HISTORY OF MACOMB COUNTY, MICHIGAN; M. A. Lesson & Co., Chicago, 1882 Armada Biographies [p 687-716]

EDWARD ADAMS, son of Nathan & Margaret A. (Smith) Adams, was born August 7, 1836; he became a teacher in the public schools, at which he engaged for five years; was married, May 10, 1859, to Elizabeth Coykendall, daughter of Emanuel Coykendall, Ontario County, N.Y.; they had two children, both of whom are living on the homestead -- Charles E. born April 12, 1861; Ella, December 1, 1859. Mrs. A. was born July 19, 1839, in Ontario County, N.Y. Mr. A. is a successful farmer, takes a great interest in the schools of the township and is politically a Republican.

NATHAN ADAMS, son of John & Susanna (Morse) Adams, natives of Massachusetts, was born in Cheshire, N.H., November 1, 1809; married Margaret A. Smith, October 13, 1833, and moved to Macomb in the fall of 1834, and settled on Section 13, in Armada Township, where the took from the government 160 acres of land, which he improved and occupied until his death, which occurred September 12, 1872; they had ten children, three of whom are living. Mrs. A. was born December 26, 1811; she was the daughter of Isaiah Smith, a native of Orange County, N.Y., near West Point, and died December 27, 1880, on the homestead. Mr. A. was the first Town Clerk of the town of Armada, and has held responsible town offices since that time, and was Justice of the Peace at the time of his death; he was Treasurer of an Agricultural Society; was forward in all the improvements of the county.

SETH ALDRICH was born in Berkshire County, Mass., November 2, 1804; removed to Macomb County in 1833, and bought of the Government two lots since known as the Briggs farm, on Section 9, Armada; this he sold before moving his family, and, in 1835, bought the farm on which he now lives, consisting first of eighty acres, to which he afterward added 130 acres; he married Rachel Burlingame, a native of Berkshire, and had three children, all married and living in Armada Township. Mrs. Aldrich died in 1844 and he again married, Louisa Wyman, of Ontario, N.Y., and had one son - Charles - who lives on the homestead. The grandfather of the present Mrs. Aldrich, Isaac Page, served in the war of the Revolution and received a pension for faithful services.

CHARLES ANDREWS, son of Rev. Elisha D. Andrews & Betsey Lathrop, was born August 28, 1820, at Putney Vt.; the family removed to West Bloomfield, N.Y., in 1828; lived there for one year, then removed to Mendon, two years; then to Pittsford, Monroe County, for ten years; they moved to Macomb County in 1841, and settled on Section 21, where they had previously purchased 800 acres of land; this land had been improved by a man named Tenyck, who was in the employ of Mr. Andrews; he afterwards added to this same 400 acres more. As an illustration of the strife to locate land in those early days, it is told that Mr. Andrews and a neighbor named Hulett, wanted the same lot and both started for the office at Detroit at the same time to locate it. Mr. Andrews had a team and the neighbor was on foot; the roads were fearful, but the tem won the race. Mr. A. made the re2uired deposit, when Hulett came up out of wind and short of patience, but too late, when it was discovered that they were not after the same lot at all; both went home satisfied. Charles Andrews settled on his present farm in 1845, which consisted of 340 acres, 170 cleared and a log house and a frame barn; a few years later, he built his present farm-house and more barns; he has lived her since that time, with the exception of about seven years spent in Armada Village; he was made an officer in the township in an early day, and was made Supervisor in 1859, which office he held for eleven years, with satisfaction to the people, and is holding it at present; he was elected State Senator for Macomb County for four years. Mr. A. was an organizer and the first Director of the Macomb County and Armada Agricultural Societies, and was the first President of the Armada society, which office he held six successive years; he was married, January 29, 1845, to Charlotte Hewitt, daughter of Edmund Hewitt, of Ypsilanti, Mich.; she was born in Pittsford, N.Y., in 1821; they had one son - Edmund H., born November 14, 1845, married and lives in Ypsilanti. Mrs. A. died in that place May 27, 1846; married again, October 24, 1849, to Mary M. Elliott, daughter of Andrew Elliott, a native of New Hampshire; by this marriage they had two children - Minnie A., born January 26, 1855, married H.L. Kendrick, and lives in Detroit, Mich.; Hattie B., born October 16, 1858, married H.J. Barrows, and lives in Armada. The present Mrs. A. was born December 14, 1825, at New Castle, Me.; her grandfather Elliott was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and the family are descendants of the apostle John Elliott; her brother, the Rev. John Elliott, was a minister in the Presbyterian Church, and was long a missionary to the Tuscarora Indians; they have been members of the Congregational Church of Armada for many years. Mr. A. has always taken a prominent part in all the interest of his township; he has been a leader and a teacher of music since twenty years of age, and is at present a leader of the music in church & Sunday school.

WILLIAM H. BAKER, son of Samuel Baker, of New England, was born November 26, 1796, in Albany, N.Y. He was married, January 3, 1826, to Huldah Pettit, of Benton, Herkimer Co., N.Y. who was born May 21, 1800; they came to Macomb County in the fall of 1827; settled in the town of Ray, on Section 8. With the assistance of some of his neighbors, he built a small log cabin and went into it without door or window. His doors, window frames and sash, chairs, table and bedsteads were the work of his own hands, without paint or varnish. Their only neighbors within sight were wild beasts such as deer and wolves, which came around their dwelling in abundance. One night, Mrs. Baker was engaged in boiling sap to relieve her husband, who was tired out with constant work, day and night. She had with her little son, James, who was about five years of age. He soon fell asleep, lying on a quilt beneath a tree near the boiling place. Soon after beginning her work of the evening, the wolves came so near she could hear them walking, and see their eyes sparkling in the darkness. She kept the long-handled dipper in the hot sap and the fire burning brightly, and after howling about an hour or two, they went off and the brave woman kept on with her work until relieved by her husband. They had four children, one of whom still lives. In 1841, they went back to New York to take care of Mrs. Baker's parents. In 1844, they returned to Michigan and settled in St. Clair County, at a place afterward called Baker's Corners, where they remained for ten years. The rest of his life was spent in various places in Macomb County. They were members of the M.E. Church. In 1853, Mr. Baker was licensed to exhort, and shortly after was granted local license, and followed this calling until his death. He died in 1870, July 9, six miles northwest of Armada Village. Mrs. Baker still survives, at the age of eighty-two. Mr. Baker is remembered with the kindest of feelings.

MARIA L. BAKER, the second daughter of William H. Baker, and the only surviving one, was born February 18, 1829. At the age of sixteen, she began life as a teacher in the public schools, which continued twenty-three terms. She taught the first school in the Frost District School, consisting of nine scholars, five belonging to Mr. Frost's family. The school was kept in Mr. Frost's house. She was married, September 6, 1865, to Charles M. Lamphree, and lives on Section 4, Armada; has one daughter, Nettie, born August 18, 1866, and living at home.

DANIEL BARNES, son of Simon and Rachel (Skinner) Barnes, was born in this township July 1, 1797; married Mrs. Phoebe (Smith) Becraft, August 11, 1824, and moved to Macomb in 1835; lived on the Holman farm eight years; moved into Armada, where they now reside. Mrs. Barnes was born in New York, at Augusta, December 15, 1792; was married to Isaac Smith, by whom she had seven children, two of whom are living; after her second marriage, six children were born, five of whom are living.

DR. JOHN E. BARRINGER was born in Bristol, Ontario Co., N.Y., July 16, 1841; received his primary education in New York and at the Canandaigua Academy, and began teaching in the public schools at the age of eighteen years, which was followed with success for four years; studied medicine four years with D. D. J. Mallery, at Bristol, N.Y.; then entered the Michigan University, from which he removed to Armada, in November, 1683, where he has since been engaged in practice; was married, August 7, 1864, to Antinetta, daughter of Moses Perkins, of Bristol, N.Y.; has two children - Horace P., born May 12, 1866; Alice A. born June 11, 1870. Mrs. B. was born August 7, 1839. Dr. B. has held several important offices in the township and society; he attends the Congregational Church and Sabbath school; in politics, he is a Democrat.

HIRAM BARROWS, son of David and Ruth Barrows, both of Massachusetts, was born in Wyoming County, N.Y., October 11, 1824; removed with his father's family to Wisconsin, remaining for four years. Mr. B. came to Macomb County in 1848, and settled on Section 3, Ray Township, which place he improved and occupied until 1866, except the time spent in the army; he was twice elected Justice of the Peace; also Supervisor for some years; he was married, September 15, 1846, to Bathsheba C. Hathaway, a native of Ontario County, N.Y.; she was born March 20, 1822; the children are -- David H., born November 8, 1850, and Hiram J., born April 2, 1858, both married and living in Armada. Mrs. Barrows died June 12, 1866. Mr. B. married again, April 9, 1868, Mrs. Agnes Little Brownlee, of Mt. Clemens; she is still living; they have one daughter - Ruth - born December 6, 1869. Mrs. B. was born in Glasgow, Scotland, July 11, 1834; she had one daughter - Marion Little - born at Mt. Clemens August 20, 1855, married Charles Carter and lives in Armada. Mr. B. enlisted in the Ninth Michigan Regiment Infantry, Company A; was elected by the company Second Lieutenant; made first Lieutenant December 10, 1861; was wounded in action and taken prisoner at Murfreesboro, July 13, 1862; exchanged August 27; made Captain October 13, 1862; mustered out November 16, 1864; returned home in March, 1865. The regiment was engaged in twelve battles, all but one of which Mr. B. himself was engaged. Soon after the war, he, with Dr. Smith, began the erection of the first brick block in the village of Armada, upon the completion of which he commenced mercantile business; he was appointed Postmaster in February, 1869, which office he still holds; in 1875, in company with Cyrus Farrar, he commenced the manufacture of cheese in the village, but he soon bought out the partner and has since successfully prosecuted the work; he was elected Deacon of the Congregational Church of armada in 1849; also Superintendent of the Sabbath school soon after, both of which positions he still holds; in politics, he is a steadfast Republican; the sons are engaged in business with their father, under the firm name of H. Barrows & Sons.

DR. SAMUEL T. BEARDSLEE, son of Thomas Beardslee and Rachel Tuttle, daughter of E. Tuttle, of Sussex, N.Y., was born in New Jersey August 19, 1828; moved with his parents to Oakland County in 1832; they cleared up a farm in the township of Independence, after which Samuel Beardslee commenced the study of medicine with Dr. Paddock of Pontiac, and attended the medical course at Ann Arbor two terms and a course in chemistry; graduated from the Albany Medical Institute in 1856; in 1857, came to the village of Armada and began the practice of his profession, which he has prosecuted without interruption to the present time. Married, December 18, 1876, Betsey A., daughter of James McCauley, of Ontario County, N.Y.; she was born January 3, 1844, and has one child - J. Allen, born December 11, 1878. Dr. Beardslee has a fine residence in the village and a farm in Berlin of 257 acres; this property he has accumulated by his close attention to his practice. In politics, he is a Republican.

REV. HENRY N. BISSELL, son of Anson Bissell and Joanna Dart, daughter of Dr. Dart, of Vernon, Conn.; his father was a native of East Windsor, Conn., and a Deacon of the Congregational Church of that place; he died December 23, 1872, at Milan, Ohio, aged eighty-five years; the mother died at the same place October 23, 1846, aged sixty-one years. The family are direct descendants of John Bissell, the first of that name in America, who came from Somersetshire, England, and settled on the Connecticut River at Windsor, where many of the same name still reside. The subject of this sketch was born at East Windsor, Conn., June 2, 1816; he entered the Sophomore class of Yale College in 1836 and graduated in 1839; taught in the Huron Institute, in Milan, Ohio, three years; then entered the Theological Department of the Western Reserve College, of Ohio, supporting himself and a brother, who afterward became a missionary in India; he spent the first eight years of ministerial work in Lyme, Huron Co., Ohio; then as acting pastor for twenty-seven years at Mt. Clemens, Macomb County, from 1854; moved to Armada as pastor of the Congregational Church in 1881. He was married, May 5, 1846, in Manchester, Conn., to Elizabeth Hale, daughter of Nathaniel Hubbard, a native of Bolton, Conn.; they have no children. Mr. B. has directed the education and assisted in bearing the expenses of two nephews, sons of the brother in India, who are now in the ministry in this State; he is and always has been a man of great energy and a hard worker and student, and is firm in the faith of the orthodox church; he is a Republican in politics.

WILLIAM H. BUMP was born in Mariden, Monroe Co., N.Y., March 29, 1827; he is the son of Robert and Cynthia Bump. The family moved to Romeo Village, May 15, 1834, where they remained one and a half years. Robert Bump was a shoemaker by trade and worked in a shop with Judge Prentice and in the families of the settlers, going from home to home, a common practice of that day, styled whipping the cat; they moved to their farm on Section 35, Armada, in October, 1835; the mother died in 1864, and the father four years later. Mr. B. was married, November 2, 1856, to Martha, daughter of Robert and Caroline Kelley, of Ontario; they have one daughter - Geneva, born August 4, 1857, residing at home. Mr. B. has always been a Democrat in political faith and practice.

ELIJAH BURK is a native of Mexico, N.Y., born June 13, 1807; he lived in Western New York as a farmer until 1833, when he removed to Macomb County settling on what is now the village of Armada; his brother, Norman Burk, had settled near the center of Armada Township two years before. Mr. Burk moved through Romeo, thence to his brother's and cut his road from there to his land. He was married, December 20, 1829, to Betsey A. Burdick, a native of Cayuga Co., N.Y., born in 1812, and had four children, all living; two sons served in the civil war. Mr. Burk was forward in all that would benefit the new settlement; the first religious services were held at his house and he was a willing helper in the Sabbath school and other means of moral growth - always a strong temperance man and a Whig in politics. Mr. Burk is remembered with great affection by the old settlers of Armada, for his house often sheltered them till one could be built for them. Though poor himself, he would always divide with those more needy; a neighbor lost a cow; Mr. B. gave him the use of one of his cows till the loss could be repaired; his team was freely used by any who needed it, and people said: " If all men were like Mr. Burk, much of the hardship of settling a new country would not be felt." He died at his home in Armada in 1848.

NATHANIEL CARTER, son of Nathaniel & Eunice (Lincoln) Carter, on Leominster, Mass., was born at that place February 20, 1806; his grandfather, Nathaniel, was a Captain in the war of the Revolution, and his great-grandfather, Nathaniel, was one of the first settlers of New England. The name Nathaniel has run through five generations. They are of English extraction. Mr. C. left Massachusetts for the State of Michigan, September 20, 1831, arriving in Macomb County after a journey of twenty-five days; he located eighty acres of land on Section 34, and afterward bought eighty acres adjoining, on which he has made his present farm and has lived upon it continuously fifty-one years; in the month of March 12, 1833, he was married to Chloe Stewart, daughter of Edmund Stewart, and has had three children - George N. Carter, born March 31, 1834, who resides upon the old home farm; Mary J., born April 4, 1853, died in infancy; Eddie B., born November 12, 1859, died July 6, 1863. Mr. C. has been a Republican from the birth of that party and has held several important township offices; he has given much thought and study to the subject of mechanism, and had at one time a mowing machine in operation before the present mower was invented; he has also studied much upon the subject of aerial navigation, and also a plan to propel canal-boats by means of compressed air - an idea which has since been put into successful operation; he built a saw-mill on Coon Creek, in 1833, being the second one east of Stony Creek; he has been a member of the Congregational Church thirty years; in 1858, a candidate on the Free-Soil ticket for legislator. George N. Carter, son of the above, was born March 31, 1834, in Armada Township; has always lived upon the home far; was married, February 6, 1856, to Mary A. Simons, daughter of Charles Simons, Genesee County, N.Y.; they have had four children - Charles C., born May 4, 1857, who married Marion Little, August 19, 1880, and is now in business in Armada Village; Lottie J., born April 30, 1864, and died June 19, 1866; Eva B., born October 4, 1857, Mary E. born September 16, 1874. Mr. and Mrs. C. have been members of the Congregational Church of Armada for many years. Mrs. C. was a successful teacher in the public schools. He is, in political belief, a Republican.

CHAUNCY R. CHAMBERLIN, son of Beekman Chamberlin, born in Armada Feb. 3, 1836; lived with his father's family on the homestead, on Section 4, Armada Township, and , in company with his brother David, still occupies it. He was married, October 25, 1863, to Mary, daughter of John C. Morris, of Pennsylvania; the children of this marriage are: Chauncy born November 6, 1865; Susan, born August 3, 1867; John, born March 24, 1870, died in infancy; Phebe, born August 18, 1871; Wilfred, born July 25, 1873; also an infant who died March 9, 1875. Mrs. Chamberlin was born January 22, 1845. Mr. C. and brother are favorably known to the early settles of the county as threshers for many years; he is a Republican in Politics.

MRS. DOROTHEA (THOMPSON) CHAMBERLIN, daughter of Isaac Thompson, formerly of Yates County, N.Y., born at that place October 2, 1814; moved with her parents to Macomb County October 1, 1825, and lived in Bruce Township, near Romeo, until February 20, 1840, when she was married to Charles W. Chamberlin, and settled on Section 33, Armada Township. Mr. Chamberlin died on this farm August 22, 1844; they had three children - Oscar, born June 28, 1841, enlisted in company A., Ninth Michigan Infantry, at Armada, served three years, and was honorably discharged; he is married and now lives in Ray Township; Jane E., born September 28, 1842, married E. W. True, and lives at Armada Village; Charles W., born November 29, 1844, now lives upon the homestead, is farmer on the homestead and has two children - Adelbert, born September 17, 1871, and Fanny D., born July 30, 1876. The Chamberlins hold to the doctrine of universal salvation, and, politically, are Republicans.

GALEN CHAMBERLIN, son of Beekman Chamberlin, was born in Ontario County, N.Y., May 12, 1817; removed to Macomb County in 1834; from 1850 to the present time, he has owned farms in various places in Armada Township, and at present lives on Section 9; was married, in 1851, to Millia, daughter of Stephen Harrington; he has one son and one daughter, both at home. Beekman C., son of the above, born October 27, 1852, has always lived at home; was married, September 17, 1876, to Hattie House, of St. Clair County, and has one child - Myrtie Belle, born August 26, 1878; both the Chamberlains are well known as threshers for many years; they are Republicans in politics.

WILLIAM H. CLARK, son of Peter and Elizabeth (Wilson) Clark, was born in Hopkinton, Mass., August 4, 1805. His father, Peter Clark, was a native of Newton, Mass., and was a soldier in the Revolution. Lived at that place until seventeen years of age and then moved to Medway, Mass., as an apprentice in the manufacture of cotton machinery; followed this business for fifteen years, and then engaged in the dry goods trade, at Springfield, Mass., now Chicopee, seven years; from here he moved to Michigan; in 1845, settled in Elba, Lapeer County, as a farmer, on a new farm near the Chippewa Indian Mission, and lived on this place; was Treasurer of Lapeer County for six years; moved to Macomb County in 1869, and settled on the ridge one mile west of Armada Village, called the Chamberlin place, where he now resides. he married Frances Martin, daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth Rodgers Martin, natives of Portsmouth, N.H.; she was a descendant of the martyr, John Rodgers; they had ten children; six are living; his wife died at Lapeer City, September 10, 1876.

WILLIAM H. CLARK, JR., is the son of William H. Clark, of Massachusetts; he was born in Dover, N.H., December 12, 1828; educated at Chicopee, Hampton Co., Mass., in the common schools; from the age of fourteen to eighteen, he engaged in a wholesale commission house in Boston; in 1846, he came to Lapeer County, being one of the pioneers; he lived on a farm for two years; he began the study of law at Lapeer, Mich.; was admitted to the bar at the August term of the Circuit Court, held at Lapeer in 1858; he came to Armada in November, 1858, and engaged in mercantile pursuits; at the end of four years, he enlisted, November 10, 1862, in Company G, Eighth Michigan Cavalry, of which he was Sergeant; he was promoted to Second Lieutenant, and was in active service until March, 1864, at which time he resigned on account of ill health; was engaged in eighteen battles and skirmishes and once wounded; on returning home and recovering his health, he commenced the practice of law in the courts of Macomb County, in which business he still continues; he held the office of Circuit Court Commissioner for six years and Postmaster of Armada for four years; has always interested himself in agriculture; was one of the originators of the Armada Agricultural Society and a director in the same. In politics, he is a Democrat. He was married, October 19, 1852, to Mary Shafer, daughter of John Shafer, a pioneer of Lapeer County; they have four children - Mary F. born May 14, 1856, married K.S. Buck, and living in St. Clair County; William E., born December 2, 1858, died February 24, 1864; Emme E., born November 6, 1865, living at home; Josephine, born November 26, 1871. Mrs. Clark was born June 9, 1828, in Hillsdale, Columbia Co., N.Y.; her father, who died February 22, 1882, located the land on which part of the city of Lapeer now stands, and made a plat of the city on record of Shafer's plat.

JAMES CRAWFORD, son of Robert Crawford, of Scotland, was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, June 24, 1827; emigrated to America in 1831; they stopped at Buffalo two years, where the mother died of cholera; the family then moved to the vicinity of Romeo, and lived two years there; purchased eighty acres of land, on Section 17, to which the family removed; the father, Robert Crawford, was a farmer and gardener in the mother country; he was born August 4, 1796, and still resides on the homestead. James Crawford was married, June 28, 1856, to Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Borland, of Scotland, and had three children - Robert J., born September 1, 1857, a public teacher; Thomas, born December 10, 1858; Anna, E., born April 28, 1862, died February 15, 1876. Mr. Crawford is a farmer and stock-raiser; has a hop-yard which yields annually $500; there is a pioneer on this farm in the person of "Old Nig" - a horse - which has reached the age of twenty-eight years, all of which he has spent on the farm. Mr. Crawford is a Republican in politics.

PHILIP C. CUDWORTH, son of David and Mary Cudworth, was born in the town of Richmond, Ontario Co., N.Y., March 30, 1811; the grandfather on the mother's side served in the war of the Revolution, and both were of English origin; he moved to Macomb County in October, 1835, and settled on Section 34, in Richmond Township, and gave the name to that town; moved to his present farm in Armada Township November, 1852; was married, October 1, 1835, to Tamsin Tubbs, of Ontario County, N.Y.; they have had six children, five of whom still live - Xenophon O., born April 19, 1837, married Martha Hicks and lives on Section 36, Armada; Philip, born December 24, 1839, enlisted in Company A, Ninth Regiment, Michigan Infantry, under Col. Wilkinson, and died at West Point, Ky., of fever; Harriet, born November 10, 1842, married. L. Fillmore and died in Lenox November 28, 1861; Gerusha A. , born January 6, 1844, married Charles Chapman, and now lives in Iowa; Mary, born April 13, 1847, married Peter Scott and now resides in Decatur, Iowa, in the town of Grand River, and built the first house in that village; David S., born May 20, 1850, married Ilinda Fillmore, and lives on Section 3, Ray Township. Mr. and Mrs. Cudworth have been members of the Methodist Church for thirty-eight years; he voted the Democratic ticket twice, since which time he has been a Republican. He was the first Postmaster in Richmond, Mich., when the office supplied mail to six townships; the route was from Lakeville to St. Clair, and postage was from 10 to 25 cents per letter and Canada letters a good deal more. The grandfather of Mrs. Cudworth was a Revolutionary soldier; her family were of English & Scotch blood.

XENOPHON O. CUDWORTH, son of Philip and Tamsin (Tubbs) Cudworth, was born in Richmond Township April 10, 1837; moved with his parents to Armada Township in 1852. Was married, December 25, 1858, to Martha Hicks, and has three children - Philip Elton, born February 14, 1862, now living at home; Burton H. born October 26, 1866; Frank S., born February 21, 1868. Mr. Cudworth worked a farm on shares, in Richmond Township one year; then purchased a farm of Mr. William Abbey, in Armada Township, section 36, paying therefor the sum of $2250; in 1869, he built a substantial and tasty brick residence, in which he now resides; he has held responsible offices.

JAMES DAVIDSON, son of William Davidson, of Ontario, Province of Canada, was born in the Dominion August 14, 1829; remvoed to Michigan in 1856, to St. Clair County, and to Macomb in May 1862; settled in Section 8, Armada Township, where he now resides; now owns and works a farm of 115 acres. He is a carpenter by trade. He was married, October 12, 1855, to Lucinda Russell, of Ontario, who was born April 20, 1831; they have four children -- Loder, born August 20, 1856, died October 22, 1862; Elvira, b. June 23, 1858; William, June 18, 1860; Agnes, May 12, 1862; James, June 17, 1864. Mr. D. has made many improvements in his farm, and has succeeded as a farmer; he is a Republican.

CHARLES DAVIS was born in Rhode Island March 7, 1798; was the son of Benjamin Davis, who was a pensioner of the war of the Revolution, and died in the State of Rhode Island in the year 1800; the wife of Benjamin enjoyed the pension for some years, and died in Macomb County about the year 1840, at the age of ninety-two years. Charles Davis removed his family to Macomb in 1836 and settled on Section 19, Richmond, which was then a wilderness; he died in Armada Village in May 1880. Mrs. Davis died in 1838; he married again, Lucinda White, who still lives in the village. Mr. Davis had seven children, five of whom are still living.

RILEY DAVIS, son of Charles & Chelsa H. (Dodge) Davis, of Rhode Island and New Hampshire, was born in Genesee County, N.Y., April 26, 1836; removed to Macomb July 1836; lived in Richmond till attaining his majority. Was married in 1865, to Eliza Berry, of Ontario, Canada; married again, February 16, 1881, to Mrs. Charles Snover, nee Dulmadge; has one child - George R. Davis, born December 4, 1881; was a farmer in Richmond Township until 1879, at which time he removed to Armada Village and engaged one year in a market; he still resides in the place and is a member of the Democratic party.

SETH DAVIS, son of Charles Davis, of Rhode Island and Chelsa (Dodge) Davis, of New York was born in Richmond Township July 13, 1840; lived on the homestead until 1863; then enlisted in Company A, Michigan Provost Guards; was sent to the Upper Peninsula, stayed one summer there, and then went as commissioned officer with Capt. Goodell; left the State, October 22, for Alabama; was in active service; promoted to First Lieutenant and discharged in three years, June 10, 1866. He returned to a farm in Richmond on Section 16, and was married, in September, 1867, to Lois E., daughter of William Gibberd of Iowa; she was born April 13, 1846; their children were: Ada M., born February 1, 1870; Nellie B., May 22, 1873; Bert C., May 26, 1879; Harry G., September 17, 1881. June 10, 1873, Mr. Davis left the farm and kept a hotel in Armada Village one year, then built a residence in the village, where he now resides; politically he is a member of the Greenback party.

DANIEL C. DAY, son of Russell and Charlotte (Smith) Day, was born in Bruce Township, December 9, 1849; always lived at home; was married, January 14, 1880, to Belle Quick, of Macomb County, daughter of Henry Quick, of Ontario County, N.Y., born July 17, 1857; has one child - Clarence, born June 1, 1881. Mr. D. resides in the village of Armada, manages a small farm and engages in the packing and sale of small fruit; in politics, he is a Republican. Elizabeth Day Bennett, sister of the above, born January 10, 1842, married, February 14, 1865, to Watson Bennett, who died in Illinois by an accident, March 4, 1873; she has one daughter and lives in Macomb County. Russell Day (deceased), son of Erastus & Lucy Willard Day, natives of Dalton, Mass., was born at Leeds, Elizabeth Co., W.W., May 24, 1813. The family made but a short stay in Canada; moved to Genesee County, N.Y.; the family removed to Romeo, Macomb County, in 1828, and settled on land near Romeo; on the death of his father, he assumed the home farm until 1843. He was married, March 1, 1841, to Miss Charlotte Smith, daughter of Isaiah Smith, of Aurelius, Cayuga Co., NY.; she was born September 15, 1815; they had eight children, of whom six are living, all in Macomb County; in 1843, he exchanged the old farm for land on Section 19, Armada; soon exchanged this for a farm on Section 24, in Bruce, where he spent the greater portion of his life; in 1860, he sold this farm and bought on Section 13, Bruce, where he lived sixteen years; went to a small place in Armada Township, Section 30, two years; then to Armada Village, where he died June 13, 1880. Mrs. D. still lives in Armada Village. He was a genial, kind-hearted man, forward in improvements and right in all moral questions; in politics, a Republican.

URIEL DAY, son of Harry Day, of Dalton, Mass., and Nancy Chamberlin, of the same place, was born in Otsego Co., N.Y., December 10, 1810; lived nine years in Pennsylvania and moved to Macomb County in 1833, and cleared a farm on Section 7, Armada Township, on which he still resides. He was married, September 12, 1833, to Olive Sperry, who was born August 22, 1812; they had four children - Emily, born June 25, 1834, married S. Hulett and lives in Armada Township; Cordelia, born June 8, 1837, married H. Howgate, and lives in Washington, D.C.; Caroline, born December 16, 1839, married Robet McKay and lives in Bruce Township; Lucinda E., born October 16, 1862, married John McKay and lives in Armada Township. Mr. Day has been a prominent man in the early history of Macomb County, and is, in politics, a republican; he has been for many years a member of the M. E. Church and assisted in building churches at Romeo & Armada.

GIDEON DRAPER was born June 16, 1812, in Ontario County, N.Y.; came with the family of this father to Macomb County in 1831; his father was Daniel Draper, born in the town of Rupert, in the State of Vermont, on the 18th of October, 1778; he was married in that place and had one child; in 1802, he moved to the State of New York, and had eight other children; three of his children still survive; he owned and improved land in several places in Armada Township, and died in 1860. Mrs. D. died three years later. On arriving at the age of twenty-one, Gideon Draper, bought land in Armada which he sold to Uriel Day, and again bought on Section 5, at the rate of $5 per acre. This he converted into a home and occupies it at present. September 15, 1836, he married Eliza, daughter of Phebe Benedict, a native of New York, and they had seven children - Adam C., born December 15, 1837; Adamantha C., born March 8, 1839; Cynthia J., January 1, 1841; Elijah P., June 23, 1843; Gideon, December 23, 1845; Alice, June 13, 1847, died June 24, 1873; Milton W., born March 12, 1849, served in the late war, as did also his brother Elijah; Milton died at Huntsville, Ala., March 6, 1865. Mrs. D. died at the homestead May 23, 1877, aged sixty-one years. Mr. D. has been a member and steward in the M.E. Church forty-four years, and held, most of the time, an office in the church , and contributed to the erection of churches in several places, an officer in the township and society, a Justice of the Peace for twenty-two years; politically, a Republican.

ORSON C. DUNHAM, son of Daniel Dorrence Dunham & Julia A. (Clark) Dunham, was born January 11, 1836, at Rockport, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio; moved from Ohio with his parents to Macomb County and settled on Section 36, Armada Township, where he lived two years and then moved to the west side of the same section, where they made their home until 1876, when they moved to their present home, on Section 35, same township; the father died at this place November 11, 1867. Orson was married, November 13, 1864, to Salina Walton of Richmond Township, and has one child - Charles, born February 2, 1872. The great-grandfather on the mother's side was a Revolutionary soldier, and the grandfather served in the war of 1812. The mother is still living with him on the old farm. Politically, Mr. Dunham is a Republican.

THE FARRAR FAMILY. Phineas Farrar was a native of Marlboro, N.H.; married to Abigail Stone, of the same place, and all his children, ten in number, were born at that place; he was a farmer in New Hampshire, from which he retired in the year 1850, and removed to Macomb with his son Charles, and died September 24, 1855; his wife died in New Hampshire some years before. Charles Farrar, son of the above, was born November 10, 1796; he spent his younger years in Boston as a carpenter and came to Macomb County June 19, 1832, and settled on Section 30, Armada Township, and began at once to develop the water-power, since known as Farrar's Mill; he first put in machinery for the manufacture of hand-rakes; afterward added the manufacture of clothes pins, broom-handles, etc.; after two ears started a saw-mil, and in these branches of business he was engaged until the time of his death, which occurred April 26, 1863. Mr. Farrar was married, March 11, 1822, to Dorcas, daughter of Abram Cooledge, of Troy, N.H., and had three sons - Merrill P., born at Boston, May 19, 1823, now living on the homestead; Charles C., born at Boston, October 26, 1825, now living in the city of Flint; Cyrus S., born at Boston, October 16, 1831, now at East Saginaw, Mich. Mrs. Farrar died at the homestead, May 12, 1855. Mr. Farrar was afterward married to Mrs. Mary D. Barbour, who still survives. Merrill P. Farrar, son of the above, was born May 19, 1823; came to Macomb county with his parents in 1832, and became a farmer upon the homestead. He was married, September 12, 1848, to Sarah, daughter of Moses Perkins, of Troy, N.H., and had two children - Mary B., born July 19, 1849, died at home December 10, 1871; Hattie M., born July 17, 1851, married Frank. L. Day, September 2, 1873, died at the old home February 27, 1880. Mrs. Farrar died January 19, 1854. Mr. Farrar again married, Ann M. Pringle, April 30, 1856. Harriet Farrar, daughter of the above, married Frank L. Day, and had two children - Harry born September 24, 1874; Hattie E., born November 11, 1877. The family has always been Congregational and Republican in politics, and Mr. Merrill Farrar has held responsible township offices many years.

HEZEKIAH FARRINGTON, the son of James and Nancy (Ames) Farrington, was born in Canada January 29, 1832; his parents were natives of New England; his mother died in Armada February 3, 1866; his father lives at present at Almont, Mich., at the age of eighty-eight years. Mr. Farrington settled on a farm near the center of Armada Township; the mother died in Armada Township, February 5, 1865. Mr. F. was a sailor on the lakes from fifteen to twenty-five years of age. He married Alvira, daughter of Archibald Dunham, of Macomb Co., March 18, 1857, who died in Armada Township, January 5, 1861; married again, October 15, 1863, to Theresa Pomeroy, daughter of Oscar Pomeroy, of New York, who died in Armada Township in 1850; they have one child - Austin, born March 6, 1865; Mr. F. moved to his present farm in 1861 and has occupied it since that time. Mrs. Pomeroy, daughter of Hinksman Butterfield, a native of New Hampshire, was born at Alden, Erie Co., N.Y. February 20, 1826; she came with her parents to Macomb in the fall of 1831; her husband, Daniel O. Pomeroy, was born in Genesee County, N.Y., August 10, 1821; they were married March 11. 1844; his father, John Trumbull Pomeroy, was born in Vermont April 4, 1794, and died in Orleans county, N.Y., in 1833; the parents of Mrs. Pomeroy located in Armada Township, where the family have since resided; her father died November 12, 1865; her mother still lives, at the age of eighty-six. Mrs. Pomeroy had four children, two of whom, Mrs. Farrington and Mr. Pomeroy, are living in Armada Township. The family removed from New York to Tecumseh, Mich., with oxen and wagon and one of the inconveniences first felt was the want of a spring wheel; their own was left at Detroit, and no other could be obtained. After moving to Macomb, the Butterfields were in straitened circumstances, and, for a short time, in 1836, lived on buds and young leaves gathered in the woods, boiled and eaten with mild and butter, of which they had plenty. After the death of the father, John, the Pomeroy family removed from Ontario, N.Y., to Macomb and settled in the townships of Ray and Armada; they are Vermont people and have resided in various places in that State and in others; a member of the family, Mortimer C., is now living in St. Clair County.

AMOS FINCH, son of Silvester and Almeda Finch, ws born in Armada Township, July 11, 1836, enlisted in the army July 25, 1862, in Company E, Fifth Cavalry; spent three months in drill at Detroit; ws engaged in the battle of Bucklin Mills; here all the officers of the company and many privates were taken prisoners, and many died. Mr. Fitch was elected Corporal at Detroit and promoted to Sergeant at Washington; to Lieutenant on July 3, 1865, and was mustered out at Leavenworth, Kan., June 27, 1865; took part in three battles, and endured much hardship; upon leaving the army, he returned to the old homestead in Armada township, upon which he has always lived. He was married, September 24, 1867, to Anna Smith, daughter of Isaiah Smith, of New York. Mrs. Fitch was born September 24, 1747; they have three children. Sylvester Finch, son of Albert and Chloe (Knapp) Finch was born in Dutchess County, N.Y., March 1, 1805; came to Romeo in 1842 with the Finch family; in 1828, he bought land of the Government, on Section 30, Armada Township, which is partly cleared, and sold in 1835, and located on Section 15, where he died november 2, 1875; Mrs. F. was born in West Bloomfield, March 1, 1810; she was the daughter of Roswell Webster, a native of Connecticut; she still lives on the homestead; they had ten children, eight of whom are living.

JAMES FLOWER, son of William and Eunice (Kilbourn) Flower, was born in Delhi, October 18, 1808; his father was a native of Ashfield, Mass, and his mother of the same place. Mr. F. moved to Macomb County in the fall of 1854; opened a store of general merchandise at the branch, now called Armada Corners, in 1835, in which he continued for three years; in 1838, he bought 120 acres of land on Section 3, Richmond Township, which he cleared up and made his home until 1874, adding to the original purchase 167 acres; in 1874, he removed to Armada Village, where he now resides. He was married December 25, 1834, to Eliza, daughter of Asa Ingram, of this county; they had six children, four of whom are living. Mrs. F. was born in 1810, and died in Armada, November 4, 1881. Mr. F. was a member of the Legislature in 1849; has held offices in the township for many years and was prominent in the advancement of the new county; he has always been a Democrat in politics.

AMOS N. FREEMAN, son of Joseph and Sylvia (Newman) Freeman, born in Onondaga County, N.Y.; moved to Macomb in 1824, and settled on a farm in Armada Township; in the year 1850, he bought a tract of wild land, where he spent most of his life; he was married, in 1843, to Maria R. Fraleigh, and raised a family of six children; his wife died in 1875, and he married Mrs. Cordelia Levings, of Richmond Township; they are now living in Armada Township; a Republican in politics and a Methodist in Religion.

ARCHIBALD FREEMAN, son of Moses and Anna (Powell) Freeman, born in Washington Township, November 23, 1830; lived at home till the twenty-seventh year of his age. He then married Emily Jewell, daughter of Jeremiah Jewell, November 5, 1857; then purchased the farm on which he now resides, December 26, 1857, known as the John Warner farm; they have two children, viz., Adna J., born February 11, 1860; Hattie, b. September 5, 1864, both of whom are now living on the homestead; in 1860, he built the residence in which the family at present reside; has good and tasty barns and all the appliances of a successful business.

NEWMAN FREEMAN, son of Moses and Anna (Powell) Freeman, was born in Washington Township, April 27, 1832; has always lived on the farm inherited by his father; was married, Jun 2, 1864, to Mary A. Frost, of Armada Village, and has one child, Elva A., born January 22, 1867, now living at home. Mr. Freeman is a successful farmer; has a fine and commodious residence and good surroundings. Mr. Freeman voted at the birth of the Republican party for J.C. Fremont and has since voted with that party.

EDWIN A. FROST, son of Allen L. & Judith E. (Phelps) Frost, born in Armada January 11, 1848; always lived on the homestead, except three years spend in Richmond Township; married, Mary 23, 1872, to Miss Laura J.,, daughter of David B. Grout, on Ontario County, N.Y., and has the following children: Hattie E., born February 15, 1873; John E. February 1, 1877. Mr. F. owns and occupies the homestead near the village of Armada; he is prominently connected with several organization of the county; in politics, he is a Republican. Allen L. Frost (deceased), son of Bezaleel and Nancy (Luce) Frost, natives of Massachusetts, was born at Williamsburg, June 28, 1804; moved to New York while a boy, thence to Macomb County, in 1835, where he bought and cleared up a farm and made it his home for a life-time. He was married , at Gainsville, N.Y. January 20, 1828, to Mary Smith, and had a family of four children, one of whom still lives. Mrs. F. Died October 2, 1844, when he married Judith Phelps, September 4, 1845, who had three children - sons - Edwin A. born January 11, 1848; Walter I., born July 25, 1851; Fred R. born July 9, 1856, a medical graduate. Mr. F. was personally identified with all the improvements of the new country, an organizer of the M. E. Church of Armada and a life long member of the same; a strong supporter of the anti-slavery party and a firm Republican; his second son, Joel, was in the war of the rebellion, and was killed at Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1862; an uncle was a soldier of the Revolution, in the retreat from Quebec, and suffered all the hardships of that time. Mr. F. died at the homestead April 24, 1874. HORACE GARLICK, fifth son of Samuel & Lucy (Mead) Garlick, natives of Boston, was born in Boston, Oct 12, 1809. Samuel Garlick, a soldier in the war of 1812, served until the close of the war. His grandfather was born in England. Horace Garlick moved with the family to Connecticut; here the father owned a tide-mile, which was sold in 1818, and the family moved to Auburn, N.Y.; the father died in Oakland County in 1830, the mother in Jackson County in 1846. Mr. G. was in Black Rock, now Buffalo, seven years as a miller; in Ingham County, Mich., on a farm of 120 acres, in 1837; remained two years; returning to Buffalo, engaged in a flouring-mil; then to Jackson, Mich., in a grocery store, two years; thence to Macomb County, and engaged in milling at Mt. Clemens in 1845. He was married, September 20, 1832, in Ontario County, N.Y. to Delila Warner, who had three children, one of whom is living - Mrs. Fitch, of Mt. Clemens. Mrs. G. died April 7, 1847, at Jackson Mich.; he married, September 7, 1848, Mrs. Nancy L. House; had one child, Dr. Fred M. Garlick, of Richmond. The second wife died at Mt. Clemens, May 31, 1851; married, February 10, 1853, Mrs. Sarah Lufkin Goodale, a native of New York, born February 10, 1820; they had one child - Lizzie E., born March 20, 1859, died in Romeo August 19, 1860; Mr. G. remained in Romeo four years, managing the Garlick House; in the fall of 1860, came to Armada, where he has since remained, being in the hotel five years; then retired to a private residence of twenty one acres of land in the village of Armada; the father and six boys were millers and enjoyed the reputation of being first-class workmen; in politics, a Whig and then a Republican. The mother of Mrs. G., Sarah Goodale, was born in 1796, March 19, on the Hudson River, at Charleston, N.Y; is now living with her daughter in Armada; she is the mother of eight children, four of whom are living.

FULTON PAGE GOYER, son of Holly and Mary L. Goddell Goyer, was born October 31, 1851. His father died at the homestead in Armada Township, May 3, 1880. His mother died at the same place, July 29, 1860. The subject of this sketch left home at the age of seventeen and worked with his uncle, Perrin C. Goodell, at railroad carpentering on the Michigan Central Railroad, tow years, then worked eighteen months for the same company as locomotive fireman; at the expiration of the time named, changed to the Toledo, Wabash & Western Railroad, occupying the same position nearly three years. He then returned to his father's farm, and was married, May 10, 1875, to Sarah E. Herbert, a native of Ontario County, N.Y. they have one child Herbert, born October, 1878. Mr. Goyer is at present a farmer, and is making the breeding of fine Spanish Merino sheep a specialty.

LEWIS GRANGER, son of Thaddens and Julie E. Granger, natives of Massachusetts, was born March 10, 1826, near Akron, in Portage county, Ohio. The father served a short time in the war of the Revolution, having enlisted at the age of sixteen, near the close of the war. He died in September, 1825, and the mother received a land warrant for his services. She died in Memphis, this county, in 1868. Mr. Granger is a third cousin of the Postmaster General, Gideon Granger, who was one of the first to hold that position under the United States Government; also, a relative of Lord Dudley, of England, who lived a century or more ago. Mr. Granger removed to Macomb County in 1846, settled at Memphis and engaged in the mercantile business for about twelve years; removed to Armada Village in 1871, and again engaged in mercantile business; was married, September 26, 1747, to Sarah J. Perkins, of New York, who died February 24, 1853, leaving one child, Hettie, born September 25, 1852, who married H.C. Mansfield, of St. Clair County, present Register of Deeds for that county, formerly Modos. Mr. Granger married, November 22, 1854, Harriet A. Brownell, of New York. The have had four children - Frank, born May 5, 1856, died in infancy; Francis B., born August 12, 1859; Charles L., born September 6, 1861; Libbie, born July 27, 1863. In February, 1880, Mr. Granger sold his store, and after a short business engagement in Detroit, again commenced business, in a fruit evaporating establishment at Armada, which he still pursues. The building devoted to this is 114x40 feet, a portion of which is frost-proof. The establishment is capable of using annually 20,000 bushels of green fruit, and of employing forty persons. He is a prominent member of the Congregational Sabbath school of this village; late a Justice of the Peace, and a strong advocate of temperance. In politics, he is a Republican of the old anti-slavery type.

ZARA GRANGER, son of Zara and Sally (Richardson) GRANGER, was born on Grosse Isle, Detroit River, August 4, 1830. His father was a native of New York;' mother, of Main; moved to Macomb in 1830 and settled in the township of Chesterfield, near Mt. Clemens, where they cleared up a farm. The father died in1878; the mother in 1874. In November, 1878, Mr. Granger bought a farm in Richmond Township, which he kept till 1881, when he sold it and removed to Armada Village and engaged in a meat market; married, February 26, 1851, to Miss Marilla Maybee, and had seven children - Elenor, born December 1, 1855, died an infant; George L., born August 31, 1857; Henrietta, born in April 1860; Ella, born in April 1862; Addie born in October 1864; Clara, born in January, 1870; Burt, born in September, 1874. Mr. Granger has been a thresher of grand thirty-five seasons; in politics, a Republican.

ASA B. HAMLIN, son of Truman and Anna (Bowen) Hamlin, was born at Greenfield, Saratoga Co., N.Y., March 5, 1813. His father was a native of Rhode Island and his mother of Connecticut. They both moved to Jefferson County, N.Y., while young, and died there. His father served by proxy in the war of 1812. The subject of this sketch lived with his parents, in Saratoga County, till coming to Macomb County, which took place in 1866, stopping a season in Romeo. He then purchased the farm in Armada Township, Section 29, known as the Priest Shaw farm, on which he now resides; was married to Lora Ann Wheeler, daughter of William Wheeler, of Jefferson County, who died at her native place March 7, 1859. He afterward married Miss Maria F. Merriam, a native of Jefferson County, who was born July 11, 1820, now living. His children are Lydia Ann, born February 28, 1841, married and living at Romeo Village; William T., born November 10, 1847, now living at Port Huron, Mich.; Ella B. born Jun 17, 1855, married and lives in Armada Township; Abigail S., born March 5, 1859, married and living in Armada Village. The children were all by the former wife, and were born in Jefferson County. Mrs. Hamlin's parents (Merriam) were formerly of Connecticut, and moved to Jefferson County, N.Y., in 1806, when that place was a wilderness, and were forward in the development of it. The family name of the mother was Cady (Eunice). She died in September 1862. the father died July 20, 1860. He served in the war of 1812, and was honorably discharged. Mr. Hamlin is Christian in form of worship, and was a Whig, transferring his allegiance to the Republican party at its birth. He is and has always been a farmer, and makes the manufacture of cheese a specialty. His cheese has always met with approval, and has commanded the highest market price.

ALFRED HARRINGTON, son of Morey Harrington, was born in Ontario County, N.Y., July 12, 1820, and, at age of thirteen, went to work by the month till the family moved to Macomb, in 1839, after which he spent ten years clearing land for other people, when he bought the farm he now owns; married, in 1838, Abigail Beach, of Ontario, N.Y., and had four children, tow of whom are living. Mrs. Harrington died in March, 1876; married again, February, 1877, to Mary M. Webb, who still survives. Mr. Harrington joined the M. E. Church in 1859, and for the last sixteen years has been a local and itinerant preacher of that denomination.

MOREY HARRINGTON was born in Rutland, Vt, December 29, 1794. He moved to Macomb County in 1839, and settled on Section 30, Armada, on the farm since known as the Howell place, where he stayed but a short time, then settled on Section 5, which he improved and where he died in 1859. He was the father of thirteen children, five of whom still live; and was a local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal connection for forty years, and aided in the development of religious sentiment in Northern Macomb. His wife died at the homestead.

HIRON J. HATHAWAY, son of Chandler and Dency (Jones) Hathaway, born at Carthage, Genesee Co., N.Y., August 15, 1820. His parents were natives of Ontario County, N.Y.; grandparents of Vermont. The mother's people were from Massachusetts. Several uncles served in the war of 1812. The father died in New York in 1820; the mother, in March, 1881, at Armada Village. Hiron J., came to Macomb in 1841 and settled on Section 35, where he now resides. He was married, September, 1841, to Catherine, daughter of Allen Briggs of Ontario, N.Y., who served in the war of 1812 and died in Macomb County in 1850. Mr. Hathaway had three children - Chandler, born August 24, 1842; Dency A., born November 10, 1844, married Rock Bailey, and died in June, 1865; Sarah J., born October 5, 1847, married William Crittenden and lives at Mt. Clemens. Chandler Hathaway, son of the above, married, July 14, 1863, to Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Bailey, has two children - Dency, born March 31, 1872; Jennie, born February 21, 1879. He resides on the homestead and has always been a farmer, except about three years, when he was engaged in the manufacture of brooms in Romeo. He has a hop-yard, and makes the culture of that crop a specialty, in which he has met with good success. In political affinity, he has always been a Democrat.

MIRON S. HOLMAN is the son of Asa and Nancy Farrar Holman, was born March 28, 1820, at Marlboro, N.H. His grandfather was a native of Boston, Mass., and removed at an early date to Roxbury, N.H., where his son Asa was born in 1793. The family removed to Macomb County in 1831; settled on Section 29, where he lived for six years, when he removed to Romeo, where the father died October 10, 1868. The mother was born in Marlboro, N.H., in 1795, and died at Owosso, Mich., December 25, 1867. The subject of this sketch spent some years in the South, working at the carpenter's trade, then engaged in building in Romeo Village for about two years; he then engaged in business in Detroit for about twelve years, and in 1850 made a trip to California, during the height of the gold excitement; his health failing, he soon returned, and then purchased the Farrar mill property in 1857, where he has since been engaged in the manufacture of horse and hand rakes. He was married, September 11, 1845, to Anna C. Quackenboss, daughter of Daniel and Abigail Quackenboss, natives of New York. The removed to Detroit when she was eighteen years of age. Her great-grandfather served in the war of the Revolution, and her grandfather enlisted in the war of 1812, but, being under age, was rejected upon examination. They have had children, as follows: Olin Q., born May 20, 1847, now living in Iowa, at Creston; Sarah E., born April 8, 1853, died in infancy; Carrie G., born July 7, 1854, died January 5, 1857; Rollin G., born January 31, 1861, living in Creston, Iowa; Abbie L., born February 7, 1873. Mr. Holman still owns and occupies the old factory, making good work out of the best material. He is a Republican in politics, and a Congregationalist in his form of worship.

S. SMITH HOLMES, deceased, was born in Livingston County, N.Y., October 4, 1811; removed to Macomb in 1834, and lived some years near Armada Village, then moved to Section 4, Armada Township where he lived to the time of his death, which occurred November 5, 1876; married, in 1829, Sally A., daughter of Beekman Chamberlain, and had five children, four of whom are living. Mrs. Holmes was born August 12, 1816, and died December 18, 1876. Mr. Holmes was a blacksmith and had a shop in connection with his farm.

NEWTON HULETT, son of Oratus Hulett and Eunice (Carpenter), was born in Armada Township September 7, 1845, and has always lived on the homestead. He has added to it 120 acres, and now owns 240 acres, with good buildings, and all in fine condition for profitable work. He was married, January 23, 1868, to Huldah, daughter of John Corbin, of Macomb County, and has children as follows: Minnie, born November 6, 1868; Orvy, born November 13, 1874; John N., born September 16, 1871; Narina B., born January 28, 1877; Cora A., born January 9, 1873; Orris, born May 12, 1881. Mr. Hulett is a successful farmer, and strives to be at the head of his profession; in politics, a Republican.

ORATUS HULETT, son of Paul Hulett, of Vermont, of Scotch descent, was born at Rutland, Vt., January 10, 1800; moved to Macomb County in 1836 and settled on land purchased of the Government, on Section 20, Armada, which he occupied to the time of his death, which took place September 25, 1876. He was married, first to Sally Spaulding, of Vermont, September 21, 1820, who died March 20, 1829; by this marriage he had three children, all of whom are dead. The then married Miss Eunice Carpenter, of Rutland, Vt., January 14, 1830; by this marriage he had seven children, four of whom still survive. Mrs. Hulett's ancestors, the Newtons, were survivors of the Revolution, and later, those of the same name served in the war of 1812. They were a hardy people, and lived to extreme age.

SAMUEL HULETT, son of Oratus and Eunice Hulett, was born in Rutland, Vt., February 22, 1833; moved with his father's family to Macomb County in 1835. Mr. Hulett, in company with his brother, carried on his father's farm for about 11 years, then bought a farm on Section 16, Armada, which purchase was made in 1863. This farm was known as the Taylor place. The same year, he bought the Johnson place, adjoining his own. His farm now comprises 520 acres. He was married, July 22, 1860, to Emily, oldest daughter of Uriel Day, of Armada Township. They have five children - Ivy, born January 31, 1862; Uriel, born November 4, 1865; Burton, born August 18, 1868; Eddie, born February 7, 1871; Bruce, born January 1, 1876. Mrs. Hulett was born in Armada Township June 25, 1834. Mr. Hulett is a large dealer and feeder in fat stock; has erected a fine brick residence, and has a good farm, wind-mill, etc. Politically, he is a Republican. Mr. Hulett has a family horse which is more than thirty years old.

W. IRVING HULETT, son of Oratus and Eunice Hulett, was born November 23, 1834; has always lived on the land which was secured by him at the time of his marriage, which is on Section 20, known as the Bancroft farm. He was married, January 14, 1862, to Anna McCafferty, of Bruce Township. They have four children, all living at home. Mrs. Hulett was born February 17, 1844. Mr. Hulett is a prosperous farmer, and a member of the Republican party.

NATHAN HURD was born in Welland County, Canada West, August 7, 1825. His father was a native of Vermont, and, in the year 1834, removed to Lapeer County. This was at that time a wilderness, inhabited only by wold beasts and Indians. The nearest commercial point at that time was Pontiac, a small village of two or three stores and a grist-mill, to which they made a weary pilgrimage at long intervals for their grists and scanty groceries. He lived here until 1853, then moved to Macomb County and settled in Armada Township. In 1860, he removed to St. Clair County, and enlisted in Company H, Fourth Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and did service in the army one year; in 1877, returned to Armada and engaged as general blacksmith and carriage-maker, and is so engaged at present; married, in Armada, September 3, 1849, to Diana M. Perry, of Massachusetts; she was born in October, 1831, and has had three children - Alice, Celia M. and Adelia J. He has built a fine house, and is a careful and industrious mechanic.

JOSEPH A. INGRAHAM was born in Ontario, N.Y., September 7, 1828; lived some years in Ohio, thence removed to Lapeer County, and in 1850, settled in Armada, Section 3, where he now resides; was married, February 9, 1852, to Amanda, daughter of Abel Sumner, a native of New Brusnwick. The children of this marriage are Edmund L., born August 30, 1852; Charles E., born September 20, 1854; William I., born May 23, 1858; Ruth M., born September 13, 1860; Elizabeth M., born October 9, 1863; Rosa V., born January 6, 1868, died June 15, 1869; Andrew J., born January 23, 1870. Mr. Ingraham is a carpenter and cooper, a close workman, and has a farm connected with his business; in politics, a Democrat.

GEORGE R. KIDDER, son of Sidney M. and Lorette Fisher Kidder, born in Berlin Township, April 26, 1846, commenced business as a carpenter in Almont; bought a farm in Dryden and went into farming; from there to Capac as a grain merchant, then as a keeper of a grocery store; afterward bought a farm in Berlin; from there as a cabinet-maker in Bruce; then to Armada as a butcher; in 1877, invented a land roller, upon which he obtained a patent; in 1878, took out letters patent on barn door roller, which has become very popular both in the United States and Canada; also invented a farm gate. Mr. Kidder married, May 4, 1870, Lora Dodge, daughter of Stephen Dodge, of St. Clair County. The have two children - Mattie, born February 22, 1871; Ruth, born August 22, 1873. Mrs. Kidder was born March 4, 1847. Mr. Kidder now lives in Armada Village, and is identified with the Democratic party.

SIDNEY KIDDER, decease, was born in Genesee County, N.Y., about the year 1810; removed to Romeo in 1836; began life as a country merchant in the village of Romeo; a few years later went in company with Mr. Oel Rix and formed a partnership for the prosecution of the same business; from there went to Berlin, St. Clair County, on a farm, then back to Bruce for six years on a farm. He was living in St. Clair County, at the time of his death, which occurred with his own hands; in 1857, married Lorette, daughter of Luke Fisher; they had three children, all living. Mrs. Kidder died in February, 1868.

CHARLES A. LATHROP, son of Edward and Emma Andrews Lathrop, was born in West Springfield, Mass., October 25, 1816. His father and grandfather were natives of the same place, his great-grandfather of Norwich, Conn., descendant of Rev. John Lathrop, of Barnstable, England, who settled in Barnstable, Mass, where he was the head of a colony. Mr. Lathrop's father died at Armada Village September 11, 1863; mother died several years later. The had eleven children, all living but two. In 1847, Mr. Lathrop in company with his brother, opened a store of general merchandise, it being the second in the place. the first bill of dry goods amounted to $90, and was purchased of Zach Chandler, of Detroit. Two brothers have been with him in the business, but both have retired, and Mr. Lathrop conducts it alone. He was married, in Mary 1858, to Rachel A. Youngs, of Armada, and they have had two children - Charles E., born June 17, 1859, is in the store with his father; Lillie A., born October 1, 1860, married Edwin F. Phillips and lives in Armada Village. Mrs. Lathrop was born January 6, 1831. Mr. Lathrop was an early officer in the township and the village; in politics, first a Whig, and now a Republican.

DAVID McCROSSIN, M.D., son of James McCrossin, of Ireland, was born in Ontario County, N.Y., November 13, 1813; came direct to Michigan, arriving December 7, 1854. He had visited this county some years before and bought land on Section 11, Armada Township; moved the family in 1854, and settled in Berlin, St. Clair County, remaining twelve years; then to Armada Village, where he still resides; moved from Ontario Co9unty through Canada with wife and one child, three trunks, and a hen-coop lashed on behind, in which were two Shanghai chickens, the first of the kind introduced in these parts. Mr. McCrossin studied medicine at Springwater, Livingston county, with Dr. Arnold Grey; admitted to practice in Ontario County in 1829, which avocation he pursued during his active life; married, June 2, 1831, Amanda Short, who died February 5, 1851; four children, all living; married, September 25, 1851, Mary L. Wait, of Washington County, N.Y.,, and has one child Dora, born June 14, 1854, living at home. Mrs. McCrossin was born September 3, 1825. Mr. McCrossin was successful in his practice; in politics, a Whig, afterward joining with the Republican party. The fathers of both Mr. and Mrs. McCrossin served in the war of 1812, and the grandfather of Mrs. McCrossin, Peleg Wait, was a Revolutionary soldier. The families were from Vermont and Rhode Island.

THOMAS McILWRICK was born in Paisley, Scotland, December 24, 1826; served the regular term of five years as a cabinet-maker, and came to America in 1848. The vessel in which he came was four months and eight days between ports. He worked a short time in Detroit, then reached the "Scotch settlement" in Bruce, and labored in the trade of house carpentering eight years; married Eliza Learmont, who was born in England Jun 21, 1833, and have no children, except an adopted daughter. In 1851, he bought land on Section 6, Armada Township, and began to be a farmer, in which he as succeeded. He has several relics of the old country of great age; Republican in politics and Presbyterian in form of worship.

JOHN McKAY, son of Robert and Jean (Gray) McKay, was born in Bruce Township, August 16, 1843; married February 21, 1866, and settled on a farm on Section 19, Armada, known as the Joseph Bennett farm, on which he has resided since that time. His wife was Lucinda, youngest daughter of Uriel Day, of Armada Township; was born October 16, 1842. Their children are: Robert U., born July 24, 1868; Olive J., born January 111, 1871. Mr. McKay's farm consists of 300 acres in fine cultivation; makes a specialty of Durham cattle, of which he has a superior herd. He has held responsible offices in township and society; a charter member of the Grange, No. 414; also of Pomona Grange, of Macomb; a member of several agricultural organization, and President several terms; also a member of the executive Board of the State Short-horn Breeder's Association; Congregational in worship, and Republican in politics.

GURDON H. MILLARD, son of Jesse and Elizabeth (Hopkins) Millard, he of Ohio and she of New York, was born in the city of Detroit, February 2, 1841; learned the trade of fine coopering at Clarkston two years; entered the army in August, 1861, Company H, Fifth Michigan Volunteer Infantry; was discharged November 25, 1862, and again pursued his trade at Clarkston eight years; in 1872, began the study of dentistry; was licensed to practice by Detroit Dental Association; pursued this business at Clarkston, at Birmingham, and in 1875 came to Armada, where he is still in practice. His business is largely on the increase, and his work first-class. He married, October 15, 1863, Elizabeth Lowrie, of Oakland County, who was born May 25, 1844. The have two children - Fred A., born February 6, 1867; and Frank G., born January 1, 1872. Mr. Millard's father was a soldier in the Mohawk war; his mother was a relative of the Hopkins of Revolutionary fame.

GEORGE M. MILLS, son of Asa and Lucetta (Banister) Mills, natives of Orange County, N.Y., was born in Richmond Township September 9, 1839. Until arriving at majority, he lived on the homestead and attended the schools of the place. He then bought forty acres of land, to which he added 140 in Richmond. He sold this property in 1872, and bought the Erie Butterfield farm, Armada, which is his present home. He was married, May 15, 1867, to Miss Elizabeth McGreggor, daughter of Robert McGreggor of Ray. She was born in Ray June 16, 18489. Their children are as follows: Elmer, born January 24, 1868, died March 24, 1873; Lillian born February 25, 1873; Delmer, born April 6, 1875. Mr. Mills has held offices in township; a member of the order of Patron of Husbandry, and Democratic in politics. His farm lies on the outskirts of the village of Armada, and consists of 160 acres of fertile land.

MARTIN M. MILLS is the son of Asa D. and Lucetta Banister Mills, natives of New York State; he was born in Bruce Township, Section 25; was married to Emma Gould March 11, 1860, lived one year in the village of Almont, thence to Armada Village, thence to Richmond Township, where he lived for eight years; then to the township of Shelby four years; then to Armada Township, Section 36, where he now resides. They have four children - John born October 3, 1866; Eddie, born June 3, 1869; George, born July 15, 1873; Della M., April 3, 1880. Mr. Mills' parents were of American origin. He is a farmer in easy circumstances and prosperous. He makes the diseases of cattle and horses a study, and his services are often required in the neighborhood where he lives. Grandfather Timothy Banister served in the war of 1812, and received a pension.

REV. JAMES H. MORTON, son of James Morton and Margaret Borland, natives of Scotland, was born April 11, 1833, in Ayrshire, Scotland; came to Macomb July 18, 1844; settled on Section 7, Armada Township; attended school at the Romeo Academy some years; taught in the public schools winters until reaching majority; afterward entered Jefferson College, of Cannonsburg, Penn., a short time; again engaged in teaching; in company with a brother, carried on a foundry business in armada Township; also at Lapeer City; in 1858, entered the local ministry of the Methodist Protestant connection; then entered the conference of the same church, which relation was maintained for sixteen years - three years in Western New York, and thirteen years in Eastern Michigan. In the autumn of 1875, he severed the connection with the Methodist Protestant Church and united with the Methodist Episcopal Church, which relation still exists. He is at present Pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Armada Village. Mr. Morton was married, November 19, 1857, to Harriet L., daughter of Henry Strong, of Lapeer, formerly of Connecticut. She was born in 1838, and died May 1, 1859; one son died in infancy; married again, March 19, 1863, to Mrs. Anna Silsby, daughter of Benjamin Elliott of Lenawee County, Mich.; six children, five living at home: the oldest, John, died May 12, 1882. Mrs. Morton was born January 20, 1843. Mr. Morton has been connected with the literature of the county, and is an acceptable minister in the church to which he belongs; in politics, faith and practice, always a Republican. In 1878, he, with his wife, made a visit to the old home in Scotland, and spent some weeks in reviewing the scenes of his childhood. A series of twelve letter written by him were published in the papers of the State.

THEODORE G. MOSHER, son of Jabez and Ann Tubbs Mosher, natives of New York, was born in Ontario County, N.Y., October 23, 1832; removed with the family to Macomb and settled on Section 2, Armada, in 1840; married, October 23, 1854, to Urilla Eaton, of Connecticut; she died July 17, 1856; married, April 5, 1858, Jane C. Eaton, a sister of his former wife, born February 7, 1835; one child, Everett, born October 23, 1859, living at home. Mer. Mosher began business life as a farmer; located on the land on which he now lives in 1865; the farm now consists of 306 acres, Section 1 and 2, Armada Township. In 1875, he erected a fine residence, and has surrounded himself with all that is necessary to a prosperous business. In politics, he is a Democrat.

ELI G. PERKINS, son of Conde Perkins and Hannah Griffiths, he of Connecticut and she of Vermont, was born in Canada, August 1, 1822. His father, Conde Perkins, was a volunteer of 1812; started for the battle of Plattsburg, but, the conflict being over, was discharged. Grandfather Nathan Griffiths served during the entire term of the Revolutionary war, being at the headquarters at Valley Forge, and participating in all its scenes. He was under the immediate command of Washington, and was honorably discharged at the close of the war. Mr. Perkins came to Macomb in March, 1838; made a clearing on his land in 1844; subsequently opened a cooper-shop in Richmond Township which he operated until 1853, when he went to Iowa; he returned after a short stay there, rented the Gower farm; subsequently located on Section 14, Richmond Township, where he lived four years, and next on Section 2, Armada, where he now resides. Mr. Perkins married Miss. M. A. Moser, daughter of Jabez Mosher, Ontario County, N.Y., September 16, 1844. There were six children by this marriage - James G. B., born April 22, 1845; Gleason A., November 5, 1846; Helen M., March 7, 1849, died December 14, 1854; Rosetta A., March 28, 1851; Eli E., January 10, 1853, died October 11, 1854; Eli F., born March 4, 1856. Mrs. Perkins was born in Richmond, Ontario County, in 1825. Mr. Perkins has a farm of 135 acres, well cultivated. His sheep-farming operations have been a success. Politically, he is a Greenbacker. Freeman Perkins, brother of Eli G., served in the Fifth Michigan Cavalry; was taken prisoner at Gettysburg, and died from harsh treatment while in the Confederate hotel at Andersonville, on his journey homeward.

COL. NORMAN PERRY was born in Northumberland, Saratoga Co., N.Y., April 20, 1796. In 1816, he accompanied his father's family to Leroy, Genesee County, where they took up new land, and where Norman lived for eight years. In the fall of 1824, he started for Michigan; found the Hoxie settlement, and located eighty acres of land east of the village of Romeo, at a place since known as the "Branch." Upon this land he erected his cabin, built of logs, floored with puncheon and shingled with "shakes," and cleared about four acres. having accomplished this, he returned to Genesee County. In March, 1825, he was married to Miss Susan Scott, and started a few days after for his new home. Mrs. Perry was the daughter of Capt. David Scott, the first settler in the county of Clinton, Mich., a lady remarkably gifted in those qualities which made the pioneer life one of contentment and comparative happiness. In their journey they were accompanied by Reuben R. Smith, who settled on a farm close by. The journey to Buffalo was made with teams, taking two days, over roads which were both difficult and dangerous to travel. At Buffalo, they took passage on the steamer Superior for Detroit. From this place they proceeded by way of Royal Oak in search of Bailey's or the Hoxie settlement, which point they reached after two days' floundering in the mud, and over logs and causeways for two days. They remained over night at the settlement, and in the morning set out to find the cabin at the Branch. They had no sooner reached it than they found that, in order to institute housekeeping, they had to go back to the village for the necessary articles. While he was gone, the young wife left alone in the hut in the woods, went up in the chamber of the cabin and lay down upon some boughs to rest. While there, two men, who had built further down the creek, came along the path to the village, and, seeing that the house was open, stopped to see how neighbor Perry was getting along. One of the men stepped up the ladder, and looking into the chamber, exclaimed, "Great heavens! there's a woman here!" This was the young lady's first introduction to her neighbors. They had purchased a cow on the way to Detroit, and driven it to the farm, but the first night the animal became homesick and returned. Mr. Perry followed her twenty miles or more, but, finding her still ahead, and gaining on him, he gave up the chase and returned. Mr. Perry always lived upon the farm, and died July 19, 1880, at the age of eighty-four. He was a frugal and industrious man, a good manager, and forward in all the necessary works of improvement in the new settlement, and many of the meetings for the transaction of township business were held at his house. Noah Webster settled a little further down the creek in 1825, and the following spring, Josiah Hamlin built a blacksmith shop, and was a great help to the settlers. The oldest child of Mr. & Mrs. Perry, now Mrs. John Selleck, was the first child born east of Romeo. Mr. Perry was a member of the State militia, and received a Lieutenant's commission in April, 1829, bearing the signature of Gen. Cass. In July 1830, he was made a Captain of State militia by Gen. Cass; in September, 1831, was advanced to Major by Stevens I. Mason, and promoted Lieutenant Colonel in February, 1832, by Mason, Governor of the Territory.

MRS. SUSAN (SCOTT) PERRY, daughter of Capt. David Scott, of Clinton County, Mich., was born at Shoreham, Vt., February 21, 1802; moved with her parents to Le Roy, N.Y., thence to Cattaragus Co., N.Y., and, after six months, returned to Le Roy; after a few years, moved to Covington, N.Y., and lived until 1825; in March of that year, married Norman Perry, and moved to Macomb County and settled at the Branch, two and a half miles east of Romeo, Mich., on Section 31, Armada Township. Mr. Perry bought 320 acres of land, which is still occupied by the family; have had seven children, all of who still live -- Delia, born January 19, 1826, married John Selleck, and now resides in Ray Township, and was the first child born in the township of Armada; Ozni S., born October 3, 1827, now at the old place; Elem Maria, born January 10, 1831, married James Sanford (deceased), now lives at Charlotte, Eaton Co., Mich.; Manly C., born January 4, 1833, lives in Richmond Township; Norman, born August 7, 1840, married Ellen Warner and lives at the old home; Norton M., born October 20, 1840, married and lives at Lansing, Mich.; Marshall, born August 10, 1844, who is unmarried, and, with Norman, owns and occupies the homestead. Mrs. Perry is a happy and cheerful old lady, full of neighborly deeds and kindnesses.

W. DURFEE PETTIBONE, son of Anson and Hannah (Blakely), was born July 24, 1834. His father, a native of Vermont, was born at Bennington, April 15, 1794. His mother was a native of the same place, born June 8, 1797. The family moved from Vermont to New York, and settled on a new farm in Wyoming County, N.Y., and lived till 1845. In the year 1831, he had visited Macomb County and located 620 acres on the ridge near where the village of Armada now stands. This farm he improved and occupied to the time of his death, which took place April 20, 1864. He was married, January 1, 1822, to Hannah Blakely, and had six children, two living. Mrs. Pettibone also died at Armada. The subject of this sketch spent his early years on the homestead farm, and attended school in the public schools of the village, and taught school one year. He was married, March 28, 1860, to Annie A., daughter of Edward Lathrop, born in Pittsford, N.Y., April 27, 1837. Their children were - William E., born September 13, 1864, died March 4, 1874; Jennie, born December 11, 1866, died February 3, 1867; Eda, born June 23, 1868, died December 11, 1869,; Fanny, born June 4, 1870; and infant daughter died October 12, 1875; Robert #., born April 29, 1878. Mr. Pettibone inherited 300 acres of the homestead, and has added 200 acres, erected tasty and complete buildings, good fences, etc. He was a charter member of the Armada Agricultural Society, and an officer therein; an officer in the village and district; a member of the Congregational Church and Sabbath school, and a Republican in politics; a strong temperance man.

EDWARD PETTIBONE, son of Anson and Hannah (Blakely) Pettibone, natives of Vermont, was born July 10, 1828, in Wyoming County, N.Y.; came with his father's family to Macomb in 1845; has always lived on the homestead, situated on Sections 24 and 19, Armada and Richmond Townships; married, January 1, 1860, Antoinette Butler, daughter of William Butler of Buffalo; she was born May 19, 1824; has one child, Mary, born January 16, 1862. Mr. Pettibone received from his father's estate 300 acres, and has purchased sixty acres in addition - one of the best locations in the town on "the Ridge" near the village of Armada; always voted with the Republican party. Mrs. Pettibone died March 16, 1874.

AUSTIN H. PHILLIPS, son of John H. and Clarinda Briggs Phillips, was born in Armada August 17, 1854. He attended school at Armada, lived on the homestead, and was married, December 30, 1876, to Lillian, daughter of Ezra Sibley, of Armada. She was born May 1, 1859. They have two children - William Sibley, born June 10, 1878; John Alva, born February 18, 1880. Mr. Phillips is a farmer, meeting with good success. He is a member of the Baptist Church of the village, and Superintendent of the Sabbath school. He is a Republican in politics.

JOHN H. PHILLIPS, son of John Phillips, was born in Lima, Livingston Co., N.Y., February 17, 1811. He was a farmer in New York, and moved to Macomb in 1848. He settled on a farm in Armada, in Section 17, which he kept for three years. He then removed to a farm adjoining the village of Armada, consisting of 200 acres, which he kept until his death, which took place May 16, 1879. His wife, Clarinda S. Briggs of Livingston County, N.Y., was born in 1824; she died in May, 1864. They had nine children, eight of whom are living. Mr. Phillips was a strong advocate of temperance, having taken the pledge when a small boy, and kept it sacred; a Baptist in religion, and anti-slavery in politics.

GEORGE W. PHILLIPS, son of Ira and Martha (Day) Phillips, of Livingston County, N.Y., was born at that place July 17, 1829. His father was born in October 1802. A farmer in the East, he sought the West to pursue the same calling, arriving in Macomb County September 6, 1831, and immediately entered upon 160 acres of land in Section 19, Armada Township, where he reared a family of three sons, and died on the homestead September 4, 1855. Mrs. Phillips died July 14, 1860. W.G. succeeded his father on the homestead; was married, in 1856, to Lydia, daughter of A. W. Sterling, of Romeo, and has children as follows: Carie E., born December 16, 1857; Frank I., born May 24, 1859; George W., born July 24, 1861; Charles J., born April 29, 1863; Hattie M., born July 17, 1866; Fanny S., born May 22, 1870; John S., born March 17, 1872; L. Minnie, born June 8, 1874. Mr. Phillips has always been foremost in the agricultural interests of the county; a charter member of the county agricultural society, and, from the third year of its existence an officer, and seven times its President; an officer of the cultural Society and the Union Farmers' Club. Mr. Phillips is a fine musician, a prominent man in society, and a Republican.

HENRY PRATT, son of Josiah Pratt, a native of Vermont, was born in Westminster, Upper Canada, February 13, 1845; moved with his father's family to Section 1, Armada Township, in 1850; married, March 17, to Helen, daughter of John Stonehouse; one child, Nellie S., born March 25, 1881. Mrs. Pratt was born in Canada October 14, 1843. Mr. Pratt has added fifty-two acres to the homestead, built a fine residence, and has brought the farm into good condition for general farming, in which he has met with good success; grandfather served in the war of the Revolution as a soldier, and was discharged at its close.

JOSIAH PRATT, deceased, son of Josiah Pratt, a native of Massachusetts, was born in Vermont, January 8, 1793; spent a portion of his life in Canada, and removed to Macomb County in 1850. He was married, first to Rebecca R. Jackson, who died in 1837; married Maria Gilbert, who died January 8, 1847; he then married Charlotte Wann, who died July 10, 1870. Mer. Pratt died at the homestead some years since. He was the father of twenty-three children, fifteen of whom are living. The elder Pratt was a soldier of the Revolution, and was granted a pension to himself and his widow. The son was drafted by the British in the war of 1812, and served a short time reluctantly.

WILLIAM E. PRESTON, son of Earl C. & Harriet Fox Preston, was born at Eastford, Conn., June 20, 1822. His father was a native of Eastford, and his mother of Woodstock in the same State. The family are descendants from one Preston, who left England for America in 1640, but of whom very little is known. His descendant, John Preston, of Andover, Mass., who is the fifth lineal ancestor of the subject of this sketch, was married in 1706 to Mary Haynes of Newbury, Mass., and afterward settled in Windom, Conn. Said May Haynes was the daughter of Jonathan Haynes, of Haverhill, Mass., of which family the following bit of history is related: On the 15th day of August, 1696, he and his four children - three boys and the said daughter Mary - were in the field near their house, the father reaping and the children picking beans. While thus engaged, the Indians, who were at war with the whites, surprised them and carried them all to Pennacook, now the city of Concord, N.H. There they separated, one party going to main, taking the father and one of the boys, Thomas by name; the other going to their home in Canada, and taking with them the other three children. The father and Thomas succeeded in escaping. They pursued their way through the forests, making toward home as best they could. The old man gave out, and could go no further, and sank down to die. The boy, in despair, climbed a high hill and looked around. Nothing but the interminable forests met his vision. In his trouble, the little fellow cried aloud, and the only response was an echo. At length his ears caught a familiar sound - that of a sawmill. He proceeded in the direction of the sound, and at length came to a white settlement on the Saco River. Here he got help and rescued his father, who soon recovered strength sufficient to pursue his journey home. The other children were taken to Canada and sold to the French. Mary was afterward redeemed by 100 pounds of tobacco, which was hauled to Canada in a hand sled. The boys never came back. They were seen fifty or sixty years afterward by troops from Haverhill during the invasion of Canada in the French and Indian war. They were wealthy farmers, and one of them asked for his sister; said that he remembered her, and that one of her fingers had been cut off by a little boy when a child, which was true. William E. Preston was married, in 1846, to Lovinia Leonard, the daughter of Halsey Leonard, of Woodstock, Conn. Their children are Charles C., born November 5, 1847; Mary. L., June 21, 1850; John L., April 15, 1853; Hattie L., April 6, 1856; Bert C., January 2, 1859; Anna C., April 20, 1861. Mr. Preston came to Macomb in 1855, settling on a farm two miles south of Armada Village which he afterward sold, and removing to Armada Village in 1867, engaged in the mercantile business, in which he still continues. The family of both Mr. and Mrs. Preston are from a long-lived New England ancestry.

BENJAMIN F. PROCTOR is the son of John and Sarah Freeman Procter; was born in Armada Township June 24, 1832. He attended the schools of Romeo and worked upon the farm, and in 1865 went to Pontiac and joined the firm of Procter & Co., merchant and custom millers, whose mill was situated on the Clinton River near the city. This continued for about six years, when he purchased the farm in Armada, known as the Howell farm, on which he is still living. He also owns a large farm in St. Clair County. He was married, in Pontiac, Mich., October 2, 1865, to Sarah A. Barkham. They have children as follows: Ada A., born August 11, 1867; Edmond J., born April 13, 1869; Reed, born September 4, 1871; Clarence, February 14, 1874. Mrs. Proctor was born September 3, 1833; her father brought his family from England, and settled in Canada, and from there moved to Michigan in 1836; settled in Rochester, as a miller, in which business he is still engaged. Mr. Procter is a Republican in politics, having voted for Fremont in 1856.

JOHN L. PROCTOR, one of the first settlers of Armada Township, was born at Alstead, N.H., July 18, 1799. He was the son of Benjamin Procter, of New Hampshire, whose wife, Sarah Freeman, of Berkshire, Vt., was born April 13, 1805. He removed to Macomb in 1824, settled on Section 31, Armada Township, on land now occupied by the family. He was married in 1827; had seven children, six of whom are still living. The deed of his land bears date as first purchased in the township. The farmhouse, one of the first in the locality, is a monument of stability, having withstood the storms of more than forty-eight years, and is still in good condition. John L. Proctor, son of the above, inherited the homestead; is unmarried , and lives with his two sisters. He is a successful farmer, and a dealer in fine cattle and sheep for Eastern markets.

JOSEPH ROWLEY was born in Livingston County, N.Y., February 13, 1812. He is the son of Erastus and Lydia Richardson Rowley, of Westfield, Conn. The father started to move to Michigan in 1835, but died on the way, in Ohio, and was buried there. The mother died in Armada Township in 1864. Mr. Rowley bought land on Sections 7 and 8, in Armada, on which he still resides. He was married, August 4, 1839, to Elizabeth, daughter of A. Smith, and they were the first couple married in Berlin Township, St. Clair County. Their children are Ory, born November 12, 1840; Polly B., born June 6, 1842; Marianna, born August 17, 1844, died December 25, 1865; Franklin, born August 26, 1846; George H., born August 20, 1848; Joseph born June 1, 1850; Nettie O., born February 11, 1852; Sarah E., born May 1, 1854, died June 30, 1881; Elias, born May 29, 1856; Lydia, born October 9, 1858; Willie J., born June 22, 1861. Mr. Rowley was a keen and successful hunter. He killed 180 deer the first three seasons on the place, and thirty per season for many years after. He is a Jackson Democrat.

NATHAN ROWLEY was the son of Erastus Rowley, of Westfield, Conn., and was born May 17, 1802. He removed to Macomb County in June, 1831, and was married, November 5, 1834, to Abigail, daughter of Frederick Aldrich. In 1836, he took up land on Section 7 and 8, Armada, which he improved, and where he lived up to 1880. He died at Goodrich, Genesee County, July 27, 1881. Mrs. Rowley was born in Canandaigua County, N.Y., August 12, 1809, and died October 5, 1877. The grandfather is a survivor of the Revolution, and they are from a long-lived race of people.

LIBERTY ROWLEY was born at Armada Township October 10, 1838. He was the son of Nathaniel and Abigail Rowley, of the same place; was married, December 25, 1863, to Mary L. Banfill, who was born at Ypsilanti, Mich., December 20, 1847. Their children are as follows: Arthur T., born October 31, 1865, died August 7, 1872; Carrie E., born December 2, 1871; Rubie, born January 21, 1874, died in November, 1875; Mary L., born November 8, 1878. Mr. Rowley purchased a part of his father's farm, on Section 8, Armada, on which he lives, and keeps a stock of general merchandise. Mr. Rowley and wife have been member of the Methodist Protestant Church for fifteen years, and he has always been a Republican.

SAMUEL SHEPARDSON, son of Samuel Shepardson, a native of Vermont, was born in Windham County, in that State, November 10, 1819. At the age of twenty-one, he removed to Canada, and thence to Macomb County, arriving in the spring of 1853. He purchased a farm on Section 3, Armada Township, where he has lived ever since. He has cleared up the farm, built all the buildings and added forty acres. He married, January 13, 1853, Elizabeth M., a daughter of Abel Sumner, of New Brunswick. They have no children. Mr. Shepardson is a cheese-maker, and has turned his farm to the production of that staple. He has furnished a store in Romeo with cheese for the past eighteen years. His father served his country in 1812, and was honorably discharged.

ALVAH SIBLEY was born in Berkshire, Mass., in March, 1796, where he lived until he was twenty-one years of age. He then removed to Brighton, Monroe Co., N.Y., where he was married to Mary, daughter of Joseph Corbin, of Woodstock, Conn. She was born March 4, 1803. Her parents were pioneers of Western New York. Mr. Sibley removed his family to Macomb County in October, 1835, and settled on Section 25, township of Armada, where his widow still resides. His father, Ezra Sibley, was a Revolutionary soldier, having served in the conflict for seven years, during six of which he passed without sleeping outside of camp. His grandfather was a British officer in the West India service, and died of yellow-fever. The family are of Norman origin. Mr. Sibley was a man of stern principles of honesty and adherence to the Christian faith; a Deacon in the Congregational Church of Armada from its organization until his death, which occurred in February, 1870. Deacon Sibley is remembered with affectionate regard. His family consisted of three sons - Alfred I. Sibley, born in Brighton, N.Y., September 18, 1824, and is now a resident of Cass County, Iowa; Ezra F. Sibley, still a resident of Armada; and William H. Sibley, born in Armada December 2, 1838. He remained with his father's family and attended school at Mt. Clemens and Romeo until the commencement of the civil war, when he laid aside his great ambition for an education and went forth in defense of his country. He enlisted in Company A, Ninth Michigan Infantry, under Col. Duffield, and died of typhoid fever in January, 1862, at Elizabethtown, Ky. He is remembered as a worthy Christian soldier.

EZRA F. SIBLEY, son of Alvah and Mary Sibley, was born in Brighton, N.Y., November 29, 1827. He removed with his father's family to Macomb County in 1835, where he attended school and remained at home until he attained his majority. He then began working at the carpenter's trade for a few years, and was married, September 13, 1853, to Adaline A. Pierson, a native of Rush, Monroe Co., N.Y. In 1859, he engaged in mercantile business, in company with William H. Clark, in Armada Village, and at the opening of the civil war, he enlisted in Company A., Ninth Michigan Infantry, under Col. Duffield; served as a musician most of the time, and was captured, July 13, 1862, by General Forrest; was paroled, and soon after discharged by general order mustering out all regimental bands from the service. He again engaged in carpenter work until 1869, when he was appointed station agent on the Michigan Air-line Railroad at Armada, Mich., which office he has held since that time. His family consists of two daughters -- Lillian M. Sibley, born May 1, 1859, married, 1876, to Austin H. Phillips, and resides in Armada; Minnie A. Sibley, born August 22, 1867.

COLBY and PHILLIP SHORT, born in Ontario County, N.Y. Their father's name was Colby Short, who died in Ontario. Colby was born January 11, 1838; Phillip, December 25, 1839. Colby came to Macomb in the autumn of 1860; Philip in 1862; settled on Section 12; afterward bought land on Section 2, Armada Township, where they now live. Philip married, July 10, 1867, Angeline Woolman, born at Mt. Clemens September 20, 1846; had five children, for of whom are now living. Colby is not married. They are extensively engaged in the sale of farm implements. Colby enlisted, September 19, 1861, in Company L., First Michigan Cavalry, and served four years; was Gen. Banks' Private Orderly three months. The company was body guard to Gen. Banks one year. He reached home in August, 1865.

LEWIS SMITH, son of Calvin Smith, was born in Tolland County, Conn., December 27, 1832; came with his father's family to Macomb County in 1842; was engaged upon railroads three years, and then returned to the homestead where he now lives; married, July 9, 1864, Frances Curtiss, daughter of Harry Curtiss, of Richmond Township. They had one child, which died in infancy. Mrs. Smith died August 18, 1876. He married again, April 3, 1877, Anna Skidmore, of Troy, Oakland County; no children. Mrs. Smith was born June 28, 1837. Mr. Smith has held offices in township and agricultural societies. He built a good house on his farm, and added eighty acres to the same. Before the war, he was a Democrat in politics; since that time he has been a Republican. His great-grandfather, James McNary, was in the war between England and France. Being taken prisoner, he was confined in the hold of a vessel for seven days without food, except a pair of calf-skin boots, which, being cut in small pieces, was eaten by himself and his comrades. They afterward overpowered the crew, brought the vessel to America, entered the American Army and served in the war of the Revolution, being honorably discharged at its close; was also in the war of 1812.

CALVIN SMITH was born in Tolland County, Conn., in 1793; entered the army in 1812 as a private, and was promoted to Sergeant in 1814; served during the war, and was discharged with a land warrant, which he located in St. Clair County; moved to Macomb and stopped a short time in Ray Township, then settled on a farm in Section 12, which he cleared up, and where he died in 1853. He was married to Mary McNary, of his native place, by whom he had eight children, three of whom survive. She died at the homestead in 1872, aged seventy-eight years. His father, David Smith, was a soldier in the war of the Revolution, and two of his sons served in the civil war, and in the Indian troubles in Minnesota, and were wounded there.

SETH SMITH, son of Asa Smith, was born June 10, 1825, Dighton, Massachusetts; moved to Ontario County, New York, thence to Michigan in September 1863; settled in Lenox Township for three years; moved to Armada Village in 1866, where he has since lived. He was married July 26, 1852 to Sarah S. Hubbell of Ontario County, who was born September 4, 1834. They have six children. The grandfather of Mrs. Smith, Nathaniel West, served in the war of 1812. Mr. Smith has been a dealer in fat stock. In politics, he is a Democrat."

DR. JOHN S. SMITH was born 6 March 26 1822. His father, Asa Smith, was a native of Massachusetts and moved to Macomb County in 1854 and settled in section 24, Armada, where he died in 1865. Dr. John Smith graduated from the Medical School of Cleveland, Ohio, in 1844. He practiced medicine in Ontario County, NY, for 2 years and then removed to Macomb County in 1847 and engaged in the practice of his profession in Armada Village. In 1858, he read and studied law and the same year began the practice of law. He graduated from the Law Department of Ann Arbor and was admitted to the bar. In the spring of 1863, he joined the army as a quartermaster and remained for one year. On retiring, he engaged in farming. In 1867, he started a brick block building in Armada Village and during the construction, a wall fell, killing him on 19 Sep 1868. He married in 1845 to Linda B. Jones of Ontario, NY, they had no children. Dr. Smith was a Democrat.

HORACE H. SPENCER, of Armada, was the son of Ira and Sally (Earl) Spencer, and was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, June 17, 1822. His father was a native of Spencertown, N.Y., and gave the name to that place. The family removed to Macomb in 1839, and settled in Richmond Township, where the father died in 1876, at the age of eighty-five; the mother died in 1866. The subject of this sketch was married, June 12, 1844, to Mary Chamberlin, who was born in Ontario County, N.Y., March 18, 1818. After marriage he bought land on Section 27, Armada, which he partly cleared, and then sold, buying again on Section 14, which he kept till 1871, when he removed to the village of Armada, where he still resides; have had seven children, four of whom, sons, are still living. Mr. Spencer has held office in the township twenty-eight years (Justice of the Peace); always a Democrat, but often elected by Republicans.

JAMES STEPHENS, son of James Stephens, of Scotland, was born in that country September 2, 1817; left his fatherland in 1841 to become a farmer in Michigan. He bought land in Lapeer County, on the line of Macomb, in 1848, where he resided some years. He afterward bought a farm on Section 7, Armada Township, where he now resides. Married January 6, 1848, Anna Morton, daughter of James Morton. Their children's record is as follows: Margaret, born November 11, 1848, married and lives in Armada Township; Agnes W., born August 27, 1850, married and lives in Bruce Township; James B., born March 16, 1860, married and lives in Romeo; Thomas M., born November 24, 1855, married and lives in Vassar, Mich.; Anna M., born March 23, 1858, married and lives in Bruce Township; Andrew H., born April 3, 1860; John W., born May 21, 1863; Merton H., born September 8, 1866; George B., born September 28, 1868. Mrs. Stephens was born January 28, 1825, in Scotland. Mr. Stephens is a farmer and owns 325 acres, and is a successful grower of wheat. He has been a prominent member of several organizations, a professor of religion, with his wife, for many years; a leader in Sunday school, and a Republican in politics.

JOHN H. STUMP, son of Levi Stump, of Ontario County, N.Y., was born in Armada Township, April 23, 1855; moved to his present farm, known as the Albert Aldrich farm, consisting of 140 acres, in the fall of 1877; was married, August 29, 1877, to Francis A. Arnold, of Armada; the have no children. He is a general farmer and dealer in grain. Mrs. Stump was born April 15, 1858.

ABEL SUMNER, born in New Brunswick June 17, 1793. In early life he moved to Vermont, thence to Canada, coming to Macomb in 1841; settled on land on Section 2, Armada Township, which he improved and occupied previous to 1871, since which time he has lived with a daughter, Mrs. Ingraham. Mrs. Sumner, formerly Miss Ruth Ormsby, born at Middlebury, Vt., in 1803, died in Armada February 10, 1860, at fifty-seven years of age. The children of this marriage are five in number, four now living. Mr. Sumner is a pensioner of the war of 1812; was a musician at that time, and is still living.

DR. JOHN M. SUMNER, son of Abel and Ruth (Ormsby) Sumner, was born in London, Westminster, Canada West, September 3, 1836; was a farmer till reaching the age of twenty-four, when he began the practice of medicine as the result of his own study and observation, and is engaged in practice at the present time. December 11, 1859, he married Julietta Holms, and has two children - Sarah J., born September 15, 1865, and John S., born August 16, 1867. Mrs. Sumner was born in Armada January 27, 1838. The Doctor has a small farm in connection with his practice.

JONAS S. SUTTON, son of Amsey and Abigail (Dowd) Sutton, he a native of Massachusetts and she of Connecticut; was born in Genesee County, N.Y., March 17, 1835; removed to Macomb County in 1837, with the family, and settled in Ray Township, where they lived for eight years, then to Section 32 in Armada and lived nine years, then to Richmond and lived to eighteen years, then again to Armada, where he has lived the past twelve years. Married, March 20, 1856, Calista, daughter of Asahel Bernard, who was a native of Connecticut; she was born March 9, 1835; their children are as follows: Hattie A., born January 18, 1857, died March 26, 1858; Hattie J., born April 27, 1858, died November 18, 1862; Willie A., born August 27, 1864; Eddie W., born July 24, 1866. After his marriage, Mr. Sutton engaged in business as a machinist and engineer for twenty years; since that time, has followed the occupation of a painter. He is a fine singer, and teaches music, and leads the church music. In politics, he is a Republican. Mrs. Sutton's parents were natives of Connecticut and moved to Macomb in 1844; father died in 1866, and mother died in 1872.

HIRAM TAYLOR, son of Levi and Rhoda Madison Taylor, of Connecticut, was born at Rutland, Vt., September 10, 1811. His mother's people were from Rhode Island, and were of English descent; came from the township of Clarendon, Vt., to Macomb County, Mich., June 17, 1846, and bought a farm of 200 acres on Section 32, Armada Township for which he paid $3,600, on which he still resides. Mr. Taylor was married, October 31, 1834, to Ann Melissa Walker, of Clarendon, Rutland Co., Vt. They have had tow children - Melissa Ann, born at Clarendon, Rutland County, March 19, 1836, married Mr. Moses Wyman, of Ontario County, N.Y.; he died in October, 1872; she married again, Andrew Adams, and now resides in Auburn, Oakland Co., Mich.; Sarah, born August 23, 1837, and died September 24, 1881, at the old home. Mrs. Taylor died October 4, 1873, aged fifty-eight. When Mr. Taylor moved from Vermont, he brought forty thorough Merino sheep, for which he paid from $10 to $15 a head. He has been a careful breeder of fine sheep, and has made several importations, at a later date bringing, at one time, a flock of nearly one hundred sheep. He was a member of the Baptist Church in Vermont, and, although not uniting with any church here, his preference has been toward that church; cast his first fore for Jackson, and has been a Democrat since.

MRS. MARCIA THURSTON, daughter of Jesse Bishop, of Bruce Township, was born March 16, 1845; married to Manly Thurston, son of B. H. Thurston, October 15, 1862; after marriage, resided on the farm of his father one year, then bought the farm on Section 18 known as the Donaldson farm, on which the family still reside. Mr. Thurston died March 3, 1870. They had four children, three of whom are still living on the homestead. Mrs. Thurston has erected a fine and commodious residence, and has a fine and prosperous farm business. She is and has for many years been connected with the Christian Church of Romeo; a fine musician, vocal and instrumental, and a prominent worker in the Sabbath school. Lillian, born October 29, 1863, died October 24, 1879; Henry J., born August 2, 1865; Abbie L., born September 27, 1867; Manly W., born January 6, 1870.

BENJAMIN H. THURSTON, son of Joseph Thurston, was born October 22, 1816; removed from New York to Macomb with his parents about 1832 and settled on Section 19, in Armada Township; spent his boyhood at home and received the homestead farm; was married, Septembe 29, 1839, to Electa Sperry, of Pennsylvania, who was born September 14, 1820. They had three children, one of whom is still living. Mrs. Thurston died June 14, 1849. He then married Mrs. Ruth Brown, April 28, 1852, who died March 1, 1873; married again, September 23, 1873, to Mrs. Caroline Hamilton, who died October 20, 1875. Mr. Thurston has always been a firm supporter of the antil-slavery movement, and a Christian in form of worship.

SETH E. WALKER, youngest son of Richard Walker, was born in Armada, May 21, 1851. He came into possession of the home farm in 1872, and still occupies the same. It consists of 200 acres, situated on Section 16, Armada Township. He was married, November 16, 1875, to Carie I. Draper, of Warsaw, N.Y. They have one child, Charles R., born September 13, 1877. Mr. Walker is a successufl farmer, and has always been a Republican in politics, and Congregational in form of worship.

RICHARD WALKER, deceased, was born at Georgetown, Md., September 4, 1797, removed with his father's family to Ontario County, N.Y., where he married Elenor, daughter of John Ray, of the latter place, and removed to Macomb County in the spring of 1844, and bought a large farm on Section 16, Armada, which he cleared and improved, and where he died April 23, 1879. Mrs. Walker was born in Bennington County, Vt., who died at the home in Armada, and he afterward married a Miss Tibbits, who still survives. They had ten children, four of whom still live.

IDDO WARNER, son of John Warner of Vermont, was born February 11, 1796 and came to Macomb June 12, 1824, in Washington Township, where he lived three years, then moved to Armada and settled on Section 31, on the North Branch of the Clinton River, where he lived up to the time of his death, which took place August 15, 1852. He was married, July 13, 1819, to Sophia Phillips, at Lima, Livingston Co., N.Y., and had three children - Julia, born August 1, 1820, married J. Smith, and died July 9, 1878; James, born September 11, 1824, living in Armada Township; Elizabeth, born March 9, 1835, married Robert Coykendall and lives at Romeo. Mrs. Warner still lives with her son.

JAMES L. WARNER, son of Iddo and Sophia (Phillips) Warner, was born at Washington Village, Macomb County, September 11, 1824; moved with the family to the farm on the "Branch" where he lived till June 1856, when he purchased the Gates farm, Section 18, Armada, where he still resides; was married June 29, 1847, to Spedee Bishop, who was born at Ontario County, N.Y., and died July 9, 1852. They had two children, Ellen, born April 22, 1848, married Norman Perry and lives in Armada Township; George L., born Jun 26, 1852, and lives in Armada Township; married again, June 28, 1854, to Jane Walton, who died April 13, 1860; had one child, Terry, born November 9, 1857, died April, 1862; again married, July 2, 1872, to Phoebe Wilder, of Armada Township. Mr. Warner has added to the original purchase of land 784 acres, situated in various parts of the State. He has erected one of the finest and most substantial farmhouses in the county, good bans and sheds, wind-mills, and all the requirements for a first class farm business; in politics, always a Republican.

REUBEN WARRENER was born at Royal Oak, Oakland County, July 20, 1832. He is the son of John Warrener, of Brighton, near London, England. Reuben came to this county in 1855, and married, July 4, 1855, Lydia, daughter of Nathan Rowley, and bought a portion of the farm of his father-in-law, where he now resides, Section 7, Armada Township. They had two children - Mary, born October 5, 1856, died January 11, 1857; Abbie, born July 25, 1862, married E.J. Cross and lives on the homestead. Mr. Warrener enlisted, August 9, 1862, in Company B., Twenty-second Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and served three years. He participated in six engagements, and served in military prison and contracted diseases from which he still suffers; is a Republican in his politics.

STEPHEN S. WELLS was born November 3, 1813, in Ulster County, N.Y. His father, Charles Wells, of the same place, moved to Macomb County in 1828; settled one and a half miles south of Romeo; after some years, removed to Section 8, Armada, which he cleared from the stump, and where he died in 1844. Mrs. Wells was Anna Hood, a relative of Thomas Hood, the poet, and was born in Ulster County, and died in 1859. The had nine children, four of whom still live. On the death of his father, Stephen assumed control of the homestead, and married Sarah Stiles in 1838; she dying, he married Sarah Hunt, who died in 1847; next married Isabella Tuttle, in 1860; he then married Lemira Church, who, with her husband still lives on the farm. The have had six children, four of whom still live.

JOHN WILDER, son of Artemus and Catherine Sherburne Wilder, was born at Lancaster, N.H., January 1, 1812. His grandfather, Artemus Wilder, a native of England, was a Major in the war of the Revolution, served to its close, and died at Lancaster in 1808. The father was born at Lancaster 8n 1767 where he lived until the year 1810, then removed to Quebec, thence to Kingston when that place was a small village, surrounded by a brush fence, and was engaged in the business of butchering. He died of cholera in 1832. His mother was a native of Portland, Me., daughter of Harry Sherburne, of that place, of English descent. She died at Wolf Island, St. Lawrence River, in 1858. John moved with his family to Kingston, where he lived until the time of his marriage, which took place August 8, 1835, to Mary, daughter of Henry and Hannah (Wright) Harvey, of English descent, who came to Kingston, Canada, in 1822. Mary was born September 25, 1815. When he moved to Wolf Island, St. Lawrence River, he cleared up a farm of fifty acres from a wilderness, which he bought for $5 per acre and sold for $52 per acres. As a sample of what Macomb people can do, we mention the following: Reaching Wolf Island, Mr. Wilder, with his wife, moved into a fisherman's hut, which had a fireplace in one corner and a hole in the roof through which the smoke might escape. Soon after, he got the help of neighbors and built a log house 13x20, and had lumber enough to cover half the roof and half the floor; during the first summer, had neither door or window, but used a bed-quilt to hang before the hole where there ought to be. These were at last provided, second-hand, from an old building in the vicinity. Wolves were fierce and plenty, and at one time attacked Mr. Wilder's cattle, which at once formed in a circle, the calves and young cattle in the center, and the cows and oxen on the outside. One wolf was shot, and the others fled. Mrs. Wilder worked at clearing land all day, with a baby in a cradle near and hand, and with a small boy with a bell on his neck to keep him from being lost. The wolves were at length driven from the island by a raid of all the inhabitants. After selling the farm on the island, Mr. Wilder purchased land in Wales, St. Clair Co., Mich., but, on account of his wife's ill health, concluded to purchase an improved place. After considerable search, he bought the farm of about one hundred acres on Section 27 of Armada Township, where he has since resided. Mr. Wilder's family consists of the following: John W., born at Kingston, July 8, 1836, died at home February 11, 1861; Henry L., born at Kingston January 13, 1837, now living in Armada Township; Catherine H., born on Wolf Island December 2, 1839, married and living in Romeo Village; William H., born on Wolf Island December 4, 1841, served in the war of the rebellion, and died at home in July, 1874; Jonas W., born on Wolf Island August 6, 1843, married and lives in Armada Township; Phebe E., born on Wolf Island, September 14, 1845, married and lives in Armada Township; Samuel S., born on Wolf Island, September 25, 1847, married and lives in Armada Township; Artemas T., born on Wolf Island, August 24, 1851, married and living in Armada Township; Albert P., born of Wolf Island December 8, 1853, married and lives in Armada Township; Almira, born on Wolf Island February 10, 1856, died at the homestead February 17, 1874; Isaac R., born at Armada, June 10, 1860, died April 19, 1861. Mr. Wilder has always been a Republican in politics, and a Methodist in religion. Mr. Wilder favors the Established Church. She boasts of having furnished from her family seven votes for Garfield. [transcriber's note - the last two sentences are transcribed as shown in the book, but the differences in gender references seems awkward - perhaps it is Mrs. Wilder who favors the Established Church as Mr. Wilder is already identified as a Methodist. (jd)] Mr. Wilder is a hale and hearty man; never has taken a dose of medicine in his life. He has never drunk intoxicants nor used tobacco in any form - an example followed by all his large family. He has one of the most sightly, pleasant and commodious places in Armada Township. His farm is supplied with a windmill, good barns, and all the necessary appendages of a prosperous business, and is making the product of milk a leading feature.

JOHN H. WILSON, son of John Wilson, was born in Lincolnshire, England, October 12, 1834; he came to St. Clair County with his father's family in 1842, who settled in the woods in Berlin Township, in St. Clair County, in a bark-covered hut. In 1858, John H. bought forty acres of land on Section 6, Armada, Macomb County, the same on which he now resides. He was married, October 13, 1860, to Mary Shepherd, who was born Perthshire, Scotland, October 5, 1839. Their children were as follows: Albert N., born July 21, 1861; Cyrus T., born May 6, 1863, died March 17, 1864; Peter H., born December 31, 1864; Mary J., born January 7, 1867; John T., born October 26, 1868; Robert A., born June 1, 1872; Sarah A., born July 3, 1875; David S., born June 23, 1877; James W., born October 4, 1879. Mr. Wilson has increased the acreage of his farm by 125 acres; has a fine new residence, barn, etc.; he is a Republican in politics, and a Quaker in religion; he is also connected with several organizations.

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