Fifty Puritan Ancestors
1628 - 1660
Genealogical Notes - 1650 - 1900
Elizabeth Todd Nash
New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor
[Transcribed by Coralynn Brown]
GEORGE SMITH was one of the original settlers of New Haven, coming with Davenport and Eaton, 1639. [New Haven Co., Rockey, Vol. II, p. 277].
In the first tax list he had one in family, £5o estate, and five acres in neck, three acres in meadow and twelve acres in second division.2 He married Sarah _____.
SARAH, twin, b. 1642; Sarah m. John Clark 1661.
MARTHA, twin, b. 1642.
HANNAH, b. 1644; all three bapt. Dec. 14, 1645.
MARY, b. Feb. 22, 1646; m. John Benham 1669.
JOHN, b. April 18, 1647.
ELIZABETH, b. Sept. 16, 1649; m. John Hall, Nov. 13, 1668, of Guilford.
SAMUEL, b. Dec. 4, 1651.
EBENEZER, b. Nov. 15, 1653.
JOSEPH, b. Aug. 14, 1655.
NATHAN, b. Dec. 27, 1656; d. May 17.
Hannah Smith, daughter of George and Sarah Smith, born 1644, married Stephen Bradley, Jr., of Guilford, 1663. [Savage, Vol. II, p. 112].
THE WARD FAMILY
THE following authorities are given for the Ward Chart, which goes back to Osbert de Varde, 1130: Burton's "Monasticon," pp. 139-166; Whittaker's "Leeds" ; Dugdale's "Monasticon," Vol. V, P 139 ; Tanner's "Notitia."
In 1130 there were three brothers de Varde: Simon, Godewin and Osbert of Givendale, Yorkshire.
Osbert had two sons, Richard and William de Varde of Givendale Living, 1150.
William de Varde had son, Simon de Varde, who married Maude _____. Simon de Varde founded Escholst Priory the end of the Twelfth Century; he had two sons, John de Varde of Scotton and William de Varde of Givendale.
William de Varde had sons: William of Capes and Simon (made Sir Simon 1260, by Henry III).
Sir Simon had son, Sir Simon, knight and baronet, "A great Baron against the Scots;" and Sir Simon the second had two sons, Sir John, 1350, and Simon, "the Simon de Varde who married Margaret, a daughter of the House of Mortimer, Lords of Attilbury, County Norfolk, and ancestors of the Lords of Norfolk."
Simon and Margaret de Varde's son John married Elena de Boost or de Bois; their son, John, 2d, married Katherine Applegard.
Robert de Varde, son of John and Katherine Applegard de Varde, married Alice Kemp, had a son, Robert, 2d, who married a Copperdick ; and their son, Robert, 3d, married a daughter of Sir Giles Capel of London, ancestor of the Earls of Essex, and had three sons, Henry Warde of Kirby—Bedon, Jeffrey of Broke, and Thomas Warde of Homersfield, who married _____Hare, daughter of John Hare, D.C.L., of Homersfield, Norfolk.
Richard, son of Thomas Warde and _____Hare, married Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Gunville. Iunsell's "American Ancestry" for 1894 calls him "Sir Richard Ward, Kt. of Homersfield and Gorleston, Suffolk County, England," and says it was his son, Andrew Ward, who came to New England in 1634, and married Esther Sherman, daughter of Edmond and Joan Sherman, in which case Andrew Ward is the fifteenth in descent from Osbert de Varde.
The 'Ward Memorial," published in 1886, opens with an account of the "Battle Abbey," built by William the Conqueror, after the Battle of Hastings, where the names of those who fell in his cause were enrolled and masses were made in perpetuity. The names enrolled in this way were known as the "Role of Battle Abbey." "Among the seven hundred and ten distinguished persons who accompanied William the Conqueror from Normandy to Britain in 1066 was `Ward, one of the Noble Captains,'—there is no doubt that the Wards have their ancestry in these followers of William."
Whatever the ancestry of Andrew Ward, or his position in England, the records in America show him an important and influential man among the pioneers.
"When the colonists went from Watertown to Wethersfield, Conn. (in 1636?), members of Mr. Philip's Church in Watertown granted them dismission and permission to form a church in Connecticut, ratified by Connecticut General Court, April 19, 1636.
Andrew Ward was the first person named, also one of the five members of the Court, First session of General Court of Connecticut, April 26, 1636." [History of Norwich, Conn., Caulkins, p. 461].
Andrew Ward was made freeman in Watertown, May 11, 1634, removed to Wethersfield, 1634, and with Ludlow and others had commission from Massachusetts to govern the people of Connecticut for one year, 1635. Was one of the first Judges of the County Court in Hartford. [History of Guilford, H. Smith, p. 28]. Representative 1636-1637. Removed to Stamford, 1641, and then to Fairfield, Memorial Hist. Hartford County, Trumbull, p. 436] where, it is said, "He was one of the most important and one of the most influential men in Fairfield." [Schenck's Hist. of Fairfield Co., p. 419].
He died in Fairfield, 1659.
He married Esther Sherman, daughter of Edmond and Joan Sherman, who died in 1665. They had ten children. [Savage's Genealogical Dictionary].
SECOND GENERATION IN AMERICA
Andrew Ward, Jr., son of Andrew and Esther Sherman Ward, born 1647, admitted freeman of Kenilworth (now Killingworth) in 1668 ; married Tryal (daughter of John) Meigs of Guilford, 1668. [Dr. Talcott's MSS Record].
Andrew Ward, Jr., died, 1690.
ANDREW WARD, 3d, b. 1669; m. Deborah Joy Nov. 19, 1691; d. Aug. 17, 1730.
JOHN, b. March 16, 1671.
ABIGAIL, b. Sept. 15, 1672.
SARAH, b. Nov. 13, 1674; m. Nov. 13, 1693, Stephen Bradley, 3d.
PETER, b. Oct. 14, 1676; m. Mary Joy March 30, 1698; d. Dec. 8, 1763.
WILLIAM, b. Oct. 18, 1678.
SAMUEL, b. Sept. 24, 1680; d. 1681.
ESTHER, b. May 2, 1684; d. July, 1684.
Peter, son of Andrew and Tryal ( Meigs) Ward, born October 14, 1676, married Mary Joy, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Spencer Joy, March 30, 1698. Mary Joy, born September 17, 1680.
PETER, JR., b. Oct. 11, 1709; m. Deborah Buck.
MARY. [transcriber's note: I have her b. April 10, 1713, m. 1730 to John Palmer].
Peter Ward, 2d, son of Peter and Mary ( Joy) Ward, born October 11, 1709, married (I) Deborah Buck, April 13, 1733, she died May 7, 1750; (2) Hannah Isbell, February 5, 1752. [Dr. Talcott's MSS Records].
DEBORAH, b. Feb. 21, 1734; d. y.
NAOMI, b. Jan. 1, 1737.
DEBORAH, twin, b. Oct. 3, 1739.
JOY, twin, b. Oct. 3, 1739.
CHLOE, b. Jan. 1744.
LEVI, b. Nov. 26, 1745 (or Dec. 9, O. S.) ; m. Mary Meigs.
AMBROSE, b. Dec. 6, 1747; m. Lois Meigs Jan. 2, 1771.
ICHABOD, b. May 1, 1750.
SIMON PETER, by second wife.
Deacon Levi Ward, son of Peter and Mary Ward, born November 26, 1745, married Mary Meigs (daughter of Deacon Josiah and Mary Hand Meigs) June 8, 1762.
Mary Meigs, born January 18, 1737, died November 6, 1806.
[Deacon Josiah Meigs, born May 14, 1701, died December 26, 1774, was son of Janna and Hannah Willard Meigs, brother of Jehiel Meigs (see Meigs Family) married June 14, 1727, Mary Hand, daughter of Stephen and Sarah Wright Hand.] [Descendants of William Wilcoxson, Vincent Meigs, Richard Webb, by Wilcox, p. 30].
JOHN, b. June 11, 1769; m. Lucinda Clark.
LEVI, b. July 29, 1771; m. Mehitable Hand.
DEBORAH, b. June 12, 1775; m. Jesse Crampton ; d. 1848.
Deacon Levi Ward married for second wife Jemina Hubbard ; no children by second wife.
Levi Ward, Jr., son of Levi and Mary Meigs Ward, born July 29, 1771, graduated at Yale College, studied medicine under Dr. Jonathan Todd, and took his M.D.; married Mehitable Hand, youngest daughter of Capt. Daniel Hand. (See Hand Line.)
Dr. Ward practised seventeen years in Haddam, Conn., where he "Genesee Country" to settle. [transcriber's note: for some reason these words are here, also in the next sentence. ??] Bergen was then in the wilderness, County at the "State Medical Society" meetings. In 1807 Levi Ward, Sr., John Ward and Levi Ward, M.D., went to the "Genesee Country" to settle. Bergen was then in the wilderness and Indians, bears, wolves, deer, were the neighbors of the little company from Haddam.
Dr. Ward was the only physician in that locality, and he was sent for from distant settlements, entailing long wearisome journeys through the forests.
In 1808 Dr. Ward was selected by the State of Connecticut as their representative in survey of land owned by Connecticut and Sir William Poultney, and in 1810 Dr. Ward was appointed agent for the sale of the "Connecticut tract," proceeds of which formed the "Connecticut School Fund." This tract is said to have been 100,000 acres.
Dr. Ward established the first mail route in Western New York, between Canandaigua and Niagara River, northward to Lake Ontario in 1812, and the mails were carried on horseback by Dr. Ward's sons, Henry, Daniel and Levi, through tangled woods, often with wolves howling on their track.
In the War of 1812, Dr. Ward collected all the muskets, rifles, cartouch boxes, and bayonets in his neighborhood, and loaned them to Col. Daniel Davis for the use of his regiment, holding himself personally responsible for their safe return.
A company was raised at Bergen with Dr. Ward as Captain, his eldest son, William H., as Corporal. In 1813 Dr. Ward was made President of the "Genesee Medical Society," also for ten years Supervisor of his town and for a term was one of the Session Judges of Genesee County.
In 1817 Dr. Ward moved to Rochester there he was promoter and first President of the Savings Bank, also President of Rochester Bank, President of "Monroe County Bible Society," "President of the Board of Trustees of the Monroe High School," one of the committee by public appointment sent to New York City to take part in the Erie Canal celebration in 1824.
"Ruling Elder" for many years of the Presbyterian Church. A large land owner there, many streets still bear his family names, and it is said that "There was not an enterprise in the line of business, of education, of morals or of religion, in which Dr. Ward did not take a thoughtful and practical interest, furthering the same to the best of his ability by his presence, voice, vote and purse." [Ward Memorial, pp. 12 to 27].
Mehitabel (Hand) Ward, born August 30, 1772, died July, 1855.
Levi Ward, M.D., died January 4, 1861.
SIBA, b. July 23, 1791; d. Nov. I I, 1794.
WILLIAM HARVEY, b. Feb. 6, 1793 ; m. Maria Buell; d. June 5, 1830.
SIBA HAND, b. Dec. 14, 1794; m. Silas O. Smith; d. March 4, 1884.
DANIEL HAND, b. July 25, 1796; d. 1846.
ESTHER MARIA, b. Dec. 11, 1798; m. Moses Chapin; d. Oct. 9, 1828.
LEVI ALFRED, b. Jan. 31, 1801 ; m. (1) Harriett Barton, (2) Harriet Kemp ; d. Aug. 6, 1881.
HENRY MEIGS, b. Oct. 21, 1802; m. Eliza Chapin.
ELIZABETH MARY, b. July 23, 1804; m. Daniel Hand; d. March 3, 1839.
MEHETABLE EUNICE, b. May 8. 1806; d. Aug. 28, 1809.
SUSAN MATILDA, b. March 2o, 1808; m. Samuel Lee Selden; d. April 2, 1862.
MEHETABLE EUNICE, b. Dec. 17, 1809; m. Charles Lee Clark.
FERDINAND DE WILTON, b. July 9, 1812; m. Jane Shaw.
HENRIETTA JACQUELINE, b. Oct. 2, 1814; m. Freeman Clarke.
Rev. Ferdinand De Wilton Ward, DD., one of the early missionaries to India, although in the seventh generation, is so well known it is deemed best to include a brief sketch with portrait in the main work. Ferdinand De Wilton, born July 9, 1812, graduated at Union College (under President Nott) and Princeton Theological Seminary (under Drs. Alexander, Miller and Hodge), was ten years a missionary in Southern India, 1836-1846, Madura six years, Madras four years, when ill health forced his return to America.
His book, "India and the Hindoos," published in 1850, is still a standard work on India; he was also author of several volumes in the English and Tamul languages ; edited the first periodical in any Hindu language solely devoted to the advocacy of total abstinence from use of intoxicating liquors. Mrs. Ward inaugurated and conducted the first female boarding school in the Madura (S. India) mission. Dr. Ward was Pastor in Genesee, N. Y., twenty years, Chaplain in Regiment 104, N. Y. V., District Secretary of "American Bible Society" for Western New York. Honored with a Doctor's degree by Washington and Jefferson College (Penn.) and "Phi Beta Kappa" at his alma mater, also member of the "American Oriental Society."
THE SHERMAN FAMILY
Among the list of forty-seven Stratford settlers, in land division Edmond Sherman's heirs have 12 acres, Moses Wheeler's heirs 31 1/2 acres, Mr. Samuel Sherman 17 1/2 acres, Matthew Sherman's heirs 18 acres, Mr. Samuel Sherman, Jr., 20 acres. [Bridgeport and Stratford, Orcutt, Vol.I, p. 263].
Edmond Sherman died in New Haven, Conn., in 1641, so there is little record of his short life in America. His ancestry is as follows:
"Thomas Sherman of Suffolk Co., England, was buried at Dedham, England, March 16, 1564. His son Henry Sherman ii, b. 1520, married Agnes Butler: died 1589 ; buried at Dedham, England.
Edmond Sherman iii, second son of Henry and Agnes Butler Sherman, born in Dedham, England, married (1) Ann Pelatte, (2) Anne Clear. He died in Dedham, England, 1660.
Edmond Sherman iv, second son of Edmond and Ann Sherman, born in Dedham, England, June 23; 1595 ; married (1) Joan (2) Judith Augur. They were Puritans ; came to America ; settled first in Watertown, Mass. ; removed to Wethersfield, Conn. and from there to Stratford. Edmond Sherman died in New Haven, Conn., 1641." [Munsell's American Ancestry, 1888 volume].
Esther Sherman, daughter Edmond and Joan Sherman, married Andrew Ward. Esther Sherman Ward died 1665.
THE TODD FAMILY
The name TODD is an altered form of the Scotch word tod, which means fox. With a single exception, the Todds have all come from the Highlands of Scotland. They have come to this country by three different channels: First the Scotch Todds, who have come directly from Scotland; Adam Todd being one of the class who arrived in New York early in the eighteenth century still wearing the kilt and tartan.
Next there are the Irish Todds, a part of whom came originally from Scotland. In the early days of the eighteenth century, Hugh Todd came from County Antrim, and settled on wild lands in the interior of Pennsylvania, whence his descendants spread into New Jersey, Carolina, Georgia and Kentucky. Into this branch President Abraham Lincoln married, Mrs. Lincoln being the greatgrandaughter of Robert Todd, who was a native of Pennsylvania and a general in the Revolutionary army.
Lastly the English Todds who came to this country by way of England, where they have been known at least as far back as the eleventh century. Upon their entrance into England, some of the Todds seem to have retained their Scotch name, while others exchanged it for its English equivalent. Hence the Todds and the Foxes belong to the same family and have always borne the same arms.
The Todds seem to have settled first in Yorkshire, where the name is common to this day. There was a John Todde, who was high sheriff of York in 1390, and also a Sir William Tod, who was high sheriff in 1477 and Lord Mayor, 1487. Till within comparatively recent times there were two inscriptions in preservation of the wall of York, which the antiquary Leland thus describes : "Under a piece of indifferent sculpture of a senator in his robes and a woman kneeling near him, `A. Dom. M.CCCC.L.XXXVII. Sir William Tod, mair jou-ates sometyme was schyriffe did this cost him-self.' Near this on a table under the city's arms, is `A Domini M.CCCC.L.XXXVII. Sir William Tod, Knight L . . Mayre this wal was mayde in his dayes lx yerdys.' " Rev. Robert Todd, the noted dissenting minister of Leeds, was a Yorkshire man, also Sir William Tod, who was high sheriff of York under Charles I, in 1625.
The Todds in America from the Yorkshire family are three distinct branches: Todd of Virginia, whose descendants spread into Kentucky, is one; John Todd of Charlestown, Mass., 1637, Rowley, Mass., 1639 ; and Christopher Todd of New Haven, Connecticut, 1639. [John Todd, Appendix I, pp. 525, 626].
The following notes on the Todd family were most kindly contributed by the Rev. John E. Todd, D.D., of Riverside, California, from his "Todd Family History" (unpublished). Additional notes will be shown by the authorities cited.
"The Todd history, so far as I have it, begins with William Todd, who lived in Pontefract, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, and was married September 24, 1592, to Isabel Rogerson. They had two sons : William, baptized June 29, 1593, and John, baptized Oct. 18, 1594.
William, the elder of these, married Katherine Ward (bapt. November 29, 1596) May 22, 1613-14. She was the daughter of John Ward and Isabel Brewster, who were married July 22, 1593.
William Todd was killed in York in a kind of duel and buried May 8, 1617.
William Todd and Katherine Ward had two children: Mary, baptized October 14, 1614, and Christopher, baptized January 12, 1617.
Mr. Michael Middlebrook lived at Hold (Old ?) Mills and had five children: Matthew, Michael, Mary, Hester and Grace.
Mr. Edward Wigglesworth married Hester Middlebrook, and Christopher Todd married Grace Middlebrook, the youngest daughter.
Both Edward Wigglesworth and Christopher Todd, with their wives, came to this country, and were among the early settlers in New Haven Colony, 1639.
The following records are still preserved in the old Parish Church in Pontefract:
"1592. Sept. the 24 dai Wyll Todd and Isabelb Rogerson were married.
1593. June. The 29 dai Wyll ye sone of Wily Tod was baptized.
1594. October, the 18 dai John ye sone of Wyll Todd was baptized.
1593 Julie, the 22 dai John Warde and Isabell Brewster were married.
1596 November, ye 29 dai, Katherine ye daughter of John Ward was baptized.
1614 May. The 22 Day. Willm Todde and Katherine Warde was married.
1614 Oct. The 14th day Mary, the daughter of Wm Todde was baptized.
1617. The 12th day of Janer : Xsofor the sonne of Willm Todde was baptized.
1617 May the 8th Day Willm Todde was buried."
In the old records the birth of a child was often not entered, only its baptism, which, however, usually occurred within a few days.
Christopher Todd of Pontefract, England, and New Haven, Conn., 1639, was a shrewd and capable man and acquired considerable property as a planter, miller and baker. His mill was situated where the Winchester Repeating Arms Company buildings now stand, in Whitneyville, and the place was long known as Todd's mill. In the course of a few years he bought the house built by Jasper Crane, where St. Thomas's Church now stands, on Elm Street, and the property and homestead remained in the Todd family just one hundred years.
Christopher Todd died April 23, 1686.
Christopher Todd and Grace Middlebrook Todd had six children:
JOHN, bapt. Dec. 2, 1642 ; m. (1) Sarah Gilbert, (2) Sarah Blakeman.
SAMUEL, bapt. August 20, 1645; m. Mary Bradley, Nov. 26, 1688, who d. Sept, 26, 1724; he d. August, 1714. Eleven children.
MERCY, bapt. Sept. 16, 1647 ; m. John Bassett; d. April 8, 1717. Large family.
GRACE, bapt. Dec. 15, 1650; m. Richard Mattock, March 2, 1668.
MICHAEL, b. June 15, 1653 ; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Eleazer Brown.
MARY, b. Feb. 18, 1655; m. Aug. 19, 1668, Isaac Turner, whose father, Capt. Nathaniel Turner, "the right arm of the New Haven Colony" was lost in the "phantom ship."
John Todd, baptized December 2, 1642. Lived in the Todd homestead and carried on the planting interest. His brother Samuel succeeding his father in the mill and bakery.
John Todd married (I) November 26, 1668, Sarah (daughter of Matthew Gilbert, one of the "seven pillars" of the New Haven Colony), who died April, 1672. Their only child, Sarah, born August 27, 1670; died September, 1670. He married (2) August 20, 1677, Sarah (daughter of Rev. Adam Blakeman of Stratford), who died December 16, 1688.
SARAH, b. May 13, 1678 ; d. Oct. 19, 1678.
JOHN, b. May 11, 1679; d. Sept. 21, 1723 ; m. Hannah Butler Feb. 9, 1708. She m. (2) Caleb Tuttle. Four children.
JONATHAN, b. Feb. 20, 1680; d. Sept. 14, 1723; m. Sarah Morrison April 19, 1711.
SARAH, b. March 12, 1682; d. June 26, 1682.
MERCY, b. Sept. 26, 1683 ; d. August 8, 1706.
JOSEPH, b. ----; d. March 7, 1709-10.
JOSIAH, b. _____; m. (1) Feb. 28, 1715-16, Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew Gilbert; they had one child; m. (2) Dec. 18, 1718, Abigail (daughter of William and Mary) Fredericks, who d. Aug. 26, 1760; four children.
DAUGHTER, b. and d. Dec. 16, 1688.
Jonathan Todd, born February 20, 1680; married April 10, 1711, Sarah Morrison, who was born July 7, 1689; married (2) Deacon Benjamin Stone of East Guilford; she died April 29, 1753. Her tombstone, which may be distinguished in the Todd row, is noted for having a condensed history of her life, as follows:
Was born July 7th
1688. Was married
to Mr Jonathan Todd
April 10th J7JJ (who
died Septhr 14, J723)
And was Married to
Stone June J735
And died April 29th
1753 AND Her
Body is INTERRED HERE.'
Jonathan Todd was one of the early Justices of the Peace of East Guilford. [Rockey's New Haven Co., Vol. II, p. 188]. He died Sept. 14, 1723.
JONATHAN, b. Feb. 7, 1712; d. April 11, 1712.
JONATHAN, b. March 20, 1713; d. Feb. 24. 1791.
AMOS, b. May 13, 1713; d. August 14, 1733, being drowned at Dragon (Fair Haven).
SARAH, b. June 16, 1718; d. June 10, 1719.
EPHRAIM, b. March 7, 1719-20; d. June 9, 1724.
TIMOTHY, b. March 3, I722-3; d. Jan. 3, 1779, of smallpox.
Rev. Jonathan Todd, son of Jonathan, born March 20, 1713. Graduated at Yale College, 1732. Ordained pastor of the church in East Guilford, Oct. 24, 1733, and remained there until his death, fifty-eight years.
President Stiles characterizes him as "One of the most learned and pious divines New England ever produced; a great reader, of most vigorous mental powers, strong and penetrating acumen, mild and placid, calm and benevolent. In every respect a most excellent man." His published books were in twelve volumes or pamphlets.`
From a "A Discourse Delivered on the first Sabbath of the Commencement of the year 1802," by John Elliott, A.M., the following facts are taken:
"In May, 1733, Rev. Jonathan Todd was invited to preach (in East Guilford), which invitation was further extended to his preaching with special view to fettlement. August 27, 1733 extended a call. He accepted 17 Sept. Ordained Oct. 24, 1733. Number baptized by him seventeen hundred and forty. He fell asleep, full of days and ripe for glory Feb. 24, 1791, in the 78th year of his age and 58 of his ministry. He was a distinguished scholar, and a judicious critic in the three learned languages, had given considerable attention to philosophy, and had throughly studied history both ancient and modern."
Jonathan Todd married January 9, 1735, Elizabeth (daughter Capt. Samuel) Couch of Fairfield, who was born 1710, died December 14, 1783. They had no children. The tomb seen in the Todd row is that of Rev. Jonathan Todd, with this inscription:
In memory of
The Reverend and venerable
Jonathan Todd, A.M.
Who was born at New Haven, March 20th 1713
Ordained pastor of the Church at
Eaft Guilford Oct 24th 1733
and continued there in the ministry until his death,
He had a contemplative mind ; read and thought much
was candid in his enquiries;
and in science, theology and history,
had a clear discenment and found Judgment
Singularly mild and admirable in his dispisition;
clothed with humility and plainness ;
Serene in all occurrences of life; a friend and patriot;
a moft laborious and faithful minister. guided by the sacred oracles:
eminent piety and resignation
adorning Religion which brings
Glory to God and salvation to men.
He died in faith Feby 24th 1791
By his side lies interred his virtuous Consort
Mrs. Elizabeth Todd,
who died Dec. 1783. AE 73.
Timothy Todd, son of Jonathan and Sarah Morrison Todd, born March 3, 1722-3; died January 3, 1779, of smallpox. Graduated at Yale College 1747; was merchant and magistrate in East Guilford, [Munsell's American Ancestry, IV, p. 164. Tuttle Family p. 699, "Life of John Todd," pp. 18, 19, 528] also one of the early Justices of the Peace in East Guilford. [Rockey's N. H. County, p. 188].
He married May 16, 1751, Abigail, daughter Capt. Joseph and Mary (Couch) Crane, who was born April 3, 1730; died September 30, 1806.
"Timothy Todd, Esq., vvas one of a committee appointed December 14, 1776, to confer with committees from other towns or governments to receive charitable donations for the distressed poor in Boston, who were suffering in the Common cause." [Steiner, Hist. of Guilford and Madison, pp. 137, 407, 414, 426, 451, 500].
SARAH, b. March 30, 1752; d. March 30, 1810; m. James Evarts of Sunderland, Vt. Five children (one being Rev. Jeremiah Evarts, D.D., father of Hon. William M. Evarts, U. S. Sec. of State).
a Munsell's American Ancestry, IV, p. 164. Tuttle Family, p. 699, "Life of John Todd." pp. 1S, 1g. 528. 6 Rocker-'s N. H. County, p. 188. Steiner, Hist. of Guilford and Madison, pp. 137, 407, 414, 426, 451, 500. ELIZABETH, b. Feb. 10, 1754; d. Sept. 29, 1833; m. Jonathan Wilcox. Nine children.
JONATHAN, b. May 17, 1756; d. Feb. 10, 1819; m. (I) Ruth Bishop, (2) Chloe Lee, (3) Sally Fowler. Seven children.
TIMOTHY, b. May i6, 1758, d. Dec. 1, 1806; m. Phoebe Buell. Seven children.
ABIGAIL, b. July 26, 176o; d. Feb. 19, 1810 m. Luman Graves of Georgia, Vt Nine children. MARY, b. Oct. 9, 1763; d. Oct. 26, 1847; m. Benjamin Bushnell Wilcox of Madison. Six children.
JOHN, b. Aug. 26,1766 d. Sept., 1766.
JOHN, b. Feb. 18, 1768; d. Dec. 28, 1841; m. Esther Bishop of Madison. Resided first in St. Albans, Vt., then in Manlius, N. J.; she d. Feb. 20, 1859. Three children.
MATILDA, b. May 21, 1773; d. Jan. 22, 1849; m. John Hamilton of North Killingworth. One child.
Jonathan Todd, M.D. was not only a well known physician but a patriotic man, a member of Capt. Peter Vaill's Company of coast guards, formed April 10, 1781. "Lieut. Timothy Field and Ensign Jonathan Todd were the other officers. The company numbered in all 100 men and served 8 months and 20 days." [Record of Conn. Men in Revolutionary War, p. 584].
Capt. Jonathan Todd was commander of the Military Band from 1786 to 1792. [Rockey's N. H. County, p. 204].
He served also in the Legislature, the Second Session 1797, and First and Second Sessions 1811. He married (1) May 1, 1784, Ruth Bishop, had one child; (2) August 15, 1790, Chloe Lee, two children; (3) January 11, 1798, Sally Fowler, four children, of whom the second, Lucy Matilda, married Henry Sidney Norton.
The high esteem in which Dr. Todd was held is shown by this extract from a published "Sermon delivered On the next Lord Day after the death of Jonathan Todd, Esq., by John Elliott, M.A., Pastor of the Church in East Guilford, 1819." After fifteen pages of sermon Dr. Eliott says he will give a brief sketch of "our respected friend, the beloved physician, not to eulogize the dead but to honor the providence and grace of God, which raised him up and made him, in his day, so great a blessing. After completing his studies he served his country about a year in the Continental army.
He was present in the medical staff, at the battle of Germantown in the fall of 1777. Retired on account of ill health.
He was much consulted on legal affairs, was an able counsellor, justice of the peace, repeatedly representative of the town in the General Assembly of the State.
He was instructed in medical science by Dr. Gale of Killingworth, whose eminence in his calling was great. Dr. Todd's forty years of practice gave him great experience, and his practice was extensive. In private life he was an obliging neighbor, agreeable friend, affectionate husband, kind parent, tender brother, devout Christian with solid, fixed moral principles." The sermon was thirty-one pages of printed matter, book size.
Timothy Todd, M.D., a younger brother of Elizabeth Todd Wilcox and Jonathan Todd, M.D., was born May 16, 1758 ; died Dec. 1, 1806.
"Timothy Todd was Sergeant after Lexington Alarm, served as coast guard 150 days. Enlisted May 15,1780." He was a physician in Southern Vermont and married Nov. 27, 1783, Phoebe (daughter of Jehiel) Buell of Killingworth, Conn. Dr. Todd removed to Arlington, Vt., having seen Vermont while in the Continental army as he was engaged in the battle of Bennington. "He was active, resolute and persevering, his professional reputation rising and he soon had an extensive medical practice."
He was a man of considerable literary taste and talent, and wrote many medical and other articles for the journals of the day, and on various occasions pronounced popular orations. A curious little memorandum book of his, still preserved, contains, in his own hand writing, "an abstract view of the miscellaneous writings of Timothy Todd, the unfortunate."
The catalogue gives the titles of orations, contributions to magazines, poems and plays, some of which were acted, and some operas, most of them having reference to politics. He was a freemason and termed a noted mason. He joined the military and bore a captain's commission. Represented Arlington for at least five years in the General Assembly, and for three years he was a member of the Governor's Council, a body of twelve men which, under the old Colonial Constitution, took the place of the Senate. At the time of his withdrawal from public life he was on the point of being elected Governor.
A severe accident caused an illness which ultimately caused his death. [John Todd, pp. 19, 20, 21, 23].
He had seven children, the Rev. John Todd, D.D., born Oct. 9, 1800, being the youngest.
His son, Rev. John E. Todd, D.D., formerly pastor of the Church of the Redeemer in New Haven, Connecticut), for many years, now of Riverside, California, has kindly furnished many notes of the Todd Family.
Elizabeth Todd, sister to Dr. Jonathan and Dr. Timothy Todd, born February 10, 1754, died September 29, 1833; married Jonathan Wilcox, son of Thomas and Freelove Bradley Wilcox. See Wilcox family.
THE BLAKEMAN FAMILY
REV. ADAM BLAKEMAN was the son of a private citizen of Staffordshire, Eng.; born in 1598, he entered Christ College, Oxford, May 23, 1617. When nineteen years old he wrote his own name Blakeman, although some of his descendants write it Blackman.
Mather says of him, "He was a useful preacher of the gospel first in Leicestershire, then in Derbyshire, England."
He was one of the original company of settlers in Stratford in 1639-40 and minister of the church until his death, Sept. 7, 1665. [Hist. of Fairfield County, p. 762, also Magnalia, Book III].
In June, 1640, the General Court appointed him with Mr. Ludlow of Uncoway and William Hopkins of Cupheag to run the line between these two plantations.
"On May 17, 1649, the Court directed: Concerning Mr. Blakeman's maintenance Mr. Ludlow is directed, both for what is believed as also for the future to take care that it be levied, according to the several seasons as is provided by the order of the country.
This indicates his salary was so long in arrears as to make it important for the Court to take action in regard to it."
In 1651, "by the town in public meeting it was agreed that Mr. Blakeman shall have 63 pounds and pay part of his own rate."
In 1660 he is named as executor of William Beardsley's will, and on April 20, 1665, he is named in a vote inviting Mr. Chauncey to help him in the ministry for one year.
His home lot was No. 20 on the plan of the village of Stratford.
Mr. Blakeman is described by Mr. Mather as having been attended on his departure for New England with a considerable and "desirable company of the faithful," who would not be separated from him. He describes him as a very "holy man and greatly beloved by his people." He also appears to have been from Mr. Mather's account a "man of learning, prudence and fervent piety." Another authority says : "At the head of that little band of seventeen families who came here two hundred and fifty years ago and founded this town was Rev. Adam Blakeman, he was the pastor of these people. A graduate of Oxford University and the first man who brought here a collection of books. Today we celebrate the establishment by one of his descendants of the first public Library building in Stratford." [Address at Dedication of Stratford Library, 1896. by Judge Howard J. Curtis].
In his will Adam Blakeman says : "I intended my Latin books for my son Benjamin, but he having abandoned his purpose, of following my footsteps in the ministry, I give them to Josiah; son of my stepson, and urge his father to guide him into the ministry." Benjamin finally graduated at Harvard in 1663 and settled as a minister in Massachusetts.
The estimation Mr. Blakeman was held in by other ministers is shown by the famous Rev. Thomas Hooker saying of him, "For the sake of the sacred and solemn simplicity of the discourse of this worthy man, if I might have my choice, I would choose to live and die under Mr. Blakeman's ministry."
Nothing remains of Mr. Blakeman's writings except his will in the Fairfield probate records and his autograph in the Connecticut Historical Collections at the bottom of a document in Mr. Chauncey's handwriting and dated in the spring of 1665.
It is the answer of the Church of Stratford to questions by the General Court of the preceding year, relating to the matters transacted in the Synod at Boston in 1662, chiefly respecting the membership and rights of baptized persons.
A paragraph from Mr. Blakeman's will indicates he was a member of the Synod from 1646-1648, which drew up the Cambridge platform.
Rev. Adam Blakeman died Monday, Sept. 7th, 1665 ; he left a widow, Mrs. Jane Wheeler Blakeman, an only daughter, Mary (who married (1) Joshua Atwater of New Haven, (2) Rev. Thomas Higginson of Salem, Mass.), and five sons, who, with possibly the exception of Benjamin, were born in England.
James, son of Rev. Adam and Jane Wheeler Blakeman, born in England ; married (1) Mirriam, daughter of Moses Wheeler, in 1657 ; married (2) April, 1708, Bathsheba, daughter of Stephen Pierson. James Blakeman was a miller and settled after some years at Fairville, where he built a mill and where he died. His will was dated at Oronoque, July 18, 1689, and proved November 17, 1689. Inventory was 4402 18s.
SARAH, b. April 23, 1638; m. John Todd of New Haven.
MARY, b. April 21, 1661; m. _____Seale.
HANNAH, b. Jan. 21, 1664 ; m. _____Gilbert.
JANE, b. Oct. 26, 1668; m. Joseph Russell of New Haven; June 12, 1687.
MIRRIAM, b. Feb. 8, 1670; m. Joseph Northrup.
ZECHARIAH, b. May 26, 1678.
ADAM, b. Jan. 1, 1683.
JAMES, b. Dec. 4, 1686.
ELIZABETH, b. _____; m. _____ Stebbins.
Sarah Blakeman, born April 25, 1658 ; married John Todd of New Haven, Aug. 20, 1677 ; they had eight children. (See Todd family.)
THE WHEELER FAMILY
MOSES WHEELER probably came with the ship's company from London to New Haven in 1638. He was down on the Planters' List in 1641, being "Number 122, 2 in family, 50 pounds estate 7/ acres in 1st Division, 1% in the neck, 372 in the meadow. 14 acres in second division in New Haven." [Atwater's History of City of New Haven, p. 10].
The Wheelers were residents in county of Kent, England, many generations before Moses was born there in 1598, but the Kent Wheelers emigrated from Hertfordshire or that vicinity.
Moses Wheeler was among the first who received an allotment of land in New Haven, 1643. He removed to Stratford before 1648, and owned the ferry across the Housatonic, granted by General Court, also was a farmer and ship carpenter.
Was an extensive land holder and one of the leading influential men of Stratford township. Moses Wheeler married Miriam Hawley, sister of Joseph Hawley, in New Haven; and his sister Jane Wheeler married Rev. Adam Blakeman.
Moses Wheeler, Sr., died at Stratford, March 1, 1698, aged 100 years.
His property he gave mostly to his children in 1680, ten years before his death.
Moses, Jr., Samuel and Jacob Walker (his son-in-law) received the tract of land bought by Moses Wheeler of the Indians in Stratford, near Derby, forty years before.
Samuel received by will the homestead and all pertaining to it. Moses, Jr., had previously received a dwelling and lands from his father. Moses Wheeler's will, dated February 16, 1689-90, after disposing of his real estate and most of his property to Samuel, says:
I give to my daughter Mirriam two pewter dishes to my son Moses, his wife, ye great pewter platter to my daughter Mary a bres kettle houlding ten or twelve gallons, the Abridgment of the marters bootie and Mr. Brooks his devices of Satan : to Elizabeth, ye wife of my son Samuel, ye greate kittle : to Mr. Israel Chauncey twenty shillings in silver. [Orcutt History of Stratford].
MIRRIAM, b. March 28, 1641 m. James Blakeman 1657.
ELIZABETH, b. August 1, 1642; m. (1) Samuel Blakeman, (2) Jacob Walker (and was the grandmother of Gen. David Wooster).
SAMUEL, b. April 28. 1649; no children.
MOSES, b. July 5, 1651; d. one of the wealthiest men of Stratford.
MARY, b. Sept. 13. 1653; m. (1) Samuel Fairfield, (2) Benjamin Beach.
JOANNA, b. March 3, 1658-9.
A "widow Wheeler" had 706 acres of land in the land records in the list of December, 1681, Jno. Wheeler 1004, Simon Couch 578.
Mirriam Wheeler, daughter of Moses and Mirriam Wheeler, married James Blakeman, and their daughter, Sarah Blakeman, born April 25, 1658, married John Todd of New Haven.
THE CRANE FAMILY
JOHN CRANE came from Suffolk County, England, to America, and by 1637 he was living at Muddy Brook (now Brookline, Mass.). In 1642 is recorded as having land at Roxbury, was "Deputy to the Great General Court" in 1649. He had two sons : Benjamin, born 163o, and Henry.
Benjamin Crane, son of John, born 1630, went to Wethersfield by 1658, and in 1662 was one of the petitioners to set out a plantation in Wapaquasset County (now Woodstock, Conn.), Juror in 1664. [Hinman's Puritan Settlers, p. 748].
Henry and Benjamin engaged in the tannery business in Wethersfield as early as 1665 or earlier. Benjamin Crane married Mary Backus, daughter of William Backus, of Saybrook, April 23, 1655. [Old Houses of the Ancient Town of Norwich, p. 414].
Benjamin Crane's son, Jonathan, took charge of his father's business after his death and settled with the aid of his uncle, Henry Crane, the estate. He owned over five hundred and fifty acres of land and estate, valued at £64o. [Crane Genealogy by Ellery B. Crane, p. 13]. Mrs. Mary Backus Crane died July 8, 1717.
BENJAMIN, b. March 1, 1656.
JONATHAN. b. Dec., 1658; rem. to Windham ; d. 1697.
JOSE, b. April 1, 1661.
JOHN, b. April, 1663 ; d. 1694.
ISREAL, b. Nov. 1, 1671. [Family Records. Windham Records].
Lieut. Jonathan Crane, born in Wethersfield, December 1, 1658, received seventy-six acres in the land division in Wethersfield in 1670. [History of Norwich, Caulkins, p. 136]. Was one of the first planters of Windham, Conn., in 1692.
Was Deputy in Colonial Assembly 1703--6-8-9-10-11-13-14-17-18-21-22. Also chosen Deputy to General Court at Hartford several years.
Chosen "Ensign in Train Band of Windham," May, 1695. Commissioned, Oct. 16, 1695; made Lieutenant, Oct., 1703. [Windham Records].
Jonathan Crane had land in Norwich registered in 1672. He removed to Windham, where he had a thousand-acre right; built the first saw mill, also a grist mill in 1691 in that plantation, was one of the selectmen in 1692; made townsman June 12, 1692, and a patentee of the town, 1703.
He married Deborah Griswold, daughter of Francis Griswold, December 19, 1678, at Norwich, Connecticut. That Mr. Crane was one of Windham's most active and influential men there can be little doubt. He was one of the petitioners to General Court at Hartford for Town Charter for Windham, Oct. 6, 1691. Appointed to run town lines May 18, 1691, also appointed with Thomas Huntington to select a minister, and made "collector" to levy and gather rates.
January 4, 1695, Mr. Crane exchanged property with Sergeant William Backus, giving his grist mill and receiving a new dwelling house in Windham, situated on the house and home lot of Mr. Backus, on what is now called the Hither Place.
January 30, 1700, he, with Rev. Samuel Whiting, purchased the front portion of William Backus lot, 8 by 20 rods square, and gave it to the town for a "meeting house plot or common;" later this was called Windham Green and the first church erected on it.
Chosen, Oct., 1701, on committee to run down lines; Oct. 20, 1702, on committee to see to completing the meeting house; 1703 commissioned Lieutenant by General Court; 1704, Indian War breaking out again, chosen lieutenant: John Fitch, captain. In 1705 Mr. Crane was one of a committee to have charge of all town lands, call meetings, sign acts; made Deacon, also Treasurer of fund of new church; 1726 chosen one of the "seven pillars or councillors of the church." [Crane Genealogy, pp. 13, 15, 21, 33, 34].
SARAH, b. Nov. 16, 1680.
JONATHAN, b. Feb. 2, 1684.
JOHN, b. Oct. 1, 1687.
MARY, b. Oct. 20, 1689.
JOSEPH, b. May 17, 1696. [Norwich Records. Windham Records].
Joseph Crane, son of Jonathan and Deborah Griswold Crane, born at Windham, Conn., May 17, 1696, went to Southeast, Putnam Co., N. Y., about 1730. Settled on the north side of Joe's Hill, one and a half miles east of Sodom Corners, where he built the mill known in early times as "Crane's Mill."
Joseph Crane was made chairman of the "South East Precinct Committee," and was also captain, it is said, in the war of the Revolution. That he was an officer is shown by the "muster roll of Capt. Joseph Crane, now in the New York Colony and State Service," of which the "Connecticut Historical Society" has a copy. His son Joseph was always known as Judge Crane, never as captain.
The "Letter from Joseph Crane, Chairman," kindly copied for the compiler of this book by Miss Carrie M. Crane, is interesting enough to be quoted in full.
Joseph Crane married Mary Couch, daughter of Capt. Samuel Couch; born December 15, 1695 ; died January 9, 1766. Joseph Crane died August 20, 1781.
ZEBULON, b. Jan. 25, 1721; d. Jan. 24, 1789; m. Sarah Belden. Twelve children.
JOSEPH (Judge), b. Oct. 2,1722; d. Oct. 4,1800; m. Esther Belden. Thirteen children.
MARY, b. May 30, 1726 ; d. March 17, 1805.
THADDEUS (Colonel), b. March 28, 1728; d. Sept. 1, 1803.
ABIGAIL, b. April 3, 1730; m. Timothy Todd, May 16, 1751; d. Sept. 3o, 1806.
ANNA, b. April 12, 1732; d. March 25, 1805.
STEPHEN (Captain), b. May 19, 1734; d. May 10, 1814; m. Mary Chapman. Thirteen children.
ADA, b. Oct. 25, 1736 ; m. Capt. Joseph Barnum.
Judge Joseph Crane of Putnam County, N. Y., was a prominent man, and entertained Washington at his home there—the old homestead is still occupied by his descendants. He married Esther Belden ; had thirteen children, Jonathan, the oldest son, becoming a colonel; Joseph, the second, a physician. Colonel Thaddeus Crane married (1) Sarah Paddock; had seven children ; married (2) Mrs. Lydia Reed Baxter, who had three children by her first husband, John Baxter. Colonel and Mrs. Crane had eight children, and Colonel Crane brought up these twenty-one children, and served in the Revolutionary War, from April, 1775, to Sept., 1783. His son Thaddeus died in New Jersey, Oct., 1776, from exposure.
Ada Crane married Capt. Joshua Barnum, who was at the battle of White Plains, N. J., where he took the lock from the jail, and freed the American prisoners. That lock is in the possession of one of their descendants.
Abigail Crane married Timothy Todd, May 16, 1751. Had nine children; her sons, Jonathan and Timothy, both served in the Revolutionary War, making eight sons and grandsons of Captain Joseph Crane in the American army during the Revolution, as Zebulon Crane's oldest son, John, was a captain in the war; later became Judge Crane.
Letter from Joseph Crane. Chairman of the Southeast Precinct Committee, to Egbert Benson:
SOUTH EAST PRECINCT, May 22, 1777.
Yesterday I saw one Alleby a sergeant of Captain Dollman, taken prisoner at Ward's, with Major Dain : he made his escape from the guard house in New York on the evening of the 15th inst.; gives a favorable account of the state of the prisoners taken with him, our worthy friend Major Dain, excepted, who, he says, has been in close confinement during the whole of his captive state; that the only reason assigned therefore is, his having no commission with him; says he has often heard the Major lamenting the hardships to which he is subjected on that account, wishing for an opportunity to inform his friends thereof : that in addition to a train of painful circumstances consequent on a state of close confinement, the means of substance was rendered much more expensive.
His supplies from home, I understand, have been much short of what I had before understood, twenty-five dollars being the full amount of what he has received ; he has had the small pox by inoculation pretty severely : is now in a good state of health.
I presume a simple relation of facts will be sufficient to engage your attention. and that the earliest opportunity will be embraced for the relief of this worthy officer; anything in my power to forward the same will be with pleasure complied with.
I have the pleasure to hear my son is well ; has for some time been admitted to his parole; either to remain in New York or to go to Long Island; has chosen the former; taking his board with Mr. Thomas Arden ; had the small-pox favorably, and in all respects is happy as a state of captivity admits of. Alleby says the enemy lost fourteen men in the action at Ward's ; six of those they carried off wounded, died between Ward's and William's ; the seventh died as soon as they had got to Valentine's ; that every commissioned officer, save one ensign was killed; that on their arrival at Kings Bridge the commanding officer of that post came out of the door of his lodgings, when the prisoners were paraded, and says, "Well you have got a parcel of the d--d rebels have you ?" "Yes," replied the surviving ensign, "but we paid d-d dear for them, I am the only officer left alive !" to which there was no reply made.
He tells further that the day before he left New York, he read in the papers an account of the enemy's loss in Danbury tour, estimated at between 3 and 400 men; that he often heard them say to one another that the Danbury rout had been more expensive to them in proportion to the number of their troops, than the Lexington tour.
May Heaven grant that their cursed enterprises may still prove more and more expensive to them, till they become quite bankrupts. We are now in this quarter (as it were) lying on our arms, every hour expecting fresh visits from the Tryonites. A number of the enernys ships are in the Sound.
Yesterday upward of twenty of them drew up, against Fairfield, and appeared to be in a landing posture the alarm reached up by twelve o'clock the same day; by night we were informed they soon came to sail again, and went westward to Norwalk.
They are no doubt meditating another of their felonious enterprises, and I have the pleasure to assure you our people are evidently better disposed as well as better prepared otherwise, to bid them welcome, than ever we were before; and the general say is, that in case Tryon is not gone to account for his former murders, tis hoped he will "again grace his murderous train with his presence, and happily meet what Heaven has declared will be the fate of him in whose skirts is found the blood of men."
You will overlook the blunders in this horrid scrawl, and accept the humble regard of Sir.
Your most obidient,
A true copy of the return, Joseph Crane, Chairman, Dutchess Co., Southeast Precinct Committee. SEPT. 22, 1775.
Ordered, that those persons who have arranged themselves in the character of minute-men in this Precinct, do assemble themselves on the 26th instant in order to choose out of their Company the several officers which agreeable to the directions of our Congress, are to command such Companies; and that Thomas Baldwin Esq., and Mr. Nathaniel Foster, members of this Committee do attend and inspect such choice and make return thereof to the chairman of this Committee.
Joseph Crane, Chairman.
SOUTH EAST PRECINCT, Sept. 26, 1775.
We hereby certify that agreeable to the foregoing order the Company of minute-men there in referred to did on the 26th instant, assemble and, under our inspection, made choice of Joshua Barnum Jun. as Captain; Wm Marsh First Lieut ; Eliakim Barnum, Second Lieut; Jonathan Crane, Ensign.
Letters to Lieut.-Colonel Crane:
PEEKSKILL, Aug. 1, 1780.
His Excellency Gen. Washington having in contemplation a movement of very capital consequence, has requested me to hold the militia of this state in readiness to move at a moments warning. You will therefore issue orders correspondent to his intentions.
You will strongly impress your officers with the necessity of drawing out every man on this occasion, and that each should carry into the field at least ten days provision, such as may not have meat, to bring flour for twenty days.
You will receive advice from Genl Washington or me when and to what place to march your regiment and on obtaining this you will move with all the celerity in your power.
As much, very much depends on a punctual compliance with this order. I cannot entertain a doubt but that you will make every exertion in your power effectually to carry it into execution.
The men must take the field well equipped for action since there is an evident necessity that you should immediately review your regiment, that you may be enabled to discover what deficiencies and defects there are in their arms and accoutrements that you may give the requisite orders to complete them.
In all probability you will not be detained in the field for any considerable time.
I am sir.
Your most obdt servant
G. W. CLINTON
Lieut. Col. Crane
To be left at Major Delavan's or to be by him forwarded by express immediately.
POUGHKEEPSIE Oct. 10, 1780
Inclosed you have the Governor's General Orders relative to raising men. I have not the least doubt but that you will do your duty in this matter. You will also see by the orders that it is necessary to make immediate returns and as Coll Thomas has been declared the senior officer by a board of officers you will make the returns to him accordingly.
I am Yours etc.
LEWIS MORRIS, B. G.