once a year, where they were drilled in the manual of arms-marched in sections, platoons, and by company, and dismissed after several general discharges of musketry. How the boys reverenced these famous soldiers! The greatest scalawag in town, upon these occasions, was transformed into a hero, in their eyes, as long as he wore the regimentals. Among the early captains of these companies were:

          East Haddam, North Company: Samuel OLMSTED, Stephen CONE, Thomas GATES, Daniel GATES, Caleb CHAPMAN, John PERCIVAL, Joshua PERCIVAL, Gen. Dyer THROOP, Jonathan OLMSTED, Jonathan KILBOURN, Jehial FULLER, Levi PALMER, Abner HALE, Deacon Caleb GATES, Elisha CONE, Darius GATES, Darius BRAINERD, William PALMER.

          East Haddam, South Company: John CHAPMAN, John HOLMES, Nathan SMITH, Jabez CHAPMAN, Daniel CONE, Berzaliel BRAINERD, Deacon James GATES, Matthew SMITH, Major Daniel CONE, Colonel David SPENCER, Elijah ACKLEY, General E. CHAMPION, Jeremiah SMITH, Robert CONE, Samuel P. LORD, Richard GREEN, Joseph CHURCH, Samuel CROWEL.

          Millington, North Company: Joseph ARNOLD, William CHURCH, John WILLEY, Enoch BRAINERD, Amasa DUTTON, John ARNOLD, Noadiah EMMONS, Nathaniel LORD, Major N. EMMONS, Aaron FOX, Oliver CHURCH, Diodate LORD, Hezekiah LOOMIS, Manley BEEBE.

          Millington, South Company: Jared SPENCER, John MCCALL, Aaron CLEVELAND, Jonah CONE, William CONE, Ebenezer DUTTON, Nathan JEWETT, John CHAPMAN, Joseph GATES, Robert ANDERSON, Amos RANDAL, Col. Josiah GRIFFIN, Diodate JONES, Samuel MORGAN, Gardner GALLOP, Uriah SPENCER, David G. OTIS, Jon. BECKWITH, Berah BECKWITH.

          Hadlyme Company: Deacon Chris HOLMES, Ephraim FULLER, Ebenezer SPENCER, John SHAW, Colonel Eliphalet HOLMES, Jack HUNGERFORD, Abraham WILLEY, Ebenezer HOLMES, Jabez COMSTOCK, Charles SPENCER, Newton MARSH, Benjamin CROSBY, Robert HUNGERFORD, Chauncey BECKWITH, Calvin COMSTOCK, Oziah HOLMES.


          The town of East Haddam has 17 school districts, in which prosperous schools are maintained. The numbers and names of these districts, and the number of school age in each is as follows:

          First, or Center District, 37 scholars; Second, or Landing, 79; Third, or Red Lane, 53; Fourth, or Uptown, 27; Fifth, or Bashan, 68; Sixth, or Town Hill, 19; Seventh, or Nicket Lane, 33; Eighth, or Leesville, 16; Ninth, or Moodus, 130; Tenth, or Milligan Green, 31; Eleventh, or Plain, 21; Twelfth, or Olmstead, 16; Thirteenth, or Foxtown, 8; Fourteenth, or Tater Hill, 18; Fifteenth, or Millington West, 19; Sixteenth, or Acby, 20; Seventeenth, or Hadlyme, 47; a total of 633.


          The original settlers of East Haddam laid out the town into nine sections of three-fourths of a mile square, and the roads running north and south were made that distance apart as boundaries for the same. In this "layout" convenience and topography seem to have been of very little account. Any one familiar with our roads will readily notice this observance of distance. The same distance is also observed to a certain extent in the roads running east and west.

          The East Haddam and Colchester Turnpike, extending from "East Haddam Landing to Colchester Meeting house," was granted in October 1809, with a capital stock of $6,288. About the year 1800, a post road was established from Middletown, through Chatham, to East Haddam Landing and thence to New London. A turnpike from Norwich to New Haven, through East Haddam and Haddam, was granted in 1817.


          For many years after the settlement of the town, the people carried their dead across the river to Haddam for burial. Not far from the year 1700, a party of mourners, bearing their dead, crossed the cove and the narrow peninsula of Haddam Neck, and attempted to cross the river. It has overflowed its banks, and the floating ice rendered a passage impossible. Slowly and sadly the procession retraced its steps through the snow and buried its dead in the forest, in a romantic spot a little back from the cove. This person was Mrs. ARNOLD, a great great aunt of Mrs. Elijah BINGHAM. Thus commenced the Cove Burial Ground, and the place is now known as Grave Yard Point. It is situated about one and a half miles north of the Landing, and a little west of William O. BRAINERD's. Although the spot has twice been cleared of wood within 90 years, larger trees stand beside the rude grave stones, as it to offer their protection and throw over the spot of their dolmen shade. The brown stones, covered with the moss of time, are adorned by the traditional angels having the usual round heads, with wings protruding from the ears. In a prominent part of the cemetery is a moss-covered tubular monument with this inscription: "Under this tombstone lyeth interred the body of the Rev. Stephen HOSMER, the first pastor of the First church of Christ in East Haddam, who departed this life the 18th day of June, A. D., 1749, and in the 70th year of his age. And at his right hand lyeth Mrs. Sarah HOSMER, his beloved consort, who departed this life September ye 30th A. D. 1749, and in the 67th year of her age.

          "Sweet souls we leave you to your rest.
          Enjoy your Jesus and your God,
          Till we from bands of clay released,
          Spring out and climb the shinging road."

          Near this is another slab of brown stone with this inscription: "Here lieth the body of Thomas GATES, Justice of the Peace, April ye 20th 1734 in ye 70th year of is age." Near this is another slab recording the death of Deacon Daniel BRAINERD, who died 1743. Beside this stands a handsome stone for those days, which has remained in a good state of preservation and records the death of Captain Joshua BRAINERD, who departed this life May the 14, A. D. 1755 in the 84th year of his age." In a line with this stand rude brown stones which mark the graved of Nehemiah, Lucy, Uri, and Hannah BRAINERD, and at the end of the line stands the only marble stones in the yard. They mark the graves of Berzaliel BRAINERD and Lydia his wife. They were the grandparents of Wm. O. and Abby BRAINERD, who own the ground. Here, too, is the resting place of many of the CONES, the ACKLEYS, ARNOLDS, OLMSTEADS, and many old families of the town.

          The other grave yards in East Haddam were laid out or commenced as follows: Old yard in Hadlyme, 1723; Long Pond yard, 1726; Moodus yard, 1748; Meeting House yard, in Hadlyme, 1750; Bashan, 1760; "Tater Hill," 1760; Near Millington Green, 1764; Eight Mile River, 1769; Landing, 1773; Mt. Parnassus, 1774; Center Congregational Church, 1778; Wicket Lane, 1793.

          There is probably no more healthy town in the State, the air and water being uncommonly pure. Some of the old accounts refer to periods when virulent diseases prevailed throughout the town, but of nothing very serious. Within a few years past malaria has prevailed to some extent along the river, and in fact, it has prevailed throughout the whole State. In 1775, there were over 40 deaths in the town; in the year following, more than 50. The population of East Haddam in 1800 was 2,805. The total number of deaths in the town for 10 years, being a much larger average of mortality than has existed since that time. In 1870, the population was but 2,952, or 147 more than it was at the beginning of the century. The number of deaths during the year ending June 1st 1870 was 54, or an average of one in 55 persons, six by typhoid fever, and two were accidental. The other deaths resulted from diseases pertaining to childhood and old age. Twenty-two of the number were under 33 years of age, 11 over 70; 7 over 80, and one over 90 years. Thus while two-fifths failed to reach the average of human life, more than one-third passed three score years and ten allotted to man.


          December 5th 1774, it was "Voted that Swine Might Run at Large upon the Common & Highway provided that they Ware Will Ringed in the Nose to prevent their Rooting for the year Insuing.

          "And also Said Meeting taking the Distressed Circumstances of Jonah SPENCER and his family into their consideration and finding that Said Jonah's Wife hath of Long time been Visited With Sore and Distressing Sickness, and pin and that he had thereby been prevented in the performance of is Usual Daily Labor & his family thereby Reduced Therefore Voted that the Said Jonah have Liberty to Draw out two pound L M out of the Town Treasury for his and his families Relief and Support."

          At a meeting held January 5th 1775, "Voted that Capt. John WILLEY have Liberty to make a Dam for the Purpose of Building a Mill on Eight Mile River on this own Land."

          Manufacture of Salt Peter.-At a town meeting held in East Haddam on the 10th of January 1776, "Upon the Petition of Major Dyer THROOP, Jabez CHAPMAN Esqr, Capt Elijah ATTWOOD and Mr. Nathaniel GOODSPEED, Requesting that they might have Liberty to Erect Suitable Buildings for the Purpose of Manufacturing Salt Peter Somewhere in the Town Street between Daniel BRAINERD Esqr and Mr. Israel SPENCER's Where they can find a Convenient place for the Works and not Discommode the Public the Town Voted that they might Have Liberty as Requested in said Petition Provided that they did not Discommode the travel."

          Brander of Horses.-At a town meeting, held on the first day of December 1778, Mr. Joseph CHURCH was chosen brander of horses for the year insuing.

          Salary of Town Treasurer.-On December 7th 1778, it was "Voted that Timothy GATES Treasurer for said town Should have 12:00:0 money out of the Town Treasury for his trouble in S'd office for the year past."

          Inoculation for Small-pox.-At the annual town meeting held December 2d 1782, it was "Voted that Inoculation for the Small Pox may be Set up in Some convenient place in Said Town and to be under the Direction and Restriction of ye Authority and Select Men of Said Town as long as it is carried on;" but on December 24th of the same year, upon consideration of the subject, it was "Voted that Inoculation for the Small Pox Shall not be Set up in S'd Town." However, it must have been subsequently permitted, for on November 1st 1794, it was voted to "Recall their former vote that granted liberty to Ennoculate for the Small Pox and that Enoculation for the Small Pox shall discontinue and stop in said Town."

          The Expected Court House.-The following preamble and vote were passed December 1st 1783: "Whereas at the approaching session of the Assembly it is probable the County of Hartford will be divided and the Town of East Haddam made a Shire or a half Shire Town provided the Inhabitants of Said Town would Build a Court House and Gaol at their own Expense and whereas a member of the Gent'n in said Town have liberally Subscribed to the amount of one half of the Expenditure that will be necessary to Build a Court House and Gaol Therefore Voted that a tax of three pence on the pound be laid on the polls and ratable estate of Said Town to be Collected and paid by the first day of December next on the List of 1783 and to be used and Improved toward the Building Said Court house and Gaol So far as said subscription Shall Fall short: provided Said provision Shall be made."

          Dr. Gibbon JEWETT's Pension.-At a meeting held September 18th 1777, the following vote was passed relating to Dr. JEWETT's pension: "Whereas Doct. Gibbon JEWETT of s'd Town has obtained a certificate for a Pension for Being Impaired in his health by Service as a Physician in the army in the year 1776 and it appearing to the Inhabitants of said Town unjust and unreasonable (considering the circumstances) therefore voted that Israel SPENCER Esqr Capt. Eliphalet HOLMES be a Committee to Lay Before the Hon'bl General Court to be holden at New Haven in October next the facts relative to the said JEWETT's service &c. and to Remonstrate against Said Pension" and at a meeting held on the 24th day of July 1788, the above preamble was again used to introduce the following vote: "Voted Major David B. SPENCER Be an Agent for Said Town to lay into the Hon. Superior court of this State on Information Objecting against Said certificate and stating the unreasonableness of said JEWETT's Pension being Settled upon him and to appear and take proper methods to support said objections before said court.

          The following persons were appointed justices of the peace, or, as they were formerly called, commissioners, for East Haddam, at the time of the formation of the count: General Dyer THROOP, Colonel Jabez CHAPMAN, Israel SPENCER, Timothy GATES.

          Captain GREEN was a leading citizen of the town. There were annual elections then, and Captain James GREEN was chosen "Brander of Horses," December 5th 1766, and every year to 1773. Every year from this until 1789 he held important offices in the town. In former days there was a forge near the spot where the old bank now stands. It was there he made guns during the war, which echoed the notes of the Declaration of Independence on many a battle field to the satisfaction of his present rebel associates, if not of his late royal master, and East Haddam was all rebel. As early as June 30th 1774, it voted unanimously for a declaration, and January 6th 1778, adopted unanimously the articles of confederation. They were prompt, generous, and patriotic in furnishing arms, money, and men.

          There is no record of the regiment to which he was attached, except it was a cavalry regiment and he was with it as captain in some engagements during the war, probably in the year 1776. He died March 11th 1908 and his widow died November 27th 1816. They were both buried in the landing Cemetery. The old stones which are falling to decay, were replaced with a marble slab, by the sons of Captain GREEN, with both inscriptions as follows: "Sacred to the memory of Captain James GREEN who died Marcy 11th 1809 80, also of Mrs. Ruth wife of Captain James GREEN who died Nov. 27, 1816 79."

          Running east from the ACKLEY farm is an old road known as Pike's Lane. On this road lived one Thomas RILEY who in his younger days, according to tradition, sailed over the seas with Captain Robert KIDD.


          According to FIELD's history, the first settler in Millington was Jonathan BEEBE, from New London, who settled by the Long Pond about 1704, and was son joined by several persons, who have now no descendents in East Haddam. They settled west of the pond, on the hill, about the HAYWARD farm, recently owned by Rowland ALLEN. Some traces of their houses still remain, but most of them are completely obliterated. Except at this spot, there were no inhabitants in Millington until about 1732-3-4, when families moved into it by the names of ARNOLD, BARNES, BRAINERD, CHAPMAN, CHURCH, CONE, EMMONS, FULLER, GATES, OLMSTED, and SPENCER, from East Haddam Parish; of HARVEY and HUNGERFORD, from Hadlyme; of CLARKE, from Haddam; of GRAVES, from Colchester; and STEWARD, from Voluntown. Daniel SMITH, from some part of Plymouth Colony; Lemuel GRIFFIN, from Lyme, and Thomas FOX, from Colchester, settled here not long afterward. Millington Society was for a number of years the most thickly settled and influential portion of the town. In 1810, there were 172 dwelling houses in that society, while in the First Society there were but 167. There were also a number of stores, and quite a large local business was carried on; Millington being the center of trade for quite a large tract of country.

          With scarcely a solitary exception, those who now remain are tillers of the rugged soil, and are noted for their frugality, industry, and hospitality. The growing tendency of the age to centralize in the cities and villages, and the tempting allurements of the South and West, have diminished her population. Many of her children sleep in her hillside cemeteries, and many others have wandered far and wide; but none of them find happier hours than when they return to meet the hearty welcome of their native home. Sixty years ago, the Middle, or Green School District numbered 69. The same district now has about one-third of that number. At the same time the West District numbered 51; it now numbers but 13.

          The Old Chimney Stocks form quite prominent features of the landscape in Millington. The tan yard at MCLEAN's, once the scene of a large business, is now a mass of ruins. Just east of the yard is the cellar over which stood the house of Nathan BEEBE, an uncle of Manly, and great uncle of Sherman BEEBE. * * * Sherman broke loose from the old farm and went to California in its early days, where he prospered, and returned to buy the large farm he now occupies in North Millington. He has seven sons, and is one of the town's heaviest tax payers.

          Just west of the tan yard, near the DUTTON barn (so called), stood another house, and a short distance north, on the Colchester road, are ruins which mark the residences of the ELYS and FULLERS. A half mile south, on the corner, stands what is called the old Auger Stock, and further on, near ALEXANDER's shop, lived Deacon Diodate LORD.

          The Austin BEEBE house is a comparatively late ruin. This corner, now so deserted, seems to have been quite a settlement many years ago. A store was kept here by Timothy SPENCER, and just north, on the old stony road leading to Long Pond, lived Isham FULLER and Dr. NYE. The latter moved away, and afterward gained considerable renown. The old house below Deacon ACKLEY's was built by one WILLIAMS, one of the early settlers. "Wall Street," the old road running north from the Green, is now entirely deserted. The store built by Ephraim WARNER, near its entrance, in which considerable business was carried on, was long since converted into Mr. Joseph ARNOLD's horse shed. A shorter distance north was Ephraim WARNER's house, and further north but short distances apart, stood the MARSH house, the BURKE house, the Ephraim ARNOLD house, the PLUM house, the HALL house, the Beri GATES house, and the WICKHAM house. Here large families were raised, and the street formed an important thoroughfare of the town. Now, grass and weeds grow over its traveled paths; green mounds of house-leek and rude piles of stone and mortar are the only evidences of former civilization. A goodly portion of the north part of Millington Society was owned and occupied by the ARNOLDs; Ephraim, John, and Joseph. The last was the father of Isaiah ARNOLD and the grandfather of Samuel and Joseph jr. Samuel has four children living: Fluvia, married L. W. CONE; Nancy, married Charles MINOR; Emeline, married W. L. FULLER; William, living in Brooklyn, L. I.

          The old ESTERBROOK house, standing on Millington Green, was for a long time the parsonage. It was built about the time of the ordination of the Rev. Hobart ESTERBROOK as pastor of the Millington Congregational Church, November 30th 1745. The old road leading past the ESTABROOK house, or rather the road branching off from this to CHAPMAN's Mills, was in early days a main thoroughfare upon which several families lived, but which is now lonely, deserted, and almost impassible-its silence seldom broken save by an occasional ox cart rattling over the stones, or by the sharp crack of the hunter's gun. The terminus of the road, however, presents attractions which richly repay a rough and toilsome journey. The wild and romantic beauty of the scenery about CHAPMAN's Mills is not surpassed by those historic spots about which volumes have been written. The pond here is the source of the Eight Mile River which empties into Hamburg Cove. It starts with two separate outlets which surround a rocky island and join about a half mile below. Both streams leap down rocky ledgers, over one hundred feet high, with a roar that can be heard far away. The grist mill upon the west branch has gone to ruin, but the saw mill has been kept in running order. Between the two mills, on the island, stand the house now occupied by Cyrus W. CHAPMAN, so that the place still retains the name of its original owners. It was owned and occupied for several years by Colonel A. T. NILES, and here the writer spent many "happy hours of childhood."

          Following the river from the points where its branches unite, at the foot of the falls, down over Kettle Hill, so called from the deep circular holes in its rocky crest, along the old coal pit bed, the once black face of which is now white with birches; by the rough chimney pile which marks the little house where Benjamin BANNING raised nineteen children, whose exploits at diving from mullen stalks into the dew surprised many a morning teamster; through the hop years with its tall evergreens, its frowning precipices, and its Devil's Cave, and we reach the "Plain" with a feeling that we have journeyed the wilderness and finally reached the promised land. The Plain forms the southeast corner of the town and its within the bounds of Millington Society. The traveler here finds a pleasing landscape, with thrifty and well cultivated farms which were originally owned by settlers from the adjoining town of Lyme. The old Chimney Stock, which occupies so prominent a position just north of Nathan JEWETT's, was known as the GRIFFIN house, where lived Edward Dorr GRIFFIN, D. D., president of Williamstown College. The old JEWETT homestead is just beyond the bridges across the Lyme line.

          Returning to Millington Green, and taking the Hadlyme road south, we soon come to the old SPENCER Chimney Stock, where lived Gen. Joseph SPENCER, of Revolutionary fame. Here, Too, David BRAINERD, the celebrated missionary, spent several years of his youth. Nearly opposite the SPENCER place is the WILLIAMS place, where lived Dr. Datus WILLIAMS, a prominent physician of the town. He afterward moved to near the Center Church, where he died a few years since. His son, George G. president of the Chemical Bank, New York city, has enlarged and beautified the place till it is now one of the finest in the town. He occupies it as a summer residence. A few rods south of the SPENCER place is the LYMAN place, where Dr. LYMAN, who was for many years pastor of the Millington church, lived.

          In the woods near Bald Hill, about two miles south of Millington Green, are the remains of the old house where lived one Will FOX. Near by is the OAKLEY house, where lived Dr. ROOT, father of Francis G. ROOT, of Leesville. Dr ROOT afterward lived at the WARNER house on Potash Hill.


          The following is the first record of the society of Millington:

          "At a society meeting warned according to directions of ye law, to be holden on ye third day of December, Anno Domini, 1733, at ye mansion house of Jonathan CHAPMAN, in ye parish of Millington, in ye town of Haddam, John BUCKLEY was chosen Moderator of said meeting, and James CONE was chosen Clerk and sworn to a faithful discharge of this office by John BULKLEY, justice of the peace. Samuel EMMONS, Samuel OLMSTEAD, and Mathias FULLER were chosen society committee. Also, it was voted that ye society will engage some suitable person to preach ye gospel to ye people in this society; also, it was voted that the committee as above said shall apply themselves to ye Rev. Mr. Hosmer for his advice and directions in their endeavors to engage some person to preach among them as aforesaid."

          The meetings of the society were held at the house of Mr. John CHAPMAN for a number of years. As near as can be ascertained his house stood near the lower part of the hop yard. The Rev. Mr. HOSMER, alluded to in the above report, was at that time the pastor of the church in the first society. It appears by the records that the society made several applications for preachers before they succeeded in having a permanent settlement. The first religious services were held for a considerable period in a house standing near the "BURKE House," on Wall street. It appears that the first call for preaching was given to a Mr. WILLIAMS, for at a meeting held December 1734, it is recorded, "that ye society will not give Mr. WILLIAMS forty shillings a day for preaching ye gospel to ye people in said society." At a society meeting held March 7th 1735, it was voted that the committee be instructed to engage the services of the Rev. Mr. HOSMER, and in case he refused, to apply to the Rev. Nathaniel BRAINERD.

          At the same time there was voted the sum of 70 pounds a year for the support of the ministry. June 30th 1736, the society applied to the Rev. Mr. BROWN, and engaged him to preach the gospel for two months at 35 shillings a day. At a subsequent meeting, held in September 1736, the society voted a call to Rev. Timothy SYMMES, and as an inducement it was "further voted that ye society will give Mr. SYMMES three hundred and twenty pounds towards his settlement, and thirty pounds in labor towards building him a house, also one hundred pounds salary, and find him his fire wood; and that ye society will clear, break up, fence, and sow with wheat two acres of land, the first year Mr. SYMMES is an ordained minister in said society, and also plant out one hundred of apple trees on said land ye next spring after it is sowed with wheat."

          This call was accepted by Mr. SYMMES in a letter dated October 26th 1736. The society meetings were generally adjourned "to ye hour of eight of ye clock in the morning."

          For a number of years the society suffered by a division arising from a difference, partially doctrinal but more from different views in regard to forms. Finally, at a society meeting held the 17th of April 1776, "it was voted not to oppose a number of said parish who call themselves Old Fathers and Desenters of New England, if they should apply to the Hon. General Assembly of this colony to be made a district Ecclesiastical Society."

          Several legacies were granted to the society, from time to time. The first one, of $260, was bequeathed by Mr. Samuel GATES, who died August 21st 1801.

          A farm was also given, by Mr. Simeon CHAPMAN, who died Marcy 31st 1813; but to be used by his children during life. This bequest amounted to $4,280.

          A legacy of $1,440 was also left by Thomas BEEBE, who died June 6th 1816. He was a son of Dr. BEEBE, who lived a short distance southeast of the ESTERBROOK house. A part of the old chimney still remains. Dr. BEEBE was a strong tory during the Revolutionary war, and made himself so obnoxious that a party, headed by Captain Aaron Fox, took him from the house one night and gave him a coat of tar and feathers.

          Thomas, the legator, was not religiously inclined, and it is said that he did not make his bequest because he loved the society more, but that he loved his family less. Captain Aaron FOX was, for a number of years, captain of the Millington militia. His grandfather, Ebenezer, was one of the earliest settlers of Millington. He was one of three brothers who came from England. One of them settled in Massachusetts, one in Rhode Island, and Ebenezer in Foxtown, where he built a log house near the old house built by Aaron FOX, and now owned by Matthew FOX. The brothers occasionally visited each other, taking the journey through the wilderness on horseback, their wives riding behind them.

          A portion of the house where Ebenezer, the son of Aaron, recently died, was built by Enoch ARNOLD about 150 year ago. People came from a great distance to the raising. It was covered with white oak clap boards securely fastened with wrought nails. Two of the original rooms still remain. The Old Chimney Stock, just west of Charles SWAN's, is what remains of a house built and occupied by Brockway BEEBE, and later by Josiah WILLEY. Turner MINER came from New London about the year 1770, and erected a house where Charles SWAN lives. The place was subsequently bought by Rufus SWAN, who gave it to his son, Wheeler. Turner MINER married a daughter of General Joseph SPENCER by his second wife. The wife of Deacon Jeremiah HUTCHINS, and Mrs. James STRANAHAN, are daughters of Mr. MINER, and consequently granddaughters of General SPENCER. Rev. Nathaniel MINER, who preached in Millington for a number of years, is a nephew of Turner MINER.


          The first meeting house was erected in Millington in 1743. It was 50 by 40 feet, and stood on the Green, a few rods south of the present church. The building of the present house was proposed in society meeting, January 21st 1832, when it was "voted that the society build a meeting house 32 feet by 44, from 16 to 18 posts, with a steeple not exceeding 60 feet in height." The house was built by Mr. Edward WORTHINGTON, and dedicated to divine service on the 23d of January 1833. The society tendered Mr. WORTHINGTON a vote of thanks for the faithful discharge of his work. For the excellent bell on the church the society were mainly indebted to John CHAPMAN and William H. CONE-to the former for his liberal subscription-to the latter for his great activity in the matter.

          The first minister in Millington was Rev. Timothy SYMMES, of Scituate, Mass., who was ordained December 2d 1736. Dr. Field says: In the great revival of religion which spread in New England a few years after his ordination, hiss feelings were extravagantly raised, and he prosecuted his work with a zeal not according to knowledge. This gate rise to difficulties which ended in his dismission in 1743.

          He was succeeded by Mr. Hobart ESTERBROOK, a son of the Rev. Mr. ESTERBROOK, of Canterbury. He graduated at New Haven in 1736, and was ordained in Millington, November 30th 1745. He was a steady, judicious, and faithful minister, and he is remembered with respect and affection by his people. He died January 28th 1766, in the 50th year of his age and 20th of his ministry.

          The next minister in Millington was Mr. Diodate JOHNSON, who was ordained July 2d 1767. He was a son of the Rev. Stephen JOHNSON, of Lyme, was educated at Yale College, where he took his first degree in 1764, and became a tutor. Endowed with superior genius and learning, and animated with fervent zeal for his work, he entered the ministry with the fairest prospects of usefulness. His labors, however, were soon ended, for consumption closed his life January 15th 1773, at the early age of 28.

          Rev. Eleazer SWEETLAND was installed May 21st 1777. He was a native of Hebron, and graduated at Dartmouth College in 1774. He died March 25th 1787, aged 36 years, much beloved and respected by all who knew him.

          Rev. William LYMAN, D. D., was ordained December 13th 1787. He maintained his pastoral relations with the church at Millington for 35 years, and was known as one of the most popular and eloquent preachers in this part of the country. He had a powerful voice, an easy flow of words, and all his writings were stamped with vigor and power. In the latter part of his ministry he became afflicted with hypochondria. This, with is independent manner, finally aroused an opposition among his people, and at a society meeting held on the 23d of May, 1822, it was voted "that a committee of five be appointed to consult the interest of the society, especially as it respects our relations with Dr. LYMAN as our minister." William CONE, Esq. and Captain Hobart ESTERBROOK, were appointed as said committee. The committee reported against the doctor, and on the last Wednesday in August, at a meeting of the Ecclesiastical Council, the relation between pastor and people was dissolved. His farewell sermon, replete with denunciations of the sins and shortcoming of his flock, was delivered with such vigor and eloquence that the long years which have intervened have failed to obliterate its impressions from the minds of those who heard him, and his hymn about the conspiracy of "Wicket men" was in keeping with his sermon. Many anecdotes are related to Dr. LYMAN's dry humor and eccentricity, which he often carried to the pulpit.

          In his day, the temperance agitation has scarcely commenced, and the indulgence of the social glass among the higher class was much more common than now. The clergy and the elders were wont to meet and discuss grave matters over their toddy with a freedom that would be quite scandalous in these days. Mr. Elijah PARSONS used to call regularly upon an old lady of the same name who lived at the Landing and get his mug of "Flip." The old lady, knowing his hours, used to have her "flip-iron" hot, and concoct his favorite beverage with dexterity and skill. Dr. LYMAN and Rev. Mr. VAIL, of Hadlyme, who were his cotemporaries, were wont at regular intervals to meet with him at the "Blacksmith's Arms" (the house north of Maplewood Seminary), and discuss grave matters belonging to their profession, over their "mugs of flip." So, too, in those days, the General Assembly used to open with an election sermon, which furnished an occasion for a general gathering of the clergy throughout the State. Great dinners were furnished at the expense of the State, and "Santa Cruz" was a prominent feature of the bill of fare. It is related of Dr. LYMAN that at an Ecclesiastical Council held in Westchester, when the company, being invited to refresh themselves at the sideboard, one of his ministerial brethren suggested that their first refreshment should be to wash off the dust of travel, the Doctor decided the matter by the following epigram:

          "Our fathers of old.
          First washed their eyes.
          An then their throats:
          But we, their sons, more wise,
          Will wash out throats,
          And then our eyes."

          Dr. LYMAN moved to Western New York, where he died several years ago. Soon after his dismission a wonderful revival of religion occurred in Millington under the minister of the Rev. Mr. SAXON, called to this day by the good people of Millington "The Great Revival."

          Dr LYMAN was succeeded by the Rev. Hermon VAIL, who was ordained, April 6th 1825. In September 1827, Mr. VAIL asked for a dismission from his pastoral charge, which was granted by the Ecclesiastical Council soon after. For nearly three years afterward the society was without any regular pastor. In 1830, the Rev. Nathaniel MINER received a call from the society, which he declined, principally on account of the dilapidated condition of the old meeting house. He occupied the pulpit, however, as a stated supply for three years, and was installed as their regular pastor, May 28th 1833, which was after the erection and dedication of the new meeting house.

          Mr. MINER was born in Stonington, Connecticut, educated at the "Literary and Theological Seminary," of Bangor, Maine, and received the honorary degree of Master of Arts from Amherst College, in 1840. He was ordained at Chesterfield, Montville, in October 1826; went to Millington from Bozrahville in 1830. His salary was at first $375, then $450, and finally $500 per year. Near the close of this ministry in Millington a small farm was purchased, formerly owned by Rev. Hobart ESTERBROOK, and on it was erected what is now known as the Millington parsonage.

          Mr. MINER married Emeline S. RANSOM, of Salem, by whom he had five children. Three of them are living, "two are not and yet are." He was dismissed from his pastoral charge in Millington at his own request by the Middlesex Consociation at their annual meeting held at Essex, in October 1858. Since that time he has resided in Salem, and has retired from active service.

          Mr. MINER was succeeded by Rev. A. C. BEACH from Wolcott. He was a graduate of Yale College, and was installed as pastor of the church in Millington in 1859. He was dismissed in 1875, and was succeeded by the Rev. Mr. GRISWOLD, who is still in charge.

          The deacons of the Congregational church in Millington since its organization have been as follows:

          NAME. ELECTED. DIED. AGE. Samuel EMMONS October 1736 Daniel GATES October 1736 Gen Jos. SPENCER November 20th 1767 January 13th 1789 75 Samuel DUTTON July 4th 1771 December 30th 1790 87 Ebenezer DUTTON February 26th 1778 Moved to Lebanon Benjamin FULLER February 26th 1778 November 10th 1815 93 Nathaniel CONE May 1789 April 15h 1790 79 Barzillai BECKWITH June 4th 1790 February 22d 1818 79 Isaac SPENCER April 1st 1796 Diodate LORD August 26th 1816 Moved away Israel CONE jr. April 17th 1818 Nathaniel BECKWITH April 17th 1818 1858 William E. CONE Moved to Moodus, Now deacon in 1st Cong'l church Samuel ARNOLD April 30th 1841 Epaphroditus GATES August 27th 1858 Charles MINER Now in office


          The first dwelling house in East Haddam Landing was erected in 1743. A market for produce was opened about the same time, and a store house, which stood on the spot now occupied by Dr. HARRIS's barn, in front of the TYLER's store, was built. A large store house stood on the site of the store, and just back of it. On the ledge of the rocks, stood a hotel with a piazza on the river front. During the Revolutionary war many soldiers, on their way from the eastern part of the State to the North River forces, made this a favorite route, and stopped at this public house. Later, the house in which Ashbel RAY now lives was the principal public house, and was called "The Blacksmith's Arms." The name was painted in rude letters upon a swinging sign suspended high between two posts. It was further illustrated by a bent, muscular arm wielding a blacksmith's hammer. The present generation remember the Landing as a beautiful village, with a row of fine houses at the summit of a gently rising green, and two neat white fences marking two parallel roads and terraces, which, in contrast with the bold, abrupt mountain behind, presented one of the most attractive and picturesque scenes on that most charming of rivers.

          The most central, perhaps, of the dwellings was the one alluded to above. It was then the residence of Captain James GREEN, and its high stone stoop, facing both ways, spoke hospitality almost as plainly as its gaily painted sign. The brick house next north of this is a fine building of more recent date, and belonged to the Captain's son, Timothy. Next beyond stands the former residence of his daughter, Nancy (Mrs. Jared SPENCER, Esq.), and further on (the site of the bank building) was the forge and then the residence of Oliver GREEN. The next house to the "Arms" on the south side, was the residence of Captain GREEN's brother-in-law, Mr. Thomas MARSHALL. Next south lived his son Richard; next to that, his daughter, Hannah, Mrs. Joseph HUNGERFORD. These buildings have been metamorphosed into the Maple Wood Music Seminary. Here, then, in the midst of his children, lived Captain James GREEN, and just over the way, as first post-master of East Haddam, he presided over that event in New England-the mail arrival and distribution. His descendants have nearly all left their native town, and have prospered and maintained the honor of the family name in the busy world of trade and progress, but they have never forgotten the old town, to which they return every summer like pilgrims to their native shrine. Down near the steamboat dock, Noah BUCKLEY erected a store, and built up quite a large wholesale and importing trade with the West Indies. He owned a large farm in Millington, where he raised mules which he used to send out in his vessels, and exchange for molasses, sugar, etc. He bought the brick hotel built by Samuel LORD, where the Champion House stands, and accumulated considerable money. Like many others, he was wooed and won by the tempter, in the person of Roswell C. PECK, who induced him to invest in a banking speculation in New York. He lost his property and went to Chicago, then in its infancy, and again became rich and well known as the "miser money lender."


          Ship building was begun at the Landing sometime during the Revolutionary war, and formed quite an important branch of business till within a few years. Several coasting and generally two or three sea vessels were owned here. In the year 1815, there were launched from this yard two brigs, and three schooners. One of these brigs soon after sailed on her first voyage bound for the West Indies, but was never heard of more.


          The inhabitants of the town of Haddam on the east side of Connecticut River, and south of Salmon River, began to act as an ecclesiastical society in 1700. The first meting house was completed in about five years; it stood in the street, near where the dwelling house of Isaac C. ACKLEY now stands, and was 32 feet square. This continued to be the place for worship for about 23 years.

          The second meeting house in this ecclesiastical society was finished in June 1728. It stood a little north of the first, on the rising ground about 80 rods sough of the present meting house. It was 55 by 40 feet in size. The last Sabbath in June 1828, was the last time public worship was attended in the first house, and the first Sabbath in July of the same year, the first Sabbath in which it was attended in the second house. This house was occupied till November 24th 1784, a period of little more than 56 years.

          The third meeting house, which is now standing, and is a commodious, and at the time it was built, was an elegant house, was finished, and opened for public worship on Thanksgiving day, November 27th 1794. This house cost about $4,000. It is 64 feet long and 44 feet broad, with a projection 18 by 4 feet.

          LIST OF DEACONS.-Thomas GATES, 1704, died 1734, aged 70 years; Daniel CONE, 1704, died 1725, aged 60 years; Daniel BRAINERD, 1725, died 1743, aged 77 years; Isaac SPENCER, 1734, died 1751, aged 72 years; Jeremiah GATES, 1741, died 1761, aged 65 years; Noadiah BRAINERD, 1743, died 1746, aged 50 years; Daniel CONE Esq., 1746, died 1776, aged 83 years; James GATES, 1762, removed to Richmond, Mass.; Samuel HUNTINGTON 1770, died 1797, aged 74 years; Thomas FULLER, 1770, died 1797, aged 74 years; Thomas FULLER, 1770, removed to Hartford; John PERCIVAL Esq., 1782, died 1813, aged 80 years; Caleb GATES, 1795, died 1822, aged 73 years; Ephraim GATES, 1806, removed to State of New York; John PERCIVAL, 1814, died 1848, aged 82 years; Jeremiah HUTCHINS, 1824, died 1854, aged 81 years; William E. CONE, 1848; William O. BRAINERD, 1871; Miner H. GILLETT, 1871.

          PASTORS.-1st. Rev. Stephen HOSMER, came from Hartford. Educated at Cambridge, Mass., graduated in 1699. Chosen pastor January 6th 1704; married Mrs. Sarah LONG, of Boston. He died June 16th 1749, having served this people for 45 years. He was buried I the CONE burying yard.

          2nd. Rev. Joseph FOSTER, who became pastor May 15th 1751; died June 10th 1771, in the 49th year of his age and the 21st year of his ministry.

          3d. Rev. Elijah PARSONS; ordained at East Haddam, 1772. Pastor 54 years, 3 months; died at East Haddam January 17th 1827, in the 80th year of his age.

          4th. Rev. Isaac PARSONS, born August 28th 1790. Studied at Williams College, also at Yale and graduated from that institution in 1811. Ordained October 23d 1816. He was dismissed April 23d 1855.

          5th. Silvanus W. ROLLUM, installed October 1856, continued till May 1871.

          6th. S, M. MCCALL; installed January 3d 1872. Rev. Mr. MCCALL is a native of Lebanon, Conn. He graduated from Yale College in 1851; and was pastor of the Congregational church at Old Saybrook, Conn., from December 1853 to November 1871.


          The Episcopal society was formed April 27th 1791,in consequence of a division among the people of the First Congregational Society respecting the location of their present meeting house.

          "A Register of the Original Formation and subsequent Proceedings of the Episcopal Church in East Haddam, Begun the 26th day of April, A. D., 1791-

          "We the Subscribers, inhabitants of East Haddam conscious of the propriety and sensible of the utility of the method of worshipping almighty God, agreeable to the Episcopalian method of worship, do hereby avow that it is our wish, desire, ad principle to pay our devotion to the Almighty after the Episcopalian mode of worship, and consider ourselves in the situation of the other Episcopalians in this State. Dated at East Haddam this 16th day of March, A. D. 1791.-

          "Elias WORTHINGTON, Ebenezer CONE, Timothy CONE, William GELSTON, Joshua BRAINARD, Amasa BRAINARD, David BRAINARD, Daniel LYAN, Daniel CHAPMAN, jr., Jonathan SPENCER, John BRAINARD, John WARNER 3d, Chevers BRAINARD, Andrew CHAMPION, Phineas CONE, Robert CONE, Ruben CHAMPION, Oliver WARNER, Jesse WINSLOW, Francis BECKWITH, Joseph ANDREWS, Mathew SEARS, Joel SPENCER, Brainard CONE, Jabez CHAPMAN, Abraham ANNABLE, Humphrey LYAN, Oliver ATTWOOD, Daniel WARNER, Ephraim WARNER, Stephen BELDING.

          "The persons whose names are as follows, Viz. Elias WORTHINGTON, Ebenezer CONE, Timothy CONE, William GELSTON, Joshua BRAINARD, Amasa BRAINARD, David BRAINARD, Daniel LYAN, Daniel CHAPMAN, jr., Jonathan SPENCER, John BRAINARD, John WARNER 3d, Chevers BRAINARD, Andrew CHAMPION, Phineas CONE, Robert CONE, Ruben CHAMPION, Oliver WARNER, Jesse WINSLOW, Francis BECKWITH, Joseph ANDREWS, Mathew SEARS, Joel SPENCER, Brainard CONE, Jabez CHAPMAN, Abraham ANNABLE, Humphrey LYAN, Oliver ATTWOOD, Daniel WARNER, Ephraim WARNER, Stephen BELDING, all inhabitants of the town of East Haddam, have declared themselves to be conformists to the Episcopal Church as designated and known by the Laws of this State.

          "This therefore is to certify whom it may concern according to the tenor and direction of sd. Law that all the above named persons are professors and members of the sd Episcopal Church, and that they attend divine worship agreeable to the form prescribed and directed by the same, and also do contribute to the support thereof.

          "March 23, 1791. Abraham JARVIS, "Rector of Christ's Church, "Middletown.

          "East Haddam, April 26th 1792 (evidently it should be 1791.)

          We Inhabitants of the Town of East Haddam and places adjacent, professors of the Episcopal church, whose names here follows:

          "Elias WORTHINGTON, Jesse WINSLOW, Eb0nezer CONE, Francis BECKWITH, Timothy CONE, Joseph ANDREWS, William GELSTON, Mathew SEARS, Joshua BRAINARD, Joel SPENCER, Amasa BRAINARD, Brainard CONE, David BRAINARD, Jabas CHAPMAN, David LYAN, Abraham ANNABLE, Daniel CHAPMAN jr., Humphrey LYAN, Jonathan SPENCER, Oliver ATTWOOD, John BRAINARD, Daniel WARNER, John WARNER 3d, Ephriam WARNER, Chivers BRAINARD, Stephen BELDING, Andrew CHAMPION, Jeremiah SELBY, Phineas CONE, Gibbons JEWETT, Robert CONE, George JEWETT, Reuben CHAMPION, Zacheus SPENCER, Oliver WARNER, Gersham RAWLEY, John CHAPMAN jr., Elijah ATTWOOD jr., Selden CHAPMAN, Samuel CRAWELL, Ebenezer RAWLEY, having met together for the purpose of forming ourselves into an Ecclesiastical Parish and choosing the proper officers requisite to constitute a regular Episcopal Parish, agreeable to the appointment and established usage of s'd Church, and being led to a choice by the Rev. Abraham Jarvis, do accordingly choose the following persons to be the Clerk, Wardens, and Vestry Men for the Current year:--

          "Daniel CHAPMAN Jr., Clerk;
          Jabes CHAPMAN,
          Timothy CONE, Wardens.
          Amasa BRAINARD,
          William GELSTON,
          Reuben CHAMPION, Vestry Men;
          Reuben CHAMPION,
          Jonathan SPENCER, Choristers.

          "At a meeting of the Episcopal Society of East Haddam holden at the dwelling house of Mr. Wm. GELSTON on the 13th day of May, A. D. 1791;

          "Voted-that a tax of two pence on the Pound be laid on the Inhabitants of s'd Society, to be made out on the List of the year 1790 to defray the necessary expense of s'd Parish and to hire preaching in future.

          "Voted-that the Wardens be a Committee to draw subscriptions for Building a Church and put them in circulation in Fifteen days from this time."

          "We having examined the Claims of Andrew CHAMPION, Gidian SPENCER" and thirty-nine others, "Who say they are Dissenters from the first Ecclesiastical Society in East Haddam, and have joined themselves to a Church or Congregation of the name of the Episcopalian Church or Congregation in East Haddam, and that they ordinarily attend upon the public worship of said Church or Congregation, and that they contribute their several Shares and proportions towards supporting the public worship, and ministry thereof, do, upon Examination, find that the above facts are true.

          "Dated at East Haddam
          September 5th 1791.
          "Israel SPENCER,
          Eliphalet HOLMS, Justices of the Peace."

          "At a meeting of the Episcopalian Society in East Haddam on the 10th day of October 1871;

          "Voted That there be a committee of Six persons appointed to collect the money and materials, subscribed for building a Church, and to superintendent the same.

          "Voted that Col. Jabez CHAPMAN, Col. David B. SPENCER, Capt. Timothy CONE, Mr. Jeremiah SELBY, Mr. Amasa BRAINARD, and Mr. Samuel P. LORD jr., be a committee for the above mentioned purposes."

          February 13th 1792, it was voted "That the committee for building the church be directed to build it 54 ft. Long, 37 ft. wife and 21 ft posts, with a steeple, agreeably to a plan made out and lodged with them this day.

          It appears from the record that the church was not finished until about the 16th of October 1795, for

          "At a meeting of the Church wardens, vestrymen, and parishioners of St. Stephen's Church in the Town of East Haddam on the 16th Day of October 1795, it was unanimously Voted that, as Almighty God had been pleased to put it into their hearts to build a new Church for the celebration of His worship, and had, in the course of His good providence, enabled them to complete it according to the best of their abilities, it was their full purpose and earnest desire that the sd new Church, to be called St. Stephens Church, be dedicated to the worship and service of Almighty God.

          We, therefore, the Church wardens vestrymen and parishioners of the sd Church do, for us and for our successors, dedicate, appropriate, give, and grant to Almighty God our heavenly King and Father, to be consecrated and used to His worship and Service, according to the Liturgy of the Episcopal Church in North America, divesting ourselves of all rights and title, and disclaiming all authority to employ it hereafter to any common or prophane use; and we the church wardens Messrs. Jabez CHAPMAN, Esq., and Capt. Timothy CONE, do in our name, and in behalf of the Society, Sign and Seal this Instrument of dedication, and Acquaint the Right Rev'd Doctor SEABURY, our Diocesan Bishop, therewith, and request him to consecrate the same, and to Set it apart to be forever hereafter employed for the Service and worship of Almighty God. Promising as far as in us lied to take care of the Repairs of S'd Church, that it may be kept together with its furniture and Sacred utensils and Books, in a decent State for the celebration of Divine Service, and also that we will, as God Shall enable us, endeavor always to procure and Support A Minister in priest orders to celebrate God's holy worship according to the liturgy aforesaid-in witness whereof we, the s'd church wardens, have hereunto set our hand and Seals the Day and year above written."

          The following is a list of the clergymen who have been employed by St. Stephen's Church, from 1793 to the present time:

          Rev. Solomon BLAKESLEE took charge March 1st 1793, and remained until May 10th 1815. He then removed to St. James' Church, New London. He returned and again became rector April 7th 1818, remaining till October 8th 1821.

          From 1815 to 1818, there was no settled minister, and only occasionally the services of any clergyman. During a part of the year 1822, Rev. Seth B. PADDOCK officiated.

          Rev. William JAMES took charge of the parish, together with St. Peter's, at Hebron, April 8th 1822, and left January 29th 1827.

          Rev. Peter G. CLARK was then employed for two-thirds of the time, from November 8th 1827 until May 1833.

          Rev. Stephen BEACH was appointed rector June 20th 1833, having charge also of St. John's Church, Essex. In October 1836, he resigned the care of St. John's parish, and resided, with the care of the church, at East Haddam, until his death, January 14th 1838.

          Rev. William G. HAYES officiated from June 1838, till November 1st 1838.

          Rev. Charles W. BRADLEY was appointed rector February 10th 1839, and continued in charge of the parish till August 2d 1840.

          Rev. Albert D. ISAACS, deacon, officiated from August 1840 to November 1840.

          Rev. Thomas G. SALTER took charge of the parish March 21st 1841, and remained until November 20th 1842.

          Rev. Alexander BURGESS, deacon, was appointed minister November 28th 1842, and concluded his services December 11th 1842.

          Rev. Henry DEKOVEN, deacon, was appointed minister October 29th 1843, and commenced his services at the parish the following Sunday. He resigned the parish September 1st 1844.

          Rev. Alpeus GEER, by agreement with the vestry of the Parish of St. Stephens, took charge of the same, and entered upon his duties September 1st 1844. He resigned the parish April 12th 1852.

          Rev. George W. NICHOLS next took charge, commending his duties on Sunday, May 19th 1852. He resigned the same April 1853.

          The Rev. Benjamin FRANKLIN followed on the 11th of December 1853, being the third Sunday in Advent; and resigned the parish on the first Sunday in July 1854.

          Rev. George W. NICHOLS resumed the rectorship on Sunday, July 2d 1854. His health required him between the 16th and 17th Sundays after Trinity (September 23d and 30th 1855) to desist from the duties of his charge, and at the latter date the Rev. Gilbert B. HAYDEN assumed them temporarily. This arrangement continued till the 17th of September 1856, when the Rev. Michael SCOFIELD took temporary charge of the parish. Rev. Mr. SCHOFIELD remained only till November 3d 1856.

          The Rev. H. B. HITCHINGS, deacon, commenced his services the first Sunday after Trinity, June 14th 1857. He resigned the parish November 1st 1862, and became rector of St. John's Church, Denver, Colorado.

          The Rev. Henry T. GREGORY became rector and took charge of the parish immediately on the departure of Mr. HITCHINGS, November 1862. He resigned April 13th 1868.

          He was succeeded by Rev. E. C. GARDNER, in October 1868. He resigned about Christmas 1871. He was a graduate of Trinity College, Hartford, and the Berkeley Divinity School, Middletown.

          Rev. George RUMNEY entered on the rectorship February 7th 1872, and is still rector of the parish. Rev. Mr. RUMNEY is a graduate of Hamilton College, N. Y., class of '49, also of the Theological Seminary of Alexandria, VA., class of '52.

          Inscription on the bell of St. Stephen's church: "A. D. 815 Sorndo Prion E. J. V. P. Du Miguel Villa Mueva Procunador El V. Du Josef Estavana A. D. 815 Sorndo Prion E. J. V. P. Du Miguel Villa Mueva Procunador El V. Du Josef Estavana."

          Translation-The Prior being the most Rev. Father Miguel Villa Mueva. The Procurator the Most Rev. Father Josi F. Estevan. Corrales has made me. Made in the year A. D. 815.

          This ancient bell hung for many years in a Spanish monastery. It was probably torn down in the time of Napoleon I., and subsequently brought to this country. It is said to be the oldest in the United States.

          "Ring in the valiant man and free,
          The larger heart, the kindlier hand;
          Ring out the darkness of the land,
          Ring in the Christ that is to be."



          The East Haddam Library was established in 1794, and has now about 700 volumes. It is kept at the store of Mr. H. H. SQUIRE, under the auspices of the "Lady's Literary Association."

          The following is a list of the officers of the organization: Miss Lorrissa GELSTON, president; Miss Nellie BABCOCK, vice-president; Miss Nettie WARNER, secretary and treasurer; Miss Jennie ARNOLD, librarian.

          A library was formed about the same time in Millington, but the company was dissolved after a few years. A company in Hadlyme was formed in 1790. There was also a library established in Moodus, which was soon after discontinued, but revived about fifteen years since. It numbers nearly 300 volumes, and is kept at the house of Amasa DAY.


          In 1794, an application was made to the "Grand Lodge of the Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons in the State of Connecticut," by Epaphroditus CHAMPION, William HIGGINS, Andrew CHAMPION, Samuel P. LORD jr., Sylvanus TINKER, George LORD, Samuel SPENCER, Daniel CHAPMAN jr., Sylvanus LINDSLY, and Jonathan O. MOSLEY, masons, who at that time resided in and near the town of East Haddam, petitioning that they might be constituted a "Regular Lodge," and praying that Jonathan O. MOSLEY be appointed first master, Daniel CHAPMAN jr., first senior warden, and Samuel P. LORD jr., first junior warden.

          In compliance with the petition, Columbia Lodge, No. 26, was instituted, with the brothers named as first officers. The charter was witnessed by the Most Worshipful William JUDD, Esq., grand master, and the seal of the grand lodge was affixed, at New Haven, the 17th day of October Anno Lucis Five Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety-Three, and of Our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety-Three.

          Columbia Lodge was installed by the Most Worshipful D. G. Master Eliphalet BULKLEY, master of Wooster Lodge, No. 8, January 8th 1794.

          The first officers were: Jonathan O. MOSLEY, W. M.; Daniel CHAPMAN jr., S. W.; Samuel P. LORD jr., J. W.; George LORD, secretary; Andrew CHAMPION, treasurer; Sylvanus LINDSLY, S. D.; Samuel SPENCER, J. D.; Chevers BRAINERD, S. S.; Hezekiah MACK, J. S.; David BELDEN, tyler.

          The first communication of which there is any record was held in the house now occupied by Samuel MARTIN, familiarly known as "Oliver ATTWOOD Hall." Meetings were also held in the dwelling now occupied by Mr. Maltby GELSTON and the one now in possession of Dr. N. C. HARRIS.

          January 3d 1817, a committee consisting of William COOK, Chevers BRAINERD, William JONES, Samuel CROWELL, and Elijah ACKLEY was appointed to treat with the inhabitants of the landing School District for the purpose of ascertaining whether the lodge could have the privilege of altering and fitting up a room in the school house chamber in which to hold communications, but there is no evidence that they ever made any report to the lodge.

          December 14th 1820, it was voted; "That the Lodge hold its sessions at a dwelling house near the Court House, in Haddam the year ensuing, commencing January next,--the Haddam Brethren to pay the expense of moving the Lodge."

          During the time intervening between 1820 and 1835, the lodge held some communications in Haddam and others in East Haddam.

          In 1877, the "Haddam Brethren," withdrew from "Columbia Lodge" and instituted Granite Lodge, No. 119. The present membership of Columbia Lodge is 64.


          Among the interesting land marks of this historic old town is the large, commodious, and beautifully located hotel on the banks of the Connecticut River, know as the CHAMPION House, where visitors from all parts of the country come during the heat of the summer to enjoy the cool breeze and healthy atmosphere. As an evidence of the health of the locality, Dr. BAILEY, who has been located here for upwards of thirty years, states that while there has been no permanent increase in the population since 1810, the mortality has decreased 50 per cent. The building, which is of brick, was erected about 100 years ago by Mr. LORD, as a private residence. It was opened as a hotel in 1831 by Mr. George DOUGLASS, and called the Steamboat Hotel. The building has since been enlarged by the addition of a story and an L., and other improvements have been made. The property changed hands two or three times, and the hotel was kept for some years by Captain James SELDEN. It was purchased about two years ago by Mr. Ferdinand WARD, of New York city, who made still further improvements. It was reopened on the 28th of May 1881, by Mr. F. D. GREENE, brother-in-law of Mr. WARD, and provided with ample facilities for the accommodation of 60 guests.


          This institution was established about twenty years ago, by Prof. Dwight S. BABCOCK. It was conducted exclusively by that gentleman, with marked success, until three years since. Students of the art attended this school from various parts of the Union, and the enterprise bid fair to greatly enhance the prosperity of the town. However, about 1880, the malaria became to common in the locality that the patronage of the seminary was withdrawn, and the large building, with its spacious opera hall, and a capacity for accommodating one hundred pupils, stands unoccupied. Prof. BABCOCK removed to Providence, R. I.


          This beautiful village is located in the western part of the town on the Connecticut River, and is one of the principal landing places between Old Saybrook and Middletown. The railroad station known as Goodspeed's is on the opposite side of the river in the town of Haddam. There is a ferry-boat which also bears the name Goodspeed, that plies from shore to shore.

          John CHAPMAN, the oldest son of Robert, the first settler, settled at Goodspeed's Landing, his dwelling standing on the site now occupied by the GELSTON House. He established this ferry which has always remained private property, and still retains its original name of "CHAPMAN's Ferry."

          There are at Goodspeed's many beautiful homes; and several important industries, which are more fully mentioned elsewhere. The elegant block in which the post office is kept is one of the finest structures in the county. It was erected by William H. GOODSPEED. Ship building was formerly carried on at this point, but not so extensively as at the Upper Landing at an earlier date.

          The burning of the Granite State-a terrible catastrophe-occurred off Goodspeed's. Among the passengers aboard the fated steamer were a young man and his bride, the latter of whom was drowned in her efforts to escape from the flames.

          The wreck of this unfortunate vessel may still be seen about one-half a mile below the ferry.


          Deacon Maltby GELSTON, a farmer of Bridgehampton, L. I., during the Revolution, fled with his family, as refugees from British rule, to East Haddam. He occupied a house standing on the bank of the Connecticut River, near the one recently built by David WATROUS. A part of the old foundation can still be traced. After the war closed he returned to his farm on Long Island. William GELSTON, his seventh child, on his return from the war, in 1781, married Asenath SAYRES, daughter of Matthew SAYRES, who was then one of the largest land owners in the town of East Haddam. He erected and lived in the large house near the Episcopal church in the year 1760. William GELSTON, soon after his marriage, purchased the property where the GELSTON House now stands, where he lived till 1826. A part of the old mansion is now attached to the present house. Through purchase, and inheritance by his wife, he became possessed of a large tract of land, and for convenience he concluded to move. He bought of Samuel CROWELL the house now occupied by the GELSTON family. Soon after moving here in 1826, he sold his place at the ferry to Joseph GOODSPEED.

          More than 20 years ago the GELSTON House Company was formed, the largest stockholders of the company being Hugh GELSTON, of Baltimore, and George S. GELSTON, of Fort Hamilton, two sons of William GELSTON. The present hotel was built and named the GELSTON House. Mr. GELSTON reared a family of seven sons and three daughters. He was sheriff for 20 years, and filled many town offices. He died at the age of 85. His son, William, followed him as the possessor of the landed estate, and died in 1875, at the age of 89 years. He left four children, Maltby, John, Mrs. West, of New London, and Lucy.

          The GELSTON House is to-day one of the popular hotels of the county. For several years the students of Wesleyan University have taken their annual supper at this house. Mr. Ralph SWAN is the present proprietor. One of the largest trees in the State, an old landmark, stands in front of the hotel.


          As stated elsewhere CHAPMAN's Ferry was established by John CHAPMAN. The following is a form of the grant as given in the Colonial Records:

          May 1694.-"This court grant Capt'n. John CHAPMAN the priviledge of setting up a ferry over the Great River in Haddam for the future."

          In October 1698 the General Court passed a vote that "Capt'n. John CHAPMAN is by this Court allowed the same fare for keeping the ferry in the township of Haddam as is allowed to the keeping the ferry in Saybrook."

          It is said that the first ferryman at this ferry was one Ray, and that he continued to serve in this capacity for forty years. Having become somewhat superannuated, he was by much persuasion induced to retire; but he never seemed to abandon the thought that he might some day return to his old post of duty.

          "Many a year as in its grave
          Since he crossed the restless wave,
          But the evening, fair as ever
          Shines on ruin, rock, and river."

          The ferry is now owned by W. R. GOODSPEED.


          Many of the inhabitants of East Haddam are engaged in agricultural pursuits. Tobacco is extensively cultivated, especially in the Wicket Lane and Red Lane Districts. Great quantities of wood and timber are annually exported from the town. The latter business is largely carried on by W. REYNOLDS at Goodspeed's Landing.

          A few rods from Goodspeed's Landing on the Connecticut River, near the center of the village, are the works of W. J. Squire, manufacturer of Gilt Netting, established in 1872. Mr. SQUIRE is the inventor of improved machinery for this purpose, by which he is able to tie 1500 knots per minute, thus materially reducing the cost of production from that by the old method. He is the pioneer in this special line of goods. He has a factory 30 by 64 feet, 2 stories high, which is run by steam, and employs from 12 to 15 hands. It produces annually from 50,000 to 60,000 pounds of goods.

          Foremost to-day among the manufactures of nickel, silver, and silver plated flat goods, stands the firm of Luther BOARDMAN & Son, of East Haddam, Connecticut. Mr. Luther L. BOARDMAN was born in Rocky Hill, Conn., December 26th 1812, and at the age of 16 years, or in 1828, entered the employ of Mr. Ashbel GRISWOLD, of Meriden, Conn., and in the spring of 1840 we find him upon his own resources, engaged in the manufacture of brittania spoons in a small building where now stand the shop of William D. CLARK, of Chester.

          On the 3d of May 1842, the works were moved to East Haddam, and Mr. BOARDMAN took possession of the ground he now occupies. In 1865 he built his new shop, a commanding structure, 100 by 40 feet, and introduced a Kilbourn & Lincoln turbine wheel, and a thirty-horse power steam engine. The plating of brittania goods commenced at this shop in 1857, and the manufacture of nickel silver goods in 1865. The visitor at these works will be astonished at the endless variety of electro plated flat goods which are here produced. Their nickel tinned goods embrace the same large and tasteful assortment. Mr. Norman BOARDMAN was born in East Haddam, August 5th 1840, and after receiving all the advantages of an academic education was admitted into partnership with his father, January 1st 1864. When in full operation this firm employs fifty operatives, with a monthly pay roll amounting to about $3,000.

          Mr. J. S. RAY, who is located a short distance above the BOARDMAN works, has been engaged in the manufacture of coffin trimmings since 1852. It is claimed that he made the first white metal handles ever produced in this country, and his goods have had a reputation equal, if not superior to any other establishment of the kind in this country. His factory is 38 by 100 feet, two stories high, and is run by water of 20-horse power, except when the stream is too low. To meet this difficulty he has an engine of 20-horse power, so that his works are kept running throughout the entire year.

          SHIP BUILDING.-George E. and William H. GOODSPEED were formerly engaged in ship building at this place. Among the vessels constructed by them were the following: the schooners Sidney C. Jones and Commodore, in 1846; the schooner Telegraph and ship Hero, in 1847. These were built on the sloping lawn in front of the GELSTON house; subsequently the business was carried on at the ship-yard a little further down the river.

          Between 1848 and 1854 the schooners Bay State, Agawam, Norfolk Packet, Peter B. Anderson, Almon Bacon, E. T. Smith, the barque Goodspeed, and the ship E. Buckley were built.

          From the latter date to 1860 there was a decline in this industry at Goodspeed's Landing, although during the period eight or ten coal barges were made for the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad.

          In 1861, however, ship building was again begun and carried on quite extensively. Between 1860 and 1866, they built among other vessels the following: the gunboat Kanawaha, a ninety day craft, for the United States; the steamers Sarah S. B. Cary, El Cid, Chas. Benton, Dudley Buck, General Lyons, Wm. Kennedy, Chas. W. Lord, Tillie, Mary Benton, Silver Star, Sunshine; and the schooners Early Bird, Lodowich Bill, Right Bower, and Sandy Hook.

          Upwards of 400 men were employed in and about the ship yard when the Kanawaha was constructed in order that she might be completed in the specified time.


          This Bank was originally organized in 1854, and was then known as the Bank of New England. In 1865 it was reorganized, and was then named the National Bank of New England. It is located at Goodspeed's Landing, in the GELSTON building. The president at the time of reorganization was W. H. GOODSPEED. Thomas GROSS jr., now president, was then cashier. The capital is $130,000, and surplus $40,000. This bank has been unusually prosperous having declared dividends regularly in January and July of each year since its foundation. The present cashier is Arthur H. DAYTON.


          This lodge was instituted, April 22d 1840, at Moodus, in the house now occupied by William GATES, with Charles W. BRADLEY, John C. PALMER, Daniel B. WARNER, George DOUGLASS, and Watrous B. SMITH, as charter members.

          The following were the first elective officers: Charles W. BRADLEY, N. G.; John C. PALMER, V. G.; Daniel B. WARNER, secretary; George DOUGLASS, treasurer.

          The lodge continued to meet in this place till October 28th 1840, when it was removed to East Haddam Landing, the meetings there being held in the hall over the store of the late R. S. PRATT. Meetings were held in that room till January 1st 1860, when the lodge was again removed to the hall over the brick store at Goodspeed's Landing, where it is at present located.

          The lodge has at this date 105 members, a fund of $3,500, and a library of 600 volumes. From its organization to the present time the lodge has been in a flourishing condition.

          The following is a list of the Noble Grands from the foundation of the lodge to the present time: Henry A. PALMER, Samuel DANIELS, W. A. BABCOCK, J. O. CONE, O. C. CLARK, Edward H. PURPLE, A. G. PALMER, H. F. GARDNER, S. H. EDWARDS, William A. CHAPMAN, J. R. GREENFIELD, N. B. PALMER, O. E. PALMER, Robert R. SMITH, E. S. RICHMOND, David POTTER, J. MCINTOSH, J. F. JOHNSON, S. H. FULLER, Revillo BROOKS, J. ATTWOOD, F. W. PENFIELD, C. S. GATES, Robert MINTIE, A. S. HARVEY, A. DROWN, L. D. BROOKS, H. R. ROGERS, H. A. BATES, C. W. BRADLEY, J. C. PALMER, R. S. PRATT, D. B. WARNER< T. C. BOARDMAN, Nathan PRATT, William H. KINGSLEY, Porter H. SWAN, G. E. GOODSPEED, L. BOARDMAN, William PALMER jr., Oliver WARNER, William MARSH, Asa E. GILLETTE, William B. DICKINSON, F. M. PALMER, William H. GOODSPEED, Jonathan E. CLARK, Henry SMITH, Daniel CONE, Nathaniel TYLER jr., R. E. HUNGERFORD, William S. TYLER, F. A. ROBERTS, W. T. HOLT, H. C. EMMONS, H. G. LOOMIS, M. E. Bailey, C. A. CHAMPLIN, James I. MORGAN, Lyman LOOMIS, N. W. BOARDMAN, W. M. SMITH, C. H. BELDEN, M. C. MORGAN, J. R. GREENFIELD, L. GLADWIN, N. DANIELS, N. R. STARK, S. W. SMITH, John M. JAMES, A. H. PALMER, L. B. WILLIAMS, Frederick L. RAY, H. H. SQUIRE, C. D. SWEET, A. G. CHAPMAN, C. S. GLADWIN, C. D. PAYNE, J. B. BOARDMAN, James E. WILLIAMS, William H. H. GATES, George RUMNEY, W. R. GOODSPEED, D. W. SMITH, D. R. ARNOLD, E. E. GRIMSHAW, D. R. ARNOLD, M. EMMONS, C. D. PAYNE, C. W. BOARDMAN, A. H. DAYTON, William A. CONE, George E. EMMONS, John P. BOARDMAN, James E. WILLIAMS, C. W. BOARDMAN, E. E. GRIMSHAW, G. S. RICHMOND jr., J. T. MARTIN, Charles L. PECK, R. S. FULLER.


          Moodus is a contraction of the Indian word Machitamoodus, meaning "place of noises." Formerly, the place was also called Mechanicsville. Prior to 1812 but very few dwellings composed the now flourishing village. There was no manufacturing, and the small hamlet was dependent upon East Haddam Landing and Leesville for its necessary domestic supplies. An old teacher gives a description of the place in 1815. "Assuming the boundaries to be the house of Wilbur CHAPMAN on the west, Wigwam Brook on the south, the Alanson GATES House on the east, and the Methodist Church on the north, there were 11 dwellings and other buildings as follows:

          "The house of Mr. CHAPMAN was then occupied by his grandfather, Robert B. Its roof was flat, covered with earth, from which sprang up a sparse vegetation, and protected by a balustrade. There was a square-roofed building on the opposite side, then occupied by Erastus CHAPMAN. These were white, standing out in strong contract of color from all other buildings in the vicinity. On the stream just south of the road, and approached by a gate, near where the road to the Neptune Twine Mills is now opened, was a saw mill, and just below a carding mill and clothiers' works, in one of which the rolls were prepared for the wheel, and in the other the cloth was colored and dressed.

          "East of the CHAPMAN House, on the same side, was the house of Ozias CHAPMAN.

          "Next came the house near the stream, occupied by 'Old Mr. HURD,' who was on active duty at the grist mill when over ninety years of age. The stream was crossed by a bridge of planks a little above the present arch. Its position necessitated a curve in the road as we approached it, and an unfortunate young man, who had passed an evening with a young lady in the neighborhood, on taking a straight course for home instead of following the curve, found himself with a broken arm among the rocks in the stream.

          "East of the bridge, occupying the ground where SMITH's (BOIES) factory now stand, was the grist mill with its overshot wheel, where boys, waiting for their grists, would look upon the mimic rainbows and fancy resemblance to those described in their 'American Preceptor' as rising from the spray of Niagara.

          "Passing east to the "Plain' the next building was a dilapidated old house occupied by Phineas GATES, which soon gave way to the dwelling occupied by Mr. DAY. Across the street, in the house no occupied by Mr. RICHMOND, was Dr. Jonah CONE. This was only about two-thirds of its present dimensions. Quite a distance south was an old brown house, and a little south of that a small old house and a shoemaker's shop, and a small dwelling on the hillside sloping toward Wigwam Brook. East, on the Bashan road, was the Alanson GATES (Daniel LORD) house, unpainted and the grounds unadorned.

          "The street through the Plain was wider than it is now by nearly the depth of the yards on the east side, and was wholly destitute of trees. From Mr. DAY's the road 'up town' descended the hill in a northerly direction. The stream was crossed by a bridge similar to the one described, and the road wound around the hill and came out at the foot of the hill south of the cemetery. Just north of the bridge referred to was a path running to the east, parallel with the stream, which passed a long low building known as the "Old Malt House,' then curved and terminated at the grist mill which stood where the twine mill now stands. This path was the only approach to the mill, and was so obstructed by a point of rocks that it could be passed only on horseback, and then the boy had to keep the middle of it or his grist would be brushed off by the rocks, or the corner of the mill. On the knoll north of the mill stood a one-story gambrel roofed house for the accommodation of the miller.

          "The house opposite the residence of Mr. William L. GATES, owned by Harper BOIES, was built by Erastus CHAPMAN, the son of Ozias. Sylvester, one of the sons of Ozias CHAPMAN, owned a store near the Congregational church, and was a man of considerable influence. The family of Ozias was quite a large one, consisting of nine sons and six daughters.

          "There may have been, and probably there were, a few more families in the vicinity, but we have mentioned the principal ones, and they were nearly all composed of CONES, GATES, or CHAPMANS. Thomas GATES was the original settler, and the old cellar still remains near the Daniel LORD place.

          "This finished the catalogue of buildings in Moodus in 1815."

          The first step in advance was the erection of the stone mill and store and other necessary buildings.

          The first school house in Moodus was built in 1828. Previous to that the children were divided between Red Lane and "Up town" Districts. Now there is a commodious school house with two departments located near the center of the village.

          Dr. Jonah CONE was a practicing physician in the town for a period of forty years and was a very estimable as well as a popular man. He was the brother of Joshua CONE, who was the father of Judge Hiram CONE, who died in Georgia during the year 1860, at which time he was judge of the Supreme Court of that State.

          Joshua CONE had two other sons, who were graduates from Yale College, one of whom became quite prominent in the legal profession, the other died soon after leaving college.

          Moodus at the present time is the business center and the most populous portion of the town. This has arisen from its fine water privileges on which have been built several large cotton factories. There are two hotels in the village-the BARKER House and the Machimoodus House.


          The Indians who inhabited the place were numerous, and of a fierce and warlike character, remarkable for the worship of evil spirits. They called the town Machitmoodus, which means in English, "the place of noises"-a very suitable name because of the noises or quakings which were common, and which were familiarly called "Moodus noises." The noises sometimes resemble slow thunder; at others, the rattling of musketry or the discharge of cannon. They have been the subject of much discussion, and many theories have been advanced about their origin. An old Indian's reason was, that "the Indian's God was very angry because the Englishman's God came here." Many persons credit the report of a transient person named Doctor STEELE, from Great Britain, who, hearing about these noises, came here and dug up two pearls, which he called carbuncles. He told the people the noises would be discontinued for many years, as he had taken away their cause, but as he had discovered other smaller ones they would be heard again in process of time. Notwithstanding the absurdity of this prophecy, it seemed to prove itself correct, for the noises did cease for many years, and finally returned. The Doctor was a mysterious sort of person, and in order to allay the fears of the simple and terrified inhabitants, arising by reason of the noises, attempted many magical operations, and for this purpose took possession of a blacksmith's shop, which stood on the hill northwest of the Atlantic Duck Mill, in which he worked night and day, excluding all light to as to prevent any prying curiosity from interfering with his occult operations. He claimed that the carbuncle had grown to a great size in the bowels of the rocks, and must be removed. The Doctor finally departed, and has never been heard of since. From this circumstance arose this ballad, by John G. C. BRAINERD, editor of the Hartford Mirror:

          "See you upon the lonely moor
          A crazy building rise?
          No hand dares venture to open the door-
          No footstep treads it dangerous floor-
          No eye in its secret prys.

          "Now why is each crevice stopped so tight,
          Say, why the bolted door?
          Why glimmers at midnight the forge's light-
          The flames of the furnace roar.

          "Is it to arm the horse's heel
          That the midnight anvil rings?
          Is it to mould the ploughshare's steel,
          Or is it to guard the wagon's wheel
          That the smith's sledge hammer swings?

          "The iron is bent and the crucible stands,
          With alchemy boiling up;
          Its contents are mixed by unknown hands,
          And no mortal fire o'er kindled the brands
          That heated that cornered cup.

          "O'er Moodus River a light has glanced,
          On Moodus hills it shone;
          On the granite rocks the rays have danced
          And upward those creeping lights advanced,
          Till they met on the highest stone.

          "O, that is the very wizard place,
          And now is the wizard hour.
          By the light that was conjured up to trace,
          E'er the star that falls can run its race,
          The seat of the earthquake's power.

          "By that unearthly light I see
          A figure strange alone.
          With magic circlet on his knee
          And decked with Satan's symbols, he
          Seeks for the hidden stone.

          "Now upward goes that grey old man,
          With mattock bar and spade.
          The summit is gained and the toil begun
          And deep by the rock where the wild lights run
          The magic trench is made.

          "Loud, and yet louder was the groan,
          That sounded wife and far;
          An deep and hollow was the moan,
          That rolled around the bedded stone
          Where the workman plied his bar.

          "Then upward streamed the brilliant light-
          It streamed o'er crag and stone;
          Dim looked the stars and the moon that night,
          But when morning came in her glory bright,
          The man and the jewel were gone.

          "But woe to the bark in which he flew
          From Moodus' rocky shore-
          Woe to the captain and woe to the crew.
          That ever the breath of life they drew,
          When that dreadful fright they bore.

          "Where is that crew and vessel now?
          Tell me their state who can,
          The wild waves dash o'er the sinking bow-
          Down, down to the fathomless depths they go
          To sleep with a sinful man.

          "the carbuncle lies in the deep, deep sea,
          Beneath the mighty wave;
          But the light shines up so gloriously
          That the sailor looks pale and forgets his glee,
          When he crosses the wizard's grave."

          Many theories have been advanced as to the cause of these noises. One is that there is a subterranean passage leading from a large cave near Mount Tom to the sea, and that the noises are produced by certain delicate combinations of wind and tide. A more reasonable explanation of their cause is that there exist mineral or chemical combinations which explode many feet below the earth's surface. The jar produced by the noises is like that of exploded gunpowder.


          The Baptist Church in East Haddam was originally "The Third Baptist Church in Colchester." It was organized at the house of David MINER, November 22d 1809.

          The first meeting was held at Bulkley Hill school house, December 15th 1809-preaching by Eliada BLAKESLEY. Among the familiar names of the early members are John and Guy BIGELOW, Daniel BULKLEY, Anson ACKLEY, Seth HAYES, and Turner MINER. The church prospered and increased in numbers, notwithstanding they had no regular place of worship, services being held in the school house, and occasionally at the house of some member for 16 years. The first meeting in East Haddam was held at the school house in the Northwest District December 1825. Soon afterward, on the 15th of December the first meeting was held in their new meeting house, on the East Haddam and Colchester Turnpike, where Ransom RATHBURN now lives. About this time, the name was changed to the "Baptist Church of Colchester and East Haddam." Changes in place of worship and the erection of new meeting houses are not generally productive of harmony in any denomination. It seems that this change was no exception to the general rule, for cases of discipline for contempt against some of the most prominent members became quite frequent soon after the removal. In fact, during the 50 years that have elapsed since that time, this society has been particularly prominent in its intestine strifes. The last strife, but a year or two since, wherein the BEEBE faction was arrayed against the BROOKS and STARK faction in the civil and ecclesiastical courts-injunctions and counter injunctions more potent than the Pope's bulls, closing the doors of the church for months, a fight which was widely known and discussed as the "Moodus Church war' - is fresh in the memory of every townsman. The first pastor of the new church was Alvin ACKLEY, June 19th 1827.

          June 18th 1833, Amos WATROUS, and September 3d 1843, Thomas N. DICKINSON were set apart as preachers of the work. August 1st 1844, it was voted to sell the meeting house in Millington, and put the avails in a building for public worship in Mechanicsville (Moodus). On the 21st of September following, the church was reorganized under the name of the "Central Baptist Church in East Haddam." New articles of faith were adopted, and since that time the place of worship has been at their new house in Moodus.

          The first pastor of the church in Moodus was Elder Bela HICKS, whose successors have been as follows: Rev. A. J. WATROUS, Elder KNAPP, Levi WAKEMAN. June 18th 1854, Elder James M. PHILLIPS; August 31st 1856, Elder A. WATROUS; May 3d 1858, Rev. A. V. DIMMOCK; September 6th 1862, Rev. Mr. HAVEN; March 25th 1866, Rev. Thomas ATWOOD; April 30th 1867, Rev. Percival MATTHEWSON; May 8th 1870, Rev. C. N. Nichols.

          The present parsonage was purchased in 1868 for $2,000.


          As early as 1792, Methodist preachers passed through the town of East Haddam on their way from Middletown and Hartford to Norwich and New London and occasionally preached here. A family of CHAPMANs and another by the name of ELY, living in the eastern part of the town, were among the first Methodists in East Haddam. Lorenzo DOW preached in the house of Judge HIGGINS, at East Haddam Landing, in 1825 and 1830. Lewis BATES and Thomas G. BROWN, still living at East Hampton, are known to have preached here, besides many others whose names are unknown. Classes were formed at Millington and Leesville early in this century, but no steps were taken to build a church until the spring of 1834. At that time Danforth BURGESS bought of Abner BRAINERD, a piece of ground in Moodus for $50. On this lot a frame for a church building was erected in the fall of 1834. The building was completed the following year and was dedicated about November 25th 1835, Schuyler SEAGER, of Middletown, preaching the sermon. The building committee consisted of Danforth BURGESS, Erastus DOWNING, Timothy F. ANDREWS, and David Cicero WHEELER. The church was enlarged in 1850, and in 1882 the interior was repaired and greatly improved at a cost of $750. The property now consists of a church, valued at $3,500; a parsonage, valued at $1,800; and a house on the Willimantic Camp Meeting Grounds, valued at $350. The charge was a portion of a circuit until 1844, when it became a separate station. The successive ministers have been: 1834, Leonard B. GRIFFIN, Pardeen T. KENNEF; 1835, Freeman NUTTING, Amos SIMPSON; 1836, David TODD, John F. BLANCHARD; 1837, David TODD, assisted by students from Middletown; 1838, James NICHOLS, Solomon CUSHMAN; 1839, Thomas W. GILE, assisted by students; 1840, Charles C. BARNES, Moses STODDARD; 1841, Abraham HOLWAY, assisted by students; 1842, Lozien PIERCE, Chester FIELD; 1843, Lozien PIERCE, Ebenezer BLAKE; 1844 and 1845, William S. SIMMONS; 1846, Benjamin L. SAYER; 1847 and 1848, Henry TARBUSH; 1849, Moses CHASE; 1850, George W. BREWSTER; 1851, Roger ALBISTON; 1852 and 1853, Warren EMERSON; 1854, John F. SHEFFIELD; 1855, William CONE; 1856 and 1857, Nelson GOODRICH; 1858 and 1859, Henry W. CONANT; 1860, George BURNHAM; 1861, L. D. BENTLEY; 1862 and 1863, C. M. ALVORD; 1864, F. A. BROWN; 1865 and 1866, George W. WOODING; 1867 and 1868, Joel BISHOP (died June 1868); 1869, William TURKINGTON; 1870, J. M. WORCESTER; 1871, H. S. SMITH; 1872 and 1873, Anthony PALMER; 1874-76, J. H. NUTTING, 1877, A. W. PAIGE; 1878 and 1879, E. M. ANTHONY; 1880 and 1881, E. F. SMITH; 1882, R. D. DYSON; 1883 and 1884, F. C. NEWELL. The present membership is 115.


          Previous to 1850 the district of Moodus was not visited by any Catholic priest for the purpose of holding divine service. Occasionally one might be seen there, but it was to administer the last sacraments of the church to some stray Catholic, who happened to be dying, for at that time the Catholics were few and scattered over a wide area; and as the custom is at present, where Catholics are too few to constitute a parish, they were assigned to the care of the nearest resident pastor. Moodus is not a parish, but only an outmission, and is attached to the parish of Colchester, whence it is attended every second Sunday.

          From 1850 to 1853 Rev. Father MCCABE officiated in Moodus occasionally. From 1853 to 1855 Rev. John LYNCH used to attend Moodus, coming from Chester, where he resided. From 1855 to 1860 Rev. Clark REILLY, and others from various places visited Moodus as occasion required.

          The Rev. Father CREIGHTON, the first pastor of Colchester, appointed in 1860, was the first priest who held divine service at regular intervals in Moodus, going there once a month, and as there was no church in Moodus service used to be held in the house of one of the parishioners.

          Mr. Creighton, for a consideration of $165, purchased a site for a church from Mr. FOOTE, of Marlborough, Conn., and Rev. Mr. MCCARTON, who succeeded Mr. CREIGHTON in 1867, built a church thereon. Rev. Patrick FAY assumed charge on the removal of Mr. MCCARTON in 1873, and remained in charge until his death in 1879. The Rev. J. H. DUGGAN followed and administered the parish until April 1880, when he was removed to Waterbury, and was replaced by Rev. B. W. Bray, the present rector.

          In 1883, Father BRAY enlarged the church, and fitted it up in an elegant and tasteful manner. The church will now seat 300, and in case of need, accommodation can be found for fifty more. The site on which the Catholic church stands is the highest and most prominent in the village, and from the church door the view of the wooded hills and deep=shaded valleys to the south and west, with the white-painted homes and mils of Moodus in the foreground, is really beautiful and impressive. The Catholic population of Moodus at present is about 250. There is a Sunday school numbering sixty children, and the mission, financially and morally, is in a thriving condition.


          This institution was organized in 1827. The first officers were: W. E. NICHOLS, president: Charles E. BROWNELL, vice-president; and E. W. CHAFFEE, treasurer.

          The present officers are C. E. BROWNELL, president; Amasa DAY, vice-president; E. W. CHAFFEE, treasurer and secretary.

          The first directors were: W. E. CONE, Amasa DAY, D. S. PURPLE, Robert CHAPMAN. The present directors are William E. CONE, David PURPLE, William L. FOWLER jr., Albert E. PURPLE, Theodore FULLER.


          This newspaper is published at Moodus. It was established in 1869, by E. Emory JOHNSON, Esq., who conducted it for a period of four years, when it was purchased by Joseph E. SELDEN, an old resident of the town, under whose management it has since remained. The Advertiser has a weekly circulation of 2,500 copies, and is sent into various parts of the world, wherever East Haddam people have gone.


          Among the prominent organizations in the town of East Haddam is the Moodus Drum and Fife Corps, which is very widely known, and has a reputation second to no other similar organization in the country.

          It has been invited to participate in nearly every important event, in which martial music was appropriate, that has occurred in or about New England in many years, and on each occasion acquitted itself creditably.

          These musicians have taken part in two grand contests for the championship of the State, and have in each instance borne off the honors.

          The first, an elegant banner, was won at Rockville, Conn., on the 10th of October 1877; the second was won at Hartford, Conn., in October 1880. They have also had friendly contests with may other prominent bands, the most noted of which was the famous Ninth Regiment Drum Corps of New York city. This occurred on the 24th of February 1879, at the armory hall of the Ninth Regiment, in the presence of three thousand people.

          The affair, which concluded with a grand reception, was one of the finest in the history of the regiment, and one of the most enjoyable in the history of the corps.

          The band was organized in the autumn of 1864, under the tuition of the veteran drummer, W. PERCIVAL, and consisted of the following members: F. W. BRAINERD, W. S. COMSTOCK, D. L. WILLIAMS, Emory LEWIS, H. E. COOK, U. S. COOK, U. S. PURPLE, T. R. SPENCER, J. S. ACKLEY, William BROWN.

          Of course many changes have occurred during the 20 years of the existence of the corps, yet a goodly number of the original members remain, and the leader, Mr. PERCIVAL, though he has long since laid aside the drum and sticks, finds pleasure, in his 85th summer, in listening to the practice of his boy.

          The style of their playing is that of the days when their teacher was in his prime, and their costume is of the old continental fashion. Their drums, too, are of the old style, and several are now more than one hundred years old, yet in perfect state of preservation.

          The corps is now prosperous under the leadership of Dr. U. S. COOK, to whom much credit for its excellent standing is due.

          The present members are.-Fifers: Benjamin ADAMS, fife major; G. R. BUELL, Leander COOK, Charles C. MORGAN, W. A. CONE, Edward J. GRINDSHAW, W. A. KINNER; snare drummers: U. S. COOK, drum major; W. S. COMSTOCK, D. J. TREAT, Merrill E. WETHERELL, D. L. WILLIAMS, secretary; base drummers: Sidney E. ACKLEY, William E. ODBER, George N. BOWERS.


          THE MOODUS WATER COMPANY.-Bashan Lake is situated in the northeastern part of East Haddam, and covers an area of about 400 acres. It is from this body of water that the motive power of the many mills at Moodus is derived; indeed, the industrial prosperity of the town is largely traceable to the existence of this lake. In 1857, the old Moodus Water Company was formed under the joint stock act of the State, and Bashan Lake, together with certain rights of flowage, was purchased. The stock owners were the then proprietors of the mills on the stream below the lake. Each mill owner took a certain number of shares of the stock, and the value of the shares so taken was made the basis of assessment for taxation or contribution. The company proceeded to raise a dam at Bashan, and also constructed a small reservoir on Fall Brook, a branch of the Moodus River.

          But the stockholders found themselves in a dilemma similar to that of the States under the old articles of the confederation. There was no power inherent in the organization by which it could compel the payment of the assessments levied on the stock. Consequently, in 1872, a charter was obtained from the Legislature incorporating the Moodus Reservoir Company.

          The charter is somewhat unique, and evinces the wisdom or forethought of Mr. C. E. BROWNELL, under whose supervision it was prepared. It declares the special objects and business of said corporation shall be "to build and purchase and hold reservoirs, and develop and improve the water power and water supply on Moodus River and its tributaries, and to buy, sell, own, and deal in any real or personal property necessary or convenient for the prosecution of said business, and generally to do all things incidental to said business, and to the proper management thereof.

          "Capital stock of said corporation shall be $7,500, and the said capital stock shall be divided into 300 shares of $25 each.

          "No person or corporation shall be entitled to subscribe for the capital stock of said corporation except such as are owners or part owners of mills or mill sites situated upon Moodus River, in the town of East Haddam, and any corporation owning a mill or mill site situated upon said Moodus River may become a subscriber to the capital stock. The shares of stock shall be appurtenant to the mill or mill sites in which the several stockholders shall be owners, and shall not be transferred by the parties except upon the transfer of the interest of such shareholder of his interest in the mill or mill site to which said stock is appurtenant, and whenever any stockholder shall transfer and convey his interest in the mill or mill site to which his said stock is appurtenant, or whenever the same shall pass from him by operation of law or otherwise, his title to said stock shall pass with the title to the said mill or mill site, and as an appurtenance to the same and said mill or mill site owned by each subscriber thereto shall always be subject to a lien for the payment of the capital stock subscribed by him and for the payment of the assessment on said stock."

          The charter further provides for an annual tax of dour dollars per share, which cannot be suspended so long as any indebtedness of the company remains unpaid.

          A new dam was built, in 1883, at what is known as Great Falls. In 1860, the outlet at Lake Bashan was so modified as to reduce the level of the water eighteen inches. This resulted in a law suit brought by adjacent landowners versus Moodus Water Company. Among other privileges the water company purchased a lease by which they were allowed to build the dam as high as the water would rise. On the dam being so raised, about 1865, an action was brought against the company for flowage.

          A third action was brought for drawing the water down to the old mark, on the claim that an excavation had been made prior to the modification of the outlet above described. The first action was decided against the company, the flowage petition in its favor, and the third, tried before Judge Origen SEYMOUR, resulted in a compromise.

          THE UNION MANUFACTURING COMPANY.-The old grist mill which was located at this place, was a fixed institution for many years. When and by whom it was built is unknown; but from all information it always presented that worn-out tumble-down appearance, which is sufficient evidence of antiquity. There was also a saw mill here, which was operated for several years, and was probably the first mill of the kind in this portion of East Haddam.

          The Indian name of the settlement in this locality was "Pum-pun-Bash unk."

          In 1829, a company was organized, composed of the following gentlemen: Noah BULKLEY, William PALMER, Aaron C. PALMER, Joseph W. CONE, Augustus OLMSTEAD, Lemuel DICKINSON, and Asa SMITH, who, under the firm name of "The Union Manufacturing Company," commenced the manufacture of cotton yearn at this place. A dam was erected near the mouth of the small pond, and a suitable building was constructed on the site of the old grist mill, which had been removed. The amount of the capital stock actually paid in March 4th 1830, was $17,000; and at that time the company had introduced looms, and were making cotton shirtings. This company continued business up to the time of the failure of Noah BULKLEY, after which the mill was run irregularly until the purchase of the concern by Elijah PURPLE and Colonel William PALMER jr. in 1845.

          After the purchase of the mill by PURPLE & PALMER, they discontinued the making of twine, which was carried on by the "Union Manufacturing Company," in 1840, under the superintendence of Mr. Edward BROWNELL. New looms were introduced, and the manufacture of cotton duct was begun. The new firm continued the business, not without success, till the 15th of April 1856, at which time the entire property was conveyed to N. A. COWDRY, of New Haven, who, on the first of August 1856, sold the same to the Moodus Water Power Company.

          Once, in making conveyance of personal property and real estate, Mr. BULKLEY conveyed to Prime, Ward & King, of New York, a portion of his interest in the Union Company; and after the purchase of Mr. COWDRY, this firm in New York failed, and conveyed their title to a house in London; thus, at one time "The Union Manufacturing Company's" property was owned partly in England, and partly in "Pum-pum-Bash-unk." This alienated part of the estate was recovered by Mr. COWDRY, and reunited to the industrial wealth of America.

          After the water power company came into possession of the property, it was sold to various parties. Mr. S. S. CARD purchased the mill, which was at once demolished, and the tenements were sold at different times, as purchasers could be found.

          For a period of 27 years this mill was operated, and to-day there is not a vestige remaining to show that there was ever a manufactory there, and of all those who were directly interested, not one remains to tell the story.

          NEW YORK NET AND TWINE COMPANY.-It is stated elsewhere that from time immemorial a grist mill existed at Bashan, where subsequently stood the factory of the Union Company. The same observation may also be made with reference to the site where now stands what is familiarly known to-day as the "Red Mill," the next one in order, and the first in the United States which manufactured by machinery cotton seine twine. It is believed that Captain Stephen CONE was the original owner of this property, and that he purchased it from the twenty-seven men who bought the town from the Indians; at all events, he is the first of whom any record is given, and he reconstructed and operated the grist mill here. For a long time previous to the Revolutionary war, this property was in the CONE family, and subsequently came into the hands of Jonah CONE, who was a lineal descendant of Captain Stephen CONE.

          In 1712, Jonah CONE deeded this property to Captain Thomas GATES, and the latter left the estate to his son, George GATES, by whom the mill was rebuilt. From George Gates the property descended to N. D. GATES, and from him to Phineas GATES, who was the father of William L. GATES. Phineas GATES held the property but a single day, and then deeded it to Gideon BRAINERD, and from him it passed into the possession of Dyer HIGGINS, and thence to George HIGGINS and Hezekiah CROWELL; from CROWELL it repassed to George HIGGINS, and then into the hands of "The Smith Manufacturing Company," and finally in 1834 to the "Nichols Company," where it remained until 1869, when a half interest was sold to Demarest & Jorelemon, of New York city, and the name was change to its present style.

          Ebenezer NICHOLS, the founder of seine twine manufacturing and the builder of the fifth mill was born in East Haddam, June 24th 1770. He received the usual common school education, and early applied himself to business, first to mercantile, and later to mechanical pursuits. In 1822, he was in the service of the "Smith Manufacturing Company," and it was during this period that he experimented with and perfected the machinery for making seine twines. Mr. NICHOLS commenced his experiments in the Smith Company's mill, on a twister containing 24 spindles; 12 for the first and 12 for the last process; both on one machine. The twine thus made was from the yarn which he purchased from the Smith Company. The experiment was a success, and in 1827, not having sufficient room, and the company being unable to supply him with what yarn he needed, he removed to a room of the Union Company's mill at Bashan. Large quantities of yarn were at time transported from the mills at Uncasville, a distance of 25 miles.

          Soon after, Mr. NICHOLS bought out Mr. Stanton S. CARD and Mr. George HIGGINS and associated with him in the business, Timothy GREEN. They built the "red mill," and at once commenced operations on their own territory.

          William E. NICHOLS, the son of Ebenezer NICHOLS, was born August 15th 1806, at this time (1827) was a medical student; but because of failing health he abandoned his professional studies and turned his attention to manufactures. About 1828, he purchased the interest of CARD & HIGGINS, and with his father gradually extended the business. Ebenezer NICHOLS died November 19th 1842, . 73 years. About 1837, the firm associated with them, Mr. Roswell DAVIDSON, built a small shop, now a part of the "East Mill," and engaged in the manufacture of gimlets, under a patent granted to Mr. Orville PERCIVAL. In this enterprise they were not successful, and the building was for a time devoted to the manufacture of spool thread, and finally twines. About 1850, W. E. NICHOLS purchased the interest of Mr. GREEN, and took the entire business on his own account, Mr. DAVIDSON having previously retired.

          During 1849, Mr. NICHOLS perfected and patented a process for twisting twine and rope, by which both the strand and main cord were "laid up" simultaneously, making a line known in the market as "patent" or "hard laid twine." To meet the increasing demand for his goods he enlarged both of his mills, and the business flourished until the breaking out of the war in 1861.

          In 1869, Mr. NICHOLS associated with him the firm of Demarest & Joralemon, of 100 Barclay street, New York, and Mr. Z. E. CHAFFEE of this village, under the firm name of "The New York Net and Twine Company." This firm purchased the machinery owned by the late Charles H. HAVERMEYER, of Newburgh, N. Y., for the manufacture of twine and netting, built a new mill in the eastern part of the village of Moodus, at the "great Falls," in size 68 by 40 feet, three stories high, with basement and necessary tenements. In 1880, an addition 40 by 50 feet, of the same height as the main building, was annexed thereto. The power at this mill is supplied by a "Journal Turbine" wheel, 14 inches in diameter, which revolves 900 times per minute, and affords 45-horse power. The machines knit any size of twine, from six to twenty-four threads, and from one to a half to six inch mesh; they tie from eight to nine hundred knots per minute, and it is believed that they make more perfect work than can be done by hand.

          In 1869, Mr. NICHOLS sold his two twine mills to the Net Company, thus merging the business into one concern. The NICHOLS "East Mill," before mentioned, it located about one-fourth of a mile east of the Moodus post office, and is 30 by 100 feet, ground size, two stories high, with basement, and is operated by a 30-inch turbine wheel, under a head of 20 feet. This mill is operated exclusively on soft twines, carpet warp, and knitting cotton, and produces about 1,800 pounds of goods per week.

          The lower, or as it is familiarly known, the "Red Mill," is located in the center of the village of Moodus. In size it is 36 by 100 feet, with detached picker-room, is two stories high, with basement, and is operated by a turbine wheel 30 inches in diameter under a head of 21 feet. In the basement of this mill are located the works of the Moodus Machine Company, where general repairs for the mills are made, and machine building is carried on to some extent. The two stories above are devoted to the manufacture of hard laid twine, and produce about 3,300 pounds per week, of all sizes, from nine threads to cord suitable for clothes lines. This mill is under the supervision of Mr. Gelston MITCHELL, who has been in the employ of the concern for 43 years.

          It and the one at "The Falls" are furnished with powerful force pumps and hydrants, with sufficient hose to reach all the tenements. The company employs about 80 operatives, male and female, and has a monthly pay roll of $2,500. Eighteen bales of cotton are used per week ,and 6,000 pounds of twine and netting are produced.

          Mr. Z. E. CHAFFEE, who was the business superintendent for several years, died June 10th 1877, since which time the general management has devolved on his son, Mr. E. W. CHAFFEE.

          The Hon. William E. CONE, who for a period of 25 years was the bookkeeper and general manager of the affairs of the company, was born in 1805. Mr. CONE entered the employ of the concern in 1842, and remained until 1867; twice he has served in the General Assembly and twice in the State Senate.

          ATLANTIC DUCK MILL.-On the 23d of September 1851, a corporation called the Atlantic Duck Company was organized. The principal stockholders were: Eldad TAYLOR, R. W. MILLER, F. M. PALMER, M. H. SILLIMAN, J. B. SILLIMAN, William PALMER jr., Joseph NICKERSON, Elijah B. PURPLE, T. C. BOARDMAN, C. A. HUBBARD, Samuel INGRAHAM, William PALMER, and Benjamin FLANDERS. William PALMER jr. was chosen president, and the capital stock was fixed at $10,000, all of which was paid in by the 6th of April 1852. This stock was, in 1853, increased to $50,000, and in 1859 reduced to $40,000.

          Operations by this company commenced at the stone mill, and a successful business was carried on there till about 1857. In that time the company purchased land farther up the stream, erected a large mill, and placed in the best machinery that could be procured. During the night before which operations were to commence the mill was burned. It was at once rebuilt, and it has been successfully operated since.

          Albert E. PURPLE, a son of Elijah B. PURPLE, deceased, has long been local manager and secretary. The motive power of this mill is a Swain turbine wheel, under a head of 40 feet. Forty operatives are employed. The mill has 1,712 spindles, and about 7,000 pounds of cotton are used weekly.

          WILLIAMS DUCK COMPANY.-On the 1st day of December 1855, the Williams Duck Company was organized, with a capital of $30,000, which was subsequently increased to $38,000, all of which was paid in. The purposes of the corporation were the manufacture of cotton duck, cotton and woolen goods of all descriptions, and all kinds of machinery from wood and iron. The mill was burned in the winter of 1863-4, but it was at once rebuilt, and work was resumed. It covers an area of 100 by 45 feet, and has three stories above the basement.

          5,000 pounds of cotton per week are used in this mill, and 30 operatives are employed. It is said that the goods produced here are not excelled by any in the market. Jehial F. WILLIAMS has been president of the company from its organization.

          THE UNDINE TWINE MILLS.-It has been stated that Mr. A. E. PURPLE purchased from Jonathan O. CONE the mill and privilege belonging to the estate of Stanton S. CARD. Mr. PURPLE commenced operations at once at this place, and he is still manufacturing cotton twines, carpet warps, etc., with good success. The name "Undine" was adopted in 1878. This mill is operated by a 30-inch Tyler wheel, and runs 1,216 spindles, consuming 2,600 pounds of cotton per week, and producing 2,200 pounds of goods. There are employed 15 operatives.

          On the 22d of June 1878, Mr. PURPLE purchased from W. E. NICHOLS & Co., or the New York Net and Twine Company, the factory known as the "NICHOLS East Mill." This mill, under Mr. PURPLE, has been put into the best possible condition, and new machinery for the manufacture of "patent," or hard laid twine, has been introduced. The motive power is a 27-inch Hercules wheel, under a head of twenty feet. This mill operates 1,424 spindles, consuming 4,000 pounds of cotton, and produces 3,300 pounds of manufactured goods per week. It employs about 20 operatives, with a monthly pay roll of over $500.

          THE GRANITE TWINE MILL.-The first cotton mill in Moodus was erected in 1815. It was located on the west bank of the Moodus River, about a mile and a quarter from its mouth, and was known as the "Stone Mill." It was 66 feet in length by 36 in width. It was at first capable of operating from 1,500 to 2,000 spindles.

          In 1816, a joint stock company called, in honor of its most active promoter and first president, Captain Asa SMITH, the "Smith Manufacturing Company," was organized. The principal stockholders were: Captain Asa SMITH, Phineas GATES, Robert B. CHAPMAN, Judge William CARTER, of Killingworth; and Julius CHAPMAN. The land and the water were purchased from Phineas GATES, a large landholder here. At first yarn was made by machinery and was woven on hand looms by people in their houses, and it was not till 1820 that power looms were introduced. Robert B. CHAPMAN was the business agent and manager. A small store was established in one corner of the mill, and subsequently removed to the "Red House," just opposite the present stone store. This was the first store in Moodus. Judge Carter became the business agent, and in 1822 the present stone store was built, in which Ebenezer Nichols was clerk. In 1825, Mr. CARTER was succeeded as manager by his son William CARTER jr., and he, after one year, by Joseph BRAINERD.

          In 1829, the company failed, though its liabilities were small, and after some litigation Epaphroditus CHAMPION, in 1831, purchased the property, which consisted of nine acres of land, with the water privilege, factory, store, two dwelling houses, and other buildings. Mr. CHAMPION also purchased the machinery, and operated the mill, irregularly, till his death in 1842.

          By his will Mr. CHAMPION devised the property to Mrs. Sarah COWDRY, and after her to her son, Loren, and his heirs, if any. It was leased to SWEET & SMITH, which firm afterward became SWEET & WETHERELL, and it was operated by them till 1849, when ALLAN & ULFORD became the lessees. In 1849, the mill was destroyed by fire, but was rebuilt by the COWDRYs, and in 1851 was leased by the Atlantic Duck Company, which was formed that year. This company operated the mill successfully till the spring of 1858, when, having built a mill of their own, they relinquished it. PALMER & PURPLE then operated it for a time, but were soon succeeded by COWDRY, ROGERS & Co., who continued the manufacture of duck till the death of Mr. COWDRY, in the spring of 1861. J. B. SILLIMAN & Co. then leased the mill, and it was operated by this firm till the death of Mr. SILLIMAN, in the summer of 1869. Frothingham & Baylis, of New York city, then became the owners, and the mill was idle during four years.

          In the autumn of 1873, C. E. BLAIR and C. E. BROWN became the owners of the property. They introduced new machinery, and engaged in the manufacture of carpet warp and wrapping twines. After about two years, the property reverted to Frothingham & Baylis, who sold it to William H. CROWNINGSHIELD, and he in turn deeded it back after a year.

          In 1878, it was purchased by William L. FOWLER jr., was renovated, new machinery was supplied, and the manufacture of cotton twines, cord, etc., was entered on. In 1881, an addition, 12 feet square, surmounted by a bell tower, was erected.

          The machinery is driven by a 36-inch Cushman wheel, 1,000 spindles are operated, 260 bales of cotton are annually used, and 104,000 pounds of goods are annually produced.

          BROWNELL & COMPANY.-In 1825, J. H. & E. P. BROWNELL conducted a wool carding and cloth dressing establishment on the site of the present mill of BROWNELL & Company. This clothiery was afterward utilized for the manufacture of satinet, and for various other purposes. In 1844, E. P. BROWNELL purchased his brother's interest, and entered into a partnership with Stanton S. CARD and Elijah SPENCER. They enlarged the mill to its present capacity, and commenced the manufacture of seine twines. Several changes in the firm were made, and in 1852 it was dissolved; and, under the same name, a new one was formed, consisting of E. P. BROWNELL, Richard S. PRATT, and Charles E. BROWNELL, a son of the senior partner. In 1872, Charles E. purchased the interest of Mr. Pratt, and under the old firm name of BROWNELL & Company, he and his father conducted a prosperous business. In 1875, Edward P. BROWNELL, the senior partner, died; and since that time the business has been conducted by the junior member of the old firm.

          The manufactory is 24 by 70 feet in size, and three stories in height above the basement. The first floor is used for carding, the second for spinning, and the third for twisting and packing. The motive power is a 40-inch Hunt wheel, under a 20-feet head. Seine twine, carpet warp, and knitting cotton are manufactured here. Fifteen operatives are employed, and about 2,500 pounds of cotton are used annually.

          YANKEE MILL.-On the site of this mill a grist mill formerly stood, and many other grist and saw mills were scattered along the stream. The history of these has faded away in the long ago, and of other mills of various kinds that afterward existed little is known except that they one were there.

          This cotton mill was long known as SMITH's mill, because, until the death of Watrous B. SMITH, who had, during more than 40 years, been its general manager, it was controlled by the SMITHs.

          After Captain Asa SMITH, in 1819, sold his interest in the stone mill, he purchased this property from Noah C. HURD, and during the next year erected a cotton mill. Mr. Ransom WHITTEMORE became his partner, and they commenced the manufacture of cotton yarns, but afterward engaged in making shirtings. Connected with the mill was a machine shop, in which the machinery was made and repaired. In 1825, Watrous B. SMITH, a son of Asa, became general manager. In the same year Mr. WHITTEMORE sold his interest to Noah BULKLEY, and in 1826 new looms were introduced.

          It is remembered that during this year the arch bridge here was built, under the superintendence of Captain Asa SMITH, Phineas GATES, and Stephen CONE; and that the expense was defrayed by subscription.

          In the spring of 1829, Watrous B. SMITH purchased his father's interest in the business, and, with Noah BULKLEY, as a partner, established the Oakville Manufacturing Company. The career of this company was not prosperous, and, in 1843, an assignment was made to John C. PALMER. In 1844, the mill, with its contents, was destroyed by fire. It was at once rebuilt by Mr. PALMER, and in 1845, W. B. SMITH was again manager of a mill here. The new firm, PALMER & SMITH, introduced duck looms, and engaged in the manufacture of cloth. In the summer of 1846, Fox & Polhamus, of New York city, purchased the interest of Mr. PALMER, and the firm became W. B. SMITH & Co. In 1864, Mr. SMITH became sole proprietor. In 1865, Harper BOIES purchased the property, and Robert C. SMITH, son of W. B. SMITH, became his partner. Mr. BOIES purchased the interest of Mr. SMITH in 1866, and he has successfully conducted the business since.

          The mill is 45 by 70 feet in size, and the machinery is operated by two 30-inch Humphrey improved wheels. Since 1881, exclusive attention has been given to the manufacture of seine twine. About 5,000 pounds of cotton are used per week, and twenty hands are employed.

          THE MOODUS MANUFACTURING COMPANY.-The history of this concern is of considerable importance. Mr. Daniel WETHERELL, the builder of this mill, was born in Portland, Connecticut, March 22d 1814. In 1843, Mr. SWEET, of Grafton, Massachusetts, a partner of Mr. George SMITH, of Valley falls, Rhode Island, came to Moodus and rented the "COWDRY mill." On the 1st of April 1844, Mr. WETHERELL purchased the interest of Mr. SMITH in the Moodus mill, and successfully operated the same, in company with Mr. SWEET, up to 1848. In 1846, Mr. WETHERELL turned his attention to the water privilege farther down the stream. During the same year, the firm purchased land of Mr. Amasa DAY, and erected the main building of the Moodus Yarn Company.

          The dimensions were 100 feet long, 40 feet wide, and four and one-half stories high. It was constructed entirely of stone. The canal right was purchased from Mr. Sylvester CONE. The concern was ready for operation in 1849, and the making of spool thread was begun in that year. This was continued to 1851, when the manufacture of print goods was commenced, with 48 looms, the number being subsequently increased to 96. SWEET and WETHERELL failed in 1847.

          An unsuccessful attempt was then made to form a joint stock company. In this state of affairs, H. & S. B. CHACE, of Valley Falls, creditors of the form firm, took possession, and in 1848 organized the Moodus Manufacturing Company.

          The original members of the company were: S. CHACE, H. B. CHACE, Oliver CHACE jr., George SMITH, and I. S. HARRINGTON. The first officers were: Harvey CHACE, president; I. S. HARRINGTON, secretary and treasurer. The capital stock was $12,500.

          In 1864, an addition was made of a building 69 by 36 feet. The motive power is two turbine wheels under a 41 feet head, and a steam engine, that was introduced during the dry season of 1871. The mill operated 5,712 spindles and 100 looms; consumes 3,500 pounds of cotton per week; and produces about 3,300 pounds of goods. Fifty-four operatives are employed, with a monthly pay roll of $1,200.

          In 1872, this firm imported from Manchester, England, 3,268 mule spindles, and in 1874, from the same place, a Slubber speeder, the only one ever brought to this country. The selling office is located in Providence, R. I. Mr. Samuel B. CHACE died in 1871. He was known as "The bobbin boy of 1806, and the railroad and reservoir man of 1828."

          CARD & COMPANY.-Stanton S. CARD, a native of Sterling, Connecticut, came to Haddam in 1821, and entered the service of the SMITH manufacturing Company as a machinist, and afterward became general owner. George HIGGINS then owned and operated a grist mill where the "Red Mill" was afterward located. This privilege was, in 1826, purchased by Ebenezer NICHOLS, who erected over the grist mill a cotton factory, and Messrs. CARD & HIGGINS became his partners. They engaged in the manufacture of cotton twines which they carried on successfully till 1830, when Mr. NICHOLS purchased the interest of his partners. Messrs. CARD & HIGGINS then purchased from Austin CHAPMAN, the site now occupied by the lower Neptune Mill, and erected thereon a mill for the manufacture of seine twines. This mill was completed in the spring of 1832. It was 36 by 40 feet, and three stories in height. Here Messrs. CARD & HIGGINS commenced the manufacture of cotton twines, wrapping twine, stocking yard, etc., and the business was prosperous. In 1840, Emory JOHNSON and Jonathan O. CONE, sons-in-law of Mr. CARD, became partners, and the firm name was changed to CARD & Co. In 1846, Mr. HIGGINS retired from the firm, and Elijah SPENCER and Roswell DAVIDSON were admitted. In 1845, another mill, the one now owned and operated by Albert E. PURPLE, was built.

          Three or four year later, Mr. DAVIDSON sold his interest to the company, and in November 1861, Mr. SPENCER died, and the company consisted of Messrs. CARD, JOHNSON & CONE. Mr. CARD had erected a grist and saw mill in the upper part of the town. In 1849, the lower mill was enlarged by the addition of 20 feet to the main structure.

          In 1861, Mr. JOHNSON sold to the company his interest in the concern, and in 1865, Mr. CONE sold his interest in the upper mill, after which it was rented, at different times to different parties, and was idle a portion of the time. Albert E. PURPLE was for a short time associated with Mr. CARD in operating the lower mill. On his retirement from the firm, E. Emory JOHNSON, a son of Emory JOHNSON, was admitted as junior partner. In 1867, Mr. CARD died, and the lower mill property came under the management of Emory JOHNSON, and the upper mill came to Jonathan O. CONE, who soon sold it to Albert E. PURPLE.

          THE NEPTUNE TWINE MILLS.-Mr. Emory JOHNSON, the proprietor of the Neptune Mills, was born in the town of Chatham, August 11th 1817, and at an early age entered the employ of the Central Manufacturing Company. He subsequently became a partner in the firm of CARD & Co., where he had a long and valuable experience. Desiring to embark in business on his own account, in the spring of 1860 he sold out his interest in the firm, and from them purchase the privilege where now stands his "upper mill." A good substantial stone dam was built, and a building was erected, 80 feet long by 34 feet wide, and in the spring of 1862 the mill was in full operation. This mill was the only one in town that did any business during the great Civil war.

          After the death of Mr. CARD the lower mill, belonging to the firm of CARD & Co., came into the possession of Mr. JOHNSON, and he soon afterward put it in excellent condition by extensive repairs and the introduction of new machinery, and it has since been operated, in connection with the new mill, in the manufacture of cotton seine twine. The lower mill is 80 feet long by 36 feet wide, and three stories high. A brick lapper room 28 by 32 feet, was annexed in 1883. Cotton seine twine, welding cord, carpet warp, and knitting cotton are the articles made. These goods have acquired an enviable reputation, and are sold to the principal dealers through the United States and Canada.

          There are employed in these mills 30 operatives with a monthly pay roll of $950. Nine thousand pounds of cotton are consumed each week, producing about 7,500 pounds of goods. The upper mill is operated by a 30-inch Bristol turbine wheel, and the "lower mill" by a 36-inch Cushman wheel. Gas is used for illuminating the "upper mill." In 1864, the name of "Neptune" was adopted, and in 1876, the first premium medal and diploma was awarded to these mills.

          PINE BROOK DUCK COMPANY AND THE ANCHOR MILLS.-In 1860, Mr. Daniel WETHERELL organized what was known as The Pine Brook Duck company, and erected a mill at Pine Brook, on Haddam Neck, and in 1861 commenced the manufacture of light cotton duck. The business succeeded well under his management, and the prospects for a success were favorable till September 20th 1871, when the mill was totally destroyed by fire.

          Not abating in energy, Mr. WETHERELL proceeded to rebuild, and in 1872, her erected what was known as the "Anchor Mills," on the site of the old building, and commenced the manufacture of cotton warps. This venture did not prove very successful, and in 1877, business here was entirely suspended. Mr. WETHERELL has since devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits.

          Pine Brook takes its rise in Pocotopaug Lake, in East Hampton, and farther down the stream are the famous bell factories of that town, several saw mills, an old satinet mill, and finally the Anchor Mills of Mr. WETHERELL. Below the Anchor Mills was formerly the paper manufactory of C. B. HOUSE & Co. A little farther down the stream empties into Salmon River, about half a mile below Leesville.


          Mr. Jonathan KILBOURN was the pioneer at this place, and the first to take advantage of the splendid water power here presented. Mr. KILBOURN removed from Colchester and settled upon his new land in the year 1763, and at once commenced clearing the ground and making other preparations for the manufacture of linseed oil. There are many obstacles to be overcome; it was like taking up an abode in a new country; but the determination and perseverance evinced were fully equal to the task. The building to be used as the oil mill was built on the same site where the present mill stands, and was a low frame building. In 1764 everything was in operation, and Mr. KILBOURN had built and was living in the house on the hill, known to-day as the LUMMIS house, and owned by Mr. Isaac WEILDON. Be it remembered that this was the first oil mill erected in the State of Connecticut. During this present year (1764) Mr. KILBOURN was elected a selectman in the town, and during the years that followed, he held several positions of trust. He connected with his works a carding and fulling mill and also build the first saw mill, the business of which increased rapidly from year to year. Here was the first carding introduced to the town in its simple and undeveloped form. Mr. KILBOURN was a natural mechanic, and while at this place he invented the iron screw, used for expressing the oil from flaxseed; also an apparatus for pressing cloth. This was the first screw and boxes ever cut by machinery in the world. It is claimed by the family, which by the way is a very large and honorable one, that Mr. KILBOURN admitted into his shop, and Englishman who, observing his invention, took the proper dimensions etc., went to England, and claimed to be the original inventor.

          There is on record the following, viz: "April 25th 1767: Town meeting, East Haddam: Voted-That it is absolutely necessary to build a Bridge over Salmon River, a little northerly of the dwelling house of Jonathan KILBOURN, Esq., and south of Salmon Hole; one end of the Bridge to lye on Haddam, and the other end on East Haddam. Jonathan KILBOURN, Esq., is a committee to build the said Bridge." The bridge was build according to instructions, by Mr. KILBOURN, and by vote it was rebuilt in 1807. Subsequently it was frequently repaired, but was carried completely away by a flood, and at present a good substantial iron bridge crosses the stream just south of the present mill, and about ten rods below the old wooden structure.

          Mr. KILBOURN removed to Colchester, after remaining at the mills and doing a successful business for nearly 20 years, and died on the 14th of October 1785, in the 79th year of his age. On his tombstone is the following inscription:

          "He was a man of invention great.
          Above all that lived nigh;
          But he could not invent to live,
          When God called him to die."

          Captain Jonathan KILBOURN, son of Jonathan KILBOURN, was the successor at the mills, and for several years, in partnership with his brother, David, carried on an extensive business. The manufacture of oil was continued, also the fulling and carding mill. Captain KILBOURN was born in Colchester, April 12th 1742, and was about 42 years of age when he took control of the property. He was a man of enterprise and public spirit, as was also his brother David, who was associated with him. They carried on an extensive and successful business for nearly 20 years, when misfortune seemed to dawn, and the hitherto successful career of the family seemed to be on the wane.

          In the year 1800 there was living at the Landing a family of LORDS, who came from England but a few years previous, and to this family the KILBOURNs became somewhat involved. They (the KILBOURNs) were anxious to enlarge their works and to develop more fully the resources of the place, but cruel fate proved unrelentless, and about the year 1806, the mortgage was foreclosed. The property came into the possession of Samuel P. LORD, and was controlled by his sons, Richard and George, who associated with them one Josiah BARBER, who by marriage was in some way connected with the family. It was claimed by the KILBOURNs that they had been grievously wronged by the LORDs, and actually defrauded to the amount of several thousand dollars, and tradition says that they pronounced "a woe and a curse" upon the place.

          Jonathan KILBOURN and his successors, Captain Jonathan and David, whatever may have been their misfortunes, most certainly evinced determined and enterprising spirits, and their positions, socially and politically, ranked with the first in the State. Jonathan was a commissioned lieutenant (June 14th 1776) during the Revolutionary struggle, and in October 1778 he was commissioned as captain of the Third Company, 25th Regiment. David was a man of sterling integrity, and filled very many important positions. He was a justice of the peace for 12 years in succession; he was also first selectman, auditor of public accounts, moderator, and chairman of the highway committee. He was also a deacon in the Congregational church, and in October 1789 he was commissioned as captain of the Third Company, 25th Regiment, of Connecticut militia, the position made vacant by the resignation of his brother. David removed to New York, where he died at the residence of his son, Samuel A. KILBOURN, in Liberty, Sullivan county, August 6th 1812, aged 68 years. Captain Jonathan died about the year 1795. Captain KILBOURN left another enduring monument to his memory, in the shape of a large stone basin, capable of holding two or three barrels of water, which now stands, as it has stood for year, in front of the KILBOURN residence. This basin was dug out of solid rock, and served as a reservoir; a hole was drilled through the bottom and connected with the spring on the hill by a wooden pope composed of bored logs. Into this cool reservoir for many years there bubbled up a spring of pure cold water, affording a convenience and a comfort which the farmers of the present day seldom enjoy.

          In 1806, the LORDs took control and proceeded to further develop this splendid water power which was still in its infancy. Samuel P. LORD was a man of considerable wealth and influence in the town, and resided at the Landing. Mr. LORD died at the CHAMPION House in 1809, and bequeathed to his sons, George and Richard, the entire amount of his large property. About this time their business at the Landing was closed up, and the two brothers moved to Leesville (then called the Hollow), in order that their whole time and entire energies might be devoted to the prosecution of their new business. On the site of the old oil mill they proceeded to erect a woolen factory and clothiers' works; they also built a bark mill and enlarged the saw mill which had been first erected by the KILBOURNs. Instead of one saw as heretofore they introduced eight, and sawed a length of 70 feet. The woolen mill contained five machines for spinning, and used about 10,000 pounds of wool annually. Richard lived in the house occupied and owned by the late Charles D. WRIGHT, and George resided in the house now owned and occupied by Hobart WRIGHT. Josiah BARBER, who married into the LORD family, was at this time associated in the business and the firm name was LORD & BARBER. The name of the place had changed to "LORDS' Mills." Business continued prosperous for seven or eight years. On the night of March the 30th 1815, these mills, with nearly all of their contents, were consumed by fire, and the loss occasioned by the sad disaster was about $25,000.

          The LORDs were not disheartened, nor did their energies relax in the least. During the next summer they erected a fine brick building, 65 by 35 feet on the ground, and four stories high, with a roomy attic. This building was supposed to be fire proof, the floors, as well as walls being laid with brick. In 1816, they introduced about 500 additional spindles, and were putting forth every effort to increase and otherwise enlarge their business. They had, in connection with their works, a machine shop, where all the necessary machinery was made and repaired; but they had encountered heavy losses and were compelled to mortgage their property heavily to the State of Connecticut, on account of loans received from the school fund, and in 1822, a foreclosure was the result. George and Richard were both arrested and confined in jail for debt, subject to the limits; Richard escaped his creditors by running away to New Connecticut, which he subsequently purchased, and George died on his limits in Haddam, in the house opposite the court house.

          After the failure of the LORDs the property was held in charge by Isaac CHAPMAN, who acted as agent in behalf of the State. For some time the mills remained idle. In 1823, Mr. John GRAY, of Lisbon, Conn., assumed the command, and the wheels were once again put into motion. The mill was filled with machinery adapted to the manufacture of satinets, and the store, which had been opened by the LORDs, was filled with a general assortment of merchandise. This property inventories at the time of the failure, $28,000.

          About the 1st of May 1825, Mr. GRAY went down to New York, and there purchased $100,000 worth of stock and merchandise, which he had shipped to East Haddam. One month afterward, he failed in business, and made an assignment to John BREED and Asa CHILDS, of Norwich, and to Nathan SEARS, his general manager and superintendent. With the failure of Mr. GRAY, at LORD's Mills, ended the manufacture of woollen goods at this place, and a new era was to be inaugurated. Looms were introduced, and machinery adapted to the manufacture of cotton cloth. There were then in this village 17 dwelling houses, besides the mill, store, saw mill, and storehouses, all of which were in good condition and repair. In the year 1826, Mr. Henry S. and S. H. P. LEE jr. bought the property from the State, and under the firm name of H. & S. LEE, commenced the manufacture of 4-4 cotton sheetings and cotton battings. They established the first post office, at which S. H. P. LEE jr. was postmaster, and gave the village its present name. The WRIGHTS had leased the saw mill, and, as formerly, it was doing an immense business, and Salmon River in those days was the scene of busy commercial life. Vessels of light draught were built here, and launched and taken out during high water or times of freshet. The sloops Napoleon and Eliza were built at this place.

          Leesville had, at this day, acquired quite a business reputation, and was the center of trade in the town for along period of time. An immense quantity of timber was sawed here and boated down the river, and large rafts of logs were almost daily seen upon the waters of the Salmon.

          In various ways, however, the LEES spent a vast amount of money and were obligated at various times to borrow aid from their cousin, Samuel PARSONS, Esq., Hartford, who was at that time the cashier of the old United States Bank in that city. This state of affairs continued until 1832, at which time an assignment was made to Doctor S. H. P. LEE, of New London. Mr. PARSONS again came to their relief, and Henry S. LEE was enabled to make settlement of their indebtedness, and resumed (S. H. P. LEE jr. retiring) manufacturing and continued until about 1840, when from pecuniary inability he was compelled to relinquish entirely. After removal of the LEES, Samuel PARSONS jr., came from Hartford to Leesville, and operated the mill for nearly one year, in order to run out the stock on hand, after which he went to Europe, and his father, Samuel PARSONS, owned and had control of the property, which was leased by him in 1843 to the new form of RICHMOND & WHEELOCK. In 1843 they commenced the manufacture of print goods. The career of this firm, however, was very short, and in 1846 they too were obliged to follow in the footsteps of their predecessors, and on account of the failure of ADAMS & TIFFANY during this year they made an assignment. But gain, for the sixth time, was business resumed. In the spring of 1849 a company was organized, composed of Stanton S. CARD, Daniel B. WARNER and Martin CHAPMAN, all residents of the town except Mr. CHAPMAN, who lived in the adjoining town of Haddam.

          The mill underwent a thorough renovation, new machinery adapted to the new business was introduced. On the 8th of June 1854, N. A. COWDERY Esq., bought up the interest of CARD, WARNER, and CHAPMAN, and as appears by record in the town clerk's office, on the next day after the purchase, sold the same to a company which has since been known as The East Haddam Duck Company. The amount of stock was limited to $30,000 and the organized comprised the following named gentlemen, viz.: Stanton S. CARD, president; J. R. GARDNER, D. B. WARNER, and Loren COWDERY, directors. The amount of capital stock actually paid in August 24th 1854 was $15,482.50. The company at once went to work, threw out old and put improved machinery, and commenced the manufacture of cotton duck, with Loren COWDERY as general manager and agent.

          On the night of June 19th 1861, by some cause which has ever been shrouded in mystery, this splendid mill, with all of its improved machinery, stock and goods on hand, was for the second time burned to the ground. FROTHINGHAM & BAYLIS about 15 years ago purchased the entire stock of the company, and to-day are the sole proprietors of the Leesville manufacturing property, although they are known at home and abroad as "The East Haddam Duck Company." After the death of Mr. SILLIMAN the affairs of the concern were speedily adjusted, and Mr. Nelson H. BOWERS, a young man of considerable mechanical skill, was chosen superintendent by the firm, which position he now fills, not only with credit to himself but with profit to his employers.

          The mill, tenements, and other building connected with the property are all in excellent condition, and the machinery used is all of first-class modern construction. The mill runs 1,000 spindles, used 624 bales of cotton a year, and produces about 192,000 yards of sail cloth, or cotton duck. It contains 12 Patterson looms, and employees about 25 operatives, with a monthly pay-roll amounting to $1,000. There is one more fact connected with the place which had almost been forgotten, and is worthy of record. Mr. Joseph WHITTEMORE was for many years proprietor of the hotel at Leesville and was contemporary with the LORDs and LEEs. The fact which we record is that he had a family of 14 daughters, all of whom were born, reared, and married at the old homestead. Mr. WHITTEMORE died in the year 1855, at the advanced age of 74 years. If the manufacturing interests did meet with misfortunes and failures from year to year, the WHITTEMORE family was most certainly a brilliant success. There is still another incident with reference to the hotel of Mr. WHITTEMORE which we must not fail relate. The house was opened to the public in the year 1827, and Mr. WHITTEMORE employed an old Scotchman by the name of Fisher to paint him a sign which would indicate or represent his various branches of business viz: ship building, navigation, farming, &c. The sign when finished and put in position, represented on one side a view of Mount Tom, the mouth of Salmon River, which a scow boat fully manned, also a section of the Connecticut River, with a sloop heading up the river, under press of canvas; on the other side was painted an animal intended for a cow, but no one could tell to what species it belonged, as the hind parts resembled a hog, the shoulders an ass, and the head a fierce bull. The picture excited roars of laughter and many remarks, which with some doggerel, the boys would sing (a specimen of which we quote) was the means of driving the poor old Scotchman from the place.

          "But Joseph keeps a tavern and wants a good sign.
          Something neat and cheap, but appropriate in design;
          He called on friend Fisher, who said he could paint
          A cow or a scow or old Patrick his saint;
          But when he had done it, it looked like a fool
          For instead of a cow he had painted a bull.
          CHORUS-Derry down down, hi derry down,
                    A bran new sign is raised in the town.
          "Now Joseph was pleased with the fun that was made,
          And cared not a straw for what people said:
          Tho' most of his neighbors when by it they'd pass
          Would swear 'twas no bull, but a real jackass.
                    CHORUS-Derry down down, hi derry down &c.

          Old Mr. STARR, of Middletown, the grandfather of E. W. N. STARR, had a government contract for making swords. The blades were forged in Middletown, and every one of them were ground and polished at KILBOURN's Mills.

          The Leesville of to-day is a pleasant village of about 15 families, the heads of which are worthy citizens, noted for honesty, frugality, and democracy.


          The society of Hadlyme was formed from East Haddam Society and Lyme Third Society in October 1742. About two thirds of the society is in East Haddam. About the time settlements began at Creek Row, Samuel SPENCER from Haddam settled in the upper portion of Hadlyme. As early as 1692, Thomas HUNGERFORD was an inhabitant of this parish; and John HOLMES, from New London, was a resident there as early as 1710. Isaac, John, and Abel WILLEY, from New London; Thomas HARVEY, from England; and John MARSH, from Braintree, Mass., were among the first settlers in this locality.

          Here is a copy of the original record:

          "Att a General Assembly holden att New Haven on 14th Day of October Ano: don-1742-Upon the memorial of Isaac WILLEY, Stephen SCOVIL, John COMSTOCK and other members of the first Society in East Haddam and the third Society in Lyme preferred to this Assembly in May Last and the Report of the Committee thereon-to this Assembly in their present Sessions proposing that ye memorials: st be formed into a Distinct Society for Carrying on ye worship of God a-mongst themselves according to ye Bounds &c-Limits therein Specified. This Assembly Do Enact, Decree, and Order That ye said Isaac WILLEY, Stephen SCOVIL, John COMSTOCK and the Rest of the Inhabitants of the parrish hereafter Described be and they are here by Imbodyed and made one distinct Eclesiastical Society by the name of Hadlyme, and that the Bounds thereof to be as follows viz Beginning at a Whiteoak Tree Standing by the Great River being accounted ye bounds between Lyme and East Haddam thence Running Southerly to William CLEMANS. In cluding Mr. SELDEN's farm by the River thence East ward from said CLEMAN's house unto ye hose where Consider TIFFANY now lives including that house thence running northwesterly to the South East corner of James MASSES farm thence running northeasterly by s'd MASSES his Land to the Repouted bounds of Est Haddam. Then beginning at s'd Whiteoak Tree by the River from thence Extending one mile and three quarters north To the River and from the Extreem of that Extent Easterly to James BOOGE's house including said house thence Easterly to Elijah ACKLEY's house including s'd House thence East unto the Line of Millington Parrish and from thence Southerly By s'd Millington Line unto the Line between s'd East Haddam and Lyme and by Last mentioned Line unto MOSE his Land aforesaid."

          A council, consisting of Rev. Messrs. Stephen HOSMER, George BECKWITH, and Thomas SKINNER, Elders, and Deacon Jeremiah GATES, Daniel ELY, Esq., Benjamin COLT, John GATES, Henry CHAMPION, and Deacon Eleazor SMITH, Messengers, convened at the house of Lieutenant John COMSTOCK, on the 26th of June 1745.

          This council drew up, for those who desired to be embodied into a church, a confession of faith and other articles of confederation, "to which they all assenting and consenting, signed the same as follows:"

          "Grindal RAWSON, Pastor; John HUNGERFORD, Samuel CROSBY, Ephraim FULLER, John MILLARD, John COMSTOCK 2d, John COMSTOCK, Samuel DUTTON, Christopher HOLMES, John COMSTOCK 3d, William COMSTOCK."

          They had employed various candidates to preach to them, before the organization of the church and the settlement of Mr. RAWSON.

          "December 9th 1742, a Society Meeting (of which, Capt. John HUNGERFORD was the Moderator) proceeded to make arrangements for the building of a Meeting House.

          "Att the same meeting it was then and there voted the Meeting House whish said society have a Greed to build shall be in length forty and six foot, and in width it shall be thirty and five foot, and the post to said house shall bee twenty foot long. 'Same time' it was voted that the place for the meeting house to stand upon, should Bee on the Nole west of Job BECKWITH's house."

          "Said Meeting House was probably raised in the summer of 1743, after sending Christopher HOLMES as a committee' to the Legislature to obtain liberty to raise the same.'"

          "It was taken down in the fall of 1840, and the present edifice erected on the same site, was completed the same year, and dedicated on the 6th of January, 1841.:

          At a meeting held "May ye 28 1745 it was then and there voted that wee Will Give ye Rev. Mr. RAWSON towards building his house in s'd society if he Settles in the work of the minister a-mongst us the sum of one hundred pound old tenor in Labor to be payd in the time that we way his settlement."

          The Hadlyme parsonage, the large brown house on the hill, was built about 1746. Mr. RAWSON lived here during his ministry. Afterward his son, Rev. E. G. RAWSON, brought up a large family here; in fact, for over 100 years, it was the home of the ministers.

          The pastors of this church have been: Rev. Grindal RAWSON, who was installed, September 18th 1745, and died, March 29th 1777, in the 70th year of his age, and the 32d year of his pastorate.

          Rev. Joseph VAILL was ordained February 9th 1780, and died November 21st 1838, aged 87 years, having been 52 years pastor of this church.

          Rev. Ralph S. CRAMPTON was installed May 23d 1832, as colleague with Mr. VAILL and was dismissed November 5th 1834.

          Rev. George CARRINGTON was installed as junior pastor February 25th 1835, and was dismissed February 2d 1842. Rev. Stephen A. LOPER commenced here in February 1842; was installed May 15th 1845, and dismissed June 3d 1850.

          Rev. E. B. HILLARD was ordained and installed March 14th 1855, and was dismissed April 11th 1860.

          Rev. Daniel W. TELLER began January 1st 1869, was ordained and installed April 19th 1870, and was dismissed January 2d 1872.

          The following have been action pastors, who served a year or more:

          Revs. Matthew SCRIBNER and Samuel COLLINS, from 1777 to 1780; William GOODWIN, 1850 to 1851; James NOYES, 1851 to 1853; William D. SANDS, 1853 to 1854; Henry W. JONES, 1860 to 1866; Charles CUTTING, 1866-1867; Henry M. VAILL, 1872-1875.

          The following have been deacons in this church:

          June 8th 1746, Samuel DUTTON, probably died 1749; June 8th 1746, Samuel CROSBY, probably died 1755; January 1750, Christopher HOLMES, died April 12th 1792, aged 77; March 1756, Samuel SELDEN, was a colonel in the Continental Army; died a prisoner of war in the Old Brick Church, N. Y., 1776, aged 52; April 1792, Jabez COMSTOCK, excused 1802, died 1807; aged 84; March 1780, Israel SPENCER, excused 1802, died 1813, aged 82; October 1802, Israel S. SPENCER, excused 1833, died 1838, aged 74; June 1803, Israel DEWEY, died 1806, aged 52; June 1815, Ithamar HARVEY, died 1847, aged 82; January 1828, Selden WARNER, excused 1833, died 1843, aged 82; March 1833, Samuel C. SELDEN, excused 1846, died 1852, aged 65; May 1833, Elijah Comstock, excused 1846, died 1858, aged 84; September 1846, Isaac CHESTER jr., dismissed April 1852; November 1854, Frederick A. TIFFANY, left the place in 1868; November 1854, Joseph SELDEN, dismissed in 1859; February 1866, William C. SPENCER; May 1869, Almon DAY, dismissed in 1874; September 1874, Silas R. HOLMES.

          The advanced position which this church occupies regarding the temperance reform is shown by the rules which were adopted some years since:

          1. "The church regards the manufacture, sale or use of alcoholic liquors as a beverage, in the midst of the light which now exists upon the subject, as inconsistent with the Christian profession.

          2. "No person shall be received into its membership on profession or by letter, who manufactures, uses or sells such liquors as a beverage.

          3. "If any member is known to do any of these, it is made the business of the Standing Committee to report the case to the church.

          4. "The church recommends and requires all its members to use their influence in every legitimate way against such manufacture, use or sale."


          C. A. CHESTER, of Hadlyme, was formerly engaged in the manufacture of shingles and small lumber.

          About 14 years ago, he devoted his attention to irregular turning of handles of every description. The business had become one of the principal branches of industry in the town, and the facilities for work have doubled within a few years through the careful attention of the proprietor. Mr. Chester's goods are said to be the best in the market.



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