The Fourteenth Regiment
Rhode Island Heavy Artillery (Colored)
in the War to Preserve the Union, 1861-1865
William H. Chenery
Providence: Snow & Farnham, 1898,
Part 6 - Personal Sketches, Continued
[Transcribed by Dave Swerdfeger]
PERSONAL SKETCHES, CONTINUED
[We have inserted sketches of the officers of the regiment as far as they can be obtained.]
HENRY K. SOUTHWICK.
CAPTAIN HENRY K. SOUTHWICK, son of Isaac H. and Clarissa Ann (Keith) Southwick, was born in Madison, Ind., Oct. 11, 1838. He was the oldest of seven children. He is of the
eighth generation of Southwicks in New England, his English ancestor being the famed Lawrence Southwick, who with his wife Cassandra, being staunch Quakers, were banished from
Massachusetts in 1658, by Governor Endicott, and took refuge on Shelter Island, in Gardner's Bay, near Long Island, New York. His paternal ancestor, John Roberts, was a gallant
soldier in the Revolution. Both of his parents were natives of Grafton, Mass. His father, Isaac H. Southwick, was a prominent business man in the community, and held many important
offices of trust and responsibility. After engaging in business in the West for several years he returned with his family to Grafton, and subsequently removed to Providence, R.I.,
where they ever after resided.
Henry K. Southwick, the subject of our sketch, attended the public schools of Providence, passing through the Intermediate, Grammar, and High School courses. He entered Brown University, September, 1857, "Class of 1861." Owing to injuries received in consequence of falling from a tree, he was unable to return for the Senior year, but received his A.B. degree in 1869. Later on he attended the Albany Law School, New York, and graduated and received the degree of LL.B. On examination before the Supreme Court he was admitted to practice in all courts of that State. Having a taste for military affairs he was a member of the Providence Horse Guards from its organization. The reverses of the Union arms in Virginia, the advance of Lee, threatening Washington, and the invasion of Maryland, led him to abandon the practice of law and accept a commission as second lieutenant in the Second Rhode Island Infantry. Sept. 8, 1862, he was mustered to rank from the date of his appointment, Aug. 29, 1862. September 18th he reported to Col. Frank Wheaton, commanding the regiment, which at that time was engaged in the battle of Antietam. He was assigned to Company F, commanded by Capt. William B. Sears, son of President Barnas Sears, of Brown University. November 10th, although fearfully weak and sick, he commanded his company in the grand review of the Army of the Potomac, when McClellan took leave of it and Burnside succeeded him.
November 11h, he went to the regimental hospital, having a severe attack of typho-malarial fever. November 15th, he was sent to the General Hospital, in Washington, D.C. So critical was his condition at that time that it was a question with the medical authorities whether to let the regimental hospital tent stand till he (Southwick) died, instead of conveying him to the railroad cars to die on the train before morning. But the crisis was passed favorably that night. In December he received a convalescent leave of absence of twenty days to visit Rhode Island. At the expiration of his leave of absence he returned to his regiment against the advice of his family physician, as a relapse at that time was almost certain death. He reached his regiment in season to take part in Burnside's "Mud March." Aug. 18, 1863, he was commissioned first lieutenant, and was mustered in as such Aug. 24, 1863. He participated with his regiment in all its campaigns and battles until Feb. 12, 1864, when he was relieved from duty with the Second Rhode Island and ordered to report to the governor of Rhode Island for a commission in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery (Colored). He appeared before the Examining Board at Washington, D.C., of which Gen. Silas Casey was president, and received a commission as captain from the President of the United States, and signed by Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. He was mustered in and assigned to Company M, Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, March 24, 1864. He accompanied his battalion (the Third) to Carrollton, La., where it was stationed at Camp Parapet, La.
On the 6th of May, 1864, he was appointed judge advocate of a general court-martial which convened at district headquarters, and borne as such until June 17, 1864. July 6, 1864, he was detached from his regiment as acting assistant inspector-general, and assigned to duty as such for the District of Carrollton, La., and served in that capacity until Jan. 15, 1865, when he was assigned to duty in West Florida as acting assistant inspector-general of infantry and artillery. On the 18th of March, in addition to his duties as inspector, he at the request of General Asboth (although not subject to his orders in this respect) assumed the additional duties and position of provost marshal of the District of West Florida. On the 14th of April, 1865, he was relieved as provost marshal and as acting assistant inspector-general of the District of West Florida, and six days later assigned to duty in the same capacity for the District of La Fourche, La., where he remained until the District was abolished, July 15, 1865, when he was ordered to report to Headquarters District of Eastern Louisiana for duty. He personally visited every post in the district except Clinton and Fort Livingston. The former was near the Mississippi line, and the other at Grande Isle on the south coast. On the 25th of August, 1865, Lieut.-Col. Warren D. Smith, chief acting assistant inspector-general of the District, was mustered out with his regiment, and Captain Southwick succeeded him, but had been in actual charge from Aug. 11, 1865, and so continued until Oct. 2, 1865, when he was mustered out with his regiment at Camp Parapet, La.
As indicative of the esteem in which Captain Southwick was regarded by his superior officers, it is asserted that when the several battalions of the regiment were ordered to assemble at Camp Parapet for muster out, Gen. T.W. Sherman, commanding the Eastern District of Louisiana, stated to General Canby that Captain Southwick's services were indispensable, and that he desired to retain him in his position until the regiment was mustered out. He also said if Captain Southwick would enter the regular army, that he would give him his personal assurance of a satisfactory commission.
On one occasion Captain Southwick made application to be relieved from duty as acting assistant inspector-general for the District of La Fourche, not on account of any dissatisfaction with his duties or associations, but by a desire to be with his company. Gen. Robert A. Cameron, commanding the district, in forwarding the application to the department headquarters, endorsed it as follows: "Captain Southwick is an excellent officer, fearless and conscien(missing part). CAPTAIN PHANUEL E. BISHOP.
CAPTAIN PHANUEL E. BISHOP was born at the homestead estate, "Bishop's Bend," in the village of Ingrahamville, Pawtucket, R.I., March 21, 1844. He was a son of James Bishop.
He was educated in the public schools of Pawtucket. In the War of the Rebellion he enlisted as a private in Company H, Ninth Rhode Island Infantry, May 26, 1862. He served with his
company at Fort Wagner, in the Defences of Washington, until the muster out of the regiment, Sept. 2, 1862.
Soon after his return to Rhode Island he entered the class of 1867, of Brown University. It was the custom of the students in those days to have a middle name, and he chose that of Euclid, and after that time he always included the initials of that name in his signature. He remained in college about a year, when, having received a commission as first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, he was assigned to Company B. He was often on duty as a member of general court-martials, and frequently as judge advocate. April 18, 1864, he was detailed as acting battalion quartermaster, and served in that capacity until May, 1864. He was at one time provost marshal of St. Mary's Parish, La. On the 9th of September, 1864, he assumed command of Company B, and borne as in command of that company until November, 1864. On the 9th of that month he was promoted to captain, and was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
After returning home he remained but a short time in Rhode Island, and went West, graduated from a business college in Chicago, and was for a time superintendent of schools in a city in Iowa. He traveled considerably, and finally returned to his native place, being at one time master of the Grove Street Grammar School. He was also superintendent of schools, and besides a member of the school committee. While connected with the schools the degree of Master of Arts was conferred upon him by Brown University, and he was recognized as one of the strongest advocates of a State Normal School. During his leisure hours he studied medicine, and afterwards lectures at Bowdoin and Dartmouth Colleges. He had been a past post commander of Ballou Post, and subsequently a member of Tower Post of the Grand Army of the Republic. He was also a member of Union Lodge of Masons, Good Samaritan Lodge, I.O.O.F., and connected with the local lodges of the Knights of Honor and the Foresters.
Captain Bishop died in Pawtucket, Sept. 20, 1890, in the forty-seventh year of his age, of Bright's disease and heart trouble. At the time of his decease he had been in practice seventeen years. It is said of him that "he became well known in the community for his faithful devotion to his profession, and was respected for his worth as a man and as a physician."
THOMAS B. BRIGGS.
FIRST LIEUTENANT THOMAS B. BRIGGS was born in Coventry, R.I., Nov. 16, 1825. All the education that he acquired in his youth he received from his father, who taught school
in Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Illinois. His first entry into the military service of the United States was as a private in Company G, Fourth Regiment Illinois Volunteer
Infantry. His regiment left Springfield, Ill., June, 1846, and was stationed at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.; subsequently proceeded to Mexico via New Orleans, stationed at Matamoras,
Camargo, Tampico; present at landing of troops at Vera Cruz, Mexico, March 9, 1847, and the subsequent bombardment and reduction of the city. He was present with his command at the
battle of Cerro Gordo, April 17 and 18, 1847, and was mustered out of service with his regimeneat New Orleans, May 26, 1847.
At the commencement of the War of the Rebellion he was appointed first sergeant of Company A, First Rhode Island Detached Militia, April 17, 1861. He was mustered in
May 2, 1861, and participated with his regiment in the battle of Bull Run. He was mustered out of service at the expiration of his term of service, Aug. 2, 1861. True to his
military instincts he again entered the service as captain of Company A, Third Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Aug. 20, 1861. He was present with his regiment at the taking of
Hilton Head, Port Royal, S.C., November, 1861, by the naval forces under Commodore Dupont, and the land expedition under command of Gen. T.W. Sherman. He was in command of
Fort Welles, a barbette fort of twenty-two guns, from May to July, 1862. In February, 1863, he was ordered with his company to Beaufort Island, S.C., to command a line of
intrenchments, comprising six forts mounting seventeen guns of different calibre. In April, 1863, while on a reconnoisance around Beaufort Island, and in the Coosaw River on the
armed transport George Washington, with a detachment of his company he was fired upon by the enemy about daylight, and before he could reply a shot entered the magazine, blowing up
the boat and exploding all his ammunition, killing and wounding fourteen of his men, and knocking him senseless and injuring him considerably. The boat was burned, the men who were
able escaping to solid land nearly a mile away, while the wounded were conveyed by boat to the shore. He resigned his position in the Third Rhode Island Heavy Artillery May 22, 1863.
He re-entered the service as first lieutenant in Company D, Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery (Colored), Sept. 22, 1863. He was appointed ordnance officer at Fort Esperanza, Texas, Jan. 15, 1864, and subsequently acting ordnance officer First Division Thirteenth Army Corps. In May, 1864, Fort Esperanza was ordered to be evacuated, and (part missing). Lieutenant Briggs rejoined his battalion, and was subsequently appointed acting ordnance officer on the staff of Brig.-Gen. B.S. Roberts, commanding District of Carrollton. He was afterwards ordered to turn over his ordnance stores to the chief of ordnance, Department of the Gulf, and report to his battalion commander at Fort Jackson, La. On the 8th of February, 1865, he was appointed acting assistant quartermaster and commissary of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, La. He was relieved of these duties May 2, 1865, and ordered to Brashear City, La., and was appointed battalion quartermaster, and also acting assistant quartermaster at that place July 29, 1865. He was relived September 16, 1865, his battalion having been ordered to New Orleans to join the other battalions for muster out of service, which occurred Oct. 2, 1865.
He was appointed second lieutenant in the Third United States Infantry, June 18, 1867; reported at headquarters of his regiment, Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and ordered to join his company at Fort Lyon, Col.; left Fort Harker in command of a company of recruits Sept. 1, 1867, en route to Fort Lyon, under command of Gen. John R. Brooke, lieutenant-colonel Thirty-seventh Infantry; arrived at Fort Lyon September 25th, and reported to Capt. W.H. Penrose, Third Infantry, commanding post and Company I; Dec. 5, 1867, appointed post adjutant; relieved April 5, 1868; waiting orders at his home in Danielsonville, Conn., from April, 1869, to April 27, 1870; assigned to Fourteenth United States Infantry at Fort Randall, Dakota; company stationed at Crow Creek, Dakota Agency, May to August, 1870; left Crow Creek for Wyoming Territory, Aug. 4, 1870; stationed at Fort Russell, September to December 31, 1870; on six months' sick leave; stationed at Fort Laramie from August, 1871, to July, 1874; promoted to first lieutenant Feb. 9, 1874; company ordered to Camp Douglas, Utah, July, 1874; acting assistant quartermaster, Camp Stambaugh, Wyoming, from October, 1874, to January, 1875; company ordered to Fort Hall, Idaho, July, 1875; post adjutant from July, 1875, to October, 1876; appointed acting assistant quartermaster, acting commissary of subsistence and post treasurer from October, 1876, to March, 1877; appointed acting assistant quartermaster and acting signal officer from February, 1878, to August, 1878; ordered before the retiring board at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, May 19, 1879; ordered to his home as unfit for service, May 29, 1879; ordered before a retiring board at Fort Omaha, March 22, 1881; ordered to Fort Lyon, Colorado, for light duty, October, 1881; on duty as member and judge advocate of courts-martial; ordered to Fort Garland, Colorado; on court-martial duty, Sept. 6, 1882; received one year's leave, Oct. 24, 1882; retired from active service, March 15, 1883. He is at present a resident of Delavan, Ill.
CHARLES H. CHACE.
FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES H. CHACE was born in the city of Fall River, Mass., Nov. 14, 1836. He received his education in the public schools of his native city, and at the
age of fourteen left the High School and entered the office of the treasurer of the Fall River Railroad, which connected at South Braintree with the Old Colony Railroad, and at
Fall River with the Bay State Steamboat Company, now called the Old Colony System. Mr. Chace remained there about five years, checking all freight from Boston and New York, and also
all freight forwarded from those cities through Fall River, without the loss of a single pound. He removed in 1860 to Troy, Penn., and was employed in the office of a large
wholesale and retail store. He was thus engaged at the breaking out of the Rebellion. One day when the enthusiasm for enlisting was at its height, Mr. Chace, after repeated
solicitations, closed his books and left his office about ten o'clock in the morning, took a buggy, and at six o'clock in the afternoon of that day had enrolled one hundred and
four men, and immediately proceeded with his company to Harrisburg, Penn., and went into camp. Captain Tarbutton, of the regular army, was in command of the camp. Mr. Chace spent
two days in organizing his company, and, at the expiration of that time, it was attached to the One Hundred and Thirty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers, Colonel Oakland commanding.
Mr. Chace was appointed captain and assigned to Company D of that regiment, for nine months' service. The regiment was ordered to the Army of the Potomac, and formed a portion of
that splendid body of men known as the "Second Corps," commanded by Gen. E.V. Sumner, and subsequently by that "superb soldier," General Hancock, who, when asked after a severe
engagement, "Where is the Second Corps, now?" replied: "In Heaven, the most of them !" The regiment, by the request of General Sumner, continued for a time in service after the
expiration of its term. During its nine months' service the regiment performed its full share of hard marching, arduous picket duty, and severe fighting, as attested by the
inscription on its colors of South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville.
On his return to Providence, Captain Chace was again desirous of serving his country, and made application to Governor Smith for an appointment in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and, after passing a successful examination before General Casey's examining board at Washington, was commissioned first lieutenant and assigned to Company A of the Fourteenth. During the greater portion of his term of service with this regiment he was engaged in staff duty, holding the positions respectively of acting assistant Inspector general and ordnance officer at Fort Esperanza, Fort Jackson, Fort St. Philip, and at Brashear City. While a member of General Cameron's staff he initiated the arrangements whereby the Confederate Captain Vinson with his command, operating in that department, surrendered to the Union forces. Captains Vinson and Chase remained firm friends until the death of the former, which occurred several years ago at Denison City, Texas.
After his return from the army Captain Chace was paymaster for B.B. & R. Knight for nearly fifteen years, and at present is the credit man for the Flint Company, of Providence, R.I.
ALFRED H. BARKER, JR.
FIRST LIEUTENANT ALFRED H. BARKER, JR., son of Alfred H. and Mary L. Barker, was born in Providence, R.I., Oct. 20, 1844. He comes of sturdy stock. His father, whose name
he bore, is still living in Providence, at the advanced age of eighty years, although no one would imagine, by his upright and erect carriage, and his ruddy, youthful features,
but that he was a man of middle age. Alfred, the subject of our sketch, attended the public schools of his native city in his youth. After leaving school he was employed for
awhile as bookkeeper for Barker & Lee, carpenters and contractors, his father being a member of the firm. He was engaged in this occupation until the War of the Rebellion, when he
entered the service of his country as private in Company D, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry, May 26, 1862. His company occupied Fort De Russey, in the Defences of Washington, D.C.
He returned home with his regiment on the expiration of its term of service, and soon after re-enlisted as a private in Company I, Eleventh Rhode Island Infantry, serving with credit
and returning home at the expiration of his term of service, in July, 1863. In the fall of that year he appeared before the Examining Board in Washington, and received a commission
as first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. He originally served in Company I, but was subsequently transferred to Company C, by order dated Dec. 6, 1863.
On the 5th of July, 1864, he was appointed boarding officer at Fort Jackson, La. His duty required him to keep a boat's crew constantly on the lookout, and every steamer and sailing
craft was signalled to heave to by firing a blank cartridge from the fort. A solid shot across the bow of the vessel was sufficient to cause the steam to be shut off at once, thus
permitting the boarding officer to approach. It was an honorable position, requiring good judgment and discrimination, and these duties he fulfilled to the satisfaction of his
commanding officers. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
Soon after returning home he attended a course of instruction in Bryant & Stratton's Business College. He afterwards entered the employ of the Union Railroad Company, as a conductor, and was thus engaged for many years, until failing health compelled him to retire from that occupation, and after a lingering illness of disease contracted during his army service, he died May 2, 1883.
He joined Prescott Post, No. 1, July 26, 1867. He afterwards connected himself with Slocum Post, with which post he was identified at the time of his decease. ZEPHANIAH BROWN.
FIRST LIEUTENANT ZEPHANIAH BROWN was born in Providence, R.I., Jan. 17, 1844. He attended the public schools of that city in his youth, and entered Brown University in 1861,
but did not complete his full course. He enlisted as a private in Company K, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry, May 26, 1862. He was subsequently promoted corporal. His company was
stationed at Fort Pennsylvania, within the Defences of Washington, where the regimental headquarters were also located. He was mustered out with his regiment at the expiration of
his term of service, Sept. 1, 1862.
He received an appointment from the President of the United States as first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and was assigned to Company D. He was
re-mustered to date Oct. 24, 1863. He was detailed as acting adjutant of the First Battalion, and so borne until June, 1, 1865, date of resignation. On the 26th of May, 1864, he was
ordered on detached service as acting regimental adjutant; June, 1864, acting assistant quartermaster. Borne as battalion and post adjutant from July 30, 1864, until December, 1864.
Ordered on detached service as acting assistant adjutant-general, Dec. 25, 1864. Resigned June 1, 1865.
In September, 1865, he went to Cincinnati and engaged in the oil business, and later in the cotton and commission business. He returned to Providence in July, 1883.
CHARLES H. ALDRICH.
FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES H. ALDRICH was born in the village of Kingston, town of South Kingstown, R.I., March 17, 1835. He was the eldest son of Deacon Luke Aldrich.
He received his early education in the schools of his native village. In 1856 he became engaged in the jewelry business in Attleboro, Mass., removing a year or two later to
Providence, where he engaged in the same business.
At the beginning of the war he enlisted and was mustered as a sergeant in Company C, Third Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Aug. 22, 1861. He was promoted to first sergeant Nov. 20, 1862, and to second lieutenant to date from Nov. 28, 1862. He was assigned to duty in Company B, Feb. 21, 1863. He participated with his regiment in its campaigns and battles until his resignation, May 2, 1863.
He passed the Board of Examiners in Washington, D.C., as first lieutenant, and was assigned to Company G, Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. He was commissioned by the President Dec. 18, 1863, and was mustered in to date from Nov. 4, 1863. On the 27th of March, 1864, he was ordered on detached service as acting battalion adjutant, and continued in that capacity until July, 1864. He was borne on special duty as battalion and post quartermaster from Nov. 19, 1864, until January, 1865. Lieutenant Aldrich was in command of the picket guard on the Bayou Plaquemine, when the Confederates under Captain McAnnelly made an attack on Plaquemine on the morning of Aug. 6, 1864. Although the cavalry vidette and inner infantry picket (colored) were captured, Lieutenant Aldrich with his reserve picket guard succeeded in making his escape. As has already been stated in preceding pages, three of our colored men who were captured were taken a few miles into the interior and inhumanly murdered.
Lieutenant Aldrich served with his regiment until mustered out of service Oct. 2, 1865. On his return to Rhode Island he engaged in the marble business in Providence, R.I., where he continued for several years, when he removed to Kingston, R.I., and still pursued the same business in that place. In 1877 he was appointed clerk of the Court of Common Pleas of Washington County. He was also clerk of the Supreme Court of that county, and held both offices at the time of his decease, Aug. 6, 1886. His death was undoubtedly hastened by injuries received from the premature discharge of a cannon while firing a salute on the fourth of July several years previous. He was identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being a past grand of Columbia Lodge, Wakefield, R.I. He filled numerous public offices in his town with ability, and was a highly esteemed member of the Congregational Church.
C. HENRY BARNEY.
FIRST LIEUTENANT C. HENRY BARNEY was born in Providence, R.I., Jan. 10, 1844. His education was obtained in the public schools of his native city, and he graduated from
the Providence High School at the age of fifteen years. At the breaking out of the Rebellion he became imbued with the martial spirit of the times, and, although but a lad of
seventeen, was desirous of enrolling himself in the ranks of the Union Army. Two attempts at enlistment were frustrated by a failure to obtain the consent of his parents, who believed
him too young to endure the hardships of army life. At the third attempt, however, he succeeded in overcoming their scruples, and enlisted Dec. 14, 1861 (not 1863, as stated in the
Roster), as a private in Company A, Fifth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. With his regiment he participated in the battles of the Burnside Expedition, Roanoke Island, New Berne, and
the siege of Fort Macon, and subsequently in the operations under General Foster in North Carolina, and the engagements of Rahl's Mills, Kinston, Whitehall, Goldsboro,
Batcheller's Creek, and Little Washington. Meanwhile he had risen through the grades of corporal and sergeant, and, in August, 1863, was acting as first sergeant of his company,
when he was simultaneously offered the position of second lieutenant in his own regiment and in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery (Colored). He accepted the latter, and,
upon examination before General Casey's Board was promoted to first lieutenant, receiving an appointment as such from the President of the United States. He was temporarily assigned
to the command of Company K, and subsequently transferred to Company F. Soon after he was detailed as adjutant of the Second Battalion, and with his regiment was transferred to the
Department of the Gulf, in January, 1864, serving in various localities in Louisiana until his final muster-out in October, 1865. While in Louisiana he was detailed as post adjutant
at Plaquemine and Donaldsonville, and served in several other staff positions for a short time.
After muster-out he engaged in mercantile pursuits in Providence, R.I., and was subsequently elected treasurer of the Providence Gas Burner Company, which position he held until the advent of the telephone as a business enterprise, when he resigned and became general manager of a telephone company, of which Ex-Governor Henry Howard, of Rhode Island, was president.
In 1874 he joined the First Light Infantry Regiment of Providence, becoming its adjutant and also secretary and treasurer in its civil organization. He remained with this regiment until 1878, when he was elected by the legislature to the position of adjutant-general of the State of Rhode Island, which office he retained until his resignation, Jan. 1, 1882, by reason of removal from the State. During his term of office as adjutant-general, he was largely instrumental in re-organizing the militia of Rhode Island, securing the passage of an entirely new law, thoroughly uniforming and equipping the troops and inaugurating a system of annual encampments which has made the militia of that State second to none in the Union. While adjutant-general he acted as chief marshal at the funeral of General Burnside, the largest military funeral ever held in Rhode Island.
In 1881 he was chosen to represent his ward in the City Council of Providence, but resigned this position also upon removal from the city. In December, 1881, while holding the position of general manager of the Interstate Telephone Company, operating in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, he was offered the charge of the telephone company controlling the State of New Jersey. This he accepted, and removed with his family to New Jersey, of which State he has since been a resident.
As General Barney's active participation in the Grand Army of the Republic ended with his removal from Rhode Island, it may be well to mention it before going further. In September, 1867, he joined Prescott Post, No. 1, Department of Rhode Island, Grand Army of the Republic. Subsequently he held the positions of post adjutant and assistant adjutant-general of the department, serving several terms in each capacity. In 1877 he was elected commander of Prescott Post, and served one year, declining re-election. During his term as post commander the National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic and the Society of the Army of the Potomac both met in Providence, and he was a prominent and zealous worker on the committee which entertained them, presiding at the mammoth camp-fire which was given in Howard Hall in honor of those organizations. He served several successive terms as the member of the National Council of Administration, Grand Army of the Republic for Rhode Island, and as aid-de-camp on the staff of several department commanders.
As a citizen of New Jersey, he has devoted himself closely to private business, with the exception that in 1884 he was nominated by Gov. Leon Abbett, although of the opposite political party, and commissioned by President Arthur as the commissioner to represent New Jersey at the World's Exposition in New Orleans. Before the close of the Exposition he was made a member of its board of management.
Although General Barney has interested himself in various branches of the electrical business, notably the manufacture of incandescent lamps and the application of storage batteries to the propulsion of pleasure launches, he has never entirely severed his connection with the telephone, and is at present devoting himself actively to the interests of the New York Telephone Company, which controls the field in and around New York City.
He is still a comrade of the Grand Army Post of Hackensack, N.J., where he resides; is a companion of the New York Commandery of the Loyal Legion, and a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity of New Jersey.
WILLIAM H. CHENERY.
FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM H. CHENERY Was born in Uxbridge, Mass., Sept. 7, 1842. He is the son of Elihu and Fanny (Mellen) Chenery. His paternal ancestor, Lambert Chenery,
came to this country in 1630; first settled in Watertown, Mass., and afterwards removed to Dedham, where he was among the first settlers. Lambert's son Isaac was one of the first
settlers of Medfield, Mass., about 1651. When the Indians attacked the town, Feb. 21, 1675, in King Philip's War, he with his family narrowly escaped being killed by the
Indians.(His brother, John Chenery, was a member of Captain Beers's company of Watertown, and was mortally wounded in a battle with the Indians at Northfield, Sept. 4, 1676.)
Lieutenant Chenery's grandmother, Lucretia (Smith) Chenery (wife of Captain Seth (Capt. Seth Chenery commanded the Medfield military in 1820. Of his six grandsons, five entered
the Union Army, namely: Frank A. Chenery, private in the Thirty-sixth Massachusetts Infantry; his brother, James P. Chenery, corporal in the Fifteenth Massachusetts Infantry;
John B. Chenery, private in the Thitty-third Massachusetts Infantry;)), was a descendant of Samuel Smith, whose mother was killed by the Indians, at this time, while fleeing to
the garrison house with her infant (Samuel) in her arms. He was thrown in the air, and left for dead, but fortunately was uninjured. He married Elizabeth Adams, granddaughter of
Lieut. Henry Adams (a kinsman of President John Adams), who was shot in the doorway of his house by the Indians on that fated morning, while rushing out to take command of his men.
Lieutenant Chenery's great grandfather, Capt. Ephraim Chenery, commanded a company of minute men in the Revolution, and started with his company on the Lexington alarm, but did not
arrive in time to participate in the action. He afterwards served with his company at the siege of Boston, in Col. Joseph Read's regiment, and was stationed at Roxbury. Two of
Captain Ephraim's brothers, Elihu and Simeon, also served in the war.
On the maternal side Lieutenant Chenery is eighth in descent from Richard Mellen, who arrived in America in 1642. His son Simon and grandson Thomas were among the first comers to Framingham, Mass., and settled on what was called "Mellen's Neck," in that town. Deacon Henry Mellen, son of Thomas, removed to Hopkinton and was one of the first settlers. His grandson, Prentiss Mellen, served as a Senator in Congress from Massachusetts, and was the first chief justice of the State of Maine. Deacon Henry Mellen's son, Captain Thomas Mellen, commanded a troop of horse in the Colonial militia, and his commission, signed by Governor Shirley, and dated June 27, 1754, is in the possession of his great grandson, Lieutenant Chenery. Two sons of Captain Thomas, Colonel James and Major Thomas, served in the Revolution. Colonel James was a lieutenant-colonel in the Massachusetts troops of the Continental Line.
Lieutenant Chenery received a common school education in the schools of his native town, and, at the age of fourteen, removed to Providence, and entered the printing-office of Knowles, Anthony & Co., and followed the occupation of a printer until his enlistment in the army. He enlisted as a private in Company D, Fifth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Dec. 11, 1861. He was promoted to corporal May 1, 1862; sergeant, June 13, 1863. He participated in the battles of Roanoke Island, New Berne, siege of Fort Macon, the battles of Rahl's Mills, Kinston, Whitehall, and Goldsboro, and the attack on New Berne, in March, 1863. In August, 1863, while stationed in Fort Totten, New Berne, he was ordered on detached service at the Draft Rendezvous, at New Haven, Conn. He was commissioned second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Sept. 21, 1863. He was subsequently ordered to appear before the Examining Board for officers of colored troops, in Washington, and, Dec. 15, 1863, received an appointment as first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. On the 21st of December, 1863, he was mustered into the service, and was assigned to Company F. Nov. 25, 1864, while serving temporarily in Company E, he was relieved from that duty and assigned to the command of Company G. On the 13th of March, 1865, he was temporarily assigned to the command of Company H, in the absence of Captain Addeman, who was on detached service. May 1865, he was relieved from duty with that company and assigned to duty in Company E. On Sept. 27, 1865, he was ordered to report for duty with his company, F. Oct. 2, 1865, he was mustered out of service, with his regiment. Oct. 5, 1865, he was ordered to take command of Company E, and continued in that position until the final disbandment of the regiment at Portsmouth Grove, R.I.
On his return to Providence he resumed his occupation as a printer, which he has followed ever since. He was for several years a member of the firm of Hammond, Angell & Co., printers, of Providence, R.I. He joined Prescott Post, No. 1, Grand Army of the Republic, June 21, 1867. He was elected officer of the day in 1873. When the National Encampment convened in Providence, in 1877, he was detailed as officer of the guard during the sessions of that body. In 1878 he was aid-de-camp on the staff of the department commander, and in 1881 was appointed an assistant mustering officer. He has held the office of adjutant of his post since 1885. He is secretary and treasurer of the Fifth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery Veteran Association, secretary of the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery Veteran Association, recorder of Myrtle Lodge, No. 15, Ancient Order of United Workmen, and assistant recording secretary of Hope Lodge, No. 4, Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
ROBERT S. GASKILL.
FIRST LIEUTENANT ROBERT S. GASKILL was born in Woonsocket, R.I., April 24, 1841. His great grandfather on his mother's side (Henry Wheeler), served in the War of the
Revolution as a lieutenant, and afterwards as captain. Lieutenant Gaskill attended the public schools at Woonsocket, and subsequently at New Hampton, N.H. Most of his early life
was spent on his father's farm. He entered the service as private of Company D, Fifth Rhode Island Volunteers, Nov. 23, 1861, but was shortly afterwards promoted to corporal and
mustered in as such Dec. 16, 1861. He participated with his regiment in the battles of Roanoke Island, New Berne, siege of Fort Macon, Rahl's Mill, Kinston, Whitehall, Goldsboro,
and first rebel attack on New Berne, March 14, 1863. In 1862 he was promoted to sergeant. In the summer of 1863 he was ordered with Capt. William W. Douglas and two other sergeants
on recruiting service at Providence, R.I. As a draft had been ordered they were unable to proceed with recruiting at that time, and were ordered on duty at the Park Barracks in
that city, guarding the drafted men and substitutes. Lieutenant Gaskill had charge of the first detachment of these men that was sent to the United States Draft Rendezvous at
New Haven, Conn.
There were fifty-four of these substitutes, and they were composed of some of the worst element in our northern cities. Lieutenant Gaskill's duties in this instance were by no means pleasant or agreeable. out of the fifty-four men he succeeded in delivering at the Draft Rendezvous forty-seven.
Lieutenant Gaskill was engaged in this service at Providence until Dec. 22, 1863, when he was discharged to accept promotion in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery (Colored). He was assigned to Company H, and mustered in Dec. 31, 1863. On the 24th of May, 1864, he was ordered on detached service as officer of the provost guard in Plaquemine, La., and so borne until August, 1864. On the 14th of September, 1864, he was appointed provost marshal of the Parish of Iberville, La., and so borne until November, 1864. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
After the close of the war Lieutenant Gaskill spent nearly twenty years in the West, where he was engaged in the grain business. He afterwards removed to Woonsocket, R.I., and has pursued the business of general insurance agent since that time.
CHARLES S. BROOKS.
FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES S. BROOKS was born in Charlestown, Mass., Aug. 26, 1839. His great grandfather was a soldier of the Revolution, being one of Col. Ethan Allen's
Green Mountain boys. His grandfather fought in the War of 1812. The subject of our sketch attended the grammar and high schools of his native place. In the War of the Rebellion he
enlisted as a private in Company B, Fourth Vermont Infantry, Aug. 17, 1861. He was promoted to hospital steward of his regiment in January, 1862. He was appointed hospital steward
of the Second Division, Sixth Corps, Nov. 3, 1862, and attached to Gen. A.P. Howe's headquarters.
Having passed a satisfactory examination before General Casey's Board of Examiners at Washington, D.C., he was commissioned first lieutenant of the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Dec. 24, 1863, and assigned to Company H. Mustered in Jan. 15, 1864, borne as acting battalion quartermaster from March 27, 1864, until July, 1864. On the 23d of September, 1864, he was ordered on detached service as pass officer at post headquarters, and so borne until Oct. 31, 1864. Appointed provost marshal of St. Bernard Parish, La., Oct. 31, 1864, and so borne until September, 1865. He was mustered out of service with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865. On his return North he was engaged in mercantile business until 1881, since which time he has been in appointment under government as inspector in the office of the Surveyor of Customs at the port of New York.
CHARLES W. MUNROE.
FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES W. MUNROE was born in Clarence, Nova Scotia, in 1836. His great grandfather was a colonel in the British army. Charles attended the public schools
of his native town until he came to Rhode Island. He attended the Friends' School, at Providence, R.I., for awhile, and then the East Greenwich Academy. He subsequently attended a
college at Hartford, Conn.
At the breaking out of the Rebellion he enlisted as a private in Company C, Fourth Rhode Island Infantry, Sept. 5, 1861; promoted to first sergeant Sept. 25, 1861; promoted to second lieutenant and transferred to Company G, Oct. 11, 1861; first lieutenant Nov. 20, 1861; resigned Aug. 11, 1862. Commissioned as first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Feb. 23, 1864; originally assigned to Company M, and mustered in March 8, 1864; transferred to Company K, April 16, 1864; on general court-martial in May, 1864; in command of his company from March, 1864, to August, 1864, and from October, 1864, to January, 1865; mustered out of service with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
After the war he attended the Law School at Albany, N.Y., and then went West, where he engaged in the practice of law. He died several years ago. The date of his death we have been unable to obtain.
GEORGE W. H. ALLEN.
FIRST LIEUTENANT GEORGE W.H. ALLEN was born in Scituate, R.I., May 25, 1842. His father, Rev. Reuben Allen, was a Free Will Baptist clergyman. He was widely known in his
denomination as a successful organizer of churches, and held at various times charges in New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, and in several towns in Rhode Island. He was the
pastor of the North Scituate Church for nearly twenty years.
His son, George W.H. Allen, was educated in the district schools of Scituate, and at Smithville Seminary, afterwards known as Lapham Institute, which he entered at the age of thirteen, and from which he graduated in the autumn of 1857. Soon after leaving the seminary he entered the employ of his brothers, who were manufacturers of jewelry in Providence. He continued with them until the spring of 1861, when he returned to his father's home at Scituate, and remained there until the following September, when he enlisted as a private in Battery E, First Rhode Island Light Artillery, Sept. 30, 1861. He was promoted to corporal Nov. 18, 1861. July 1, 1862, he was complimented by Captain Randolph for meritorious conduct at the battle of Charles City Cross Roads the day before, and, at the same time, he was advanced to gunner of the fifth piece, and served in that capacity at the battles of Malvern Hill, Harrison's Landing, Second Bull Run, and Chantilly. Nov. 21, 1862, he was promoted to sergeant, and as such served with distinction at the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Kelly's Ford, Payne's Farm, and Mine Run. He was well informed in relation to battery drill and movements, and, having a remarkable memory, he seldom hesitated as to the move to make in the execution of an order. He was wounded slightly at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863; re-enlisted December 11th, and mustered as a veteran Dec. 11, 1863.
He received permission to appear before Casey's Board in Washington Feb. 4, 1864, passed as a captain, and was to have been assigned to some regiment not from Rhode Island. Preferring to serve his native State, and there being no vacancy in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery as captain, he accepted a first lieutenant's commission in that regiment, and was mustered March 23, 1864, and assigned to Company L.
On the 3d of April, 1864, Lieutenant Allen, with the Third Battalion under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Viall, proceeded to Camp Parapet, La. Soon after the arrival of the battalion, he was detailed as acting aid-de-camp at post headquarters. He was afterwards ordered on special duty as actidg adjutant of the Third Battalion. He was detached as acting assistant adjutant-general of the District of Carrollton from Feb. 20, 1865, to May 7, 1865. On the 1st of July, 1865, he was ordered to Columbus, Miss., in charge of the remaining portion of the Sixteenth Indiana, to be sent on transports up the river and consolidated with the Third Indiana. He returned July 12th, and on the 29th was detailed as a member of general court-martial, Department of Louisiana and Texas, from which he was relieved Sept. 6, 1865, to be mustered out of service with his regiment, which occurred Oct. 2, 1865.
Soon after his return to Rhode Island he entered the employ of the Gorham Manufacturing Company, in Providence, R.I., remaining there about one year. He then went to Waltham, Mass., and was there employed in the Waltham Watch Factory for about six years, and then returned to Providence and began business for himself as an engine turner, in which business he continued until his death, which took place Sept. 2, 1895.
Lieutenant Allen was at one time a member of a lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Waltham, Mass., and had held the office of past grand in that order. He was one of the charter members of Rhode Island Council in the Order of United Friends, and was a past grand councillor and a member of the Imperial Council of that order. He was also a charter member of Burnside Council. He was for two years deputy of Tecumseh Council. He was also connected with Slocum Post, No. 10, Grand Army of the Republic, and the Rhode Island Light Artillery Veteran Association. He had been busily engaged on an invention of his own, and it was thought his labor in this employment brought on the attack that caused his death.
FIRST LIEUTENANT WARREN RALPH was born in Scituate, R.I., April 9, 1842. He attended the public schools of his native town In his youth, and was employed as a clerk at the
breaking out of the Rebellion. He entered the service as sergeant in Company A, Second Rhode Island Infantry, June 5, 1861, and participated with his regiment In the battles of
Bull Run, Siege of Yorktown, Williamsburg, engagement at Hanover Court House, Seven Pines, Mechanicsville, Malvern Hill, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Marye's Heights, Salem Heights,
and Gettysburg. Lieutenant Ralph, immediately after his examination before the board at Washington, received an appointment as first lieutenant in the Forty-fifth United States
Colored Infantry, and was ordered to report to the commanding officer of that regiment at Parkersburg, West Virginia, but declined to accept the appointment. He was honorably
discharged April 4, 1864, to accept a commission as first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. He was assigned to Company M. He was mustered in April 8, 1864.
Borne as detached and serving in Chicago Mercantile Battery from June 25, 1864, until July 5, 1864. Commanded Company M from July 15, 1864, until he was mustered out with his
regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
On his return to Rhode Island he engaged in the grocery business in Providence, R.I., in company with Lieut. Albert W. Delnah, but is at the present time employed as a salesman for A.B. McCrillis & Co., in Providence, R.I. He is a member of the Second Rhode Island Veteran Association.
ALLEN F. CAMERON.
FIRST LIEUTENANT ALLEN F. CAMERON was born in Quebec, Canada, Feb. 21, 1836. He is of Scotch parentage, his father being pay and color-sergeant of the Seventy-ninth
Highlanders for sixteen years. As his regiment was about to return to Scotland he bought his discharge from the army and removed to the United States with his family.
Lieutenant Cameron had three brothers, all of whom served in the Union army during the Rebellion: Alexander serving in the Fourth Massachusetts Infantry, Walter in the Third Rhode
Island Cavalry, and Joseph in the Second Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. Comrade Cameron's father died when he was quite young, consequently he was compelled to go to work at an
early age. He attended the Federal Street Primary School in Providence, and afterwards the Fountain Street Grammar School. On leaving school he was employed in the Woonasquatucket
Print Works, then in the Providence Bleaching and Dyeing Company's works, and subsequently went to Mansfield, Mass., to learn the machinists' trade. When he entered the service he
was an overseer in a weave room in Rockland, R.I.
He was enrolled as sergeant of Company A, Fifth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Oct. 28, 1861; mustered Dec. 16, 1861; promoted to first sergeant Oct. 28, 1863. He participated in the Burnside Expedition and in the several engagements in which his regiment took part, until he was commissioned first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and assigned to Company I. We find him serving on a general court-martial Nov. 5, 1864, and acting as aid-de-camp at post headquarters June 6, 1865. He was mustered out of service Oct. 2, 1865.
On his retirement from the army he returned to Rockland and resumed the occupation he had left. Here he remained one year, and then went to work in the United States Armory at Springfield, Mass. At the time the Henry-Martini rifles were made by the Providence Tool Company he was appointed a sub-United States inspector, and assisted in the inspection of seven hundred thousand rifles. He then went to Springfield, Mass., and took in five thousand navy revolvers for the Turkish government. He is now employed by the Winchester Revolver Arms Company of New Haven, Conn.
Lieutenant Cameron is a member of Admiral Foote Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and General Alfred Terry Union Veterans Union. He is also a member of A.F. & A.M., of Clayville, R.I.
CHARLES H. POTTER.
FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES H. POTTER was born in Providence, R.I., Jan 4, 1828. He is descended from sturdy Rhode Island stock. His grandfather was an ensign in the Rhode
Island troops, and served at the siege of Boston. His father, Roger Williams Potter, was one of the original charter members of the First Light Infantry in 1818. He was high sheriff
of Providence County for forty-five years. Lieutenant Potter early connected himself with the volunteer fire department of the city of Providence, and held the position of captain
of the Pioneer Fire Company at the time of its disbandment. At the age of fourteen he joined a military company and served for eight days in what is known as the Dorr War. He was a
member of the Providence Horse Guards in 1843. Enlisted in Capt. Joseph S. Pitman's company for the Mexican War, but not obtaining the consent of his parents was reluctantly
compelled to remain at home. In 1853 he joined the First Light Infantry Company. In 1854 he received a commission as captain of Company F, Guards of Liberty. This company was
afterwards merged into the Mechanics Rifles, of which the lamented Col. John S. Slocum was commandant. When Sumter was fired upon he responded to the first call for troops, and
was enrolled as a private in Company C, First Rhode Island Detached Militia, and participated In the battle of Bull Run. He afterwards re-enlisted as sergeant of Company G,
Twelfth Rhode Island Infantry, Sept. 29, 1862; promoted sergeant-major Nov. 27, 1862. He was promoted to second lieutenant for gallant conduct at the battle of Fredericksburg, Va.,
and mustered in as such Dec. 22, 1862, and was mustered out July 29, 1863; commissioned-first lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and was subsequently
ordered before the Examining Board at Washington, D.C., and passed as a second lieutenant; commissioned Nov. 6, 1863; assigned to Company D; re-mustered to date Sept. 22, 1863;
on detached service in New Orleans, La., January, 1864, and so borne until March, 1864; commissioned first lieutenant Jan. 26, 1865, and transferred to Company B. He was mustered
out Oct. 2, 1865. Since the war he has been engaged in the furnace and steam heating business, principally in Boston.
GEORGE W. WEEDEN.
FIRST LIEUTENANT GEORGE W. WEEDEN was born in Newport, R.I., Nov. 5, 1824. He is descended from Revolutionary ancestry. He attended the private schools of that city in his
youth. After leaving school he was employed as a dry goods clerk in Newport, and afterwards in Providence. At the age of fifteen he shipped for Liverpool as boy, and followed the
sea until the first gun was fired on Sumter, when he left the ship (Ocean Rover), of which he was chief mate, went to Bristol, R.I., and was offered a commission as first lieutenant
in Company G, Second Rhode Island Infantry, which he accepted, and was mustered in June 6, 1861. He was promoted to captain and transferred to Company F, July 22, 1861. He resigned
Oct. 1, 1861, to accept appointment as master's mate in the navy, and was ordered to Washington to learn great gun exercises. Three months afterwards he was ordered to New York
as acting master on recruiting service for the mortar flotilla under Porter. He was subsequently detailed to the gunboat Octorora (Porter's flagship); had a brush with the rebel
ram Merrimac at Hampton Roads, and then proceeded to New Orleans, where his vessel was a part of Farragut's fleet at Vicksburg. The vessel was afterwards ordered to Baltimore for
repairs, and where Lieutenant Weeden resigned, Aug. 5, 1862, (and not 1864 as stated in the Roster). He afterwards enlisted as sergeant of the Hospital Guards at Portsmouth
Grove, R.I., Nov. 13, 1862; mustered Dec. 6, 1862; promoted to first sergeant March 1, 1863; discharged Dec. 2, 1863, to accept commission as second lieutenant Fourteenth Rhode
Island Heavy Artillery, which was dated Nov. 7, 1863; assigned to Company C; re-mustered to date Oct. 11, 1863; appointed acting battalion quartermaster First Battalion Dec. 7, 1863,
and so borne until April 22, 1864, when detached as acting assistant quartermaster at Pass Cavallo, Texas, and so borne until relieved July 1, 1864. He was borne as battalion
quartermaster and post commissary from July 3, 1864, until Feb. 8, 1865; promoted to first lieutenant May 11, 1865; borne as battalion adjutant from June 6, 1865, until
Sept. 16, 1865; mustered out Oct. 2, 1865.
Since the close of the war he has been engaged as purser on the New York Line, messenger for Adams Express Company, etc. He joined Prescott Post No. 1, Grand Army of the Republic, Sept. 27, 1867. He afterwards joined Slocum Post No. 10, Sept. 3, 1884.
Lieutenant Weeden has a son, George William Weeden, Jr., a member of the Seventy-first Regiment, New York Volunteers, who participated in the battle of San Juan, in Cuba, July 1, 1898.
CHARLES L. STAFFORD.
FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES L. STAFFORD was born in Providence, R.I., June 10, 1842. He is the son of Robert R. and Anne F. (Holden) Stafford, and is descended from the early
settlers of the State, several of them being active in the early history of the country, both on land and sea.
Lieutenant Stafford, the subject of our sketch, was educated in the private and public schools of Providence, R.I., and graduated from the High School in April, 1862. At the call for three months' troops, in the spring of 1862, he enlisted and was mustered in as sergeant of Company B, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry, May 26, 1862. He was chief of a mess of sixteen young men, composed of Providence High School students. His company performed garrison duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., and was stationed for the greater portion of the time in Fort Pennsylvania, and drilled in heavy artillery tactics. He was mustered out with his regiment Sept. 1, 1862.
In the fall of 1862 he was on guard duty for two weeks at Lovell General Hospital, Portsmouth Grove, R.I. In June, 1863, commenced recruiting for the Thirteenth Rhode Island Volunteers, then organizing on the Dexter Training Ground, and was to have received a commission in the regiment. An order was subsequently received from Washington to discharge all six months' troops, and the Thirteenth Regiment was disbanded. He afterwards appeared before the Examining Board at Washington, D.C., and received an appointment as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Nov. 15, 1863, and mustered in same date. He was assigned to Company B. He served with his company on Matagorda Island, Texas, and in the spring of 1864 had charge of the sick at Pass Cavallo. While his battalion was stationed at Fort Jackson, he for a long time acted as boarding officer, and his duty was to examine the papers of the captains of all vessels passing up the Mississippi River. In May, 1865, he was detailed as permanent picket at Bayou Rammas, near Brashear City (now Morgan City), and remained there until he was promoted to first lieutenant, May 11, 1865, and was transferred to the Third Battalion stationed at Camp Parapet, La., and assigned to Company I. July 6, 1865, he was detailed to the temporary command of Company M; and August 31st in command of Company L, at Fort Banks, La., during the temporary absence of Captain Spink. Sept. 25, 1865, he was ordered to take command of Company B, and on Oct. 2, [865, was mustered out with his regiment.
Since the war he has been engaged in the cotton business, and still later in the drug business. He joined Prescott Post, No. 1, Grand Army of the Republic, May 10, 1867, and afterwards became a charter member of Rodman Post, No. 12, and was for two years commander of the post.
CHARLES P. GAY.
SECOND LIEUTENANT CHARLES PAYSON GAY, son of Abner Gay, Jr., and Susan Adeline (Smith) Gay, was born in Providence, R.I., Oct. 3, 1841. He is descended from old Puritan
stock, being a lineal descendant of John Gay, who came to America about 1630, and settled first at Watertown, Mass. He was admitted freeman May 6, 1635, and afterwards removed to
Dedham, where he was one of the founders of the Plantations, his name appearing on a petition for incorporation Sept. 6, 1636. He was among the original proprietors of lands,
and was one of the selectmen in 1654. He died March 4, 1688. John Gay, great grandfather of Charles P., was born in Dedham, Mass., Feb. 25, 1736, and served during the
Revolutionary War. He was lieutenant of Captain Joseph Guild's company, which marched from Dedham on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. He served in Heath's Massachusetts
regiment until January, 1776, when he entered the Continental Army as first lieutenant of the Twenty-fourth Continental Infantry.
Susan Adeline (Smith) Gay, mother of Charles P. Gay, was the daughter of Benjamin and Frances (Fosdick) Smith, and was born in Providence, R.I., Nov. 29, 1817, on Smith's Hill. Her home was the brick house still standing on Davis Street. Her uncle, Col. Henry Smith, built the Duncan House, which at that time, with the Davis Street house, were the only houses on the hill. She was a lineal descendant of John Smith "The Miller," who came to Providence with Roger Williams and four others in the spring of 1636, and made the first settlement of white persons in this territory. Job Smith, the maternal great grandfather of Charles P. Gay, was born Sept. 24, 1736. He was a man of ability, serving the colony both in a civil and military capacity. His commission in the Artillery company which was issued by the Honorable Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Governor, Captain-General and Commander-in-Chief of and over the English colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England in America, and dated the 10th day of May, 1759, and the thirty-second of His Most Sacred Majesty, George the Second, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, etc., is still preserved and is in the possession of Lieutenant Gay's brother, James Bacon Gay, of Providence, R.I. Job Smith married February, 1765, Ruth Harris, daughter of Henry Harris, who was a lineal descendant of Thomas Harris, 1st, one of the first settlers of Rhode Island, and Hope (Hopkins) Harris a lineal descendant of Thomas Hopkins, 1st, also one of the first settlers. Hope Harris was the sister of the renowned statesman and patriot Stephen Hopkins, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, also sister of Commodore Esek Hopkins, the organizer and first commander of the United States Navy. The maternal grandmother of Charles P. Gay, Frances (Fosdick) Smith, was daughter of Major Thomas and Mehitable (Hawkins) Fosdick, and was a lineal descendant of Stephen Fosdick, who was born in England in 1583. Stephen Fosdick came to America in 1635, and settled in Charlestown, Mass., where he died in 1664. Thomas Fosdick, the great grandfather of Charles P. Gay, was born in Boston, Dec. 28, 1756, and served through the greater portion of the War of the Revolution. He enlisted as a fifer in Capt. John Glover, Jr.'s company, of Col. John Glover's Massachusetts regiment, in 1775, and was promoted to the rank of ensign Aug. 1, 1775, and served in that regiment until January, 1776, when he entered the Continental service in the Fourteenth Continental Infantry. This regiment distinguished itself in the retreat from Long Island, and in the advance across the Delaware before the battle of Trenton. He was in the battle of Stillwater, and served as brigade major of artillery in Gen. John Glover's brigade in the campaign against Burgoyne in 1777, and in the subsequent operations of the army in New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Virginia, remaining in the service until very near the close of the war.
Lieut. Charles P. Gay, the subject of our sketch, was educated in the Public schools of Providence, and at the commencement of the Rebellion was a student in the High School. Early in 1861 he joined the Burnside Zouaves, which at that time was an active military company (now the United Train of Artillery). He was an active member and participated in all the movements of those stirring times. At the call for troops in the Spring of 1862, he enlisted in Company H, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry, and was appointed sergeant, serving in that capacity from May 26, 1862, to Sept. 1, 1862, when he was honorably discharged. In the summer of 1863 he received an appointment as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and was commissioned Sept. 14, 1863, reporting to Major Joseph J. Comstock, at Dutch Island, and was assigned to Company A. He was enrolled at Providence, R.I., Nov. 15, 1863, commissioned and re-mustered to date from Oct. 10, 1863. He served with the First Battalion during its varying fortunes in Texas and Louisiana, until April 17, 1864, when he was discharged in consequence of disability incurred while in the service.
On his return from the army he was connected with the manufacturing jewelry and silverware trade. He married Miss Anna Stuart Ladd, Oct. 3, 1866. She is the daughter of the late Samuel J. Ladd, of Providence, a well-known silversmith and a member of the old firm of Knowles & Ladd, now the J.B. & S.M. Knowles Company.
Dr. Frederick Albert Gay, brother of Lieutenant Gay, enlisted in the Eleventh Rhode Island Infantry, and served honorably in that regiment until its muster out of service. He died Dec. 27, 1893. Lieutenant Charles P. Gay died May 10, 1897.
DANIEL J. VIALL.
SECOND LIEUTENANT DANIEL J. VIALL, like his brother Gen. Nelson Viall, is descended from old New England stock, his ancestor John Viall being among the first settlers of
Boston, in 1630, and afterwards removed to Rehoboth, where he was a large landholder. His grandfather on the maternal side commanded a regiment of militia in the War of 1812.
Lieutenant Viall was born in Plainfield, Conn., Dec. 26, 1831. His parents while he was still young removed to Rhode Island, and from thence to Massachusetts. His educational
advantages were limited to a common school course; and, in the autumn of 1850, being then in his nineteenth year, he shipped on a whaling voyage in the ship Globe, of New Bedford,
Mass., which vessel was wrecked on Cape East, Bering Straits, in August of the following year (1851). The crew was rescued by the barque Amadia, and transferred to the barque Walliby,
of Australia, and were again transferred to the ship Columbia, of Nantucket. When this vessel arrived at Oye, one of the Sandwich Islands, he shipped on board the whaleship
St. George, to cruise and return home, which vessel arrived at New Bedford in May, 1853. He again shipped as a fourth mate in ship Christopher Mitchell, of New Bedford, and made
a successful voyage. The cruising grounds of the ship were as follows: Indian Ocean, North West Coast, Vancouver's Island, Alaska, Bering's Straits, Arctic Ocean, etc.
The ship arrived home in June, 1856, with oil, etc., valued at $96,000; his share being one seventy-fifth. He again, in August of the same year (1856), shipped as third mate in
the same vessel, but resigned in the autumn of 1858, to accept the position of second mate in the barque Prudent, of Greenport, N.Y., and made a short voyage on the coast of
New Zealand, and arrived home in May, 1859.
Lieutenant Viall enlisted in the Civil War as corporal in Company K, Ninth Rhode Island Infantry, May 25, 1862; mustered May 26, 1862; mustered out Sept. 2, 1862. He also enrolled as sergeant of Company K, Eleventh Rhode Island Infantry, Sept. 24, 1862; mustered Oct. 1, 1862; mustered out July 13, 1862. He was commissioned second lieutenant and assigned to Company B, Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Nov. 10, 1863; re-mustered to date Sept. 14, 1863; detached as acting ordnance officer, Dec. 18, 1863; ordered to report to company from detached service, April 15, 1864; detached for the fortifications by order, dated May 30, 1864; detached by order for service in Chicago Mercantile Battery, from June 25, 1864; borne as absent sick from Sept. 8, 1864, until October, 1864; discharged on tender of resignation on account of ill health, by order dated Oct. 19, 1864. It should also be stated that Lieutenant Viall, for his efficiency in artillery practice, was detailed as instructor of all the noncommissioned officers of the several companies as they successively arrived on Dutch Island.
For some years after the close of the war, and until the autumn of 1882, he held position as an officer in the Rhode Island State Prison; but, as the confinement to those duties impaired his health, he resigned the situation. He was afterwards an overseer in the Builders Iron Foundry of Providence, but on account of his health was compelled to relinquish that position, and has been night watchman in that foundry for many years. He is a member of Mount Vernon Lodge, No. 4, A.F. and A.M.
SECOND LIEUTENANT EDWARD ABORN was born in Providence, R.I., March 28, 1828. He attended the public schools of Providence in his youth. His occupation prior to the war was
that of a farmer. He was a member of the First Light Infantry. He entered the service in the War of the Rebellion as a private in Company D, First Rhode Island Detached Militia,
May 30, 1861, and was mustered in same date. He participated with his regiment in the battle of Bull Run, and was mustered out Aug. 2, 1861.
He received a commission as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery Oct. 28, 1863, and was assigned to Company D. He was mustered in Oct. 28, 1863. In December, 1863, he was detached from Company D for service in Company C. Jan. 12, 1864, returned to company. He was borne as absent sick from Oct. 6, 1864, until January, 1865. He was honorably discharged for disability, Jan. 22, 1865. At the close of the war he resumed his occupation as a farmer, and continued in that capacity until his death, which occurred March 29, 1889.
HERBERT D. LEAVITT.
SECOND LIEUTENANT HERBERT D. LEAVITT was born in Boston, Mass., April 5, 1845. At the breaking out of the Rebellion he was living with his parents in Providence, R.I.
He enlisted as a private in Company E, Fifth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Nov. 1, 1861. He was subsequently promoted to sergeant, and afterwards to first sergeant, and transferred
to Company H, Jan. 10, 1863. He participated with his regiment in the battles of Roanoke Island, New Berne, siege of Fort Macon, battles of Rahl's Mill, Kinston, Whitehall,
Goldsboro, siege of Little Washington, and first rebel attack on New Berne. He was borne on detached service in Rhode Island and Connecticut, from Aug. 14, 1863, until December,
1863. His service consisted in guarding substitutes and drafted men at Fair Haven, Conn., and he was thus engaged until December, 1863, when, having passed a satisfactory
examination before the Board of Examiners at Washington, D.C., he was honorably discharged from the Fifth to accept a commission as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode
Island Heavy Artillery, and was assigned to Company E. He was mustered in Dec. 22, 1863. He served with his regiment in the Department of the Gulf. From Oct. 22, 1864, until
January, 1865, he was borne on detached service as aid-de-camp on the staff of Maj.-Gen. Stephen A. Hurlburt. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
Soon after his return to Rhode Island he was appointed upon the police force of the city of Providence, but remained in that position but a short time. He was for several years in the employ of the Union Railroad Company, and was subsequently engaged in business in Franklin, Mass. He then removed to Medway, Mass., and engaged in the market business. He afterwards became connected with the same line of business in Boston in Faneuil Hall Square, where he continued until failing health compelled him to relinquish an active part in business affairs. He was a member of U.S. Grant Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and Wyoming Lodge, A.F. and A.M. He died Jan. 27, 1893.
LESTER S. HILL.
SECOND LIEUTENANT LESTER S. HILL was born in the town of Foster, R.I., Dec. 19, 1843. His early youth was spent upon the farm, where he worked for eight months of the year,
attending the district school the winter term of four months. At the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion he became imbued with the martial spirit which pervaded the youth of
the land, he laid his rake on the fence, hung his scythe in the old apple tree, and without waiting for his pay; and, although but a lad of seventeen, and not having attained the
age required by law for entrance into army service, yet he represented to the recruiting officer that he was older, and enlisted as a private in Battery E, First Rhode Island Light
Artillery, Sept. 30, 1861. Lieutenant Hill participated with his battery in the Peninsular campaign under McClellan, his battery being engaged at the siege of Yorktown, the battles
of Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Seven Days battle in front of Richmond, White Oak Swamp and Malvern Hill. He also participated in the following engagements: Second Bull Run, Chantilly,
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Mine Run. On the night of the first day's battle of Second Bull Run, he carried a gun covering to Gen. Isaac I. Stevens to
rest upon. That gallant officer was killed two days after at Chantilly while leading a charge upon the enemy. Battery E was attached to General Kearny's division at Chantilly.
On the evening of Sept. 1, 1862, the division was in position on the left flank of the main army. The battle was fought amid a terrific thunder storm. General Kearny alone and
mounted upon his favorite white horse came riding up to Battery E and inquired its name. On being informed that it was Randolph's battery he exclaimed: "Good!" and disappeared in
the darkness. The men of that battery never saw him alive again. He rode through a gap between his division and General Stevens's, and fell pierced with rebel bullets. It is related
that when the rebel general "Stonewall" Jackson came to the spot and viewed the body he said to those standing near: "My God, boys, do you know whom you have killed? You have shot
the most gallant officer in the United States Army. This is Phil Kearny, who lost his arm in the Mexican War." He then involuntarily lifted his hat, every officer in the group
following his example, and for a moment a reverential silence was observed by all. Subsequently the body of the dead soldier was placed upon two boards, and, being removd to
headquarters, was followed by General Jackson and other officers, while a regimental band preceded it, playing a dead march. Gen. A.P. Hill said when he saw Kearny dead:
"Poor Kearny! He deserved a better fate than this!" It is said that his impetuous bravery and skill would, had he lived, undoubtedly placed him among the foremost leaders of our
Lieutenant Hill was selected from among the many competent men in his battery to the position of corporal Aug. 5, 1862. Soon after he became gunner on the fifth piece, and as such he served in all the battles in which his battery was engaged previous to his departure for another field of duty.
In December, 1863, he received permission to appear before the Board of Examiners at Washington, D.C., and passed a satisfactory examination as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and was assigned to Company F. He was mustered in Dec. 30, 1863. He served with his regiment in the Department of the Gulf, being stationed at various places on the Mississippi River. Being familiar with the light artillery service he was often selected to drill detachments of his battalion (the Second) in that arm. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
At the close of the war Lieutenant Hill was engaged in teaching school while preparing for his medical course. With the zeal and good judgment that he evinced during his career as a soldier, he determined to achieve a name for himself in his chosen profession. He pursued his medical studies partly in the University of Vermont at Burlington, and graduated from the University in New York City, with the degree of M.D., in March, 1872. He immediately located in the city of Providence, where he has since been engaged in his profession, and has acquired a successful and extensive practice.
Dr. Hill is well known In society circles, and is connected with many organizations. Among them may be mentioned the Grand Lodge of Masons, and the Grand Chapter. He has been Grand Master of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of Rhode Island, and occupied the position of Grand Representative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge for six years. He has been Grand Patriarch of the Grand Encampment of Rhode Island. He is also a member of the Knights of Honor, being its State Medical Examiner for nine consecutive years. He is Medical Examiner of Providence Lodge, Ancient Order of United Workmen. In 1872 and 1873 he represented his native town in the General Assembly of Rhode Island. He has been for many years a member of the school committee of the city of Providence. He is also connected with the Rhode Island Medical Association. He is now and has been for several years a director in two of the Providence banks.
Dr. Hill joined Prescott Post, No. 1, Department of Rhode Island Grand Army of the Republic, in 1872. He was elected post surgeon in 1873, and held that office for four years in succession. He was elected medical director of the department in 1876, and occupied that position for three years. In 1889 he was elected president of the First Rhode Island Light Artillery Veteran Association. He joined the Massachusetts Cornmandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States in 1894. He was appointed Assistant Surgeon General in the Rhode Island Militia May 30, 1894, and has held that office to the present time (1898). He is a member of the Rhode Island Medical Society, and of the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution; also Grand Lodge of Masons, and Grand Chapter of Masons of Rhode Island.
At the commencement of the war with Spain he patriotically offered his services to the government, and was commissioned surgeon with the rank of major in the First Regiment Rhode Island Volunteers, and was mustered into service May 3, 1898, (and not May 7, as stated in the Roster), being the first person to be mustered into the regiment. On the 15th of September, 1898, he was appointed acting brigade surgeon third brigade, second division, second army corps.
JOHN A. REYNOLDS.
SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN A. REYNOLDS, son of Luther and Mahala (Arnold) Reynolds, was born in Newburyport, Mass., July 12, 1839. His ancestors are of
Rhode Island stock, and in the early settlement of this country resided in West Greenwich, R.I. On the maternal side his grandfather, William Arnold, served as
a soldier in the War of 1812. His father with his family removed from West Greenwich, R.I., to Providence about the year 1838. He afterwards lived in
Newburyport and Salem, Mass., Killingly, Conn., North Providence, and Foster, R.I.
John, the subject of our sketch, attended the public schools in early youth. He came to Providence in 1858, and worked for awhile at the lapidary business. He subsequently attended the High School of that city, and was pursuing his studies therein when he became imbued with a patriotic desire to serve his country, and enlisted as a private in Company B, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry. This company was of excellent material, being composed of students of Brown University and the Providence High School, and was commanded by that sturdy ex-governor, Elisha Dyer, father of the present governor of Rhode Island. This company was stationed in Fort Pennsylvania, in the Defences of Washington. A brother of Lieutenant Reynolds, Horatio N., was a member of Company K, of this regiment, and is now a resident of the city of Providence, R.I., and a clerk in the highway department of that city. Lieutenant Reynolds, after serving his term of enlistment with the Tenth, again entered the service as a corporal of Company I, Eleventh Rhode Island Infantry, one of the companies recruited under the auspices of the Young Men's Christian Association. He served with credit in this regiment during its term of service, and was mustered out July 13, 1863.
Soon after his return home he entered Brown University in the class of 1863, but upon receiving a commission as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery Dec. 18, 1863, he again entered the service; was mustered in Dec. 23, 1863, and assigned to Company F. Lieutenant Reynolds evinced a marked taste for vocal music; being himself a good singer, he generally took the lead in musical entertainments, and many an otherwise tedious hour in camp was pleasantly spent in this delightful recreation. Of a genial disposition, and a warm, sympathetic nature, he naturally won many friends; and his comrades will always remember him as ever ready to aid in every good word and work. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
Soon after leaving the army he removed to the West, and was employed by a publishing house in canvassing for directories throughout the South. While residing in Lafayette, Indiana, he was attacked with typhoid fever, and, after several weeks of painful illness, died Oct. 26, 1866, lamented by a large circle of acquaintances.
SECOND LIEUTENANT JAMES DODDS, son of John and Sarah (Morris) Dodds, was born in Thorny Bank, Scotland, April 11, 1844. He came with his parents to this
country in his youth, and attended the public schools in Carolina Mills, R.I., and was by occupation a clerk at the time of his enlistment as private in
Company L, Third Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Jan 11, 1862. He was mustered in Feb. 14, 1862. Discharged to accept commission as second lieutenant in the
Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Dec. 15, 1863; mustered Dec. 29, 1863; assigned to Company G; detached by order as acting aid-de-camp at Post
Plaquemine, La., Nov. 29, 1864, and so borne until January, 1865. He returned with his regiment to Rhode Island in October, 1865. His occupation since the
war has been practically the same as when he entered the service, that of clerk.
GEORGE L. GASKELL.
SECOND LIEUTENANT GEORGE L. GASKELL was born in Tiverton, R.I., April 16, 1840. He attended the public schools of that town in his youth. Previous to his
entering the army he was employed by Greene & Arnold, Zanzibar, Africa. He enlisted as a private in Battery G, First Rhode Island Light Artillery, Dec. 3, 1861,
and was mustered in Dec. 21, 1861. He participated with his battery in its campaigns and battles until discharged, Jan. 2, 1864, to accept a commission as
second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. He was assigned to Company G. His commission is dated Dec. 20, 1863. He was mustered in
Jan. 3, 1864. He was borne on detached service as acting deputy provost marshal at Plaquemine, La., from May 24, 1864, until September, 1864; on general
court-martial May 25, 1864; borne on special duty as enrolling officer from Nov. 7, 1864, until Nov. 29, 1864; ordered on detached service as officer of the
provost guard at Plaquemine, La., Dec. 22, 1864; on detached service as acting provost marshal, parish of Ascension, from Sept. 3, 1865, until muster out of
service, Oct. 2, 1865.
On his retirement from the service he settled in Plaquemine, La., and engaged in the lumber business. Was selectman for several terms, and in 1874 was mayor of Plaquemine. In 1890 he removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he still resides.
JAMES P. BROWN.
SECOND LIEUTENANT JAMES PECK BROWN, son of Eleazar and Charlotte (Wright) (Peck) Brown, was born in Rehoboth, Mass., on the 4th day of November, 1844.
His ancestors were of sturdy New England stock. James, the subject of this sketch, at an early age manifested a strong desire for a liberal education. At the
age of fifteen he commenced the study of Latin, which he continued, with some interruptions, until he arrived at the age of seventeen. He then attended the
University Grammar School, at Providence, R.I., where he remained nearly two years.
He was at this school when Fort Sumter fell. He manifested a strong desire to enlist, but his parents would not consent. In the spring of 1862 the consent of his parents was obtained and he enlisted for three months' service in Company K, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry. The regiment left Providence on the 26th of May, 1862, and was mustered out Sept. 1, 1862.
After his return from the service he continued his studies at the University Grammar School. In September, 1863, having completed his preparatory studies he entered Brown University in the class of 1867. His heart, however, was still with our armies in the field, and, having passed a satisfactory examination before the Examining Board at Washington, D.C., he was commissioned second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Dec. 31, 1863, and assigned to Company H. He was detached as officer of the provost guard at Plaquemine, La., March 27, 1864. On the 28th of December, 1864, he was ordered to take command of a detachment of twenty-four from his battalion and proceed to the telegraph station directly opposite Plaquemine. Captain Southwick, acting assistant inspector-general, in a report to headquarters, says: "At the telegraph station, directly across the river, are twenty-four men of Company G, Third Rhode Island Cavalry, in charge of a second lieutenant of that company; also twenty-four men from the artillery companies. Lieut. James P. Brown, Company H, Eleventh United States Colored Artillery (Heavy), commands both the detachments. He is about twenty years of age, but evidently a very fair officer. His detachment was in very good shape."
In June, 1865, his battalion was stationed at Donaldsonville, La. Here Lieutenant Brown died of congestive chills, Aug. 23, 1865. The letters written to his friends by the several officers of his battalion give the best account of his sickness and the estimation in which he was held by his comrades. We quote a few extracts. Lieutenant Gaskill, who was in temporary command of the company(section missing) had not been well during the past two months but was not considered dangerously ill until a few hours previous to his death. . . . "It is useless for me to speak to you of his merits. It is sufficient for me to say that he was an excellent officer; for in such an officer is embodied every quality pertaining to manhood. He was a strict disciplinarian. He possessed that firmness and decision of purpose, and that ability to command, which few of his age are endowed with. He strove to excel. If a person can ever be said to be generous to a fault, I surely think he could be said to be that person."
Captain Addeman writes: "We have now for nearly two years been associated with each other. I had learned to love him as a brother. His high sense of honor, his conscientious attention to every duty required of him by his superiors, his temperate habits, his generous and kind heart, not only attached me to him as his captain, by the strongest ties, but also awakened the deepest love and respect of all his brother officers. There are none who are free from the weaknesses of frail humanity, but I have often thought, and as often remarked to others, that James was remarkably free from the common errors of young men. His character was pure and irreproachable. His life was unblemished. "He possessed a high degree of physical and moral courage. In the moment of threatening danger his cheek would blanch, but it was from no source of fear. He fully appreciated the extreme peril of the hour, and he heroically nerved himself to meet it. I do not think the torture of the stake or of the rack would have extorted from him a murmur. His brave soul would have rendered him equal even to that emergency. He was often envied by his brother officers for the splendid physical development with which nature had endowed him."
Captain Cragin says: "I was struck from the first with the remarkable interest James manifested in military duties. He seemed to be peculiarly fitted for the profession of arms. His manly air and bearing, erect figure, powerful muscular development, ability to endure protracted labor and fatigue, undoubtable courage, resolute spirit, and especially his love for the service, seemed to furnish an unusual number of qualifications for the trying exigencies of military life. I need not say that subequent experience proved that he possessed all these soldierly qualities in a rare measure. He suffered very severely from the chills. He frequently went on duty when he was not able to do so, but was never known to utter a word of complaint. He was selected for the dangerous post of Plaquemine on account of his habits of strict discipline, and for his successful command over his men."
The officers of his regiment during his sickness cared for him with a tenderness more than filial, and he was accorded a soldier's burial. His remains now rest in his native village.
SAMUEL WILDES COGGESHALL.
SECOND LIEUTENANT SAMUEL WILDES COGGESHALL, son of Rev. Dr. Samuel W. Coggeshall, was descended from Pilgrim stock, his great ancestor John having
come with his wife and three children to Boston, in the ship Lyon, Sept. 16, 1632, the same ship which had previously brought Roger Williams and others.
John Coggeshall was descended from Sir Thomas de Coggeshall, who lived about the latter part of the reign of King Stephen, grandson of the Conqueror. He derived
his patronymic from the town of Coggeshall, on the Black Water Country of Essex, built by King Stephen, in 1142, near which was Codham Hall. John Coggeshall
was a member of the first church in Boston, under Cotton and Wilson, and was also associated in the government with Winthrop and others, till the famous
General Court, of Nov. 7, 1637, after which, in pursuit of liberty and conscience, in carrying out religious convictions, he with Coddington and sixteen other
prominent and influential men purchased Aquidneck (now Rhode Island) of the Narragansett Sachems, where they removed in March, 1638, and founded Newport, and,
in connection with Roger Williams, who was in Providence two years before, established religious freedom on this continent.
Lieut. Samuel Wildes Coggeshall, the subject of our sketch, was born in Woonsocket, R.I., Nov. 27, 1844. In his youth he attended the public schools, also a private school for boys. At the time of his enlistment in the Union Army he was a student at East Greenwich Academy, where he had entered on a course for a profession, but which the war effectually frustrated. He first enlisted as a corporal in Company F, Ninth Rhode Island Infantry, May 26, 1862, and was stationed with his company in Fort Carroll, in the Defences of Washington, D.C. He was mustered out with his regiment, Sept. 2, 1862. He again entered the service as a sergeant in the Twelfth Rhode Island Infantry, Oct. 7, 1862, and participated with his regiment in the hard fought battle of Fredericksburg, and the campaign in the West. Upon the expiration of the term of service of the regiment, July 29, 1863, it returned to Rhode Island.
Lieutenant Coggeshall had become so enthused with the patriotic spirit that he was unable to resume his studies, and proceeded to Washington, D.C., where he passed a creditable examination before General Casey's Examining Board as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. He was assigned to Company H, and served with credit in his regiment. On the 5th of December, 1864, he was appointed acting aid-de-camp on the staff of Gen. Thomas W. Sherman, in the Defences of New Orleans, and served in that capacity until April 1, 1865. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
After his discharge from the army he took a course of instruction in book-keeping, and went to New Orleans, where for several years he was clerk and cashier for a lumber firm. He died of yellow fever in that city, Aug. 25, 1878.
SECOND LIEUTENANT FRANK FROST, son of Samuel and Theodosia (Fall) Frost, was born in Southbridge, Mass., July 31, 1844. His father with his family afterwards removed to
Kinderhook, N.Y., where Frank attended the public schools. The family afterwards came to Providence, R.I., where he attended the Bridgham Grammar School. He was a student in the
Providence High School when he enlisted as private for three months' service in Company B, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry, May 26, 1862. He was mustered out with his regiment
Sept. 1, 1862. He afterwards enlisted as private in Company D, Eleventh Rhode Island Infantry, Sept. 10, 1862, and served with his regiment in Virginia, until mustered out,
July 13, 1863. He appeared before the Examining Board in Washington, D.C., and received a commission as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery,
Jan. 20, 1864, and was re-mustered to date from Dec. 24, 1863. He was assigned to Company M. He was detailed for service in the Chicago Mercantile Battery from June 25, 1864,
until July 5, 1864. He was on duty as officer in charge of the guards at the United States General Hospital, Greenville, La., in May, 1865. He resigned on account of ill health
June 14, 1865.
After his return from the army he was a conductor for the Union Railroad Company for several years, and afterwards entered the employ of the Nicholson File Company, but was soon after compelled to give up his occupation there in consequence of impaired health. He died Feb. 7, 1885.
MARTIN S. SMITH.
SECOND LIEUTENANT MARTIN S. SMITH Was born in Scituate, R.I., Dec. 21, 1844. He is the son of Martin, grandson of Israel, and great grandson of Jeremiah Smith, who was a
resident of Smithfield for many years, and settled in Scituate in 1788. His mother, Mary E. Smith, was a daughter of Ziba, and granddaughter of Simon Smith, of Glocester.
Lieutenant Smith was prepared for college at Smithville Seminary in Scituate, East Greenwich Academy, and the University Grammar School of Providence, and entered Brown University in 1861, when sixteen years of age. Joining the "College Cadets" he acquired a rudimentary knowledge of military tactics as a non-commissioned officer from 1861, to 1863. In June, 1863, he went with a section of the Marine Artillery, under Colonel Gallup, to Bonnet Point, where the battery camped and drilled about six weeks. Jan. 8, 1864, he went before Gen. Casey's board for examination, and, upon receiving his commission in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, reported for duty, and was mustered in and assigned to Company K, Jan. 23, 1864. Capt. A. Richmond Rawson being absent sick, Lieutenant Smith commanded Company K until the arrival of the Third Battalion in New Orleans, about the middle of April, 1864. In July, 1865, Lieutenant Smith was appointed battalion quartermaster of the Third Battalion, and Sept. 18, 1865, acting regimental quartermaster, serving in that capacity until the disbanding of the regiment, about the last of October, 1865. In November, 1865, Lieutenant Smith received a new commission in the Sixty-fifth United States Infantry (Colored), which he did not accept, and upon which he was not mustered. Returning to Brown University in November, 1865, he graduated with the class of 1867. After graduation in 1867 Mr. Smith went to Blackfoot City, Montana, where he taught awhile in the public schools, and devoted a short time to gold mining, but was occupied the greater portion of three years in mercantile pursuits.
Returning to Rhode Island in 1870 he was a coal merchant in Providence until 1876. During the next two years he was engaged in selling the "Tingley Heat Governor" in New York City and Brooklyn. Retiring to the old homestead in Scituate in 1878, he has since given his attention chiefly to fruit raising. He has held many public offices in his native town, having been moderator and a member of the town council, school committee, superintendent of schools, trial justice, and in other positions of honor and trust. He has been a member of the legislature of Rhode Island nine years, seven in the lower house and two in the senate. Mr. Smith was married in 1881 to Marcelia, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Dexter, and has two sons, Howard D. and Benjamin H. Smith, and three daughters, Mary E., Lydia W., and Helen M. Smith.
He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He joined Prescott Post in May, 1867, and was afterwards transferred to Rodman Post, No. 12, of Providence. Mr. Smith united with the First Baptist Church of Providence in May, 1866, and has always been interested in church and Sunday-school work, having served as superintendent of mission and Sunday-schools twenty years.
BENJAMIN DUNN JONES.
SECOND LIEUTENANT BENJAMIN DUNN JONES was born in Providence, R.I., May 31, 1840. After a preliminary training in the public schools, he entered Kenyon College, at
Gambier, Ohio, with a view to fitting himself eventually for the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal Church. He subsequently entered Brown University, expecting to graduate with
the class of 1864, and was here pursuing his studies when the War of the Rebellion broke out. He promptly enlisted as a private in Company A, Fourth Rhode Island Volunteers,
subsequently being promoted to corporal and sergeant, serving out his original term of enlistment and re-enlisting in January, 1864, for a further term. In all the battles in
which his regiment bore so gallant and conspicuous a part, he was present, but escaped casualty except in the battle of Antietam, when he was slightly wounded. He was commissioned
a second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, being assigned to Company I, and served with that command from January, 1864, until mustered out, Oct. 2, 1865.
He was frequently assigned on special duty, to which he was well adapted by his education and military experience.
On returning to Providence at the close of the war, he felt that the long interruptions of his studies had unfitted him for their further prosecution, and he removed to Omaha, Nebraska, to enter business pursuits. Here he remained until his decease, March 5, 1875. He was widely known and respected for his sterling worth, business energy, and integrity, and his untimely death was universally regretted. The Masonic Lodge of which he was a member participated in his funeral services. His remains were taken to Providence, R.I., and interred in Swan Point Cemetery in that city.
SECOND LIEUTENANT PARDON MASON, son of Robert and Mehitable T. Mason, was born in Pawtucket, R.I., March 4, 1830. He was educated in the public schools of that place. He
was a sash and blind maker by trade, and was engaged in that occupation in Providence at the breaking out of the war. He was among the first to volunteer, enlisting as private in
Company E, First Rhode Island Detached Militia, April 17, 1861, and mustered May 2, 1861; promoted corporal June 5, 1861; mustered out Aug. 2, 1861. On his return he organized a
company in Pawtucket, and was commissioned a captain in the Third Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Aug. 27, 1861, and assigned to Company F; mustered in Sept. 7, 1861. He was ordered
to Fort Seward Jan. 4, 1862; ordered to Tybee Island May, 1862; ordered on special duty Feb. 9, 1863; resigned April 29, 1863. On the 4th of February, 1864, he was commissioned
second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and assigned to Company K; mustered in Feb. 13, 1864; borne as acting regimental adjutant from April 23, 1864,
until May, 1864; borne as absent sick from May 22, 1864, until June, 1864; ordered on duty as acting battalion quartermaster July 22, 1864; relieved from duty by order
Oct. 30, 1864; again ordered on special duty as acting battalion quartermaster, Nov. 3, 1864; and so borne until January, 1865; honorably discharged May 15, 1865.
On his return from the army he was employed by Corliss & Nightingale, at their works in Providence. He was instantly killed while in their employ, Aug. 15, 1865, by being thrown from a platform by the breaking of some portion of the machinery.
HERBERT F. BENNETT.
SECOND LIEUTENANT HERBERT F. BENNETT, son of Bela W.P. and Clarissa G. (Brown) Bennett, was born in Hopkinton, R.I., March 18, 1844. His great grandfather served in the
Revolutionary War. When about six years of age Lieutenant Bennett's parents moved to Providence, R.I., where he attended the public schools, and subsequently in Foxboro, Mass.
He enlisted in Battery E, First Rhode Island Light Artillery, Sept. 30, 1861, and was mustered into service on the same date. He participated in all the battles in which his
battery was engaged previous to his promotion, with the exception of the battle of Gettysburg, when he was absent on sick furlough. He re-enlisted Dec. 23, 1863, and was sworn
into service on the 24th. He passed a successful examination before the Examining Board in Washington, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island
Heavy Artillery. He was assigned to Company L, and was stationed for the greater portion of his term of service in Fort Banks, La. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
Soon after the war he removed to Bristol, R.I., and was employed as conductor on the Providence, Warren, and Bristol Railroad, which position he held until 1882, when he was elected town clerk of Bristol, which office he has held continuously ever since. He was a member of the general assembly of the town in 1881-2.
He joined Babbitt Post, of Bristol, in 1867, and continued with it until the post was disbanded, in 1871. Upon its reorganization, in 1835, he again became identified with it, and has filled various offices in the post, including that of adjutant and commander. He was an aid-de-camp on the staff of the commander-in-chief in 1890, and has also served as a member of the council of administration; quartermaster-general of the the department, and as junior and senior vice department commander. He is also a member of Providence Royal Arch Chapter, St. Albans Lodge Free and Accepted Masons, Bristol and Mount Hope Council Royal Arcanum, Bristol, R.I., and the First Rhode Island Light Artillery Veteran Association.
CHARLES M. SMITH.
SECOND LIEUTENANT CHARLES M. SMITH was born in Providence, R.I., March 27, 1845. He attended the public schools of his native city in his youth, and had just graduated
from the Providence High School when he enlisted, May 26, 1862, as a private in Company D, Tenth Rhode Island Infantry. He served with his regiment in the Defences of
Washington, D.C., and was mustered out Sept. 1, 1862. He again entered the service as sergeant in Company I, Eleventh Rhode Island Infantry, Sept. 15, 1862; and was mustered
in Oct. 1, 1862; mustered out July 13, 1863. He was commissioned second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery Jan. 12, 1864, and assigned to Company L;
detached for duty in Company K by order dated Nov. 17, 1864; acting adjutant Third Battalion from May, 1865, to September, 1865. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
On his return to Providence he pursued the occupation of bookkeeping. He was superintendent of lights of the city of Providence from Oct. 1, 1867, to April 14, 1879. The term of office of Mr. Smith was marked mainly by the introduction of the method of lighting gas by electricity, and those who were acquainted with him will recall his interest in that direction as one of his prominent characteristics. It was the following up of this study which brought him into the ranks of electrical experts and marked the latter years of his life. When the electric lighting apparatus was adopted its headquarters were on the second floor of the old railroad station, and when the new City Hall was being built Mr. Smith provided for his apparatus in what is now the battery room of the fire alarm telegraph. The system had but fairly been put into practical operation in the central parts of the city when Mr. Smith gave up his position and became interested in the invention of steel, non-wreckable cars, which was being introduced by Massachusetts parties, and he removed his residence to Boston. This latter scheme did not meet with the success anticipated by its promoters, and Mr. Smith finally relinquished his interests, taking up electrical work again as an expert and engineer. He died in Boston, Aug. 4, 1896.
ALBERT W. DELANAH.
SECOND LIEUTENANT ALBERT W. DELANAH, son of William and Abigail (Brown) Delanah, was born in Pawtucket, R.I., in 1834. He has resided the most of his life in
Providence, R.I., where he learned the trade of jeweler. For five years prior to the war he was engaged in the manufacture of jewelry. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in
the Twelfth Rhode Island Infantry Oct. 10, 1862, was assigned to Company B, and participated with his regiment in the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862, and the
subsequent campaign in Kentucky, under Burnside. He was promoted to first lieutenant March 31, 1863, and was mustered out July 29, 1863. He again entered the service Feb. 14, 1864,
as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and was assigned to Company M. The Third Battalion of his regiment was stationed at Camp Parapet, La., where
it performed garrison duty during its entire period Of service. He was mustered out with his regiment Oct. 2, 1865.
WILLIAM S. DYER.
(The sketches of Lieutenants Dyer and Wardlow were received too late to insert them in their proper order among the first lieutenants.)JOHN E. WARDLOW.
FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM S. DYER was born in Fredericksburgh, Va., Oct. 28, 1837. He is the son of William H. and Mary Gorton (Tanner) Dyer. He is a descendant on both the paternal and maternal sides from Roger Williams. His mother was born in the house built for Joseph, son of Roger Williams. This house remained in the possession of the family until within a few years. William H. Dyer, the father of the subject of our sketch, removed to Virginia in 1836, to engage in silk culture, and returned to Rhode Island when his son William was two years of age. William received his education in the public schools of Cranston. He also attended the Smithfield Seminary, and later Jencks Mowry's Academy at Mount Pleasant, North Providence, R.I.
On the breaking out of the Rebellion he was among the first to enlist in the First Light Battery Rhode Island Volunteers, April 17, 1861, and was mustered out Aug. 6, 1861. He was afterwards enrolled as quartermaster sergeant in Battery B, First Rhode Island Light Artillery, Aug. 13, 1861, and was mustered in same date. He was discharged for disability Dec. 1, 1862. On his return to Rhode Island he joined the Marine Artillery, and during the draft riots was stationed with his battery at Bonnet Point, and at the armory on Benefit Street in Providence.
On the 14th of September, 1863, he was appointed second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery. He subsequently appeared before the Examining Board at Washington, D.C., and was commissioned first lieutenant in the same regiment Dec. 2, 1863. He was appointed ordnance officer at Plaquemine, La., March 27, 1864. By order of Maj.-Gen. N.P. Banks, Sept. 12, 1864, to date back to April 1, 1864, he was assigned to duty in the office of the chief engineer of the Department of the Gulf. He built the earthwork, a ten-gun fort, at Plaquemine, La. When the Second Battalion removed to Donaldsonville, in June, 1865, he was ordered to dismantle this fort and rejoined his battalion at Donaldsonville, where he held the position of post ordnance officer until the battalion was ordered to Camp Parapet, La., in September, 1865. He was mustered out Oct. 2, 1865.
Since the war he has been engaged in various pursuits. From December, 1880, till April, 1884, he was in the civil service of the United States, first as clerk at Brule Agency, Dakota, and then as clerk in charge of Crow Creek Agency, Dakota; and later Special United States Indian Agent with Cheyenne Indians of Montana, and stationed at Miles City. He is at present residing in Cranston, R.I.
FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN E. WARDLOW, son of James and Eliza (Cooke) Wardlow, was born in Pawtucket, Mass. (territory which is now in Rhode Island), Oct. 16, 1840. He attended
the public schools of his native place in his youth. At the breaking out of the Rebellion he manifested a strong desire to serve his country in her hour of peril, enlisting as
private in Battery B, First Rhode Island Light Artillery, Aug. 13, 1861. That he was an excellent soldier is shown by the fact that he was successively promoted to corporal,
sergeant, and first sergeant in his battery, and afterwards was detached as acting sergeant-major of the artillery brigade of the Second Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac.
He subsequently received a commission as second lieutenant in the Fourteenth Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, Oct. 16, 1863, and afterwards on appearing before the Examining Board
at Washington, D.C., received a commission as first lieutenant in the same regiment Dec. 3, 1863. and was assigned to Company E. He was acting battalion quartermaster of his
battalion from Jan. 21, 1864, until March, 1864. He was also borne on detached service as post quartermaster and commissary from March 27, 1864, until Nov. 6, 1864. Also served
as post commissary at Donaldsonville, La., from June 25, 1865, to Aug. 29, 1865. He was discharged from the service in consequence of impaired health Aug. 29, 1865. After
returning to the North he went to an infirmary in New York for his health, but not receiving any lasting benefit returned to Providence, R.I. Soon afterwards, while visiting
his relatives in New York City, he was taken suddenly ill of heart disease, and died there March 10, 1867