Genealogical and Family History
of the

Compiled under the editorial supervision of George Thomas Little, A. M., Litt. D.

New York

[Please see Index page for full citation.]

[Transcribed by Coralynn Brown]

[Many families included in these genealogical records had their beginnings in Massachusetts.]


Thomas Gardner, immigrant ancestor, was born about 1692 and came to New England in 1624. He sailed from Weymouth, England, and received an appointment from the Dorchester Company. Farmer states that he came from Scotland, but there seems to be no reason for believing this, and the supposition is much more reasonable that he came from Dorsetshire or the neighboring county of Somerset. He was the overseer of the plantation at Cape Ann, which was abandoned on account of the poor soil, and removed to Salem. In 1636 he was admitted a member of the First Church at Salem, and was admitted a freeman May 17, 1637. He was deputy to the general court the same year. He held many offices in the town, being constable, fence viewer, highway surveyor, juror and assessor, and often on important committees. He received many grants of land in Salem and owned much real estate.
He married (first) probably Margaret ____, who united with the First Church in Salem in 1639. He married (second) Damaris Shattuck, widow, who was admitted to the First Church in 1641. She had several children by her first husband. She was a Quaker and was before the court several times for attending their meetings, and for absence at her own church, and was fined for the offence. She died Nov. 28, 1674.
Thomas Gardner died Dec. 29, 1674, and was buried in the Gardner burying ground, by the side of a "young tree" which he had chosen as his resting place. His will was dated Dec. 7, 1668, and proved March 29, 1675.
Children, all by 1st wife:
1. Thomas, born in England, died 1682; married (first) Hannah ____; (second) Elizabeth ____.
2. George, born probably in England, died 1679; married (first) Eliza Horne; (second) Mrs. Ruth Turner; (third) Mrs. Elizabeth Stone.
3. Richard, died Jan. 23, 1688; married Sarah Shattuck.
4. John, born 1624, died May, 1706; married Priscilla Grafton.
5. Samuel, born 1627, mentioned below.
6. Joseph, died Dec. 19, 1675; married Ann Downing.
7. Sarah, died April 5, 1686; married Benjamin Balch.
8. Miriam, married John Hill.
9. Seth, baptized Dec. 25, 1636, died April 17, 1707; married (first) Joshua Conant; (second) Dec. 1, 1659, John Grafton. [trans. note: I have never seen 'Seth' as a female first name, but there's always a first time].

(II) Samuel, son of Thomas Gardner, was born in 1627, according to his depositions made in 1666 and 1670. Others made a few years later make the date of his birth as late as 1629 or 1630. He was admitted a freeman May 12, 1675, and served the town in nearly every office. He was surveyor and overseer and appraiser of many estates. He served as juryman, coroner, constable; was selectman in 1676-77-80-81-82-83-84-86-87-88-89. He was deputy to the general court several times. On Jan. 27, 1672, he was empowered "to build a pew from the middle of the North window to ye stayers on the East Syde of the North Doer." He was on a committee with two others to build a house for the town "which may serve for a school house & Watch house & towne house, according as the timber will bear."
After the death of his father Samuel purchased nearly all the real estate which is father had owned, and which had been sold by the heirs. Among the pieces of land acquired at this time was the burying ground. Samuel Gardner was obliged to prove his title to this plot, as John Pudney buried his dead there and Samuel brought action against him for "taking downe his fence & goeing into his incloased land & there digging a grave when filled by the plt; & that contrarye to his express order, when in doeing, and then forceably burying theire dead & heare of making returne." He won the case, and replied to John Pudney's "Reasons of Appeal" as follows: "had the now plaintiff bin half as Busy about Payeing the damage or studieing Pease as he hath ben in studieing Crittiks & Joaking Language; & undervalluing testimonies he might have saved the Court a great deale of trouble & himself a great deall of time."
Samuel Gardner married (first) Mary, daughter of John and Elizabeth White. She died Sept. 12, 1675, and he married (second), Aug. 2, 1680, Elizabeth Paine, widow. She evidently died before he did, as he did not mention her in his will. His will was dated Oct. 2, 1689, and proved Oct. 11, 1689.
Children, all of 1st wife:
1. Mary, born Aug. 5, 1658, died April 3, 1661.
2. Eliza or Elizabeth, born May 20, 1660, died Oct. 14, 1678.
3. Mary, born June 29, 1662, married Joseph Henfield.
4. Margaret, born June 14, 1664, died March 25, 1689; married June 3, 1685, Deliverance Parkman.
5. Samuel, born June 9, 1666, died June 10, 1683; died of a fever while a student at Harvard College.
6. George, born Jan. 28, 1667, died Sept. 5, 1668.
7. Jonathan, born July 18, 1669, died about 1693.
8. Hannah, born April 16, 1671, died Jan. 4, 1703-04; married Major William Gedney, May 7, 1690.
9. Abel, mentioned below.

(III) Lieutenant Abel, son of Samuel Gardner, was born in Salem, Sept. 1, 1673, died Nov. 10, 1739. He was buried in the old Gardner burying-ground. He was a tanner by trade and a farmer. He lived in the old homestead occupied by his father and grandfather, which stood on the present corner of Central and Elm streets, Peabody, which at that time was Salem.
He was prominently identified with town affairs and held many offices. He was surveyor, constable, selectman, on the jury, and on important committees. In 1711 he was one of the countributors to the South Parish meeting-house. In the same yaer he was one of the petitioners for a schoolhouse which was the first to be established in the present town of Peabody. He owned much valuable land in and about Peabody.
He married (first) Sarah, daughter of Israel and Elizabeth (Hathorne) Porter. Her father and mother were the leaders of the attempts to save the life of Rebecca Nurse, and their names stand on the Rebecca Nurse monument at Danvers, at the head of the list of those who, at the peril of their lives, tried to save her from martyrdom.
She died Sept. 24, 1728, aged fifty-three years, and he married (second) in 1731 Sarah King, of Salem, the intention being published June 1 of that year. His will was dated Jan. 12, 1737, and proved Nov. 19, 1739. The value of his estate was one thousand nine hundred and ninety-three pounds, seventeen shillings.
Children, all by 1st wife:
1. Samuel, born March 7, 1695-96, baptized Sept. 27, 1696; married, 1719, Sarah Adams.
2. Jonathan, born Feb. 23, 1697-98, died Nov. 27, 1783; married (first) Dec. 2, 1725, Elizabeth Gardner; (second) Jan. 8, 1755, Mary Avery, widow.
3. Thomas, born Feb. 21, 1699-1700, died April 13, 1700.
4. Elizabeth, born March 30, 1701, married Nov. 30, 1721, John Waters.
5. Thomas, baptized Oct. 14, 1705, mentioned below.
6. Israel, baptized Oct. 5, 1707.
7. Sarah, baptized May 21, 1710, married Joseph Osborn.
8. Abel, baptized May 10, 1713, married Aug. 16, 1734, Nathaniel Waters. [trans. note: Abel is a female name here?]
9. Joseph, baptized Sept. 28, 1718, married Sept. 29, 1741, Mehitable Pope.

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Abel Gardner, was baptized Oct. 14, 1705, and lived on the ancestral farm in what is now West Peabody. He was a farmer and wheelwright. He served as constable in 1737-38-39, and was on the jury frequently. He was frequently employed by the town in work upon the highways. He received from his father half the farm of one hundred and twenty acres, and bought much more land.
He married Feb. 13, 1728, Eunice, daughter of John and Mary Waters. He died about 1753, intestate, and his son Thomas was appointed administrator of the estate. Jasper Needham was appointed guardian of Israel and Sarah, two minor children, and Ebenezer, another minor child, was under the guardianship of Jonathan Gardner.
Children & dates of baptism:
1. Eunice, bap. Aug. 31, 1729, married Dec. 23, 1753, Jonathan Tucker.
2. Thomas, bap. Feb. 13, 1731-32, died Sept., 1788; married Nov. 13, 1755, Mary Buffington.
3. Mary, bap. July 14, 1734, died March 11, 1812; married July 30, 1756, Humphrey Marsh.
4. Ebenezer, bap. Sept. 4, 1737, mentioned below.
5. Sarah, bap. July 6, 1740, died Oct. 29, 1813; married Feb. 19, 1761, John Walcott.
6. Israel, bap. July 22, 1744, married Dec. 7, 1769, Elizabeth Southwick.

(V) Ebenezer, son of Thomas Gardner, was baptized in Salem, Sept. 4, 1737, and was a potter by trade. After the death of his father he was placed, July 11, 1754, under the guardianship of his uncle, Jonathan Gardner. He resided in Roxbury for a time, and on April 16, 1763, sold his land to his brother, Thomas Gardner. He received a grant of land at Auk-paque, Cumberland county, Nova Scotia, from which the Acadians had been expelled. He was a member of the committee of safety at the time of the revolution, and went to Boston to help on the campaign. Shortly afterward he was obliged to flee with his family, and went to Machiasport in 1776, suffering great exposure and danger. For his patriotic services he received a grant of a thousand acres of land in 1785, near Bangor, but preferred to remain at Mathias, where he built a house below the Falls. He was also in active service in the revolution in Capt. Stephen Smith's company, Col. Benjamin Foster's regiment, in 1778-79; in Lieut. John Scott's detachment, Sixth Lincoln County Regiment in 1779, on duty at Penobscot.
He married in 1769, Damaris, baptized Sept. 4, 1747, died Feb. 5, 1837, daughter of Nathan and Susanna Merrill, of Haverhill. He died Nov. 21, 1832, aged ninety-seven years.
Children, b. in Cumberland county, Nova Scotia:
1. Susannah, born Oct. 15, 1770, died April 9, 1843; married (first) Aaron Sevey; (second) July 17, 1796, Marshall Thaxter.
2. Eunice, born July 14, 1772, died unmarried March 6, 1836.
3. Hannah, born May 3, 1774, died Sept. 1, 1858; married March 30, 1797, Daniel Foster.
4. Ebenezer, born Jan. 31, 1776, mentioned below.
Children b. in Machias, Maine:
5. Samuel, born July 13, 1781, died May 16, 1853; married (first) Abigial Barry; (second) Jane F. Getchell; (third) Relief Wilson.
6. Thomas, born Oct. 10, 1783, died Sept. 17, 1872; married Dec. 1, 1808, Sarah Barry.
7. John, born July 16, 1785, died Dec. 8, 1846; married (first) March 19, 1812, Susan Barry; (second) Feb. 14, 1830, Mary Palmer; (third) 1836, Lavinia Foster.
8. William, born Oct. 21, 1789, died Oct. 9, 1884; married Oct. 9, 1817, Lydia Albee.
9. Nathan, born Sept. 24, 1793, died March 14, 1795.

(VI) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (1) Gardner, was born in Cumberland county, Nova Scotia, Jan. 31, 1776, died Feb. 5, 1859. He was a farmer and lived at Hadley's Lake, in Maine.
He married June 21, 1803, Sally, born at Scarborough, Maine, Nov. 12, 1783, died Aug. 25, 1875, daughter of William and Ellen (Dillway) Albee. Her father was in the revolution, serving as lieutenant from May 1, 1777 to May 1, 1781, in Capt. John Preble's artillery company, at Machias, Maine.
1. Susannah, born April 30, 1804, died Dec. 25, 1886; married Sept. 13, 1823, Cyrus Sanborn; children: i. Hannah Sanborn, b. Jan. 26, 1825, d. Jan. 26, 1854, m. Oct. 11, 1846, Frederick Talbot, a lumber merchant in New York; ii. Mary Crocker Sanborn, b. April 13, 1827, m. April 30, 1854, Cyrus Sanborn, b. Aug. 12, 1829, d. April 4, 1847; iv. Susan Lowell Sanborn, b. Aug. 3, 1832, d. Sept. 8, 1832; v. Sarah Albee Sanborn, b. Sept. 17, 1833, d. June 21, 1891, m. Oct. 7, 1854, John K. Ames; vi. Susan Gardner Sanborn, b. May 29, 1836, d. Sept. 3, 1865; m. May 17, 1856, Frederick Talbot; vii. Thomas Mayhew Sanborn b. Dec. 31, 1838, m. Nov. 28, 1865, Helen Chase; viii. Caroline Lowell Sanborn, b. Aug. 31, 1841; ix. Frank Sanborn, b. Dec. 5, 1843, m. Dec. 5, 1885, Elizabeth Brown.
2. Thomas J., born Dec. 31, 1805, died June 10, 1833.
3. James A., born Dec. 26, 1807, married Dec. 27, 1832, Almira Kilton, who died Nov. 5, 1844; married (second) Mary Bowman; children: i. Almira, b. Dec. 1, 1833, m. Charles Morris of Philadelphia; ii. James T., b. May 29, 1836, d. Sept. 30, 1875, m. Mary E. Gardner; iii. Augusta, b. Aug. 14, 1838, m. Stillman Coffin, of Jonesport; iv. Emma, b. Dec. 20, 1840, d. May 10, 1842; v. Emma, b. Oct. 23, 1844, d. Sept. 13, 1852; vi. Antoinette L., b. Feb. 23, 1846, d. Oct. 13, 1865; vii. Isaac E., b. May 25, 1848, m. Sept. 12, 1874, Eliza Wilbur; viii. Sophia K., b. Jan. 11, 1861, d. Oct. 29, 1865; ix. Clarence T., b. Sept. 10, 1855, m. March 26, 1879, Emma L. Barnard; x. Herbert, b. July 28, 1861, d. Oct. 2, 1865.
4. Ebenezer, born 1810, died at Milford, Mass. Oct. 10, 1889; married Oct. 26, 1833, Hannah C. Wilder, b. June 21, 1806, d. Aug., 1877; resided at Dennysville; children: i. Deborah Reynolds, b. March 30, 1835, d. Jan., 1895, m. Oct. 31, 1856, Benjamin Lincoln; ii. James Frederick, b. July 9, 1837, married (first) Maria E. Lincoln, 1859, (second) June 6, 1864, Mary E. Cooper, and served in the civil war; iii. Lyman Kent, b. Nov. 4, 1840, m. June 4, 1863, Mary K. Hobart; iv. Sarah Albee, b. Dec. 7, 1841, m. Thomas Crocker Eastman; v. Emma Albee (adopted), b. April 16, 1852, m. Albert C. McLaughlin.
5. Thaxter, born Feb. 19, 1812, died Sept. 26, 1887; married June 21, 1835, Joanna West, b. Dec. 16, 1819, d. Dec. 5, 1886; had an adopted child, Emma Albee, who died Sept. 13, 1852, aged ten years.
6. Lucinda, born April 15, 1814, died July 29, 1892; married (first) Aug. 31, 1835, Samuel Starrett; (second) Stephen H. West, born Sept. 18, 1811, died Oct. 12, 1891.
7. Lydia, born Feb. 14, 1816, died July 4, 1818.
8. Henry A., born April 24, 1818, married Nov. 1, 1841, Sarah G. Brown, born Feb. 15, 1820; children: i. Henry Erastus, b. Aug. 10, 1842, d. in prison at Richmond in the civil war, June 3, 1862; ii. Mary J., b. Dec. 29, 1843, m. Nov. 15, 1873, Frank F. Albee; iii. Lucinda S., b. March 15, 1846, d. March 15, 1849; iv. Eben, b. May 28, 1848, d. Nov. 15, 1881; v. Abby R., b. Aug. 25, 1851, d. Aug. 14, 1865; vi. Edwin R., b. Nov. 29, 1853, d. Aug. 31, 1865; vii. Susan S., b. Feb. 24, 1856; viii. Lizzie A., b. March 7, 1859, d. March 23, 1895, m. Nov. 26, 1879, Oliver H. Seavey; ix. Clara E., b. May 17, 1864, m. April 10, 1895, Isaiah C. Huntley.
9. Aaron L. Raymond, born Jan. 19, 1822, mentioned below.
10. Cyrus S., born June 16, 1824, married May 16, 1857, Abbie S. Harmon; children: i. Andrew F., b. Feb. 22, 1859; ii. Elma H., b. Oct. 4, 1864; iii. Arthur E., b. Feb. 24, 1869; iv. Harry Morris, b. Dec. 26, 1871.
11. Julia R., born Oct. 18, 1826, married Dec. 9, 1844, Thomas M. Gardner; children: i. Edward P., b. Feb. 13, 1846, m. March 1, 1873, Leo A. Munson; ii. Emily T., b. March 24, 1848, m. Jan. 20, 1872, Elbert E. Wiswell; iii. Susan S., b. Jan. 11, 1850, d. June 5, 1855; iv. Sarah Edna, b. July 5, 1852, d. Oct. 17, 1869; v. Aurelia R., b. Dec. 15, 1854; vi. Susan T., b. May 1, 1857, d. April 17, 1868; vii. Harlan P., b. Aug. 5, 1859, m. Dec. 22, 1883, Lizzie A. Whittier; viii. Florence, b. June 1, 1862, d. May 2, 1892, m. Dec. 29, 1888, Charles McReavey; ix. Walter S., b. Feb. 3, 1865, m. Oct. 8, 1889, Emma K. Smalley.
12. Edwin R., born Nov. 6, 1828, born Nov. 6, 1828, died Oct. 30, 1853; married March 28, 1853, Helen A. Cotton.

(VII) Aaron L. Raymond, son of Ebenezer (2) Gardner, was born Jan. 19, 1822, at East Machias, Maine, and died at Dennysville, April 23, 1891. He was educated in the public schools of his native town. He worked on his father's farm until he was fifteen years of age, then lived with an older brother, in whose shop he learned the trade of blacksmith. He followed his trade until 1865, when he opened a general store. He also conducted a farm and a blacksmith shop at Dennysville until his death April 23, 1891. He was a prominent merchant and influential citizen of Dennysville.
He married Sept. 5, 1848, Abbie Wilder, born Feb. 21, 1830, at Dennysville, daughter of Captain Bela R. Reynolds.
Children, b. at Dennysville:
1. Julia Raymond, born May 31, 1850, died Feb. 11, 1841.
2. Hon. George Reynolds, born Jan. 14, 1852, mentioned below.
3. Edwin Raymond, born June 11, 1854, married Sept. 20, 1877, Ada Sargent Allen; he is a prominent citizen of Dennysville, holding the office of town treasurer and other places of trust and honor; was formerly superintendent of the Sunday-school of the Congregational church, and is now treasurer of that church.
4. Charles Otis, born Sept. 2, 1856, married Dec. 26, 1882, Sophia Alice Corthell; he has been for many years a prominent merchant in the city of Eastport, and junior partner of the firm of Corthell & Gardner; member of the board of trade and prominent in Masonic circles; an officer in Saint Bernard Commandery, Knights Templar.
5. Eva May, born March 28, 1858.
6. Frederick Lee, born April 3, 1862, married Jan. 15, 1888, Mary Stoddard Philbrook; he is a member of the board of health and of the school committee of Dennysville, a merchant of that town.

(VIII) George Reynolds, son of Aaron L. Raymond Gardner, was born at Dennysville, Jan. 14, 1852. He attended the public schools in his native town and graduated from the high school. He went to San Francisco, California, and was a student in Woodbury College, where he began to study law. Returning to Maine, he continued the study of his profession at Calais, and two years later, in 1880, was admitted to the bar. He began immediately to practice in Calais, and in 1881 formed a partnership with the late Hon. Enoch B. Harvey. This firm took a foremost position at the bar of the county, and in a few years ranked among the most successful and best known in that section of the state. In 1888 Mr. Gardner was elected judge of courts probate and insolvency for Washington county, Maine, for four years, and has been reelected from time to time, as his term expired. He has always taken an active part in public affairs.
He is a Republican. He has been a member of the school committee for many years, and is also a member of the board of trustees of old Washington Academy, of East Machias. He has been interested in business, is one of the owners of the Dennysville Lumber Company, trustee of the Calais Savings Bank, and director and one of the corporators of International Trust and Banking Company, of Calais.
He is a member of Saint Croix Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; also St. Crois Council, R. and S. M.; of Hugh de Payen Commandery, Knights Templar, of Calais; of the Delta Lodge of Perfection, No. 14, Princes of Jerusalem; Rose Croix Chapter ; Portland Valley Consistory, thirty-second degree, S.P.R.S.; and Kora Temple, A.A.O.N.M.S., of Lewiston, Maine. He is also a member of Fellowship Lodge of Odd Fellows; past vice-chancellor of the Calais Lodge, Knights of Pythias, No. 45. He is a member of Etchimin Tribe, I.O.R.M., of Calais; member of the St. Croix Club, and a member of the Sons of the American Revolution of Maine.
He married, Jan. 25, 1888, Annie E., of Calais, Maine, daughter of James and Mary (Parkman) Robbins, granddaughter of Ebenezer and Sarah (Albee) Robbins. Sarah Albee was the daughter of a revolutionary soldier; Ebenezer Robbins was born in 1776.
Judge Gardner numbers among his immigrant ancestors, besides those mentioned, Thomas Lincoln and Matthew Cushing, who settled in Hingham, Mass., among the earliest pioneers; also John Waters Jr., father of Eunice (Waters), wife of Thomas Gardner (4), born Nov. 27, 1640, son of John Waters Sr., and grandson of Richard Waters, James and Phebe (Manning) Waters were parents of Richard; Phebe Manning was daughter of George Manning, of Kent, England, ancestor of Cardinal Manning, and one of the Manning ancestors married a sister of the poet, Geoffrey Chaucer.


This name, which also appears in the early records of Massachusetts as Garner and Garnett, was borne by a large number of the ambitious and energetic citiezens who went into the wilderness and settled and laid the foundations of prosperity and wealth enjoyed by later generations.

(I) John Gardner settled in Hingham, Mass., about 1650, and in 1656 had land granted to him in the south part of the town. Whether he was a relative of the early Garners, or Gardners, of Boston, is uncertain, as but little information has come down to us relating to his early history. He died Nov. 24, 1668. The inventory of his estate was made by John Tower and John Ripley, April 28, 1669, the appraisement listing 44 pounds, 11s., and including "the Goats that have been sold to pay debts and maintain the family."
The widow was administratrix. The Christian name of his wife, whom he married at Boston, April 10, 1651, was Mary. She survived him, and married (second) June 18, 1669, Nathan Chubbuck.
Children of John & Mary:
John, Francis, Mary, Samuel, Deborah, James, Stephen, Thomas, Benjamin and Christian.

(II) John (2), eldest son of John (1) and Mary Gardner, was born in Hingham, July 17, 1652, died Dec. 16, 1700. He resided on "Liberty Plain," in South Hingham.
He married Feb. 25, 1683, Mary, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Farron) Stowell. She was baptized in Hingham Oct. 16, 1653, and died Oct. 22, 1714.
Children, b. in Hingham:
John, Mary, Ruth, Elizabeth, Hannah and Remember.

(III) John (3), eldest son of John (2) and Mary (Stowell) Gardner, was born in Hingham Jan. 4, 1674, died April 20, 1742. Like his father, he resided on "Liberty Plain," South Hingham. His wife was Rebecca. She survived him and married (second) Nov. 11, 1747, Samuel Whiton, widower.
Children of John & Rebecca:
Rebecca, Susanna, Mary, John, Rachel, Amos, Alice, Grace and Mercy.

(IV) John (4), eldest son of John (3) and Rebecca Gardner, was born in Hingham, Feb. 5, 1720, died April 19, 1802. He resided at "Liberty Plain," the ancestral neighborhood, and is described as "laborer."
He married, Dec. 8, 1742, Joanna, daughter of Jonathan and Joanna (Whiton) Farrow. She was baptized in Hingham June 19, 1720.
Children, b. in Hingham:
Joanna, Submit, Remember, Rebecca, John, Luther, Elijah and Jonathan.

(V) Jonathan, youngest child of John (4) and Joanna (Farrow) Gardner, was born in Hingham, Mass., Jan. 29, 1764, died in Buckfield, Maine, April 2, 1836. He served in the revolution and was paid in continental currency, of which it took from fifty to seventy-five dollars to pay for his breakfast after leaving the army. Years afterward he made application for a pension for his services in the war, which sets forth so clearly and fully his service thta it is copied into this article, as follows:
"I, Jonathan Gardner, of Buckfield, in the County of Oxford and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, yeoman, on oath declare that I served in the War of the Revolution on the Continental establishment and in Massachusetts line, for the several terms of six months and twelve months, besides other periods of service. That I enlisted into said service at the town of Hingham, now in the county of Plymouth and said Commonwealth, in the year seventeen hundred and seventy-seven, into a company commanded by Captain Seth Steward, belonging to Coln. Robinson's Regiment of the Massachusetts Line, for the term of six or seven months, but which I do not precisely remember. That I marched immediately to Rhode Island with said company, and did duty there in said company, being engaged in Spence's expedition, so called, during the whole of my said term, at the close of which I was dismissed, it being on the first day of January, Seventeen hundred and seventy-eight. After the above having served another term of three months, I again enlisted into said service some time in the month of April, in the year seventeen hundred and seventy-eight, at said Hingham, into a company commanded by Captain Morse (who took, command of said comany at Providence), of the Regiment commanded by Col. Wade and of the same line, and was engaged in said service at Providence and Fells Point, at which latter place we were stationed till July, and was afterwards engaged in Sullivan's expedition, so called, on Rhode Island, and at the close of May said term was dismissed at East Greenwich, in said Rhode Island, having served said period of twelve months completely through. I further declare that I am a resident citizen of the United States of America, that I am not borne on any pension list of said United States, and that by reason of my reduced circumstances in life I am in need of assistance from the Country for support. And I further declare that I enlisted in said service in Hingham, I think in the month of July, in the year seventeen hundred and seventy-six, into the company commanded by Captain Penniman, of Col. France's Regiment, for the term of four months, and went to Dorchester, near Boston, immediately, when I did duty in said company during said term of four months and then again enlisted into the same company for another term of four months, and continued on to do duty therein to the end of said last named named four months at said Dorchester, after which I did duty in the same company one month more in Boston and was dismissed.
"Jonathan Gardner."
He removed soon after his marriage to the Province of Maine, settling in a township afterwards incorporated, by the name of Buckfield, so called because of the many of its original settlers who bore the name of Buck.
He married Nov. 26, 1789, Sarah, daughter of Stephen and Huldah (Chubbuck) Gardner, of Hingham. She was born Aug. 26, 1767, and died Feb. 29, 1847.
Jonathan, Ansel, Sarah, Ira, Joanna, Rebecca, Huldah, Jane, Eunice, Eliza and John.

(VI) John (5), youngest child of Jonathan and Sarah (Gardner) Gardner, was born in Buckfield, Maine, Dec. 14, 1812, and died in Patten, Aug. 15, 1902. He left home in the spring following his nineteenth birthday. During the first and second seasons he worked on the Oxford and Cumberland canal. In the fall of 1837 he commenced business in company with a young man about his own age, at North Paris. This partnership was dissolved in a few months. Mr. Gardner continued there four years, and then (1841) remoed to Patten, in Penobscot county, then little more than a wilderness, and began life as a trader in an old-time country store. From this modest beginning grew other and larger interests - farming, the building and operating of mills and factories, the activites and ambitions of politics, all came to keep the current of his life moving rapidly, and almost invariably in the same direction, toward success which he ultimately achieved.
Always an ardent Republican, his keen and vigorous mind and his marked individuality might have won for him great political distinction, but his business was always his first care. His offices came to him almost without solicitation. He was twice appointed postmaster of Patten, wad for eight years an active and efficient deputy sheriff, and held successively during his earlier years the office of selectman of the town, town clerk and town treasurer. To his strong interest in education and improvement is largely due the establishment of an academy in Patten. He had been one of the trustees of this now flourishing and important institution since its incorporation in 1846, and had lived to see his grandson occupy the chair of principal in the fine new building which replaced the old academy. In 1846 he was a member of the house of representatives, and at that time contracted a warm frindship with the late Hannibal Hamlin, which remained unbroken until the death of the latter. He was also a member of the Maine senate at the time of Mr. Hamlin's election to the United States senatorship, and freely gave his influence, his effort and his vote to secure his election. There is no doubt that Mr. Hamlin appreciated and remembered this loyal friendship and unvarying support. He once expressed to a friend the opinon that "Mr. Gardner was one of the best men he ever knew." In his continued services in the house and senate Mr. Gardner's vigorous intellect made its inevitable impression. He was largely instrumental in framing the first prohibitory temperance law in Maine, and a much-needed act for the making and repairing of highways in unincorporated towns. This act remains practically unchanged today, a last memorial to the justice, good sense and shrewdness of Patten's earliest senator. He was a man of strong opinions, aggressive in action, a crusader against cruelty to the helpless and oppressed, public spirited in the best sense of the word, that of giving generously to every worthy enterprise which was brought to his notice. His private charities were bestowed lavishly, but without ostentation. His independence of thought led him to reject the austere and gloomy doctrines which were almost universally accepted in the early part of the last century, and inclined him to accept the more hopeful creed of Universalism, then stirring feebly the current of religious thought.
After the death of his wife he was tenderly cared for by his eldest daughter, Mrs. Ida Robinson, with whom he occupied the old homestead, which was the scene of all his domestic joys and sorrows. There is much to envy and admire in the vigorous old age which crowned the busy life of this man. Until the day of his death his still erect and active figure was a familiar sight in the streets of the village which owes so much to his enterprise and generosity. Death came to him at last swiftly and painlessly, and cloesed his tired eyes with the gentle and loving hand of a friend.
He married Nov. 18, 1838, Mary A. Colburn, of Sumner, who was born in Paris, April 3, 1818, and died in Patten, Feb. 12, 1894, after having spent fifty-six years of her life with her husband, between whom and herself there existed the strongest and most tender affection. Outside of the immediate relatives, Mrs. Gardner is mourned by many friends, whose love and esteem were won by numberless deeds of helpful and neighborly kindness and by a long and beautiful life of quiet and unostentatious well-doing. Mrs. Gardner was a believer in the religion of good works, and passed calmly and confidently into the silent land with an unshaken faith in the love of the universal Father. She was a woman of much force of character and of many virtues, an affectionate and faithful wife, and a fond mother.
1. Ira B.
2. Ida Rosalie, born Sept. 23, 1848, married Arthur Robinson, of Patten.
3. Eva Alberta, born Jan. 13, 1851, married Charles Lurvey, of Portland.
4. Almy Evelyn, born Oct. 14, 1852, married (first) Alphonso Webster, and (second) Winfield Scott Kellogg, of Patten.

(VII) Colonel Ira Bernard, only son of John (5) and Mary A. (Colburn) Gardner, was born in Patten, Jan. 10, 1843. He attended the district schools and Patten Academy, and in 1861, when eighteen years old, enlisted as a soldier in Company I, Fourteenth Maine Regiment Volunteer Infantry, where by promotion for meritorious services he filled successively the offices of second lieut., first lieut., captain, major and lieutenant-colonel. The first baptism of fire in battle was at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Aug. 5, 1862, in which he commanded the company, losing about one-third of the company, and was complimented on the field by his commander for distinguished gallantry, and later at brigade review by General Butler, commander of the department, and he was publicly complimented and offered promotion as major of another Maine regiment, which was declined, since he was at that time on the staff of Generla Halbert E. Paine, where he remained until he was promoted to be captain before he was twenty years of age and ordered to rejoin his regiment. He was under fire forty-six days during the siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, being two weeks of that time in command of the regiment as the senior officer present. He lost his right arm at Winchester, Virginia, Sept. 19, 1864, and, returning to Maine, was mustered out of service with the regiment Jan. 13, 1865.
He is a member of the Loyal Legion Commandery of Maine. After leaving the army he engaged in the business of general merchandise, manufacturing potato-starch, cutting and manufacturing lumber, farming, etc. He is the author of "Personal Recollections of a Boy Volunteer."
He married, March 4, 1864, in Patten, Helen M., born in Patten Dec. 4, 1842, daughter of Horatio N. and Harriet D. (Palmer) Darling. Mr. Darling was born in Enfield, was a farmer, and has been a member of the Maine legislature. Mrs. Darling was born in Wakefield, N. H., and lived in Patten from the time she was thirteen years of age until her death.
1. Halbert Paine, born Feb. 15, 1867, married Addie Darling, and has two children, Helen P. and Dorothy; he is in business with his father and his brother, Raymond; he has served in four legislatures, two terms in the house of representatives and two terms in the senate; he was also one of the committee to audit the state treasurer's accounts in 1907; he served in the legislature on the committeeon education and the committee on taxation, and as chairman of the latter committee; he introduced a two-cent mileage bill during his first term in legislature which brought on a sharp fight with all Maine railroads, and ended in a compromise and a little later gave a transferable two-cent mileage on the Maine Central Railroad; he was prominent and espcially interested in tax reform in Maine, having introduced and succeeding in passing the fist recent tax bill increasing state revenus from railroads. The bill was known as the "Gardner Bill."
He is a member of Katahdin Lodge, No. 98, F. and A. M.; Knights Pythias; Maine Commandery of the Loyal Legion, Millinocket Chatper, R.A.M., and the Elks Lodge, of Houlton, Maine.
2. Raymond Darling, born Sept. 1, 1868, married Gorgia Kelsey, and has four children: Everett K., John R., Ira B. and Halbert P.
3. Mary Ida, born Feb. 22, 1871, married Sylvester L. Huston.
4. Herbert N.

(VIII) Herbert Nelson, youngest child of Col. Ira B. and Helen M. (Darling) Gardner, was born in Patten, Dec. 17, 1877. He attended the public schools, from which he went to Patten Academy. He graduated from that institution in 1894, from Phillip's Exeter, 1895, and from Bowdoin in 1898. In the fall after graduation from Bowdoin he became principal of Patten Academy, where he taught four years, and during the scholastic year 1902-3 he was principal of Dexter high school.
He was graduated from University of Maine Law School in 1905, and in the same year went to Portland and entered upon the study of law in the office of Hon. C. F. Libby. In August, 1906, he was admitted to the Penobscot bar and at once engaged in the practice of law in Portland as a member of the firm of Clarke & Gardner, with which he is now connected.
In politics he is a Republican. He is a member of Katahdin Lodge, No. 98, Free and Accepted Masons, of Patten, and of Aroostook Royal Arch Chapter, No. 20, of Houlton, the Maine Commandery of the Loyal Legion, and Portland Club and the College Society, Delta Kappa Epsilon.
He married June 11, 1906, Winifred Elizabeth, born in Patten Aug. 24, 1800, daughter of Charles W. and Cora (Leslie) Westcott, of Patten.

(II) Stephen, fifth son of John (1) and Mary Gardner, was born in Hingham Aug. 14, 1662, died Nov. 2, 1715. He married, Dec. 22, 1687, Sarah, daughter of John and Deborah (Wilson) Warren, of Boston. She survived him and married (second) Nov. 15, 1737, John Pratt, of Weymouth. Upon a gravestone erected to her memory in the cemetery at "Liberty Plain," South Hingham, is the following inscription: "Here lies buried ye body of Sarah Pratt who died Oct. 22nd 1761 in ye 101st year of her age lately ye wife of Lieut. John Pratt but formerly ye wife of Mr. Stephen Garnet. By him she had a numerous posterity running to ye 5th generation in numbers 187."
The children of Stephen & Sarah, all b. in Hingham:
Deborah, Sarah, Stephen (died young), Lydia, David, Abigail, Stephen, Patience and Joshua.

(III) Stephen (2), third son of Stephen (1) and Sarah (Warren) Gardner, was born in Hingham, Dec. 29, 1700. He married, Dec. 22, 1726, Hannah, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Dunbar) Garnet. She was born Nov. 20, 1703.
Children, b. in Hingham:
Stephen, Sarah, Hannah, Joshua, Abi, Moses (died young), and Moses.

(IV) Stephen (3), eldest son of Stephen (2) and Hannah (Garnet) Gardner, was born Oct. 23, 1727, in Hingham, resided on Gardner street, and was a "cooper." He married Jan. 1, 1753, Huldah, daughter of Jeremiah and Mary (Goodard) Chubbuck. She was born in Hingham, Feb. 27, 1731.
Children, all b. in Hingham:
Stephen, Jeremiah, Isaac, Huldah, Silence, Moses, Warren, Sarah, Aaron and Winifred.

(V) Sarah, third daughter of Stephen (3) and Huldah (Chubbuck) Gardner, was born Aug. 26, 1767, and married Nov. 26, 1789, Jonathan Gardner. She died Feb. 29, 1847, aged eighty years.

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